Foreign Relations of the United States : 1918 The November Revolution
The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/678

The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State(1)


PETROGRAD, November 16,1917.

[Received November 19, 4.20 p.m.]

1983. Last cable from Department unnumbered, dated November 3. Situation here mixed, Bolshevik forces composed of soldiers, sailors and armed workmen command city under direction of a Military Revolutionary Committee. Socialistic factions trying to agree on a coalition socialistic Ministry. No Americans injured. Forces under Kerensky reported near city. Several engagements in which Kerensky forces reported defeated. Fighting on Moscow streets. Killed estimated high as 5,000. National Hotel, Great Theater, telephone and post office injured by Bolshevik artillery. No advice of Americans injured Moscow but no direct information from Summers since 11th. Comparative quiet prevails here.


(1) Sent via the Embassy in Great Britain. Back

127 Wall Street, New Haven, CT 06511.