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Between the German Government and the Slovak Government, a treaty was signed on 18 March 1939 in Vienna and on 23 March 1939 in Berlin extending protection by the German Reich to the State of Slovakia.
The treaty became effective on March 23, 1939; its text is published hereinafter.
Berlin, March 24, 1939.
Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs
Treaty of Protection to be extended by the German Reich to the State of Slovakia
The German Government and the Slovak Government have agreed, after the Slovak State has placed itself under the protection of the German Reich, to regulate by treaty the consequences resulting from this fact. For this purpose the undersigned representatives of the two governments have agreed on the following provisions.
ARTICLE 1. The German Reich undertakes to protect the political independence of the State of Slovakia and the integrity of its territory.
ARTICLE 2. For the purpose of making effective the protection undertaken by the German Reich, the German armed forces shall have the right, at all times, to construct military installations and to keep them garrisoned in the strength they deem necessary, in an area delimited on its western side by the frontiers of the State of Slovakia, and on its eastern side by a line formed by the eastern rims of the Lower Carpathians, the White Carpathians and the Javornik Mountains.
The Government of Slovakia will take the necessary steps to assure that the land required for these installations shall be conveyed to the German armed forces. Furthermore, the Government of Slovakia will agree to grant exemption from custom duties for imports from the Reich for the maintenance of the German troops and the supply of military installations.
Military sovereignty will be assumed by the German armed forces in the zone described in the first paragraph of this Article.
German citizens who, on the basis of private employment contracts, are engaged in the construction of military installations in the designated zone shall be subject to German jurisdiction.
ARTICLE 3. The Government of Slovakia will organize its military forces in close agreement with the German armed forces.
ARTICLE 4. In accordance with the relationship of protection agreed upon, the Government of Slovakia will at all times conducts its foreign affairs in close agreement with the German Government.
ARTICLE 5. This treaty shall become effective as of the date of its signature and shall be valid for a period of twenty-five years. The two governments will reach an understanding on the extension of this treaty in due time before the expiration of that period.
In witness whereof the representatives of the two parties have signed the above treaty in duplicate.
Vienna, March 18, 1939. Berlin, March 23, 1939.
For the German Government:
For the Slovak Government:
DR. JOZEF TISO
DR. VOJTECH TUKA
DR. F. DURCANSKY
[Cf. Document 2793-ps, which is the secret protocol to this treaty.]
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV
Office of the United States Chief Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality
Washington, DC : United States Government Printing Office, 1946