Logo
September 11, 2001 : Attack on America
Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act 0f 2001- 107th Congress Rept. 107-236 Part 1; October 11, 2001


107 th Congress 1st Session

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Rept. 107 236 Part 1








PROVIDE APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM
(PATRIOT) ACT OF 2001





R E P O R T


of the


COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


to accompany


H.R. 2975


together with


ADDITIONAL VIEWS


[Graphic Image Not Available]

October 11, 2001.--Ordered to be printed


PROVIDE APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM
(PATRIOT) ACT OF 2001

107 th Congress

Rept. 107 236





HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

1st Session

Part 1





PROVIDE APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM
(PATRIOT) ACT OF 2001




October 11, 2001.--Ordered to be printed



Mr. Sensenbrenner, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the
following
R E P O R T

together with

ADDITIONAL VIEWS

[To accompany H.R. 2975]

[Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]


The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H.R.
2975) to combat terrorism, and for other purposes, having considered the
same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment and recommends that
the bill as amended do pass.


CONTENTS
The Amendment 2
Purpose and Summary 41
Background and Need for the Legislation 41
Hearings 42
Committee Consideration 42
Votes of the Committee 42
Committee Oversight Findings 45
Performance Goals and Objectives 46
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures 46
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate 46
Constitutional Authority Statement 51
Section-by-Section Analysis and Discussion 52
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported 79
Committee Jurisdiction Letters 156
Markup Transcript 164
Additional Views 431



The amendment is as follows:

Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the following:



SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ``Provide Appropriate Tools Required to
Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001''.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

The following is the table of contents for this Act:



Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

Sec. 3. Construction; severability.

TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE GATHERING

SUBTITLE A--ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE

Sec. 101. Modification of authorities relating to use of pen
registers and trap and trace devices.
Sec. 102. Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants.

Sec. 103. Authorized disclosure.

Sec. 104. Savings provision.

Sec. 105. Interception of computer trespasser communications.

Sec. 106. Technical amendment.

Sec. 107. Scope of subpoenas for records of electronic communications.

Sec. 108. Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence.

Sec. 109. Clarification of scope.

Sec. 110. Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to
protect life and limb.
Sec. 111. Use as evidence.

Sec. 112. Reports concerning the disclosure of the contents of
electronic communications.
SUBTITLE B--FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE AND OTHER INFORMATION

Sec. 151. Period of orders of electronic surveillance of
non-United States persons under foreign intelligence surveillance.
Sec. 152. Multi-point authority.

Sec. 153. Foreign intelligence information.

Sec. 154. Foreign intelligence information sharing.

Sec. 155. Pen register and trap and trace authority.

Sec. 156. Business records.

Sec. 157. Miscellaneous national-security authorities.

Sec. 158. Proposed legislation.

Sec. 159. Presidential authority.

Sec. 160. Clarification of no technology mandates.

Sec. 161. Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures.

Sec. 162. Sunset.

TITLE II--ALIENS ENGAGING IN TERRORIST ACTIVITY

SUBTITLE A--DETENTION AND REMOVAL OF ALIENS ENGAGING IN TERRORIST
ACTIVITY
Sec. 201. Changes in classes of aliens who are ineligible for
admission and deportable due to terrorist activity.
Sec. 202. Changes in designation of foreign terrorist organizations.

Sec. 203. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas
corpus; judicial review.
Sec. 204. Changes in conditions for granting asylum.

Sec. 205. Multilateral cooperation against terrorists.

Sec. 206. Requiring sharing by the Federal bureau of investigation
of certain criminal record extracts with other Federal agencies in order
to enhance border security.
Sec. 207. Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.

Sec. 208. Program to collect information relating to nonimmigrant
foreign students and other exchange program participants.
Sec. 209. Protection of northern border.

SUBTITLE B--PRESERVATION OF IMMIGRATION BENEFITS FOR VICTIMS OF
TERRORISM
Sec. 211. Special immigrant status.

Sec. 212. Extension of filing or reentry deadlines.

Sec. 213. Humanitarian relief for certain surviving spouses and
children.
Sec. 214. ``Age-out'' protection for children.

Sec. 215. Temporary administrative relief.

Sec. 216. Evidence of death, disability, or loss of employment.

Sec. 217. No benefits to terrorists or family members of terrorists.

Sec. 218. Definitions.

TITLE III--CRIMINAL JUSTICE

SUBTITLE A--SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW

Sec. 301. Statute of limitation for prosecuting terrorism offenses.

Sec. 302. Alternative maximum penalties for terrorism crimes.

Sec. 303. Penalties for terrorist conspiracies.

Sec. 304. Terrorism crimes as rico predicates.

Sec. 305. Biological weapons.

Sec. 306. Support of terrorism through expert advice or assistance.

Sec. 307. Prohibition against harboring.

Sec. 308. Post-release supervision of terrorists.

Sec. 309. Definition.

Sec. 310. Civil damages.

SUBTITLE B--CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 351. Single-jurisdiction search warrants for terrorism.

Sec. 352. DNA identification of terrorists.

Sec. 353. Grand jury matters.

Sec. 354. Extraterritoriality.

Sec. 355. Jurisdiction over crimes committed at United States
facilities abroad.
Sec. 356. Special agent authorities.

TITLE IV--FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Sec. 401. Laundering the proceeds of terrorism.

Sec. 402. Material support for terrorism.

Sec. 403. Assets of terrorist organizations.

Sec. 404. Technical clarification relating to provision of
material support to terrorism.
Sec. 405. Disclosure of tax information in terrorism and national
security investigations.
Sec. 406. Extraterritorial jurisdiction.

TITLE V--EMERGENCY AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 501. Office of Justice programs.

Sec. 502. Attorney General's authority to pay rewards.

Sec. 503. Limited authority to pay overtime.

Sec. 504. Department of State reward authority.

Sec. 505. Authorization of funds for DEA police training in South
and Central Asia.
Sec. 506. Public safety officer benefits.

TITLE VI--DAM SECURITY

Sec. 601. Security of reclamation dams, facilities, and resources.

TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 701. Employment of translators by the Federal Bureau of
Investigation.
Sec. 702. Review of the Department of Justice.

Sec. 703. Feasibility study on use of biometric identifier
scanning system with access to the FBI integrated automated fingerprint
identification system at overseas consular posts and points of entry to
the United States.
Sec. 704. Study of access.

Sec. 705. Enforcement of certain anti-terrorism judgments.

TITLE VIII--PRIVATE SECURITY OFFICER QUALITY ASSURANCE

Sec. 801. Short title.

Sec. 802. Findings.

Sec. 803. Background checks.

Sec. 804. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 805. Definitions.


SEC. 3. CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.

Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or unenforceable by its
terms, or as applied to any person or circumstance, shall be construed
so as to give it the maximum effect permitted by law, unless such
holding shall be one of utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which
event such provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall
not affect the remainder thereof or the application of such provision to
other persons not similarly situated or to other, dissimilar
circumstances.
TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE GATHERING

Subtitle A--Electronic Surveillance

SEC. 101. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO USE OF PEN
REGISTERS AND TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES.
(a) General Limitation on Use by Governmental Agencies.--Section
3121(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``or trap and trace device'' after ``pen register'';

(2) by inserting ``, routing, addressing,'' after ``dialing''; and

(3) by striking ``call processing'' and inserting ``the processing
and transmitting of wire and electronic communications''.
(b) Issuance of Orders.--

(1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 3123 of title 18, United
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(a) In General.--

``(1) Upon an application made under section 3122(a)(1), the court
shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the installation and use of a
pen register or trap and trace device anywhere within the United States,
if the court finds that the attorney for the Government has certified to
the court that the information likely to be obtained by such
installation and use is relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation.
The order shall, upon service thereof, apply to any person or entity
providing wire or electronic communication service in the United States
whose assistance may facilitate the execution of the order. Whenever
such an order is served on any person or entity not specifically named
in the order, upon request of such person or entity, the attorney for
the Government or law enforcement or investigative officer that is
serving the order shall provide written or electronic certification that
the assistance of the person or entity being served is related to the
order.
``(2) Upon an application made under section 3122(a)(2), the court
shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the installation and use of a
pen register or trap and trace device within the jurisdiction of the
court, if the court finds that the State law-enforcement or
investigative officer has certified to the court that the information
likely to be obtained by such installation and use is relevant to an
ongoing criminal investigation.''.
(2) Contents of order.--Subsection (b)(1) of section 3123 of title
18, United States Code, is amended--
(A) in subparagraph (A)--

(i) by inserting ``or other facility'' after ``telephone line''; and

(ii) by inserting before the semicolon at the end ``or applied''; and

(B) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:

``(C) the attributes of the communications to which the order
applies, including the number or other identifier and, if known, the
location of the telephone line or other facility to which the pen
register or trap and trace device is to be attached or applied, and, in
the case of an order authorizing installation and use of a trap and
trace device under subsection (a)(2), the geographic limits of the
order; and''.
(3) Nondisclosure requirements.--Subsection (d)(2) of section 3123
of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by inserting ``or other facility'' after ``the line''; and

(B) by striking ``, or who has been ordered by the court'' and
inserting ``or applied, or who is obligated by the order''.
(c) Definitions.--

(1) Court of competent jurisdiction.--Paragraph (2) of section 3127
of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking subparagraph (A)
and inserting the following:
``(A) any district court of the United States (including a
magistrate judge of such a court), or any United States court of
appeals, having jurisdiction over the offense being investigated; or''.
(2) Pen register.--Paragraph (3) of section 3127 of title 18, United
States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking ``electronic or other impulses'' and all that
follows through ``is attached'' and inserting ``dialing, routing,
addressing, or signaling information transmitted by an instrument or
facility from which a wire or electronic communication is transmitted
(but not including the contents of such communication)''; and
(B) by inserting ``or process'' after ``device'' each place it
appears.
(3) Trap and trace device.--Paragraph (4) of section 3127 of title
18, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by inserting ``or process'' after ``a device''; and

(B) by striking ``of an instrument'' and all that follows through
the end and inserting ``or other dialing, routing, addressing, and
signaling information reasonably likely to identify the source of a wire
or electronic communication (but not including the contents of such
communication);''.
(4) Conforming amendment.--Section 3127(1) of title 18, United
States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking ``and''; and

(B) by inserting ``, and `contents''' after ```electronic
communication service'''.
(d) No Liability for Internet Service Providers.--Section 3124(d) of
title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the terms of''.
SEC. 102. SEIZURE OF VOICE-MAIL MESSAGES PURSUANT TO WARRANTS.

Title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in section 2510--

(A) in paragraph (1), by striking all the words after ``commerce'';
and
(B) in paragraph (14), by inserting ``wire or'' after ``transmission
of''; and
(2) in section 2703--

(A) in the headings for subsections (a) and (b), by striking ``
Contents of electronic'' and inserting `` Contents of wire or
electronic'';
(B) in subsection (a), by striking ``contents of an electronic'' and
inserting ``contents of a wire or electronic'' each place it appears;
and
(C) in subsection (b), by striking ``any electronic'' and inserting
``any wire or electronic'' each place it appears.
SEC. 103. AUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE.

Section 2510(7) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
inserting ``, and (for purposes only of section 2517 as it relates to
foreign intelligence information as that term is defined in section
101(e) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C.
1801(e))) any Federal law enforcement, intelligence, national security,
national defense, protective, immigration personnel, or the President or
Vice President of the United States'' after ``such offenses''.
SEC. 104. SAVINGS PROVISION.

Section 2511(2)(f) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by striking ``or chapter 121'' and inserting ``, chapter 121, or
chapter 206''; and
(2) by striking ``wire and oral'' and inserting ``wire, oral, and
electronic''.
SEC. 105. INTERCEPTION OF COMPUTER TRESPASSER COMMUNICATIONS.

Chapter 119 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in section 2510--

(A) in paragraph (17), by striking ``and'' at the end;

(B) in paragraph (18), by striking the period and inserting a
semi-colon; and
(C) by adding after paragraph (18) the following:

``(19) `protected computer' has the meaning set forth in section
1030; and
``(20) `computer trespasser' means a person who accesses a protected
computer without authorization and thus has no reasonable expectation of
privacy in any communication transmitted to, through, or from the
protected computer.'';
(2) in section 2511(2), by inserting after paragraph (h) the
following:
``(i) It shall not be unlawful under this chapter for a person acting
under color of law to intercept the wire or electronic communications of
a computer trespasser, if--
``(i) the owner or operator of the protected computer authorizes the
interception of the computer trespasser's communications on the
protected computer;
``(ii) the person acting under color of law is lawfully engaged in
an investigation;
``(iii) the person acting under color of law has reasonable grounds
to believe that the contents of the computer trespasser's communications
will be relevant to the investigation; and
``(iv) such interception does not acquire communications other than
those transmitted to or from the computer trespasser.''; and
(3) in section 2520(d)(3), by inserting ``or 2511(2)(i)'' after
``2511(3)''.
SEC. 106. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

Section 2518(3)(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
inserting ``and'' after the semicolon.
SEC. 107. SCOPE OF SUBPOENAS FOR RECORDS OF ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS.

Section 2703(c)(1)(C) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by striking ``entity the name, address, local and long distance
telephone toll billing records, telephone number or other subscriber
number or identity, and length of service of a'' and inserting the
following:
``entity the--

``(i) name;

``(ii) address;

``(iii) local and long distance telephone connection records, or
records of session times and durations;
``(iv) length of service (including start date) and types of service
utilized;
``(v) telephone or instrument number or other subscriber number or
identity, including any temporarily assigned network address; and
``(vi) means and source of payment (including any credit card or
bank account number);
of a''; and

(2) by striking ``and the types of services the subscriber or
customer utilized,'' after ``of a subscriber to or customer of such
service''.
SEC. 108. NATIONWIDE SERVICE OF SEARCH WARRANTS FOR ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE.

Chapter 121 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in section 2703, by striking ``under the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure'' each place it appears and inserting ``using the
procedures described in the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure by a
court with jurisdiction over the offense under investigation''; and
(2) in section 2711--

(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'';

(B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting ``;
and''; and
(C) by adding the following new paragraph at the end:

``(3) the term `court of competent jurisdiction' has the meaning
given that term in section 3127, and includes any Federal court within
that definition, without geographic limitation.''.
SEC. 109. CLARIFICATION OF SCOPE.

Section 2511(2) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by
section 105(2) of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the
following:
``(j) With respect to a voluntary or obligatory disclosure of
information (other than information revealing customer cable viewing
activity) under this chapter, chapter 121, or chapter 206, subsections
(c)(2)(B) and (h) of section 631 of the Communications Act of 1934 do
not apply.''.
SEC. 110. EMERGENCY DISCLOSURE OF ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS TO
PROTECT LIFE AND LIMB.
(a) Section 2702 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by amending the heading to read as follows:

``2702. Voluntary disclosure of customer communications or records'' ;

(2) in subsection (a)(2)(B) by striking the period and inserting ``;
and'';
(3) in subsection (a), by inserting after paragraph (2) the
following:
``(3) a provider of remote computing service or electronic
communication service to the public shall not knowingly divulge a record
or other information pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such
service (not including the contents of communications covered by
paragraph (1) or (2)) to any governmental entity.'';
(4) in subsection (b), by striking `` Exceptions.--A person or
entity'' and inserting `` Exceptions for Disclosure of
Communications.--A provider described in subsection (a)'';
(5) in subsection (b)(6)--

(A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``or'';

(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and inserting ``;
or'';
(C) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:

``(C) if the provider reasonably believes that an emergency
involving immediate danger of death or serious physical injury to any
person requires disclosure of the information without delay.''; and
(6) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

``(c) Exceptions for Disclosure of Customer Records.--A provider
described in subsection (a) may divulge a record or other information
pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such service (not including
the contents of communications covered by subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2))--
``(1) as otherwise authorized in section 2703;

``(2) with the lawful consent of the customer or subscriber;

``(3) as may be necessarily incident to the rendition of the service
or to the protection of the rights or property of the provider of that
service;
``(4) to a governmental entity, if the provider reasonably believes
that an emergency involving immediate danger of death or serious
physical injury to any person justifies disclosure of the information;
or
``(5) to any person other than a governmental entity.''.

(b) Section 2703 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) so that the section heading reads as follows:

``2703. Required disclosure of customer communications or records'';

(2) in subsection (c)(1)--

(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Except'' and all that follows
through ``only when'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``A governmental
entity may require a provider of electronic communication service or
remote computing service to disclose a record or other information
pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such service (not including
the contents of communications) only when'';
(B) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (iii) of subparagraph (B);

(C) by striking the period at the end of clause (iv) of subparagraph
(B) and inserting ``; or'';
(D) by inserting after clause (iv) of subparagraph (B) the following:

``(v) seeks information pursuant to subparagraph (B).'';

(E) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(A)'';
and
(F) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B); and

(3) in subsection (e), by striking ``or certification'' and
inserting ``certification, or statutory authorization''.
(c) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 121 of title
18, United States Code, is amended so that the items relating to
sections 2702 through 2703 read as follows:


``2702. Voluntary disclosure of customer communications or records.

``2703. Required disclosure of customer communications or records.''.


SEC. 111. USE AS EVIDENCE.

(a) In General.--Section 2515 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended--
(1) by striking `` wire or oral'' in the heading and inserting ``
wire, oral, or electronic'';
(2) by striking ``Whenever any wire or oral communication has been
intercepted'' and inserting ``(a) Except as provided in subsection (b),
whenever any wire, oral, or electronic communication has been
intercepted, or any electronic communication in electronic storage has
been disclosed'';
(3) by inserting ``or chapter 121'' after ``this chapter''; and

(4) by adding at the end the following:

``(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to the disclosure, before a grand
jury or in a criminal trial, hearing, or other criminal proceeding, of
the contents of a communication, or evidence derived therefrom, against
a person alleged to have intercepted, used, or disclosed the
communication in violation of this chapter, or chapter 121, or
participated in such violation.''.
(b) Section 2517.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2517 are each
amended by inserting ``or under the circumstances described in section
2515(b)'' after ``by this chapter''.
(c) Section 2518.--Section 2518 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended--
(1) in subsection (7), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting
``subsection (8)(d)''; and
(2) in subsection (10)--

(A) in paragraph (a)--

(i) by striking ``or oral'' each place it appears and inserting ``,
oral, or electronic'';
(ii) by striking the period at the end of clause (iii) and inserting
a semicolon; and
(iii) by inserting ``except that no suppression may be ordered under
the circumstances described in section 2515(b).'' before ``Such
motion''; and
(B) by striking paragraph (c).

(d) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 2515 in the
table of sections at the beginning of chapter 119 of title 18, United
States Code, is amended to read as follows:


``2515. Prohibition of use as evidence of intercepted wire, oral,
or electronic communications.''.

SEC. 112. REPORTS CONCERNING THE DISCLOSURE OF THE CONTENTS OF
ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS.
Section 2703 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at
the end the following:
``(g) Reports Concerning the Disclosure of the Contents of Electronic
Communications.--
``(1) By January 31 of each calendar year, the judge issuing or
denying an order, warrant, or subpoena, or the authority issuing or
denying a subpoena, under subsection (a) or (b) of this section during
the preceding calendar year shall report on each such order, warrant, or
subpoena to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts--
``(A) the fact that the order, warrant, or subpoena was applied for;

``(B) the kind of order, warrant, or subpoena applied for;

``(C) the fact that the order, warrant, or subpoena was granted as
applied for, was modified, or was denied;
``(D) the offense specified in the order, warrant, subpoena, or
application;
``(E) the identity of the agency making the application; and

``(F) the nature of the facilities from which or the place where the
contents of electronic communications were to be disclosed.
``(2) In January of each year the Attorney General or an Assistant
Attorney General specially designated by the Attorney General shall
report to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts--
``(A) the information required by subparagraphs (A) through (F) of
paragraph (1) of this subsection with respect to each application for an
order, warrant, or subpoena made during the preceding calendar year; and
``(B) a general description of the disclosures made under each such
order, warrant, or subpoena, including--
``(i) the approximate number of all communications disclosed and, of
those, the approximate number of incriminating communications disclosed;
``(ii) the approximate number of other communications disclosed; and

``(iii) the approximate number of persons whose communications were
disclosed.
``(3) In June of each year, beginning in 2003, the Director of the
Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall transmit to the
Congress a full and complete report concerning the number of
applications for orders, warrants, or subpoenas authorizing or requiring
the disclosure of the contents of electronic communications pursuant to
subsections (a) and (b) of this section and the number of orders,
warrants, or subpoenas granted or denied pursuant to subsections (a) and
(b) of this section during the preceding calendar year. Such report
shall include a summary and analysis of the data required to be filed
with the Administrative Office by paragraphs (1) and (2) of this
subsection. The Director of the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts is authorized to issue binding regulations dealing with
the content and form of the reports required to be filed by paragraphs
(1) and (2) of this subsection.''.

Subtitle B--Foreign Intelligence Surveillance and Other Information

SEC. 151. PERIOD OF ORDERS OF ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE OF
NON-UNITED STATES PERSONS UNDER FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE.
(a) Including Agents of a Foreign Power.--(1) Section 105(e)(1) of
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1805(e)(1))
is amended by inserting ``or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in
section 101(b)(1)(A),'' after ``or (3),''.
(2) Section 304(d)(1) of such Act (50 U.S.C. 1824(d)(1)) is amended
by inserting ``or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section
101(b)(1)(A),'' after ``101(a),''.
(b) Period of Order.--Such section 304(d)(1) is further amended by
striking ``forty-five'' and inserting ``90''.
SEC. 152. MULTI-POINT AUTHORITY.

Section 105(c)(2)(B) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of
1978 (50 U.S.C. 1805(c)(2)(B)) is amended by inserting ``, or, in
circumstances where the Court finds that the actions of the target of
the electronic surveillance may have the effect of thwarting the
identification of a specified person, such other persons,'' after
``specified person''.
SEC. 153. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION.

Sections 104(a)(7)(B) and 303(a)(7)(B) of the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1804(a)(7)(B), 1823(a)(7)(B)) are
each amended by striking ``that the'' and inserting ``that a
significant''.
SEC. 154. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION SHARING.

It shall be lawful for foreign intelligence information (as that term
is defined in section 101(e) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801(e)) obtained as part of a criminal
investigation (including information obtained pursuant to chapter 119 of
title 18, United States Code) to be provided to any Federal
law-enforcement-, intelligence-, protective-, national-defense, or
immigration personnel, or the President or the Vice President of the
United States, for the performance of official duties.
SEC. 155. PEN REGISTER AND TRAP AND TRACE AUTHORITY.

Section 402(c) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
(50 U.S.C. 1842(c)) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' at the end;

(2) in paragraph (2)--

(A) by inserting ``from the telephone line to which the pen register
or trap and trace device is to be attached, or the communication
instrument or device to be covered by the pen register or trap and trace
device'' after ``obtained''; and
(B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and

(3) by striking paragraph (3).


SEC. 156. BUSINESS RECORDS.

(a) In General.--Section 501 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1861) is amended to read as follows:
``access to certain business records for foreign intelligence and
international terrorism investigations
`` Sec. 501. (a) In any investigation to gather foreign intelligence
information or an investigation concerning international terrorism, such
investigation being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
under such guidelines as the Attorney General may approve pursuant to
Executive Order No. 12333 (or a successor order), the Director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation or a designee of the Director (whose
rank shall be no lower than Assistant Special Agent in Charge) may make
an application for an order requiring the production of any tangible
things (including books, records, papers, documents, and other items)
that are relevant to the investigation.
``(b) Each application under this section--

``(1) shall be made to--

``(A) a judge of the court established by section 103(a) of this
Act; or
``(B) a United States magistrate judge under chapter 43 of title 28,
United States Code, who is publicly designated by the Chief Justice of
the United States to have the power to hear applications and grant
orders for the release of records under this section on behalf of a
judge of that court; and
``(2) shall specify that the records concerned are sought for an
investigation described in subsection (a).
``(c)(1) Upon application made pursuant to this section, the judge
shall enter an ex parte order as requested requiring the production the
tangible things sought if the judge finds that the application satisfies
the requirements of this section.
``(2) An order under this subsection shall not disclose that it is
issued for purposes of an investigation described in subsection (a).
``(d) A person who, in good faith, produces tangible things under an
order issued pursuant to this section shall not be liable to any other
person for such production. Such production shall not be deemed to
constitute a waiver of any privilege in any other proceeding or
context.''.
(b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 502 of such Act (50 U.S.C.
1862) is repealed.
(2) Section 503 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 1863) is redesignated as
section 502.
(c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents at the beginning of
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et
seq.) is amended by striking the items relating to title V and inserting
the following:


``TITLE V--ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
PURPOSES
``Sec. 501. Access to certain business records for foreign
intelligence and international terrorism investigations.
``Sec. 502. Congressional oversight.''.


SEC. 157. MISCELLANEOUS NATIONAL-SECURITY AUTHORITIES.

(a) Section 2709(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in paragraph (1)--

(A) by inserting ``, or electronic communication transactional
records'' after ``toll billing records''; and
(B) by striking ``made that'' and all that follows through the end
of such paragraph and inserting ``made that the name, address, length of
service, and toll billing records sought are relevant to an authorized
foreign counterintelligence investigation; and''; and
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``made that'' and all that follows
through the end of such paragraph and inserting ``made that the
information sought is relevant to an authorized foreign
counterintelligence investigation.''.
(b) Section 624 of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (Public Law 90 321;
15 U.S.C. 1681u), as added by section 601(a) of the Intelligence
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (P.L. 104 93; 110 Stat. 974), is
amended--
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ``writing that'' and all that
follows through the end and inserting ``writing that such information is
necessary for the conduct of an authorized foreign counterintelligence
investigation.'';
(2) in subsection (b), by striking ``writing that'' and all that
follows through the end and inserting ``writing that such information is
necessary for the conduct of an authorized foreign counterintelligence
investigation.''; and
(3) in subsection (c), by striking ``camera that'' and all that
follows through ``States.'' and inserting ``camera that the consumer
report is necessary for the conduct of an authorized foreign
counterintelligence investigation.''.
SEC. 158. PROPOSED LEGISLATION.

Not later than August 31, 2003, the President shall propose
legislation relating to the provisions set to expire by section 160 of
this Act as the President may judge necessary and expedient.

SEC. 159. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORITY.

Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1702) is amended in subsection (a)(1)--
(1) in subparagraph (A)--

(A) in clause (ii), by adding ``or'' after ``thereof,''; and

(B) by striking clause (iii) and inserting the following:

``(iii) the importing or exporting of currency or securities,

by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States;'';
(2) by striking after subparagraph (B), ``by any person, or with
respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United
States.'';
(3) in subparagraph (B)--

(A) by inserting after ``investigate'' the following: ``, block
during the pendency of an investigation for a period of not more than 90
days (which may be extended by an additional 60 days if the President
determines that such blocking is necessary to carry out the purposes of
this Act)''; and
(B) by striking ``interest;'' and inserting ``interest, by any
person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of
the United States; and''; and
(4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

``(C) when a statute has been enacted authorizing the use of force
by United States armed forces against a foreign country, foreign
organization, or foreign national, or when the United States has been
subject to an armed attack by a foreign country, foreign organization,
or foreign national, confiscate any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign country, foreign
organization, or foreign national against whom United States armed
forces may be used pursuant to such statute or, in the case of an armed
attack against the United States, that the President determines has
planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in such attack; and
``(i) all right, title, and interest in any property so confiscated
shall vest when, as, and upon the terms directed by the President, in
such agency or person as the President may designate from time to time,
``(ii) upon such terms and conditions as the President may
prescribe, such interest or property shall be held, used, administered,
liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the
benefit of the United States, except that the proceeds of any such
liquidation or sale, or any cash assets, shall be segregated from other
United States Government funds and shall be used only pursuant to a
statute authorizing the expenditure of such proceeds or assets, and
``(iii) such designated agency or person may perform any and all
acts incident to the accomplishment or furtherance of these purposes.''.
SEC. 160. CLARIFICATION OF NO TECHNOLOGY MANDATES.

Nothing in this Act shall impose any additional technical obligation
or requirement on a provider of wire or electronic communication service
or other person to furnish facilities, services, or technical
assistance.

SEC. 161. CIVIL LIABILITY FOR CERTAIN UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURES.

(a) Chapter 119.--Section 2520 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraph (2) of subsection (c) as paragraph (3);

(2) by inserting after paragraph (1) of subsection (c) the following:

``(2) In an action under this section by a citizen or legal permanent
resident of the United States against the United States or any Federal
investigative or law enforcement officer (or against any State
investigative or law enforcement officer for disclosure or unlawful use
of information obtained from Federal investigative or law enforcement
officers), the court may assess as damages whichever is the greater of--
``(A) the sum of actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
``(B) statutory damages of whichever is the greater of $100 a day
for each day of violation or $10,000.''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:

``(f) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 2520(a).
``(g) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(h) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(b) Chapter 121.--Section 2707 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended--
(1) in subsection (c), by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The court'';

(2) by adding at the end of subsection (c) the following:

``(2) In an action under this section by a citizen or legal permanent
resident of the United States against the United States or any Federal
investigative or law enforcement officer (or against any State
investigative or law enforcement officer for disclosure or unlawful use
of information obtained from Federal investigative or law enforcement
officers), the court may assess as damages whichever is the greater of--
``(A) the sum of actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
``(B) statutory damages of $10,000.''; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

``(f) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 2707(a).
``(g) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(h) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(c) Chapter 206.--

(1) In general.--Chapter 206 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by adding at the end the following:
``3128. Civil action

``(a) Cause of Action.--Except as provided in subsections (d) and (e)
of section 3124, any person aggrieved by any violation of this chapter
may in a civil action recover from the person or entity which engaged in
that violation such relief as may be appropriate.
``(b) Relief.--In any action under this section, appropriate relief
includes--
``(1) such preliminary and other equitable or declaratory relief as
may be appropriate;
``(2) damages under subsection (c) and punitive damages in
appropriate cases; and
``(3) a reasonable attorney's fee and other litigation costs
reasonably incurred.
``(c) Damages.--In any action under this section, the court may
assess as damages whichever is the greater of--
``(1) the sum of the actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and
any profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
``(2) statutory damages of $10,000.

``(d) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
``(e) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 3128(a).
``(f) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(g) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(2) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of
chapter 206 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the
end the following new item:


``3128. Civil action.''.


(d) Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.--(1) Section 110
of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1810) is
amended--
(A) by inserting ``(a)'' before `` Civil Action.--'';

(B) by inserting ``or entity'' after ``shall have a cause of action
against any person'';
(C) by striking ``(a) actual'' and inserting ``(1) actual'';

(D) by striking ``(b) punitive'' and inserting ``(2) punitive'';

(E) by striking ``(c) reasonable'' and inserting ``(3) reasonable'';

(F) by striking ``$1,000'' and inserting ``$10,000''; and

(G) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

``(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
``(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report conclusions for the determination and the reasons
therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(2) Section 308 of the the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of
1978 (50 U.S.C. 1828) is amended--
(A) by inserting ``(a) Civil Action .--'' before ``An aggrieved
person,'';
(B) by inserting ``or entity'' after ``shall have a cause of action
against any person'';
(C) by striking ``$1,000'' and inserting ``$10,000''; and

(D) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

``(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
``(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report the conclusions for the determination and the
reasons therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(3)(A) Title IV of the the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of
1978 (50 U.S.C. 1841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the
following new sections:
``penalties

`` Sec. 407. (a) Prohibited activities.--A person is guilty of an
offense if the person intentionally--
``(1) installs or uses a pen register or trap and trace device under
color of law except as authorized by statute; or
``(2) discloses or uses information obtained under color of law by
using a pen register or trap and trace device, knowing or having reason
to know that the information was obtained through using a pen register
or trap and trace device not authorized by statute.
``(b) Defense.--It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection (a)
that the defendant was a law enforcement or investigative officer
engaged in the course of his official duties and the pen register or
trap and trace device was authorized by and conducted pursuant to a
search warrant or court order of a court of competent jurisdiction.
``(c) Penalties.--An offense described in this section is punishable
by a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than
five years, or both.
``(d) Federal Jurisdiction .--There is Federal jurisdiction over an
offense under this section if the person committing the offense was an
officer or employee of the United States at the time the offense was
committed.
``civil liability

`` Sec. 408. (a) Civil Action.--An aggrieved person, other than a
foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section
101(a) or (b)(1)(A), respectively, who has been subjected to a pen
register or trap and trace device or about whom information obtained by
a pen register or trap and trace device has been disclosed or used in
violation of section 407 shall have a cause of action against any person
or entity who committed such violation and shall be entitled to
recover--
``(1) actual damages, but not less than liquidated damages of
$10,000, whichever is greater;
``(2) punitive damages; and

``(3) reasonable attorney's fees and other investigation and
litigation costs reasonably incurred.
``(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
``(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the
United States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision
of this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding
the violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report the conclusions for the determination and the
reasons therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the
United States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal
Tort Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted
from the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or
managing the officer or employee who was responsible for the
violation.''.
(B) The table of contents at the beginning of the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) is
amended by adding at the end of the items relating to title IV the
following new items:


``Sec. 407. Penalties.

``Sec. 408. Civil liability.''.


SEC. 162. SUNSET.

This title and the amendments made by this title (other than sections
106 (relating to technical amendment), 109 (relating to clarification of
scope), and 159 (relating to presidential authority)) and the amendments
made by those sections shall take effect on the date of enactment of
this Act and shall cease to have any effect on December 31, 2003.

TITLE II--ALIENS ENGAGING IN TERRORIST ACTIVITY

Subtitle A--Detention and Removal of Aliens Engaging in
Terrorist Activity
SEC. 201. CHANGES IN CLASSES OF ALIENS WHO ARE INELIGIBLE FOR
ADMISSION AND DEPORTABLE DUE TO TERRORIST ACTIVITY.
(a) Aliens Ineligible for Admission Due to Terrorist
Activities.--Section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act
(8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)) is amended--
(1) in clause (i)--

(A) in subclauses (I), (II), and (III), by striking the comma at the
end and inserting a semicolon;
(B) by amending subclause (IV) to read as follows:

``(IV) is a representative of--

``(a) a foreign terrorist organization, as designated by the
Secretary of State under section 219; or
``(b) a political, social, or other similar group whose public
endorsement of terrorist activity the Secretary of State has determined
undermines the efforts of the United States to reduce or eliminate
terrorist activities;'';
(C) in subclause (V), by striking any comma at the end, by striking
any ``or'' at the end, and by adding ``; or'' at the end; and
(D) by inserting after subclause (V) the following:

``(VI) has used the alien's prominence within a foreign state or
the United States to endorse or espouse terrorist activity, or to
persuade others to support terrorist activity or a terrorist
organization, in a way that the Secretary of State has determined
undermines the efforts of the United States to reduce or eliminate
terrorist activities;'';
(2) in clause (ii)--

(A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by striking ``(or which,
if committed in the United States,'' and inserting ``(or which, if it
had been or were to be committed in the United States,''; and
(B) in subclause (V)(b), by striking ``explosive or firearm'' and
inserting ``explosive, firearm, or other object'';
(3) by amending clause (iii) to read as follows:

``(iii) Engage in terrorist activity defined.--As used in this Act,
the term `engage in terrorist activity' means, in an individual capacity
or as a member of an organization--
``(I) to commit a terrorist activity;

``(II) to plan or prepare to commit a terrorist activity;

``(III) to gather information on potential targets for a terrorist
activity;
``(IV) to solicit funds or other things of value for--

``(a) a terrorist activity;

``(b) an organization designated as a foreign terrorist
organization under section 219; or
``(c) a terrorist organization described in clause (v)(II), but
only if the solicitor knows, or reasonably should know, that the
solicitation would further a terrorist activity;
``(V) to solicit any individual--

``(a) to engage in conduct otherwise described in this clause;

``(b) for membership in a terrorist government;

``(c) for membership in an organization designated as a foreign
terrorist organization under section 219; or
``(d) for membership in a terrorist organization described in
clause (v)(II), but only if the solicitor knows, or reasonably should
know, that the solicitation would further a terrorist activity; or
``(VI) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should
know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation,
communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial
benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including
chemical, biological, and radiological weapons), explosives, or
training--
``(a) for the commission of a terrorist activity;

``(b) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should
know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity;
``(c) to an organization designated as a foreign terrorist
organization under section 219; or
``(d) to a terrorist organization described in clause (v)(II), but
only if the actor knows, or reasonably should know, that the act would
further a terrorist activity.''; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:

``(v) Terrorist organization defined.--As used in this subparagraph,
the term `terrorist organization' means--
``(I) an organization designated as a foreign terrorist
organization under section 219; or
``(II) with regard to a group that is not an organization described
in subclause (I), a group of 2 or more individuals, whether organized or
not, which engages in, or which has a significant subgroup which engages
in, the activities described in subclause (I), (II), or (III) of clause
(iii).
``(vi) Special rule for material support.--Clause (iii)(VI)(b) shall
not be construed to include the affording of material support to an
individual who committed or planned to commit a terrorist activity, if
the alien establishes by clear and convincing evidence that such support
was afforded only after such individual permanently and publicly
renounced, rejected the use of, and had ceased to engage in, terrorist
activity.''.
(b) Aliens Ineligible for Admission Due to Endangerment.--Section
212(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3))
is amended by adding at the end the following:
``(F) Endangerment.--Any alien who the Secretary of State, after
consultation with the Attorney General, or the Attorney General, after
consultation with the Secretary of State, determines has been associated
with a terrorist organization and intends while in the United States to
engage solely, principally, or incidentally in activities that could
endanger the welfare, safety, or security of the United States is
inadmissible.''.
(c) Aliens Deportable Due to Terrorist Activities.--Section
237(a)(4)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(4)(B))
is amended to read as follows:
``(B) Terrorist activities.--Any alien is deportable who--

``(i) has engaged, is engaged, or at any time after admission
engages in terrorist activity (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B)(iii));
``(ii) is a representative (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B)(iv))
of--
``(I) a foreign terrorist organization, as designated by the
Secretary of State under section 219; or
``(II) a political, social, or other similar group whose public
endorsement of terrorist activity--
``(a) is intended and likely to incite or produce imminent lawless
action; and
``(b) has been determined by the Secretary of State to undermine
the efforts of the United States to reduce or eliminate terrorist
activities; or
``(iii) has used the alien's prominence within a foreign state or
the United States--
``(I) to endorse, in a manner that is intended and likely to incite
or produce imminent lawless action and that has been determined by the
Secretary of State to undermine the efforts of the United States to
reduce or eliminate terrorist activities, terrorist activity; or
``(II) to persuade others, in a manner that is intended and likely
to incite or produce imminent lawless action and that has been
determined by the Secretary of State to undermine the efforts of the
United States to reduce or eliminate terrorist activities, to support
terrorist activity or a terrorist organization (as defined in section
212(a)(3)(B)(v)).''.
(d) Retroactive Application of Amendments.--

(1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall take
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to--
(A) actions taken by an alien before such date, as well as actions
taken on or after such date; and
(B) all aliens, without regard to the date of entry or attempted
entry into the United States--
(i) in removal proceedings on or after such date (except for
proceedings in which there has been a final administrative decision
before such date); or
(ii) seeking admission to the United States on or after such date.

(2) Special rule for aliens in exclusion or deportation
proceedings.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the amendments
made by this section shall apply to all aliens in exclusion or
deportation proceedings on or after the date of the enactment of this
Act (except for proceedings in which there has been a final
administrative decision before such date) as if such proceedings were
removal proceedings.
(3) Special rule for section 219 organizations.--

(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), no alien
shall be considered inadmissible under section 212(a)(3) of the
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)), or deportable
under section 237(a)(4)(B) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(4)(B)), by
reason of the amendments made by subsection (a), on the ground that the
alien engaged in a terrorist activity described in subclause (IV)(b),
(V)(c), or (VI)(c) of section 212(a)(3)(B)(iii) of such Act (as so
amended) with respect to a group at any time when the group was not a
foreign terrorist organization designated by the Secretary of State
under section 219 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
(B) Construction.--Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed to
prevent an alien from being considered inadmissible or deportable for
having engaged in a terrorist activity--
(i) described in subclause (IV)(b), (V)(c), or (VI)(c) of section
212(a)(3)(B)(iii) of such Act (as so amended) with respect to a foreign
terrorist organization at any time when such organization was designated
by the Secretary of State under section 219 of such Act; or
(ii) described in subclause (IV)(c), (V)(d), or (VI)(d) of section
212(a)(3)(B)(iii) of such Act (as so amended) with respect to any group
described in any of such subclauses.
SEC. 202. CHANGES IN DESIGNATION OF FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS.

(a) Designation of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.--Section 219(a)
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)--

(A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``212(a)(3)(B));'' and
inserting ``212(a)(3)(B)), engages in terrorism (as defined in section
140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988
and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f(d)(2)), or retains the capability and intent
to engage in terrorist activity or to engage in terrorism (as so
defined);''; and
(B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or terrorism'' after
``activity'';
(2) in paragraph (2)--

(A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:

``(A) Notice.--

``(i) In general.--Seven days before a designation is made under
this subsection, the Secretary of State shall, by classified
communication, notify the Speaker and minority leader of the House of
Representatives, the President pro tempore, majority leader, and
minority leader of the Senate, the members of the relevant committees,
and the Secretary of the Treasury, in writing, of the intent to
designate a foreign organization under this subsection, together with
the findings made under paragraph (1) with respect to that organization,
and the factual basis therefor.
``(ii) Publication of designation.--The Secretary of State shall
publish the designation in the Federal Register seven days after
providing the notification under clause (i).'';
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(A).'' and inserting
``(A)(ii).''; and
(C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``paragraph (2),'' and
inserting ``subparagraph (A)(i),'';
(3) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``subsection (c).'' and
inserting ``subsection (b).';
(4) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting after the first sentence the
following: ``The Secretary may also redesignate such organization at the
end of any 2-year redesignation period (but not sooner than 60 days
prior to the termination of such period) for an additional 2-year period
upon a finding that the relevant circumstances described in paragraph
(1) still exist. Any redesignation shall be effective immediately
following the end of the prior 2-year designation or redesignation
period unless a different effective date is provided in such
redesignation.'';
(5) in paragraph (6)--

(A) in subparagraph (A)--

(i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``or a
redesignation made under paragraph (4)(B)'' after ``paragraph (1)'';
(ii) in clause (i)--

(I) by inserting ``or redesignation'' after ``designation'' the
first place it appears; and
(II) by striking ``of the designation;'' and inserting a semicolon;
and
(iii) in clause (ii), by striking ``of the designation.'' and
inserting a period;
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``through (4)'' and inserting
``and (3)''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:

``(C) Effective date.--Any revocation shall take effect on the date
specified in the revocation or upon publication in the Federal Register
if no effective date is specified.'';
(6) in paragraph (7), by inserting ``, or the revocation of a
redesignation under paragraph (6),'' after ``(5) or (6)''; and
(7) in paragraph (8)--

(A) by striking ``(1)(B),'' and inserting ``(2)(B), or if a
redesignation under this subsection has become effective under paragraph
(4)(B)'';
(B) by inserting ``or an alien in a removal proceeding'' after
``criminal action''; and
(C) by inserting ``or redesignation'' before ``as a defense''.


(b) Authority to Initiate Designations, Redesignations, and
Revocations.--Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8
U.S.C. 1189), as amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
(1) by striking ``Secretary'' each place such term appears,
excluding subparagraphs (A) and (C) of subsection (a)(2), and inserting
``official specified under subsection (d)'';
(2) in subsection (c)--

(A) in paragraph (2), by adding ``and'' at the end;

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' at the end and inserting
a period; and
(C) by striking paragraph (4); and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

``(d) Implementation of Duties and Authorities.--

``(1) By secretary or attorney general.--Except as otherwise
provided in this subsection, the duties under this section shall, and
authorities under this section may, be exercised by--
``(A) the Secretary of State--

``(i) after consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and with
the concurrence of the Attorney General; or
``(ii) upon instruction by the President pursuant to paragraph (2); or

``(B) the Attorney General--

``(i) after consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and with
the concurrence of the Secretary of State; or
``(ii) upon instruction by the President pursuant to paragraph (2).

``(2) Concurrence.--The Secretary of State and the Attorney General
shall each seek the other's concurrence in accordance with paragraph
(1). In any case in which such concurrence is denied or withheld, the
official seeking the concurrence shall so notify the President and shall
request the President to make a determination as to how the issue shall
be resolved. Such notification and request of the President may not be
made before the earlier of--
``(A) the date on which a denial of concurrence is received; or

``(B) the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date the
concurrence was sought.
``(3) Exception.--It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to
carry out the procedural requirements of paragraphs (2)(A) and (6)(B) of
subsection (a) in all cases, including cases in which a designation or
revocation is initiated by the Attorney General.''.
SEC. 203. MANDATORY DETENTION OF SUSPECTED TERRORISTS; HABEAS
CORPUS; JUDICIAL REVIEW.
(a) In General.--The Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101
et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 236 the following:
``mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial
review
``Sec. 236A. (a) Detention of Terrorist Aliens.--

``(1) Custody.--The Attorney General shall take into custody any
alien who is certified under paragraph (3).
``(2) Release.--Except as provided in paragraphs (5) and (6), the
Attorney General shall maintain custody of such an alien until the alien
is removed from the United States or found not to be inadmissible or
deportable, as the case may be. Except as provided in paragraph (6),
such custody shall be maintained irrespective of any relief from removal
for which the alien may be eligible, or any relief from removal granted
the alien, until the Attorney General determines that the alien is no
longer an alien who may be certified under paragraph (3).
``(3) Certification.--The Attorney General may certify an alien
under this paragraph if the Attorney General has reasonable grounds to
believe that the alien--
``(A) is described in section 212(a)(3)(A)(i), 212(a)(3)(A)(iii),
212(a)(3)(B), 237(a)(4)(A)(i), 237(a)(4)(A)(iii), or 237(a)(4)(B); or
``(B) is engaged in any other activity that endangers the national
security of the United States.
``(4) Nondelegation.--The Attorney General may delegate the
authority provided under paragraph (3) only to the Deputy Attorney
General. The Deputy Attorney General may not delegate such authority.
``(5) Commencement of proceedings.--The Attorney General shall place
an alien detained under paragraph (1) in removal proceedings, or shall
charge the alien with a criminal offense, not later than 7 days after
the commencement of such detention. If the requirement of the preceding
sentence is not satisfied, the Attorney General shall release the alien.

``(6) Limitation on indefinite detention.--An alien detained under
paragraph (1) who has been ordered removed based on one or more of the
grounds of inadmissibility or deportability referred to in paragraph
(3)(A), who has not been removed within the removal period specified
under section 241(a)(1)(A), and whose removal is unlikely in the
reasonably foreseeable future, may be detained for additional periods of
up to six months if the Attorney General demonstrates that the release
of the alien will not protect the national security of the United States
or adequately ensure the safety of the community or any person.
``(b) Habeas Corpus and Judicial Review.--Judicial review of any
action or decision relating to this section (including judicial review
of the merits of a determination made under subsection (a)(3) or (a)(6))
is available exclusively in habeas corpus proceedings initiated in the
United States District Court for the District of Columbia.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including section 2241 of
title 28, United States Code, except as provided in the preceding
sentence, no court shall have jurisdiction to review, by habeas corpus
petition or otherwise, any such action or decision.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Immigration and
Nationality Act is amended by inserting after the item relating to
section 236 the following:


``Sec. 236A. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas
corpus; judicial review.''.

(c) Reports.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment
of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the Attorney General shall
submit a report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of
Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, with
respect to the reporting period, on--
(1) the number of aliens certified under section 236A(a)(3) of the
Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a);
(2) the grounds for such certifications;

(3) the nationalities of the aliens so certified;

(4) the length of the detention for each alien so certified; and

(5) the number of aliens so certified who--

(A) were granted any form of relief from removal;

(B) were removed;

(C) the Attorney General has determined are no longer an alien who
may be so certified; or
(D) were released from detention.

SEC. 204. CHANGES IN CONDITIONS FOR GRANTING ASYLUM.

(a) In General.--Section 208(b)(2)(A)(v) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1158(b)(2)(A)(v)) is amended--
(1) by striking ``inadmissible under'' each place such term appears
and inserting ``described in''; and
(2) by striking ``removable under'' and inserting ``described in''.

(b) Retroactive Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by
subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this
Act and shall apply to--
(1) actions taken by an alien before such date, as well as actions
taken on or after such date; and
(2) all aliens, without regard to the date of entry or attempted
entry into the United States, whose application for asylum is pending on
or after such date (except for applications with respect to which there
has been a final administrative decision before such date).
SEC. 205. MULTILATERAL COOPERATION AGAINST TERRORISTS.

Section 222(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
1202(f)) is amended--
(1) by striking ``The records'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to
paragraphs (2) and (3), the records'';
(2) by striking ``United States,'' and all that follows through the
period at the end and inserting ``United States.''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:

``(2) In the discretion of the Secretary of State, certified copies
of such records may be made available to a court which certifies that
the information contained in such records is needed by the court in the
interest of the ends of justice in a case pending before the court.
``(3)(A) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Secretary
of State may provide copies of records of the Department of State and of
diplomatic and consular offices of the United States (including the
Department of State's automated visa lookout database) pertaining to the
issuance or refusal of visas or permits to enter the United States, or
information contained in such records, to foreign governments if the
Secretary determines that it is necessary and appropriate.
``(B) Such records and information may be provided on a case-by-case
basis for the purpose of preventing, investigating, or punishing acts of
terrorism. General access to records and information may be provided
under an agreement to limit the use of such records and information to
the purposes described in the preceding sentence.
``(C) The Secretary of State shall make any determination under this
paragraph in consultation with any Federal agency that compiled or
provided such records or information.
``(D) To the extent possible, such records and information shall be
made available to foreign governments on a reciprocal basis.''.
SEC. 206. REQUIRING SHARING BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION OF CERTAIN CRIMINAL RECORD EXTRACTS WITH OTHER FEDERAL
AGENCIES IN ORDER TO ENHANCE BORDER SECURITY.
(a) In General.--Section 105 of the Immigration and Nationality Act
(8 U.S.C. 1105), is amended--
(1) in the section heading, by adding `` and data exchange'' at the
end;
(2) by inserting ``(a) Liaison With Internal Security Officers.--''
after ``105.'';
(3) by striking ``the internal security of'' and inserting ``the
internal and border security of''; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:

``(b) Criminal History Record Information.--The Attorney General and
the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall provide the
Secretary of State and the Commissioner access to the criminal history
record information contained in the National Crime Information Center's
Interstate Identification Index, Wanted Persons File, and to any other
files maintained by the National Crime Information Center that may be
mutually agreed upon by the Attorney General and the official to be
provided access, for the purpose of determining whether a visa applicant
or applicant for admission has a criminal history record indexed in any
such file. Such access shall be provided by means of extracts of the
records for placement in the Department of State's automated visa
lookout database or other appropriate database, and shall be provided
without any fee or charge. The Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation shall provide periodic updates of the extracts at
intervals mutually agreed upon by the Attorney General and the official
provided access. Upon receipt of such updated extracts, the receiving
official shall make corresponding updates to the official's databases
and destroy previously provided extracts. Such access to any extract
shall not be construed to entitle the Secretary of State to obtain the
full content of the corresponding automated criminal history record. To
obtain the full content of a criminal history record, the Secretary of
State shall submit the applicant's fingerprints and any appropriate
fingerprint processing fee authorized by law to the Criminal Justice
Information Services Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
``(c) Reconsideration.--The provision of the extracts described in
subsection (b) may be reconsidered by the Attorney General and the
receiving official upon the development and deployment of a more
cost-effective and efficient means of sharing the information.
``(d) Regulations.--For purposes of administering this section, the
Secretary of State shall, prior to receiving access to National Crime
Information Center data, promulgate final regulations--
``(1) to implement procedures for the taking of fingerprints; and

``(2) to establish the conditions for the use of the information
received from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in order--
``(A) to limit the redissemination of such information;

``(B) to ensure that such information is used solely to determine
whether to issue a visa to an individual;
``(C) to ensure the security, confidentiality, and destruction of
such information; and
``(D) to protect any privacy rights of individuals who are subjects
of such information.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Immigration and
Nationality Act is amended by amending the item relating to section 105
to read as follows:


``Sec. 105. Liaison with internal security officers and data
exchange.''.

(c) Effective Date and Implementation.--The amendments made by this
section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and
shall be fully implemented not later than 18 months after such date.
(d) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than 2 years after the date of
the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General and the Secretary of
State, jointly, shall report to the Congress on the implementation of
the amendments made by this section.
(e) Construction.--Nothing in this section, or in any other law,
shall be construed to limit the authority of the Attorney General or the
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to provide access to the
criminal history record information contained in the National Crime
Information Center's Interstate Identification Index, or to any other
information maintained by such center, to any Federal agency or officer
authorized to enforce or administer the immigration laws of the United
States, for the purpose of such enforcement or administration, upon
terms that are consistent with sections 212 through 216 of the National
Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Act of 1998 (42 U.S.C. 14611 et
seq.).

SEC. 207. INADMISSIBILITY OF ALIENS ENGAGED IN MONEY LAUNDERING.

(a) Amendment to Immigration and Nationality Act.--Section 212(a)(2)
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(2)) is amended
by adding at the end the following:
``(I) Money laundering.--Any alien--

``(i) who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows, or has
reason to believe, has engaged, is engaging, or seeks to enter the
United States to engage, in an offense which is described in section
1956 of title 18, United States Code (relating to laundering of monetary
instruments); or
``(ii) who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows is, or
has been, a knowing aider, abettor, assister, conspirator, or colluder
with others in an offense which is described in such section;
is inadmissible.''.

(b) Money Laundering Watchlist.--Not later than 90 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall develop,
implement, and certify to the Congress that there has been established a
money laundering watchlist, which identifies individuals worldwide who
are known or suspected of money laundering, which is readily accessible
to, and shall be checked by, a consular or other Federal official prior
to the issuance of a visa or admission to the United States. The
Secretary of State shall develop and continually update the watchlist in
cooperation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury,
and the Director of Central Intelligence.

SEC. 208. PROGRAM TO COLLECT INFORMATION RELATING TO
NONIMMIGRANT FOREIGN STUDENTS AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.
(a) Changes in Deadlines.--Section 641 of the Illegal Immigration
Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372) is
amended--
(1) in subsection (f), by striking ``Not later than 4 years after
the commencement of the program established under subsection (a),'' and
inserting ``Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of
the PATRIOT Act of 2001,''; and
(2) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``12 months'' and inserting
``120 days''.
(b) Increased Fee for Certain Students.--Section 641(e)(4)(A) of the
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8
U.S.C. 1372(e)(4)(A)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``In the case of an alien who is a national of a country, the government
of which the Secretary of State has determined, for purposes of section
6(j)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App.
2405(j)(1)), has repeatedly provided support for acts of international
terrorism, the Attorney General may impose on, and collect from, the
alien a fee that is greater than that imposed on other aliens described
in paragraph (3).''.
(c) Data Exchange.--Section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and
Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372) is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i); and

(2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:

``(h) Data Exchange.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
Attorney General shall provide to the Secretary of State and the
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation the information
collected under subsection (a)(1).''.

SEC. 209. PROTECTION OF NORTHERN BORDER.

There are authorized to be appropriated--

(1) such sums as may be necessary to triple the number of Border
Patrol personnel (from the number authorized under current law) in each
State along the northern border;
(2) such sums as may be necessary to triple the number of
Immigration and Naturalization Service inspectors (from the number
authorized under current law) at ports of entry in each State along the
northern border; and
(3) an additional $50,000,000 to the Immigration and Naturalization
Service for purposes of enhancing technology for security and
enforcement at the northern border, such as infrared technology and
technology that enhances coordination between the Governments of Canada
and the United States generally and specifically between Canadian police
and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Subtitle B--Preservation of Immigration Benefits for Victims
of Terrorism
SEC. 211. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT STATUS.

(a) In General.--For purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act
(8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.), the Attorney General may provide an alien
described in subsection (b) with the status of a special immigrant under
section 101(a)(27) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a(27)), if the alien--
(1) files with the Attorney General a petition under section 204 of
such Act (8 U.S.C. 1154) for classification under section 203(b)(4) of
such Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(4)); and
(2) is otherwise eligible to receive an immigrant visa and is
otherwise admissible to the United States for permanent residence,
except in determining such admissibility, the grounds for
inadmissibility specified in section 212(a)(4) of such Act (8 U.S.C.
1182(a)(4)) shall not apply.
(b) Aliens Described.--

(1) Principal aliens.--An alien is described in this subsection if--

(A) the alien was the beneficiary of--

(i) a petition that was filed with the Attorney General on or before
September 11, 2001--
(I) under section 204 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8
U.S.C. 1154) to classify the alien as a family-sponsored immigrant under
section 203(a) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)) or as an employment-based
immigrant under section 203(b) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)); or
(II) under section 214(d) (8 U.S.C. 1184(d)) of such Act to
authorize the issuance of a nonimmigrant visa to the alien under section
101(a)(15)(K) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(K)); or
(ii) an application for labor certification under section
212(a)(5)(A) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(A)) that was filed under
regulations of the Secretary of Labor on or before such date; and
(B) such petition or application was revoked or terminated (or
otherwise rendered null), either before or after its approval, due to a
specified terrorist activity that directly resulted in--
(i) the death or disability of the petitioner, applicant, or alien
beneficiary; or
(ii) loss of employment due to physical damage to, or destruction
of, the business of the petitioner or applicant.
(2) Spouses and children.--

(A) In general.--An alien is described in this subsection if--

(i) the alien was, on September 10, 2001, the spouse or child of a
principal alien described in paragraph (1); and
(ii) the alien--

(I) is accompanying such principal alien; or

(II) is following to join such principal alien not later than
September 11, 2003.
(B) Construction.--For purposes of construing the terms
``accompanying'' and ``following to join'' in subparagraph (A)(ii), any
death of a principal alien that is described in paragraph (1)(B)(i)
shall be disregarded.
(3) Grandparents of orphans.--An alien is described in this
subsection if the alien is a grandparent of a child, both of whose
parents died as a direct result of a specified terrorist activity, if
either of such deceased parents was, on September 10, 2001, a citizen or
national of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for
permanent residence in the United States.
(c) Priority Date.--Immigrant visas made available under this section
shall be issued to aliens in the order in which a petition on behalf of
each such alien is filed with the Attorney General under subsection
(a)(1), except that if an alien was assigned a priority date with
respect to a petition described in subsection (b)(1)(A)(i), the alien
may maintain that priority date.
(d) Numerical Limitations.--For purposes of the application of
sections 201 through 203 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8
U.S.C. 1151 1153) in any fiscal year, aliens eligible to be provided
status under this section shall be treated as special immigrants
described in section 101(a)(27) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)) who
are not described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (K) of such section.
SEC. 212. EXTENSION OF FILING OR REENTRY DEADLINES.

(a) Automatic Extension of Nonimmigrant Status.--

(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 214 of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184), in the case of an alien described in
paragraph (2) who was lawfully present in the United States as a
nonimmigrant on September 10, 2001, the alien may remain lawfully in the
United States in the same nonimmigrant status until the later of--
(A) the date such lawful nonimmigrant status otherwise would have
terminated if this subsection had not been enacted; or
(B) 1 year after the death or onset of disability described in
paragraph (2).
(2) Aliens described.--

(A) Principal aliens.--An alien is described in this paragraph if
the alien was disabled as a direct result of a specified terrorist
activity.
(B) Spouses and children.--An alien is described in this paragraph
if the alien was, on September 10, 2001, the spouse or child of--
(i) a principal alien described in subparagraph (A); or

(ii) an alien who died as a direct result of a specified terrorist
activity.
(3) Authorized employment.--During the period in which a principal
alien or alien spouse is in lawful nonimmigrant status under paragraph
(1), the alien shall be provided an ``employment authorized''
endorsement or other appropriate document signifying authorization of
employment not later than 30 days after the alien requests such
authorization.
(b) New Deadlines for Extension or Change of Nonimmigrant Status.--

(1) Filing delays.--In the case of an alien who was lawfully present
in the United States as a nonimmigrant on September 10, 2001, if the
alien was prevented from filing a timely application for an extension or
change of nonimmigrant status as a direct result of a specified
terrorist activity, the alien's application shall be considered timely
filed if it is filed not later than 60 days after it otherwise would
have been due.
(2) Departure delays.--In the case of an alien who was lawfully
present in the United States as a nonimmigrant on September 10, 2001, if
the alien is unable timely to depart the United States as a direct
result of a specified terrorist activity, the alien shall not be
considered to have been unlawfully present in the United States during
the period beginning on September 11, 2001, and ending on the date of
the alien's departure, if such departure occurs on or before November
11, 2001.
(3) Special rule for aliens unable to return from abroad.--

(A) Principal aliens.--In the case of an alien who was in a lawful
nonimmigrant status on September 10, 2001, but who was not present in
the United States on such date, if the alien was prevented from
returning to the United States in order to file a timely application for
an extension of nonimmigrant status as a direct result of a specified
terrorist activity--
(i) the alien's application shall be considered timely filed if it
is filed not later than 60 days after it otherwise would have been due;
and
(ii) the alien's lawful nonimmigrant status shall be considered to
continue until the later of--
(I) the date such status otherwise would have terminated if this
subparagraph had not been enacted; or
(II) the date that is 60 days after the date on which the
application described in clause (i) otherwise would have been due.
(B) Spouses and children.--In the case of an alien who is the spouse
or child of a principal alien described in subparagraph (A), if the
spouse or child was in a lawful nonimmigrant status on September 10,
2001, the spouse or child may remain lawfully in the United States in
the same nonimmigrant status until the later of--
(i) the date such lawful nonimmigrant status otherwise would have
terminated if this subparagraph had not been enacted; or
(ii) the date that is 60 days after the date on which the
application described in subparagraph (A) otherwise would have been due.
(c) Diversity Immigrants.--

(1) Waiver of fiscal year limitation.--Notwithstanding section
203(e)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(e)(2)),
an immigrant visa number issued to an alien under section 203(c) of such
Act for fiscal year 2001 may be used by the alien during the period
beginning on October 1, 2001, and ending on April 1, 2002, if the alien
establishes that the alien was prevented from using it during fiscal
year 2001 as a direct result of a specified terrorist activity.
(2) Worldwide level.--In the case of an alien entering the United
States as a lawful permanent resident, or adjusting to that status,
under paragraph (1), the alien shall be counted as a diversity immigrant
for fiscal year 2001 for purposes of section 201(e) of the Immigration
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(e)), unless the worldwide level under
such section for such year has been exceeded, in which case the alien
shall be counted as a diversity immigrant for fiscal year 2002.
(3) Treatment of family members of certain aliens.--In the case of a
principal alien issued an immigrant visa number under section 203(c) of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(c)) for fiscal year
2001, if such principal alien died as a direct result of a specified
terrorist activity, the aliens who were, on September 10, 2001, the
spouse and children of such principal alien shall, if not otherwise
entitled to an immigrant status and the immediate issuance of a visa
under subsection (a), (b), or (c) of section 203 of such Act, be
entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration, that
would have been provided to such alien spouse or child under section
203(d) of such Act if the principal alien were not deceased.
(d) Extension of Expiration of Immigrant Visas.--Notwithstanding the
limitations under section 221(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act
(8 U.S.C. 1201(c)), in the case of any immigrant visa issued to an alien
that expires or expired before December 31, 2001, if the alien was
unable to effect entry to the United States as a direct result of a
specified terrorist activity, then the period of validity of the visa is
extended until December 31, 2001, unless a longer period of validity is
otherwise provided under this subtitle.
(e) Grants of Parole Extended.--In the case of any parole granted by
the Attorney General under section 212(d)(5) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)) that expires on a date on or after
September 11, 2001, if the alien beneficiary of the parole was unable to
return to the United States prior to the expiration date as a direct
result of a specified terrorist activity, the parole is deemed extended
for an additional 90 days.
(f) Voluntary Departure.--Notwithstanding section 240B of the
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229c), if a period for
voluntary departure under such section expired during the period
beginning on September 11, 2001, and ending on October 11, 2001, such
voluntary departure period is deemed extended for an additional 30 days.
SEC. 213. HUMANITARIAN RELIEF FOR CERTAIN SURVIVING SPOUSES
AND CHILDREN.
(a) Treatment as Immediate Relatives.--Notwithstanding the second
sentence of section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality
Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(2)(A)(i)), in the case of an alien who was the
spouse of a citizen of the United States at the time of the citizen's
death and was not legally separated from the citizen at the time of the
citizen's death, if the citizen died as a direct result of a specified
terrorist activity, the alien (and each child of the alien) shall be
considered, for purposes of section 201(b) of such Act, to remain an
immediate relative after the date of the citizen's death, but only if
the alien files a petition under section 204(a)(1)(A)(ii) of such Act
within 2 years after such date and only until the date the alien
remarries.
(b) Spouses, Children, Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Lawful
Permanent Resident Aliens.--
(1) In general.--Any spouse, child, or unmarried son or daughter of
an alien described in paragraph (3) who is included in a petition for
classification as a family-sponsored immigrant under section 203(a)(2)
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)(2)) that was
filed by such alien before September 11, 2001, shall be considered (if
the spouse, child, son, or daughter has not been admitted or approved
for lawful permanent residence by such date) a valid petitioner for
preference status under such section with the same priority date as that
assigned prior to the death described in paragraph (3)(A). No new
petition shall be required to be filed. Such spouse, child, son, or
daughter may be eligible for deferred action and work authorization.
(2) Self-petitions.--Any spouse, child, or unmarried son or daughter
of an alien described in paragraph (3) who is not a beneficiary of a
petition for classification as a family-sponsored immigrant under
section 203(a)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act may file a
petition for such classification with the Attorney General, if the
spouse, child, son, or daughter was present in the United States on
September 11, 2001. Such spouse, child, son, or daughter may be eligible
for deferred action and work authorization.
(3) Aliens described.--An alien is described in this paragraph if
the alien--
(A) died as a direct result of a specified terrorist activity; and

(B) on the day of such death, was lawfully admitted for permanent
residence in the United States.
(c) Applications for Adjustment of Status by Surviving Spouses and
Children of Employment-Based Immigrants.--
(1) In general.--Any alien who was, on September 10, 2001, the
spouse or child of an alien described in paragraph (2), and who applied
for adjustment of status prior to the death described in paragraph
(2)(A), may have such application adjudicated as if such death had not
occurred.
(2) Aliens described.--An alien is described in this paragraph if
the alien--
(A) died as a direct result of a specified terrorist activity; and

(B) on the day before such death, was--

(i) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United
States by reason of having been allotted a visa under section 203(b) of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)); or
(ii) an applicant for adjustment of status to that of an alien
described in clause (i), and admissible to the United States for
permanent residence.
(d) Waiver of Public Charge Grounds.--In determining the
admissibility of any alien accorded an immigration benefit under this
section, the grounds for inadmissibility specified in section 212(a)(4)
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(4)) shall not
apply.
SEC. 214. ``AGE-OUT'' PROTECTION FOR CHILDREN.

For purposes of the administration of the Immigration and Nationality
Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.), in the case of an alien--
(1) whose 21st birthday occurs in September 2001, and who is the
beneficiary of a petition or application filed under such Act on or
before September 11, 2001, the alien shall be considered to be a child
for 90 days after the alien's 21st birthday for purposes of adjudicating
such petition or application; and
(2) whose 21st birthday occurs after September 2001, and who is the
beneficiary of a petition or application filed under such Act on or
before September 11, 2001, the alien shall be considered to be a child
for 45 days after the alien's 21st birthday for purposes of adjudicating
such petition or application.
SEC. 215. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE RELIEF.

The Attorney General, for humanitarian purposes or to ensure family
unity, may provide temporary administrative relief to any alien who--
(1) was lawfully present in the United States on September 10, 2001;

(2) was on such date the spouse, parent, or child of an individual
who died or was disabled as a direct result of a specified terrorist
activity; and
(3) is not otherwise entitled to relief under any other provision of
this subtitle.
SEC. 216. EVIDENCE OF DEATH, DISABILITY, OR LOSS OF EMPLOYMENT.

(a) In General.--The Attorney General shall establish appropriate
standards for evidence demonstrating, for purposes of this subtitle,
that any of the following occurred as a direct result of a specified
terrorist activity:
(1) Death.

(2) Disability.

(3) Loss of employment due to physical damage to, or destruction of,
a business.
(b) Waiver of Regulations.--The Attorney General shall carry out
subsection (a) as expeditiously as possible. The Attorney General is not
required to promulgate regulations prior to implementing this subtitle.
SEC. 217. NO BENEFITS TO TERRORISTS OR FAMILY MEMBERS OF TERRORISTS.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subtitle, nothing in this
subtitle shall be construed to provide any benefit or relief to--
(1) any individual culpable for a specified terrorist activity; or

(2) any family member of any individual described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 218. DEFINITIONS.

(a) Application of Immigration and Nationality Act
Provisions.--Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subtitle,
the definitions used in the Immigration and Nationality Act (excluding
the definitions applicable exclusively to title III of such Act) shall
apply in the administration of this subtitle.
(b) Specified Terrorist Activity.--For purposes of this subtitle, the
term ``specified terrorist activity'' means any terrorist activity
conducted against the Government or the people of the United States on
September 11, 2001.
TITLE III--CRIMINAL JUSTICE

Subtitle A--Substantive Criminal Law

SEC. 301. STATUTE OF LIMITATION FOR PROSECUTING TERRORISM OFFENSES.

(a) In General.--Section 3286 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended to read as follows:
``3286. Terrorism offenses

``(a) An indictment may be found or an information instituted at any
time without limitation for any Federal terrorism offense or any of the
following offenses:
``(1) A violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to violate,
section 32 (relating to destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities),
37(a)(1) (relating to violence at international airports), 175 (relating
to biological weapons), 229 (relating to chemical weapons), 351(a) (d)
(relating to congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court assassination and
kidnaping), 791 (relating to harboring terrorists), 831 (relating to
nuclear materials), 844(f) or (i) when it relates to bombing (relating
to arson and bombing of certain property), 1114(1) (relating to
protection of officers and employees of the United States), 1116, if the
offense involves murder (relating to murder or manslaughter of foreign
officials, official guests, or internationally protected persons), 1203
(relating to hostage taking), 1751(a) (d) (relating to Presidential and
Presidential staff assassination and kidnaping), 2332(a)(1) (relating to
certain homicides and other violence against United States nationals
occurring outside of the United States), 2332a (relating to use of
weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism
transcending national boundaries) of this title.
``(2) Section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or
fuel) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284);
``(3) Section 601 (relating to disclosure of identities of covert
agents) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 421).
``(4) Section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) of title 49.

``(b) An indictment may be found or an information instituted within
15 years after the offense was committed for any of the following
offenses:
``(1) Section 175b (relating to biological weapons), 842(m) or (n)
(relating to plastic explosives), 930(c) if it involves murder (relating
to possessing a dangerous weapon in a Federal facility), 956 (relating
to conspiracy to injure property of a foreign government), 1030(a)(1),
1030(a)(5)(A), or 1030(a)(7) (relating to protection of computers), 1362
(relating to destruction of communication lines, stations, or systems),
1366 (relating to destruction of an energy facility), 1992 (relating to
trainwrecking), 2152 (relating to injury of fortifications, harbor
defenses, or defensive sea areas), 2155 (relating to destruction of
national defense materials, premises, or utilities), 2156 (relating to
production of defective national defense materials, premises, or
utilities), 2280 (relating to violence against maritime navigation),
2281 (relating to violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2339A
(relating to providing material support to terrorists), 2339B (relating
to providing material support to terrorist organizations), or 2340A
(relating to torture).
``(2) Any of the following provisions of title 49: the second
sentence of section 46504 (relating to assault on a flight crew with a
dangerous weapon), section 46505(b)(3), (relating to explosive or
incendiary devices, or endangerment of human life by means of weapons,
on aircraft), section 46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is
involved, or section 60123(b) (relating to destruction of interstate gas
or hazardous liquid pipeline facility) of title 49.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of
chapter 213 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by amending the
item relating to section 3286 to read as follows:


``3286. Terrorism offenses.''.


(c) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply to
the prosecution of any offense committed before, on, or after the date
of enactment of this section.
SEC. 302. ALTERNATIVE MAXIMUM PENALTIES FOR TERRORISM CRIMES.

Section 3559 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding
after subsection (d) the following:
``(e) Authorized Terms of Imprisonment for Terrorism Crimes.--A
person convicted of any Federal terrorism offense may be sentenced to
imprisonment for any term of years or for life, notwithstanding any
maximum term of imprisonment specified in the law describing the
offense. The authorization of imprisonment under this subsection is
supplementary to, and does not limit, the availability of any other
penalty authorized by the law describing the offense, including the
death penalty, and does not limit the applicability of any mandatory
minimum term of imprisonment, including any mandatory life term,
provided by the law describing the offense.''.
SEC. 303. PENALTIES FOR TERRORIST CONSPIRACIES.

Chapter 113B of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by inserting after section 2332b the following:

``2332c. Attempts and conspiracies

``(a) Except as provided in subsection (c), any person who attempts
or conspires to commit any Federal terrorism offense shall be subject to
the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the commission
of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy.
``(b) Except as provided in subsection (c), any person who attempts
or conspires to commit any offense described in section 25(2) shall be
subject to the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the
commission of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy.
``(c) A death penalty may not be imposed by operation of this
section.''; and
(2) in the table of sections at the beginning of the chapter, by
inserting after the item relating to section 2332b the following new
item:


``2332c. Attempts and conspiracies.''.


SEC. 304. TERRORISM CRIMES AS RICO PREDICATES.

Section 1961(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by striking ``or (F)'' and inserting ``(F)''; and

(2) by striking ``financial gain.'' and inserting ``financial gain,
or (G) any act that is a Federal terrorism offense or is indictable
under any of the following provisions of law: section 32 (relating to
destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities), 37(a)(1) (relating to
violence at international airports), 175 (relating to biological
weapons), 229 (relating to chemical weapons), 351(a) (d) (relating to
congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court assassination and kidnaping),
831 (relating to nuclear materials), 842(m) or (n) (relating to plastic
explosives), 844(f) or (i) when it involves a bombing (relating to arson
and bombing of certain property), 930(c) when it involves an attack on a
Federal facility, 1114 when it involves murder (relating to protection
of officers and employees of the United States), 1116 when it involves
murder (relating to murder or manslaughter of foreign officials,
official guests, or internationally protected persons), 1203 (relating
to hostage taking), 1362 (relating to destruction of communication
lines, stations, or systems), 1366 (relating to destruction of an energy
facility), 1751(a) (d) (relating to Presidential and Presidential staff
assassination and kidnaping), 1992 (relating to trainwrecking), 2280
(relating to violence against maritime navigation), 2281 (relating to
violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2332a (relating to use of
weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism
transcending national boundaries), 2339A (relating to providing material
support to terrorists), 2339B (relating to providing material support to
terrorist organizations), or 2340A (relating to torture) of this title;
section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or fuel) of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284); or section 46502 (relating
to aircraft piracy) or 60123(b) (relating to destruction of interstate
gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facility) of title 49;''.
SEC. 305. BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS.

Chapter 10 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in section 175--

(A) in subsection (b)--

(i) by striking, ``section, the'' and inserting ``section--

``(1) the'';

(ii) by striking ``does not include'' and inserting ``includes'';

(iii) by inserting ``other than'' after ``system for''; and

(iv) by striking ``purposes.'' and inserting ``purposes, and

``(2) the terms biological agent and toxin do not encompass any
biological agent or toxin that is in its naturally-occurring
environment, if the biological agent or toxin has not been cultivated,
collected, or otherwise extracted from its natural source.'';
(B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and

(C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

``(b) Additional Offense.--Whoever knowingly possesses any biological
agent, toxin, or delivery system of a type or in a quantity that, under
the circumstances, is not reasonably justified by a prophylactic,
protective, or other peaceful purpose, shall be fined under this title,
imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'';
(2) by inserting after section 175a the following:

``175b. Possession by restricted persons

``(a) No restricted person described in subsection (b) shall ship or
transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or possess in or affecting
commerce, any biological agent or toxin, or receive any biological agent
or toxin that has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign
commerce, if the biological agent or toxin is listed as a select agent
in subsection (j) of section 72.6 of title 42, Code of Federal
Regulations, pursuant to section 511(d)(1) of the Antiterrorism and
Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104 132), and is not
exempted under subsection (h) of such section 72.6, or Appendix A of
part 72 of such title; except that the term select agent does not
include any such biological agent or toxin that is in its
naturally-occurring environment, if the biological agent or toxin has
not been cultivated, collected, or otherwise extracted from its natural
source.
``(b) As used in this section, the term `restricted person' means an
individual who--
``(1) is under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for
a term exceeding 1 year;
``(2) has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by
imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year;
``(3) is a fugitive from justice;

``(4) is an unlawful user of any controlled substance (as defined in
section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
``(5) is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the United States;

``(6) has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has been
committed to any mental institution; or
``(7) is an alien (other than an alien lawfully admitted for
permanent residence) who is a national of a country as to which the
Secretary of State, pursuant to section 6(j) of the Export
Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)), section 620A of
chapter 1 of part M of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C.
2371), or section 40(d) of chapter 3 of the Arms Export Control Act (22
U.S.C. 2780(d)), has made a determination that remains in effect that
such country has repeatedly provided support for acts of international
terrorism.
``(c) As used in this section, the term `alien' has the same meaning
as that term is given in section 1010(a)(3) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(3)), and the term `lawfully' admitted
for permanent residence has the same meaning as that term is given in
section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
1101(a)(20)).
``(d) Whoever knowingly violates this section shall be fined under
this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, but the
prohibition contained in this section shall not apply with respect to
any duly authorized governmental activity under title V of the National
Security Act of 1947.''; and
(3) in the table of sections in the beginning of such chapter, by
inserting after the item relating to section 175a the following:


``175b. Possession by restricted persons.''.


SEC. 306. SUPPORT OF TERRORISM THROUGH EXPERT ADVICE OR ASSISTANCE.

Section 2339A of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in subsection (a)--

(A) by striking ``a violation'' and all that follows through ``49''
and inserting ``any Federal terrorism offense or any offense described
in section 25(2)''; and
(B) by striking ``violation,'' and inserting ``offense,''; and

(2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``expert advice or assistance,''
after ``training,''.
SEC. 307. PROHIBITION AGAINST HARBORING.

(a) Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting before
section 792 the following:
``791. Prohibition against harboring

``Whoever harbors or conceals any person who he knows has committed,
or is about to commit, an offense described in section 25(2) or this
title shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten
years or both. There is extraterritorial Federal jurisdiction over any
violation of this section or any conspiracy or attempt to violate this
section. A violation of this section or of such a conspiracy or attempt
may be prosecuted in any Federal judicial district in which the
underlying offense was committed, or in any other Federal judicial
district as provided by law.''.
(b) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 37 of title 18,
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the item relating to
section 792 the following:


``791. Prohibition against harboring.''.


SEC. 308. POST-RELEASE SUPERVISION OF TERRORISTS.

Section 3583 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at
the end the following:
``(j) Supervised Release Terms for Terrorism
Offenses.--Notwithstanding subsection (b), the authorized terms of
supervised release for any Federal terrorism offense are any term of
years or life.''.
SEC. 309. DEFINITION.

(a) Chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by adding after section 24 a new section as follows:

``25. Federal terrorism offense defined

``As used in this title, the term `Federal terrorism offense' means
an offense that is--
``(1) is calculated to influence or affect the conduct of government
by intimidation or coercion; or to retaliate against government conduct;
and
``(2) is a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to violate-
section 32 (relating to destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities),
37 (relating to violence at international airports), 81 (relating to
arson within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction), 175, 175b
(relating to biological weapons), 229 (relating to chemical weapons),
351(a) (d) (relating to congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court
assassination and kidnaping), 791 (relating to harboring terrorists),
831 (relating to nuclear materials), 842(m) or (n) (relating to plastic
explosives), 844(f) or (i) (relating to arson and bombing of certain
property), 930(c), 956 (relating to conspiracy to injure property of a
foreign government), 1030(a)(1), 1030(a)(5)(A), or 1030(a)(7) (relating
to protection of computers), 1114 (relating to protection of officers
and employees of the United States), 1116 (relating to murder or
manslaughter of foreign officials, official guests, or internationally
protected persons), 1203 (relating to hostage taking), 1361 (relating to
injury of Government property or contracts), 1362 (relating to
destruction of communication lines, stations, or systems), 1363
(relating to injury to buildings or property within special maritime and
territorial jurisdiction of the United States), 1366 (relating to
destruction of an energy facility), 1751(a) (d) (relating to
Presidential and Presidential staff assassination and kidnaping), 1992,
2152 (relating to injury of fortifications, harbor defenses, or
defensive sea areas), 2155 (relating to destruction of national defense
materials, premises, or utilities), 2156 (relating to production of
defective national defense materials, premises, or utilities), 2280
(relating to violence against maritime navigation), 2281 (relating to
violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2332 (relating to certain
homicides and other violence against United States nationals occurring
outside of the United States), 2332a (relating to use of weapons of mass
destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism transcending national
boundaries), 2339A (relating to providing material support to
terrorists), 2339B (relating to providing material support to terrorist
organizations), or 2340A (relating to torture);
``(3) section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or
fuel) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284);
``(4) section 601 (relating to disclosure of identities of covert
agents) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 421); or
``(5) any of the following provisions of title 49: section 46502
(relating to aircraft piracy), the second sentence of section 46504
(relating to assault on a flight crew with a dangerous weapon), section
46505(b)(3), (relating to explosive or incendiary devices, or
endangerment of human life by means of weapons, on aircraft), section
46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is involved, or section 60123(b)
(relating to destruction of interstate gas or hazardous liquid pipeline
facility) of title 49.''; and
(2) in the table of sections in the beginning of such chapter, by
inserting after the item relating to section 24 the following:


``25. Federal terrorism offense defined.''.


(b) Section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by striking ``is a violation'' and all that follows through
``title 49'' and inserting ``is a Federal terrorism offense''.

(c) Section 2331 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in paragraph (1)(B)--

(A) by inserting ``(or to have the effect)'' after ``intended''; and

(B) in clause (iii), by striking ``by assassination or kidnapping''
and inserting ``(or any function thereof) by mass destruction,
assassination, or kidnapping (or threat thereof)'';
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'';

(3) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting ``;
and''; and
(4) by inserting the following paragraph (4):

``(5) the term `domestic terrorism' means activities that--

``(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of
the criminal laws of the United States or of any State; and
``(B) appear to be intended (or to have the effect)--

``(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;

``(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or
coercion; or
``(iii) to affect the conduct of a government (or any function
thereof) by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping (or threat
thereof).''.

SEC. 310. CIVIL DAMAGES.

Section 2707(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
striking ``$1,000'' and inserting ``$10,000''.
Subtitle B--Criminal Procedure

SEC. 351. SINGLE-JURISDICTION SEARCH WARRANTS FOR TERRORISM.

Rule 41(a) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure is amended by
inserting after ``executed'' the following: ``and (3) in an
investigation of domestic terrorism or international terrorism (as
defined in section 2331 of title 18, United States Code), by a Federal
magistrate judge in any district court of the United States (including a
magistrate judge of such court), or any United States Court of Appeals,
having jurisdiction over the offense being investigated, for a search of
property or for a person within or outside the district''.
SEC. 352. DNA IDENTIFICATION OF TERRORISTS.

Section 3(d)(1) of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000
(42 U.S.C. 14135a(d)(1)) is amended--
(1) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as subparagraph (H); and

(2) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the a new subparagraph as
follows:
``(G) Any Federal terrorism offense (as defined in section 25 of
title 18, United States Code).''.
SEC. 353. GRAND JURY MATTERS.

Rule 6(e)(3)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure is
amended--
(1) by adding after clause (iv) the following:

``(v) when permitted by a court at the request of an attorney for
the government, upon a showing that the matters pertain to international
or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of title 18, United
States Code) or national security, to any Federal law enforcement,
intelligence, national security, national defense, protective,
immigration personnel, or to the President or Vice President of the
United States, for the performance of official duties.'';
(2) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (iii); and

(3) by striking the period at the end of clause (iv) and inserting
``; or''.
SEC. 354. EXTRATERRITORIALITY.

Chapter 113B of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in the heading for section 2338, by striking `` Exclusive'';

(2) in section 2338, by inserting ``There is extraterritorial
Federal jurisdiction over any Federal terrorism offense and any offense
under this chapter, in addition to any extraterritorial jurisdiction
that may exist under the law defining the offense, if the person
committing the offense or the victim of the offense is a national of the
United States (as defined in section 101 of the Immigration and
Nationality Act) or if the offense is directed at the security or
interests of the United States.'' before ``The district courts''; and
(3) in the table of sections at the beginning of such chapter, by
striking ``Exclusive'' in the item relating to section 2338.
SEC. 355. JURISDICTION OVER CRIMES COMMITTED AT UNITED STATES
FACILITIES ABROAD.
Section 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at
the end the following:
``(9)(A) With respect to offenses committed by or against a United
States national, as defined in section 1203(c) of this title--
``(i) the premises of United States diplomatic, consular, military,
or other United States Government missions or entities in foreign
states, including the buildings, parts of buildings, and the land
appurtenant or ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used for
purposes of those missions or entities; and
``(ii) residences in foreign states and the land appurtenant or
ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used for purposes of those
missions or entities or used by United States personnel assigned to
those missions or entities, except that this paragraph does not
supercede any treaty or international agreement in force on the date of
the enactment of this paragraph.
``(B) This paragraph does not apply with respect to an offense
committed by a person described in section 3261(a).''.
SEC. 356. SPECIAL AGENT AUTHORITIES.

(a) General Authority of Special Agents.--Section 37(a) of the State
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709(a)) is
amended--
(1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

``(2) in the course of performing the functions set forth in
paragraphs (1) and (3), obtain and execute search and arrest warrants,
as well as obtain and serve subpoenas and summonses, issued under the
authority of the United States;'';
(2) in paragraph (3)(F) by inserting ``or President-elect'' after
``President''; and
(3) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:

``(5) in the course of performing the functions set forth in
paragraphs (1) and (3), make arrests without warrant for any offense
against the United States committed in the presence of the special
agent, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States
if the special agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person
to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony.''.
(b) Crimes.--Section 37 of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2709) is amended by
inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsections:
``(d) Interference With Agents.--Whoever knowingly and willfully
obstructs, resists, or interferes with a Federal law enforcement agent
engaged in the performance of the protective functions authorized by
this section shall be fined under title 18 or imprisoned not more than
one year, or both.
``(e) Persons Under Protection of Special Agents.--Whoever engages in
any conduct--
``(1) directed against an individual entitled to protection under
this section, and
``(2) which would constitute a violation of section 112 or 878 of
title 18, United States Code, if such individual were a foreign
official, an official guest, or an internationally protected person,
shall be subject to the same penalties as are provided for such conduct
directed against an individual subject to protection under such section
of title 18.''.
TITLE IV--FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

SEC. 401. LAUNDERING THE PROCEEDS OF TERRORISM.

Section 1956(c)(7)(D) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
inserting ``or 2339B'' after ``2339A''.
SEC. 402. MATERIAL SUPPORT FOR TERRORISM.

Section 2339A of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following ``A
violation of this section may be prosecuted in any Federal judicial
district in which the underlying offense was committed, or in any other
Federal judicial district as provided by law.''; and
(2) in subsection (b), by striking ``or other financial securities''
and inserting ``or monetary instruments or financial securities''.
SEC. 403. ASSETS OF TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS.

Section 981(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:
``(G) All assets, foreign or domestic--

``(i) of any person, entity, or organization engaged in planning or
perpetrating any act of domestic terrorism or international terrorism
(as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or
residents of the United States, or their property, and all assets,
foreign or domestic, affording any person a source of influence over any
such entity or organization;
``(ii) acquired or maintained by any person for the purpose of
supporting, planning, conducting, or concealing an act of domestic
terrorism or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331)
against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States,
or their property; or
``(iii) derived from, involved in, or used or intended to be used to
commit any act of domestic terrorism or international terrorism (as
defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or
residents of the United States, or their property.''.
SEC. 404. TECHNICAL CLARIFICATION RELATING TO PROVISION OF
MATERIAL SUPPORT TO TERRORISM.
No provision of title IX of Public Law 106 387 shall be understood to
limit or otherwise affect section 2339A or 2339B of title 18, United
States Code.

SEC. 405. DISCLOSURE OF TAX INFORMATION IN TERRORISM AND
NATIONAL SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS.
(a) Disclosure Without a Request of Information Relating to Terrorist
Activities, Etc.--Paragraph (3) of section 6103(i) of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to disclosure of return information to
apprise appropriate officials of criminal activities or emergency
circumstances) is amended by adding at the end the following new
subparagraph:

``(C) Terrorist activities, etc.--

``(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), the
Secretary may disclose in writing return information (other than
taxpayer return information) that may be related to a terrorist
incident, threat, or activity to the extent necessary to apprise the
head of the appropriate Federal law enforcement agency responsible for
investigating or responding to such terrorist incident, threat, or
activity. The head of the agency may disclose such return information to
officers and employees of such agency to the extent necessary to
investigate or respond to such terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
``(ii) Disclosure to the department of justice.--Returns and
taxpayer return information may also be disclosed to the Attorney
General under clause (i) to the extent necessary for, and solely for use
in preparing, an application under paragraph (7)(D).
``(iii) Taxpayer identity.--For purposes of this subparagraph, a
taxpayer's identity shall not be treated as taxpayer return information.
``(iv) Termination.--No disclosure may be made under this
subparagraph after December 31, 2003.''.
(b) Disclosure Upon Request of Information Relating to Terrorist
Activities, Etc.--Subsection (i) of section 6103 of such Code (relating
to disclosure to Federal officers or employees for administration of
Federal laws not relating to tax administration) is amended by
redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8) and by inserting after
paragraph (6) the following new paragraph:
``(7) Disclosure upon request of information relating to terrorist
activities, etc.--
``(A) Disclosure to law enforcement agencies.--

``(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), upon receipt
by the Secretary of a written request which meets the requirements of
clause (iii), the Secretary may disclose return information (other than
taxpayer return information) to officers and employees of any Federal
law enforcement agency who are personally and directly engaged in the
response to or investigation of terrorist incidents, threats, or
activities.
``(ii) Disclosure to state and local law enforcement agencies.--The
head of any Federal law enforcement agency may disclose return
information obtained under clause (i) to officers and employees of any
State or local law enforcement agency but only if such agency is part of
a team with the Federal law enforcement agency in such response or
investigation and such information is disclosed only to officers and
employees who are personally and directly engaged in such response or
investigation.
``(iii) Requirements.--A request meets the requirements of this
clause if--
``(I) the request is made by the head of any Federal law
enforcement agency (or his delegate) involved in the response to or
investigation of terrorist incidents, threats, or activities, and
``(II) the request sets forth the specific reason or reasons why
such disclosure may be relevant to a terrorist incident, threat, or
activity.
``(iv) Limitation on use of information.--Information disclosed
under this subparagraph shall be solely for the use of the officers and
employees to whom such information is disclosed in such response or
investigation.
``(B) Disclosure to intelligence agencies.--

``(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), upon receipt
by the Secretary of a written request which meets the requirements of
clause (ii), the Secretary may disclose return information (other than
taxpayer return information) to those officers and employees of the
Department of Justice, the Department of the Treasury, and other Federal
intelligence agencies who are personally and directly engaged in the
collection or analysis of intelligence and counterintelligence
information or investigation concerning terrorists and terrorist
organizations and activities. For purposes of the preceding sentence,
the information disclosed under the preceding sentence shall be solely
for the use of such officers and employees in such investigation,
collection, or analysis.
``(ii) Requirements.--A request meets the requirements of this
subparagraph if the request--
``(I) is made by an individual described in clause (iii), and

``(II) sets forth the specific reason or reasons why such
disclosure may be relevant to a terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
``(iii) Requesting individuals.--An individual described in this
subparagraph is an individual--
``(I) who is an officer or employee of the Department of Justice or
the Department of the Treasury who is appointed by the President with
the advice and consent of the Senate or who is the Director of the
United States Secret Service, and
``(II) who is responsible for the collection and analysis of
intelligence and counterintelligence information concerning terrorists
and terrorist organizations and activities.
``(iv) Taxpayer identity.--For purposes of this subparagraph, a
taxpayer's identity shall not be treated as taxpayer return information.
``(C) Disclosure under ex parte orders.--

``(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), any return
or return information with respect to any specified taxable period or
periods shall, pursuant to and upon the grant of an ex parte order by a
Federal district court judge or magistrate under clause (ii), be open
(but only to the extent necessary as provided in such order) to
inspection by, or disclosure to, officers and employees of any Federal
law enforcement agency or Federal intelligence agency who are personally
and directly engaged in any investigation, response to, or analysis of
intelligence and counterintelligence information concerning any
terrorist activity or threats. Return or return information opened
pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be solely for the use of such
officers and employees in the investigation, response, or analysis, and
in any judicial, administrative, or grand jury proceedings, pertaining
to any such terrorist activity or threat.
``(ii) Application for order.--The Attorney General, the Deputy
Attorney General, the Associate Attorney General, any Assistant Attorney
General, or any United States attorney may authorize an application to a
Federal district court judge or magistrate for the order referred to in
clause (i). Upon such application, such judge or magistrate may grant
such order if he determines on the basis of the facts submitted by the
applicant that--
``(I) there is reasonable cause to believe, based upon information
believed to be reliable, that the taxpayer whose return or return
information is to be disclosed may be connected to a terrorist activity
or threat,
``(II) there is reasonable cause to believe that the return or
return information may be relevant to a matter relating to such
terrorist activity or threat, and
``(III) the return or return information is sought exclusively for
use in a Federal investigation, analysis, or proceeding concerning
terrorist activity, terrorist threats, or terrorist organizations.
``(D) Special rule for ex parte disclosure by the irs.--

``(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), the
Secretary may authorize an application to a Federal district court judge
or magistrate for the order referred to in subparagraph (C)(i). Upon
such application, such judge or magistrate may grant such order if he
determines on the basis of the facts submitted by the applicant that the
requirements of subclauses (I) and (II) of subparagraph (C)(ii) are met.
``(ii) Limitation on use of information.--Information disclosed
under clause (i)--
``(I) may be disclosed only to the extent necessary to apprise the
head of the appropriate Federal law enforcement agency responsible for
investigating or responding to a terrorist incident, threat, or
activity, and
``(II) shall be solely for use in a Federal investigation,
analysis, or proceeding concerning terrorist activity, terrorist
threats, or terrorist organizations.
The head of such Federal agency may disclose such information to
officers and employees of such agency to the extent necessary to
investigate or respond to such terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
``(E) Termination.--No disclosure may be made under this paragraph
after December 31, 2003.''.
(c) Conforming Amendments.--

(1) Section 6103(a)(2) of such Code is amended by inserting ``any
local law enforcement agency receiving information under subsection
(i)(7)(A),'' after ``State,''.
(2) The heading of section 6103(i)(3) of such Code is amended by
inserting `` or terrorist '' after `` criminal ''.
(3) Paragraph (4) of section 6103(i) of such Code is amended--

(A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``or (7)(C)'' after ``paragraph
(1)'', and
(B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``or (3)(A)'' and inserting
``(3)(A) or (C), or (7)''.
(4) Paragraph (6) of section 6103(i) of such Code is amended--

(A) by striking ``(3)(A)'' and inserting ``(3)(A) or (C)'', and

(B) by striking ``or (7)'' and inserting ``(7), or (8)''.

(5) Section 6103(p)(3) of such Code is amended--

(A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``(7)(A)(ii)'' and inserting
``(8)(A)(ii)'', and
(B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``(i)(3)(B)(i)'' and inserting
``(i)(3)(B)(i) or (7)(A)(ii)''.
(6) Section 6103(p)(4) of such Code is amended--

(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

(i) by striking ``or (5),'' the first place it appears and inserting
``(5), or (7),'', and
(ii) by striking ``(i)(3)(B)(i)'' and inserting ``(i)(3)(B)(i) or
(7)(A)(ii)'', and
(B) in subparagraph (F)(ii) by striking ``or (5),'' the first place
it appears and inserting ``(5) or (7),''.
(7) Section 6103(p)(6)(B)(i) of such Code is amended by striking
``(i)(7)(A)(ii)'' and inserting ``(i)(8)(A)(ii)''.
(8) Section 7213(a)(2) of such Code is amended by striking
``(i)(3)(B)(i),'' and inserting ``(i)(3)(B)(i) or (7)(A)(ii),''.
(e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply
to disclosures made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 406. EXTRATERRITORIAL JURISDICTION.

Section 1029 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at
the end the following:
``(h) Any person who, outside the jurisdiction of the United States,
engages in any act that, if committed within the jurisdiction of the
United States, would constitute an offense under subsection (a) or (b)
of this section, shall be subject to the fines, penalties, imprisonment,
and forfeiture provided in this title if--
``(1) the offense involves an access device issued, owned, managed,
or controlled by a financial institution, account issuer, credit card
system member, or other entity within the jurisdiction of the United
States; and
``(2) the person transports, delivers, conveys, transfers to or
through, or otherwise stores, secrets, or holds within the jurisdiction
of the United States, any article used to assist in the commission of
the offense or the proceeds of such offense or property derived
therefrom.''.
TITLE V--EMERGENCY AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 501. OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS.

(a) In connection with the airplane hijackings and terrorist acts
(including, without limitation, any related search, rescue, relief,
assistance, or other similar activities) that occurred on September 11,
2001, in the United States, amounts transferred to the Crime Victims
Fund from the Executive Office of the President or funds appropriated to
the President shall not be subject to any limitation on obligations from
amounts deposited or available in the Fund.
(b) Section 112 of title I of section 101(b) of division A of Public
Law 105 277 and section 108(a) of the Departments of Commerce, Justice,
and State, The Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000
(H.R. 3421 of the 106th Congress, as enacted into law by section
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106 113; Appendix A; 113 Stat. 1501A 20) are
amended--
(1) after ``that Office'', each place it occurs, by inserting
``(including, notwithstanding any contrary provision of law (unless the
same should expressly refer to this section), any organization that
administers any program established in title I of Public Law 90 351)'';
and
(2) by inserting ``functions, including any'' after ``all''.

(c) Section 1404B(b) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C.
10603b) is amended by inserting ``, to victim service organizations, to
public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments), and to
non-governmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of
crime,'' after ``programs''.
(d) Section 1 of Public Law 107 37 is amended--

(1) by inserting ``(containing identification of all eligible payees
of benefits under section 1201)'' before ``by a'';
(2) by inserting ``producing permanent and total disability'' after
``suffered a catastrophic injury''; and
(3) by striking ``1201(a)'' and inserting ``1201''.

SEC. 502. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S AUTHORITY TO PAY REWARDS.

(a) In General.--(1) Title 18, United States Code, is amended by
striking sections 3059 through 3059B and inserting the following:
``3059. Rewards and appropriations therefor

``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Attorney General
may pay rewards in accordance with procedures and regulations
established or issued by the Attorney General.
``(b) Limitations.-- The following limitations apply with respect to
awards under subsection (a):
``(1) No such reward, other than in connection with a terrorism
offense or as otherwise specifically provided by law, shall exceed
$2,000,000.
``(2) No such reward of $250,000 or more may be made or offered
without the personal approval of either the Attorney General or the
President.
``(3) The Attorney General shall give written notice to the Chairmen
and ranking minority members of the Committees on Appropriations and the
Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives not later than
30 days after the approval of a reward under paragraph (2);
``(4) Any executive agency or military department (as defined,
respectively, in sections 105 and 102 of title 5) may provide the
Attorney General with funds for the payment of rewards.
``(5) Neither the failure to make or authorize such a reward nor the
amount of any such reward made or authorized shall be subject to
judicial review.
``(c) Definition.--In this section, the term `reward' means a payment
pursuant to public advertisements for assistance to the Department of
Justice.''.
(2) The items relating to sections 3059A through 3059B in the table
of sections at the beginning of chapter 203 of title 18, United States
Code, are repealed.
(b) Conforming Amendments.----

(1) Section 3075 of title 18, United States Code, and that portion
of section 3072 of title 18, United States Code, that follows the first
sentence, are repealed.
(2) Public Law 101 647 is amended--

(A) in section 2565 (12 U.S.C. 4205)--

(i) by striking all the matter after ``section 2561,'' in subsection
(c)(1) and inserting ``the Attorney General may, in the Attorney
General's discretion, pay a reward to the declaring.''; and
(ii) by striking subsection (e); and

(B) by striking section 2569 (12 U.S.C. 4209).

SEC. 503. LIMITED AUTHORITY TO PAY OVERTIME.

The matter under the headings ``Immigration And Naturalization
Service: Salaries and Expenses, Enforcement And Border Affairs'' and
``Immigration And Naturalization Service: Salaries and Expenses,
Citizenship And Benefits, Immigration Support And Program Direction'' in
the Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 2001 (as enacted into law
by Appendix B (H.R. 5548) of Public Law 106 553 (114 Stat. 2762A 58 to
2762A 59)) is amended by striking each place it occurs: `` Provided''
and all that follows through ``That none of the funds available to the
Immigration and Naturalization Service shall be available to pay any
employee overtime pay in an amount in excess of $30,000 during the
calendar year beginning January 1, 2001:''.

SEC. 504. DEPARTMENT OF STATE REWARD AUTHORITY.

(a) Changes in Reward Authority.--Section 36 of the State Department
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708) is amended--
(1) in subsection (b)--

(A) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (4);

(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting
``, including by dismantling an organization in whole or significant
part; or''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

``(6) the identification or location of an individual who holds a
leadership position in a terrorist organization.'';
(2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and
redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (2); and
(3) by amending subsection (e)(1) to read as follows:

``(1) Amount of award.--

``(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no reward paid under
this section may exceed $10,000,000.
``(B) The Secretary of State may authorize the payment of an award
not to exceed $25,000,000 if the Secretary determines that payment of an
award exceeding the amount under subparagraph (A) is important to the
national interest of the United States.''.
(b) Sense of Congress Regarding Rewards Relating to the September 11,
2001 Attack.--It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of
State should use the authority of section 36 of the State Department
Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended by subsection (a), to offer a
reward of $25,000,000 for Osama bin Laden and other leaders of the
September 11, 2001 attack on the United States.
SEC. 505. AUTHORIZATION OF FUNDS FOR DEA POLICE TRAINING IN
SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA.
In addition to amounts otherwise available to carry out section 481
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291), there is
authorized to be appropriated to the President not less than $5,000,000
for fiscal year 2002 for regional antidrug training in the Republic of
Turkey by the Drug Enforcement Administration for police, as well as
increased precursor chemical control efforts in the South and Central
Asia region.
SEC. 506. PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER BENEFITS.

(a) In General.--Section 1201(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796) is amended by
striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$250,000''.
(b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply
to any death or disability occurring on or after January 1, 2001.
TITLE VI--DAM SECURITY


SEC. 601. SECURITY OF RECLAMATION DAMS, FACILITIES, AND RESOURCES.

Section 2805(a) of the Reclamation Recreation Management Act of 1992
(16 U.S.C. 460l 33(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``(3) Any person who violates any such regulation which is issued
pursuant to this Act shall be fined under title 18, United States Code,
imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both. Any person charged with a
violation of such regulation may be tried and sentenced by any United
States magistrate judge designated for that purpose by the court by
which such judge was appointed, in the same manner and subject to the
same conditions and limitations as provided for in section 3401 of title
18, United States Code.
``(4) The Secretary may--

``(A) authorize law enforcement personnel from the Department of the
Interior to act as law enforcement officers to maintain law and order
and protect persons and property within a Reclamation project or on
Reclamation lands;
``(B) authorize law enforcement personnel of any other Federal
agency that has law enforcement authority, with the exception of the
Department of Defense, or law enforcement personnel of any State or
local government, including Indian tribes, when deemed economical and in
the public interest, and with the concurrence of that agency or that
State or local government, to act as law enforcement officers within a
Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands with such enforcement powers
as may be so assigned them by the Secretary to carry out the regulations
promulgated under paragraph (2);
``(C) cooperate with any State or local government, including Indian
tribes, in the enforcement of the laws or ordinances of that State or
local government; and
``(D) provide reimbursement to a State or local government,
including Indian tribes, for expenditures incurred in connection with
activities under subparagraph (B).
``(5) Officers or employees designated or authorized by the Secretary
under paragraph (4) are authorized to--
``(A) carry firearms within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation
lands and make arrests without warrants for any offense against the
United States committed in their presence, or for any felony cognizable
under the laws of the United States if they have reasonable grounds to
believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing
such a felony, and if such arrests occur within a Reclamation project or
on Reclamation lands or the person to be arrested is fleeing therefrom
to avoid arrest;
``(B) execute within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands
any warrant or other process issued by a court or officer of competent
jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of any Federal law or
regulation issued pursuant to law for an offense committed within a
Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands; and
``(C) conduct investigations within a Reclamation project or on
Reclamation lands of offenses against the United States committed within
a Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands, if the Federal law
enforcement agency having investigative jurisdiction over the offense
committed declines to investigate the offense or concurs with such
investigation.
``(6)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, a law
enforcement officer of any State or local government, including Indian
tribes, designated to act as a law enforcement officer under paragraph
(4) shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to
the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including those
relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, employment
discrimination, leave, unemployment compensation, and Federal benefits.
``(B) For purposes of chapter 171 of title 28, United States Code,
popularly known as the Federal Tort Claims Act, a law enforcement
officer of any State or local government, including Indian tribes,
shall, when acting as a designated law enforcement officer under
paragraph (4) and while under Federal supervision and control, and only
when carrying out Federal law enforcement responsibilities, be
considered a Federal employee.
``(C) For purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5, United
States Code, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work
injuries, a law enforcement officer of any State or local government,
including Indian tribes, shall, when acting as a designated law
enforcement officer under paragraph (4) and while under Federal
supervision and control, and only when carrying out Federal law
enforcement responsibilities, be deemed a civil service employee of the
United States within the meaning of the term `employee' as defined in
section 8101 of title 5, and the provisions of that subchapter shall
apply. Benefits under this subchapter shall be reduced by the amount of
any entitlement to State or local workers' compensation benefits arising
out of the same injury or death.
``(7) Nothing in paragraphs (3) through (9) shall be construed or
applied to limit or restrict the investigative jurisdiction of any
Federal law enforcement agency, or to affect any existing right of a
State or local government, including Indian tribes, to exercise civil
and criminal jurisdiction within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation
lands.
``(8) For the purposes of this subsection, the term `law enforcement
personnel' means employees of a Federal, State, or local government
agency, including an Indian tribal agency, who have successfully
completed law enforcement training approved by the Secretary and are
authorized to carry firearms, make arrests, and execute service of
process to enforce criminal laws of their employing jurisdiction.
``(9) The law enforcement authorities provided for in this subsection
may be exercised only pursuant to rules and regulations promulgated by
the Secretary and approved by the Attorney General.''.
TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS


SEC. 701. EMPLOYMENT OF TRANSLATORS BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION.
(a) Authority.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
is authorized to expedite the employment of personnel as translators to
support counterterrorism investigations and operations without regard to
applicable Federal personnel requirements and limitations.
(b) Security Requirements.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation shall establish such security requirements as are
necessary for the personnel employed as translators.
(c) Report.--The Attorney General shall report to the Committees on
the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Senate on--
(1) the number of translators employed by the FBI and other
components of the Department of Justice;
(2) any legal or practical impediments to using translators employed
by other Federal State, or local agencies, on a full, part-time, or
shared basis; and
(3) the needs of the FBI for specific translation services in
certain languages, and recommendations for meeting those needs.
SEC. 702. REVIEW OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.

(a) Appointment of Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.--The Inspector
General of the Department of Justice shall appoint a Deputy Inspector
General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of
Investigation (hereinafter in this section referred to as the
``Deputy'').
(b) Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Review.--The Deputy shall--

(1) review information alleging abuses of civil rights, civil
liberties, and racial and ethnic profiling by government employees and
officials including employees and officials of the Department of
Justice;
(2) make public through the Internet, radio, television, and
newspaper advertisements information on the responsibilities and
functions of, and how to contact, the Deputy; and
(3) submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of
Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate on a
semi-annual basis a report on the implementation of this subsection and
detailing any abuses described in paragraph (1), including a description
of the use of funds appropriations used to carry out this subsection.
(c) Inspector General Oversight Plan for the Federal Bureau of
Investigation.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department of Justice shall
submit to the Congress a plan for oversight of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation. The Inspector General shall consider the following
activities for inclusion in such plan:
(1) Financial systems.--Auditing the financial systems, information
technology systems, and computer security systems of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation.
(2) Programs and processes.--Auditing and evaluating programs and
processes of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to identify systemic
weaknesses or implementation failures and to recommend corrective
action.
(3) Internal affairs offices.--Reviewing the activities of internal
affairs offices of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, including the
Inspections Division and the Office of Professional Responsibility.
(4) Personnel.--Investigating allegations of serious misconduct by
personnel of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(5) Other programs and operations.--Reviewing matters relating to
any other program or and operation of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation that the Inspector General determines requires review.
(6) Resources.--Identifying resources needed by the Inspector
General to implement such plan.
(d) Review of Investigative Tools.--Not later than August 31, 2003,
the Deputy shall review the implementation, use, and operation
(including the impact on civil rights and liberties) of the law
enforcement and intelligence authorities contained in title I of this
Act and provide a report to the President and Congress.
SEC. 703. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON USE OF BIOMETRIC IDENTIFIER
SCANNING SYSTEM WITH ACCESS TO THE FBI INTEGRATED AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT
IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM AT OVERSEAS CONSULAR POSTS AND POINTS OF ENTRY TO
THE UNITED STATES.
(a) In General.--The Attorney General, in consultation with the
Secretary of State and the Secretary of Transportation, shall conduct a
study on the feasibility of utilizing a biometric identifier
(fingerprint) scanning system, with access to the database of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation Integrated Automated Fingerprint
Identification System, at consular offices abroad and at points of entry
into the United States to enhance the ability of State Department and
immigration officials to identify aliens who may be wanted in connection
with criminal or terrorist investigations in the United States or abroad
prior to the issuance of visas or entry into the United States.
(b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit a report
summarizing the findings of the study authorized under subsection (a) to
the Committee on International Relations and the Committee on the
Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign
Relations and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

SEC. 704. STUDY OF ACCESS.

(a) In General.--Not later than December 31, 2002, the Federal Bureau
of Investigation shall study and report to Congress on the feasibility
of providing to airlines access via computer to the names of passengers
who are suspected of terrorist activity by Federal officials.
(b) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated for
fiscal years 2002 though 2003 not more than $250,000 to carry out
subsection (a).
SEC. 705. ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN ANTI-TERRORISM JUDGMENTS.

(a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Justice for
Victims of Terrorism Act''.
(b) Definition.--

(1) In general.--Section 1603(b) of title 28, United States Code, is
amended--
(A) in paragraph (3) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'';

(B) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as subparagraphs
(A), (B), and (C), respectively (and by moving the margins 2 em spaces
to the right);
(C) by striking ``(b)'' through ``entity--'' and inserting the
following:
``(b) An `agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means--

``(1) any entity--''; and

(D) by adding at the end the following:

``(2) for purposes of sections 1605(a)(7) and 1610(a)(7) and (f),
any entity as defined under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1),
and subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) shall not apply.''.
(2) Technical and conforming amendment.--Section 1391(f)(3) of title
28, United States Code, is amended by striking ``1603(b)'' and inserting
``1603(b)(1)''.
(c) Enforcement of Judgments.--Section 1610(f) of title 28, United
States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)--

(A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``(including any agency or
instrumentality or such state)'' and inserting ``(including any agency
or instrumentality of such state), except to the extent of any punitive
damages awarded''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:

``(C) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, moneys due from or
payable by the United States (including any agency or instrumentality
thereof) to any state against which a judgment is pending under section
1605(a)(7) shall be subject to attachment and execution with respect to
that judgment, in like manner and to the same extent as if the United
States were a private person, except to the extent of any punitive
damages awarded.''; and
(2) by striking paragraph (3) and adding the following:

``(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), upon determining on an
asset-by-asset basis that a waiver is necessary in the national security
interest, the President may waive this subsection in connection with
(and prior to the enforcement of) any judicial order directing
attachment in aid of execution or execution against any property subject
to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna
Convention on Consular Relations.
``(B) A waiver under this paragraph shall not apply to--

``(i) if property subject to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations has been used
for any nondiplomatic purpose (including use as rental property), the
proceeds of such use; or
``(ii) if any asset subject to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is sold or
otherwise transferred for value to a third party, the proceeds of such
sale or transfer.
``(C) In this paragraph, the term `property subject to the Vienna
Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular
Relations' and the term `asset subject to the Vienna Convention on
Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations'
mean any property or asset, respectively, the attachment in aid of
execution or execution of which would result in a violation of an
obligation of the United States under the Vienna Convention on
Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, as
the case may be.
``(4) For purposes of this subsection, all assets of any agency or
instrumentality of a foreign state shall be treated as assets of that
foreign state.''.
(d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply
to any claim for which a foreign state is not immune under section
1605(a)(7) of title 28, United States Code, arising before, on, or after
the date of the enactment of this Act.
(e) Paygo Adjustment.--The Director of the Office of Management and
Budget shall not make any estimates of changes in direct spending
outlays and receipts under section 252(d) of the Balanced Budget and
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 902(d)) for any fiscal
year resulting from the enactment of this section.
TITLE VIII--PRIVATE SECURITY OFFICER QUALITY ASSURANCE

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the ``Private Security Officer Quality
Assurance Act of 2001''.
SEC. 802. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that--

(1) employment of private security officers in the United States is
growing rapidly;
(2) the private security industry provides numerous opportunities
for entry-level job applicants, including individuals suffering from
unemployment due to economic conditions or dislocations;
(3) sworn law enforcement officers provide significant services to
the citizens of the United States in its public areas, and are only
supplemented by private security officers who provide prevention and
reporting services in support of, but not in place of, regular sworn
police;
(4) given the growth of large private shopping malls, and the
consequent reduction in the number of public shopping streets, the
American public is more likely to have contact with private security
personnel in the course of a day than with sworn law enforcement
officers;
(5) regardless of the differences in their duties, skill, and
responsibilities, the public has difficulty in discerning the difference
between sworn law enforcement officers and private security personnel;
and
(6) the American public demands the employment of qualified,
well-trained private security personnel as an adjunct, but not a
replacement for sworn law enforcement officers.
SEC. 803. BACKGROUND CHECKS.

(a) In General.--An association of employers of private security
officers, designated for the purpose of this section by the Attorney
General, may submit fingerprints or other methods of positive
identification approved by the Attorney General, to the Attorney General
on behalf of any applicant for a State license or certificate of
registration as a private security officer or employer of private
security officers. In response to such a submission, the Attorney
General may, to the extent provided by State law conforming to the
requirements of the second paragraph under the heading ``Federal Bureau
of Investigation'' and the subheading ``Salaries and Expenses'' in title
II of Public Law 92 544 (86 Stat. 1115), exchange, for licensing and
employment purposes, identification and criminal history records with
the State governmental agencies to which such applicant has applied.
(b) Regulations.--The Attorney General may prescribe such regulations
as may be necessary to carry out this section, including measures
relating to the security, confidentiality, accuracy, use, and
dissemination of information and audits and recordkeeping and the
imposition of fees necessary for the recovery of costs.
(c) Report.--The Attorney General shall report to the Senate and
House Committees on the Judiciary 2 years after the date of enactment of
this Act on the number of inquiries made by the association of employers
under this section and their disposition.
SEC. 804. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

It is the sense of Congress that States should participate in the
background check system established under section 803.
SEC. 805. DEFINITIONS.

As used in this title--

(1) the term ``employee'' includes an applicant for employment;

(2) the term ``employer'' means any person that--

(A) employs one or more private security officers; or

(B) provides, as an independent contractor, for consideration, the
services of one or more private security officers (possibly including
oneself);
(3) the term ``private security officer''--

(A) means--

(i) an individual who performs security services, full or part time,
for consideration as an independent contractor or an employee, whether
armed or unarmed and in uniform or plain clothes whose primary duty is
to perform security services, or
(ii) an individual who is an employee of an electronic security
system company who is engaged in one or more of the following activities
in the State: burglar alarm technician, fire alarm technician, closed
circuit television technician, access control technician, or security
system monitor; but
(B) does not include--

(i) sworn police officers who have law enforcement powers in the
State,
(ii) attorneys, accountants, and other professionals who are
otherwise licensed in the State,
(iii) employees whose duties are primarily internal audit or credit
functions,
(iv) persons whose duties may incidentally include the reporting or
apprehension of shoplifters or trespassers, or
(v) an individual on active duty in the military service;

(4) the term ``certificate of registration'' means a license,
permit, certificate, registration card, or other formal written
permission from the State for the person to engage in providing security
services;
(5) the term ``security services'' means the performance of one or
more of the following:
(A) the observation or reporting of intrusion, larceny, vandalism,
fire or trespass;
(B) the deterrence of theft or misappropriation of any goods, money,
or other item of value;
(C) the observation or reporting of any unlawful activity;

(D) the protection of individuals or property, including proprietary
information, from harm or misappropriation;
(E) the control of access to premises being protected;

(F) the secure movement of prisoners;

(G) the maintenance of order and safety at athletic, entertainment,
or other public activities;
(H) the provision of canine services for protecting premises or for
the detection of any unlawful device or substance; and
(I) the transportation of money or other valuables by armored
vehicle; and
(6) the term ``State'' means any of the several States, the District
of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin
Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern
Mariana Islands.

PURPOSE AND SUMMARY

H.R. 2975, the ``Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and
Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001,'' provides enhanced
investigative tools and improves information sharing for the law
enforcement and intelligence communities to combat terrorism and
terrorist-related crimes. The enhanced law enforcement tools and
information sharing-provisions will assist in the prevention of future
terrorist activities and the preliminary acts and crimes which further
such activities. To protect the delicate balance between law enforcement
and civil liberties, the bill provides additional government reporting
requirements, disciplinary actions for abuse, and civil penalties.
BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR THE LEGISLATION

On September 11, 2001, the United States was attacked by terrorist.
After the attacks the country became aware of the need to better defend
and protect the nation, liberty and citizens within our own borders.
There are several key legislative changes needed to mobilize the nation
against terrorism and to assist law enforcement and the intelligence
community to determine who carried out the horrific acts of Tuesday,
September 11, 2001, and to bring our criminal investigative capabilities
to prevent future attacks.
HEARINGS

On September 24, 2001, the Committee on the Judiciary held one
hearing on the Administration's proposed legislation the ``Mobilization
Against Terrorism Act of 2001,'' which formed the basis of H.R. 2975,
the ``Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct
Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001.'' Testimony was received from four
witnesses, representing the Department of Justice. The witnesses were:
The Honorable John Aschroft, Attorney General; Honorable Michael
Chertoff, Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division;
Honorable Larry Thompson, Deputy Attorney General; and Honorable Viet
Dinh, Assistant Attorney General for Legal Policy.
COMMITTEE CONSIDERATION

On October 3, 2001, the Committee met in open session and ordered
favorably reported the bill H.R. 2975, as amended, by a 36 0 vote, a
quorum being present.
VOTES OF THE COMMITTEE

(1) An amendment was offered by Mr. Boucher (for himself, Mr.
Goodlatte, and Mr. Cannon) to insert language at the end of title I that
states ``Nothing in this Act shall impose any additional technical
obligation or requirement on a provider of wire or electronic
communication service or other person to furnish facilities, services or
technical assistance.'' The amendment passed by voice vote.
(2) An amendment was offered by Mr. Frank to provide increased civil
liability for unlawful disclosures of information obtained by wire or
electronic interception, access to electronically-stored communications,
pen register and trap trace, or the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Act of 1978 (FISA) intelligence gathering and to provide administrative
discipline for intentional violations and to provide procedures for
actions against the United States. The amendment passed by voice vote.
(3) An amendment was offered by Mr. Berman to sections 103 and 154,
clarifying that the term ``foreign intelligence information'' is the
same term that is defined under section 1801(e) of title 50, the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act. The amendment passed by voice vote.
(4) Amendments were offered en bloc by Mr. Sensenbrenner (for
himself, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Hyde, and Mr. Berman) to, among other things,
clarify that upon request, those being served with the generic pen/trap
order created under this section shall receive written or electronic
certification that the assistance provided related to the order; to
authorize five million dollars to be appropriated for antidrug training
for South and Central Asia police; to establish a feasibility study on
the use of a biometric identifier scanning system with access to the FBI
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification system at overseas
consular posts and points of entry to the United States; to clarify that
a court of competent jurisdiction for nationwide search warrants must
have jurisdiction over the offense being investigated; and to modify the
current designation process by allowing either the Secretary of State or
the Attorney General to determine designation of a foreign terrorist
organization and if they fail to agree, the President shall make such
determination. The amendment passed by voice vote.
(5) An amendment was offered by Mr. Hyde to make inadmissible any
alien who the government knows or has reason to believe is a money
launderer. The Secretary of State shall create a watchlist, to be
checked before the issuance of a visa or admission of an alien into the
U.S., which identifies persons who are known or suspected of money
laundering. The amendment passed by voice vote.
(6) An amendment was offered by Mr. Nadler (for himself and Ms.
Jackson Lee) to provide that the U.S. government can only seek
information from the home government about an asylum applicant who is a
suspected terrorist if the U.S. government does not disclose the fact
that the alien has applied for asylum nor any information sufficient to
give rise to an inference that the applicant has applied for asylum. Mr.
Bachus offered an amendment to the amendment to strike the base
provision--section 205(b)--from the bill. Both amendments passed by
voice vote.
(7) Amendments were offered en bloc by Mr. Sensenbrenner (for
himself, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Scott, Mr. Weiner, Mr. Issa, Mr. Keller, Mr.
Barr, Mr. Cannon, Mr. Nadler and Ms. Jackson Lee). Mr. Scott offered an
amendment to exclude military and military personnel from the provisions
regarding extraterritorial jurisdiction in the bill who are already
covered under the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act of 2000.
Mr. Weiner and Mr. Issa offered amendments to increase the amount paid
to public safety officers disabled or killed in the line of duty from
$100,000 to $250,000. An amendment offered by Mr. Keller would authorize
$250,000 to require the FBI to study the feasibility of providing the
airlines access to information regarding suspected terrorists. One of
the amendments, offered by Mr. Barr, provided that the Attorney General
and the Deputy Attorney General may, with no further delegation, certify
an alien as an terrorist for purposes of mandatory detention. The bill
had provided this authority to the Attorney General and the INS
Commissioner. An amendment offered by Mr. Barr would allow an
association of employers of private security officers to submit
fingerprints or other methods of identification to the Attorney General
for purposes of State licensing or certification. Another of the
amendments, offered by Mr. Cannon (for himself and Mr. Issa), amends
current law to revise the definition of ``agency or instrumentality of a
foreign state'' for purposes of provisions regarding exceptions to: 1)
the jurisdictional immunity of a foreign state where money damages are
sought against the state for personal injury or death that was caused by
an act of torture, extrajudicial killing, aircraft sabotage, hostage
taking, or the provision of material support or resources for such an
act; and 2) the immunity from attachment or execution where the judgment
relates to a claim for which the foreign state is not immune. Another of
the amendments, to be offered by Mr. Nadler (for himself and Ms. Jackson
Lee), amends the section of the bill providing for mandatory detention
of alien terrorists by providing that if an alien detained pursuant to
the section was ordered removed as a terrorist (or on the other grounds
allowing certification) and had not been removed within 90 days and was
unlikely to be removed in the reasonably foreseeable future, the alien
could be detained for additional periods of up to 6 months if the
Attorney General demonstrated that release would not protect the
national security of the United States or ensure the public's safety.
The en bloc amendment passed by voice vote.
(8) An amendment was offered by Ms. Lofgren to sunset most of the
changes made to current immigration law by title II(a) of the bill. The
amendment failed by voice vote.
(9) An amendment was offered by Mr. Weiner to amend the foreign
student tracking system created by the Illegal Immigration Reform and
Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 by advancing the date by which the
system must be fully operational, providing that students who are
nationals of countries that have repeatedly provided support for acts of
international terrorism may be assessed a higher fee than other foreign
students, and providing that the Attorney General shall provide to the
Secretary of State and the Director of the FBI the information collected
by the system. The amendment passed by a rollcall vote of 25 8.


ROLLCALL NO. 1

Ayes Nays Present

Mr. Hyde X
Mr. Gekas
Mr. Coble X
Mr. Smith (Texas) X
Mr. Gallegly X
Mr. Goodlatte X
Mr. Bryant X
Mr. Chabot X
Mr. Barr X
Mr. Jenkins X
Mr. Cannon X
Mr. Graham
Mr. Bachus X
Mr. Hostettler X
Mr. Green X
Mr. Keller X
Mr. Issa X
Ms. Hart X
Mr. Flake X
Mr. Pence X
Mr. Conyers X
Mr. Frank X
Mr. Berman X
Mr. Boucher
Mr. Nadler X
Mr. Scott X
Mr. Watt X
Ms. Lofgren X
Ms. Jackson Lee X
Ms. Waters X
Mr. Meehan X
Mr. Delahunt
Mr. Wexler X
Ms. Baldwin X
Mr. Weiner X
Mr. Schiff X
Mr. Sensenbrenner, Chairman X
------ ------ ---------


(10) An amendment was offered by Ms. Jackson Lee to provide funds for
enhanced technology for security and enforcement at the northern border.
The amendment passed by voice vote.
(11) An amendment was offered by Mr. Scott to narrow the list of
persons restricted from possessing biological agents. Mr. Scott's
amendment changed definition of persons restricted due to the indictment
for a crime, to those persons indicted for a Federal terrorism offense.
The amendment failed by voice vote.
(12) An amendment was offered by Mr. Scott to tighten the intent
requirement to require actual intent instead of apparent intent for the
definition of ``domestic terrorism.'' The amendment failed by voice
vote.
(13) Vote on final passage was adopted by a rollcall vote of 36 0.



ROLLCALL NO. 2

Ayes Nays Present

Mr. Hyde X
Mr. Gekas X
Mr. Coble X
Mr. Smith (Texas) X
Mr. Gallegly X
Mr. Goodlatte X
Mr. Bryant X
Mr. Chabot X
Mr. Barr X
Mr. Jenkins X
Mr. Cannon X
Mr. Graham X
Mr. Bachus X
Mr. Hostettler X
Mr. Green X
Mr. Keller X
Mr. Issa X
Ms. Hart X
Mr. Flake X
Mr. Pence X
Mr. Conyers X
Mr. Frank X
Mr. Berman X
Mr. Boucher X
Mr. Nadler X
Mr. Scott X
Mr. Watt X
Ms. Lofgren X
Ms. Jackson Lee X
Ms. Waters X
Mr. Meehan X
Mr. Delahunt X
Mr. Wexler
Ms. Baldwin X
Mr. Weiner X
Mr. Schiff X
Mr. Sensenbrenner, Chairman X
------ ------ ---------


COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS

In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the
House of Representatives, the Committee reports that the findings and
recommendations of the Committee, based on oversight activities under
clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives,
are incorporated in the descriptive portions of this report.
PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The bill is intended to: (1) improve the government's ability to
identify, dismantle, disrupt and punish terrorist organizations for
terrorist and related criminal activities by enhancing and clarifying
law enforcement investigative tools and by improving information sharing
between law enforcement and government agencies that have
responsibilities related to protecting the Nation against terrorism; and
(2) to protect the balance between civil liberties and law enforcement
by requiring new reporting obligations and administrative oversight.
NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY AND TAX EXPENDITURES

Clause 3(c)(2) of House rule XIII is inapplicable because this
legislation does not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax
expenditures. This bill does provide new budgetary authority.
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the
House of Representatives, the Committee sets forth, with respect to the
bill, H.R. 2975, the following estimate and comparison prepared by the
Director of the Congressional Budget Office under section 402 of the
Congressional Budget Act of 1974:

U.S. Congress,

Congressional Budget Office,

Washington, DC, October 10, 2001.



Hon. F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr., Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives, Washington, DC.

Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has prepared the
enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2975, the Provide Appropriate Tools
Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001.
If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be pleased to
provide them. The CBO staff contacts are Mark Grabowicz and Lanette
Walker (for Federal costs), who can be reached at 226 2860, Victoria
Heid Hall (for the impact on state, local, and tribal governments), who
can be reached at 225 3220, and Paige Piper/Bach (for the impact on the
private sector), who can be reached at 226 2940.
Sincerely,

Dan L. Crippen, Director.


Enclosure


cc:


Honorable John Conyers Jr.

Ranking Member

H.R. 2975--Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept
and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001.
SUMMARY

H.R. 2975 would expand the powers of Federal law enforcement agencies
to investigate and prosecute terrorist acts, establish new Federal
crimes, and increase penalties for acts of terrorism. The bill would
allow certain victims of Iranian terrorism who have won judgments
against Iran in U.S. court to collect monetary damages from the U.S.
government. H.R. 2975 also would increase the payments to families of
public safety officers who have died as a result of injuries incurred in
the line of duty. Finally, the bill would authorize funding for the
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), the Drug Enforcement
Administration (DEA), and the Department of the Interior (DOI) to
undertake activities to combat terrorism.
CBO estimates that enacting the bill would increase direct spending
for payments to victims of terrorism and death benefits for public
safety officers by a total of $107 million in fiscal year 2002 and by
about $20 million in each year thereafter. Because this legislation
would affect direct spending and receipts, pay-as-you-go procedures
would apply. Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO
estimates that implementing H.R. 2975 would cost about $1 billion over
the 2002 2006 period, mostly for additional INS personnel.
Two provisions of H.R. 2975 would impose intergovernmental and
private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
(UMRA). CBO estimates, however, that the cost of those mandates would
fall well below the thresholds established in UMRA ($56 million for
intergovernmental mandates and $113 million for private-sector mandates
in 2001, adjusted annually for inflation).
The remaining provisions of the bill are either excluded from UMRA
because they are necessary for the national security or contain no
mandates.
ESTIMATED COST TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

The estimated budgetary impact of H.R. 2975 is shown in the following
table. The costs of this legislation falls within budget functions 150
(international affairs), 300 (natural resources and environment), and
750 (administration of justice).
[Graphic Image Not Available]
BASIS OF ESTIMATE

For this estimate, CBO assumes that the bill will be enacted near the
beginning of fiscal year 2002, that the necessary amounts will be
appropriated for each year, and that spending will follow the historical
rates for the authorized activities.
Implementing H.R. 2975 would increase direct spending, discretionary
spending, and governmental receipts. CBO estimates that enacting H.R.
2975 would increase direct spending for payments to victims of terrorism
and death benefits for public safety officers by a total of $107 million
in fiscal year 2002 and by about $20 million in each year thereafter.
Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that
implementing H.R. 2975 would cost about $1 billion over the 2002 2006
period, mostly for additional INS personnel. The impact on receipts is
not likely to be significant in any year.
Direct Spending and Receipts

Payments to Victims of Terrorism. H.R. 2975 would enable victims of
Iranian terrorism who have won judgments against Iran in U.S. courts to
collect monetary damages from the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Trust
Fund. CBO estimates that enacting this provision would increase direct
spending by $33 million in 2002.
The FMS Trust Fund holds nearly $400 million in funds previously paid
by Iran for the purchase of military equipment that was not delivered.
The disposition of those funds is currently before the Iran-U.S. Claims
Tribunal, an international body established to settle disputes between
the two nations. Section 705 of the bill would allow victims who have
received judgments for monetary damages by a court to obtain amounts
from the FMS Trust Fund to satisfy those judgments. Based on information
from the State Department, CBO estimates that victims have been awarded
damages of about $33 million and we expect these victims would seek
compensation from the fund in 2002. In addition, CBO expects that other
judgments could be awarded in the future. However, we cannot estimate
the likelihood or the amount of any such additional judgments.
CBO cannot determine whether the payment of these claims to terrorist
victims would reduce, eliminate, or leave unaltered any liability of the
United States to Iran, which is yet to be determined by the Iran-U.S.
Claims Tribunal. Thus, it is possible that some or all of the funds we
estimate will be paid to victims or terrorism under this bill could be
offset by a reduction in payments that would be made from the FMS Trust
Fund to Iran under current law. CBO, however, has no basis for
predicting the future decisions of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, nor
the response of the governments to such decisions.
Public Safety Officers Death Benefits. H.R. 2975 would increase the
Federal payment to each family of a public safety officer who has died
in the line of duty from $155,000 to $250,000. This provision would
apply retroactively beginning on January 1, 2001. Under current law, the
families of public safety officers who have died as a result of injuries
sustained in the line of duty are eligible for a payment of about
$155,000. H.R. 2975 would increase this payment to $250,000. CBO
estimates that the families of over 750 officers in fiscal year 2002 and
about 200 officers in each year thereafter would be eligible for this
payment. The 2002 estimate includes about 400 deaths related to the
terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, about 150 other deaths in 2001,
and about 200 deaths in 2002--based on the number of deaths of public
safety officers in the line of duty experienced in recent years.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2975 would increase payments for
death benefits by $74 million in 2002 and about $20 million in each year
thereafter. For the families of officers killed during the attacks on
September 11, it is possible that these payments would result in a
reduction in other Federal compensation payments that may be made under
Public Law 107 42, the Airline Transportation Safety and System
Stabilization Act, which offers compensation to victims of the September
11 terrorist attacks. However, the Department of Justice (DOJ) has not
yet issued guidelines on how this compensation will be provided. In
particular, DOJ has not determined which payments to victims of the
attacks will result in a reduction in Federal compensation payments.
Additional Fines. Enacting H.R. 2975 would establish civil and
criminal fines for new crimes that would be established by the bill.
Based on information from DOJ, CBO estimates that any additional
collections would not be significant because of the small number of
individuals that are likely to be subject to such fines. Civil fines are
classified as governmental receipts (revenues). Criminal fines are
recorded as receipts and deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and spent
without further appropriation action.
Spending Subject to Appropriation

H.R. 2975 would authorize the appropriation of such sums as necessary
to triple the number of INS border patrol personnel and INS inspectors
stationed along the northern border of the United States. According to
the INS, there are currently 855 border patrol agents and inspectors
stationed along the northern border of the United States. H.R. 2975
would require the agency to triple that force, resulting in an
additional 1,710 agents and inspectors, plus an estimated 200 support
personnel. CBO expects that implementing such a major increase in
personnel would be complete by 2004. Based on information from INS, CBO
estimates that this would cost $102 million in fiscal year 2002 and
about $900 million over the 2002 2006 period, subject to appropriation
of the necessary sums.
Title II also would authorize the appropriation of $50 million for
INS to improve the technology and equipment used to monitor the northern
border.
Title VI of the bill would authorize DOI to contract with other
Federal agencies, state and local governments, and tribal governments to
provide law enforcement personnel to protect Bureau of Reclamation
facilities and lands and enforce Federal laws. This title also would
authorize DOI to reimburse those entities for their services. Based on
information from the Bureau of Reclamation and the Bureau of Land
Management, CBO estimates that implementing title VI would cost $52
million over the 2002 2006 period.
H.R. 2975 would authorize the appropriation of $5 million for fiscal
year 2002 for the DEA to provide training to police and other drug
control assistance in south and central Asia.
H.R. 2975 would require the DOJ and the Federal judiciary to prepare
a total of about a half-dozen reports. Based on information from the
affected agencies, CBO estimates that the reports would cost about $1
million in fiscal year 2002 and less than $500,000 annually thereafter.
PAY-AS-YOU-GO CONSIDERATIONS

The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act specifies
pay-as-you-go procedures for legislation affecting direct spending and
receipts. These procedures would apply to H.R. 2975 because it would
affect both direct spending and receipts, as shown in the following
table. (The estimated changes in receipts are less than $500,00 each
year.) For purposes of enforcing pay-as-you-go procedures, only the
effects in the budget year and the succeeding 4 years are counted.
[Graphic Image Not Available]
INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE-SECTOR IMPACT

Two provisions of H.R. 2975 would impose intergovernmental and
private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA by increasing reporting
requirements for state courts and prohibiting certain individuals from
handling specific biological agents.
Section 112 would require judges to report to the Administrative
Office of the United States Courts on all applications for court orders
that would require a provider of remote computing service to disclose
the contents of electronic communication. CBO estimates that the cost to
comply with the additional reporting requirement would be well below the
annual threshold established in UMRA for intergovernmental mandates ($56
million in 2001, adjusted annually for inflation).
Section 305 would prohibit certain people, as defined in the bill,
from shipping, transporting, possessing, or receiving specified
biological agents or toxins in interstate or foreign commerce. According
to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of
entities affected by this restriction would be limited. Consequently,
CBO estimates that the cost to comply with the mandate would fall well
below the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector
mandates ($113 million in 2001, adjusted annually for inflation).
Section 4 of UMRA excludes from the application of that act, any
legislative provisions that are necessary for the national security. CBO
has determined that the remaining provisions of H.R. 2975 either fit
within that exclusion or contain no mandates.
ESTIMATE PREPARED BY:

Federal Costs: Mark Grabowicz, Lanette Walker, Julie Middleton (226
2860), and Joseph C. Whitehill (226 2840)
Impact on State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Victoria Heid Hall (225
3220)
Impact on the Private Sector: Paige Piper/Bach (226 2940)

ESTIMATE APPROVED BY:

Peter H. Fontaine

Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis

CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY STATEMENT

Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of
Representatives, the Committee finds the authority for this legislation
in Article I, section 8, of the Constitution.
SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

Section 1. Short Title

This Act may be cited as the ``Provide Appropriate Tools Required to
Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001.''
Section 2. Table of Contents

Section 3. Construction; Severability

Title I--Intelligence Gathering


Subtitle A--Electronic Surveillance

Section 101. Modification of Authorities Relating to Use of
Pen Registers and Trap and Trace Devices
Under 18 U.S.C. 3121(b), law enforcement may obtain authorization
from a court, upon certification that the information to be obtained is
relevant to a pending criminal investigation, to install and use a ``pen
register'' device that identifies the telephone numbers dialed or pulsed
from (outgoing calls) or a ``trap and trace'' device that identifies the
telephone numbers to a particular telephone (incoming calls). These
court authorizations do not permit capturing or recording of the content
of any such communication under the terms of the court order.
Currently, the government must apply for a new pen/trap order in
every jurisdiction where the target telephone is located. This can cause
serious delays that could be devastating to an investigation,
particularly where additional criminal or terrorist acts are planned.
Section 101 does not change the requirement under 18 U.S.C. 3121 that
law enforcement seek a court order to install and use pen registers/trap
and trace devices. It does not change the law requiring that the
attorney for the government certify to the court that the information
sought is relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation.
This section does change the current law requiring the government to
obtain the order in the jurisdiction where the telephone (or its
equivalent) is located. This section authorizes the court with
jurisdiction over the offense of the investigation to issue the order,
thus streamlining an investigation and eliminating the need to intrude
upon the resources of courts and prosecutors with no connection to the
investigation.
Under the bill, 18 U.S.C. 3123(a) would authorize courts to issue a
single pen register/trap and trace order that could be executed in
multiple jurisdictions anywhere in the United States. The bill divides
the existing 18 U.S.C. 3123(a) into two paragraphs. The new subsection
(a)(1) applies to Federal investigations and provides that the order may
be issued to any provider of communication services within the United
States whose assistance is appropriate to the effectuation of the order.
Subsection (a)(2) applies to State law enforcement and does not change
the current authority granted to State officials.
This section updates the language of the statute to clarify that the
pen/register authority applies to modern communication technologies.
Current statutory references to the target ``line,'' for example, are
revised to encompass a ``line or other facility.'' Such a facility
includes: a cellular telephone number; a specific cellular telephone
identified by its electronic serial number (ESN); an Internet user
account or e-mail address; or an Internet Protocol (IP) address, port
number, or similar computer network address or range of addresses. In
addition, because the statute takes into account a wide variety of such
facilities, section 3123(b)(1)(C) allows applicants for pen register or
trap and trace orders to submit a description of the communications to
be traced using any of these or other identifiers.
Moreover, the section clarifies that orders for the installation of
pen register and trap and trace devices may obtain any non-content
information--``dialing, routing, addressing, and signaling
information''--utilized in the processing or transmitting of wire and
electronic communications.\1\
Just as today, such an order could not be used to intercept the
contents of communications protected by the wiretap statute. The
amendments reinforce the statutorily prescribed line between a
communication's contents and non-content information, a line identical
to the constitutional distinction drawn by the U.S. Supreme Court in
Smith v. Maryland, 442 U.S. 735, 741 43 (1979).
\1\Thus, for example, non-content information contained in the ``options
field'' of a network packet header constitutes ``signaling'' information
and is properly obtained by an authorized pen register or trap and trace
device.
Thus, for example, an order under the statute could not authorize the
collection of email subject lines, which are clearly content. Further,
an order could not be used to collect information other than ``dialing,
routing, addressing, and signaling'' information, such as the the
portion of a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) specifying Web search terms
or the name of a requested file or article.
This concept, that the information properly obtained by using a pen
register or trap and trace device is non-content information, applies
across the board to all communications media, and to actual connections
as well as attempted connections (such as busy signals and similar
signals in the telephone context and packets that merely request a
telnet connection in the Internet context).
Further, because the pen register or trap and trace ``device'' is
often incapable of being physically ``attached'' to the target facility
due to the nature of modern communication technology, section 101 makes
two other related changes. First, in recognition of the fact that such
functions are commonly performed today by software instead of physical
mechanisms, the section allows the pen register or trap and trace device
to be ``attached or applied'' to the target facility. Likewise, the
definitions of ``pen register'' and ``trap and trace device'' in section
3127 are revised to include an intangible ``process'' (such as a
software routine) which collects the same information as a physical
device.
Section 101(c) amends the definition section to include a new nexus
standard under 3127(2)(A) to provide that the issuing court must have
jurisdiction over the crime being investigated rather than the
communication line upon which the device is to be installed. This
section is also amended to account for the new technologies relating to
the different modes of communication.
Section 101(d) amends section 3124(d) to ensure that communication
providers continue to be covered under that section. Technology
providers are concerned that the single order provisions of section 101
of the bill eliminates the protection of 3124(d) of title 18 that
provides that ``no cause of action shall lie in any court against any
provider of a wire or electronic communication service, its officers,
employees, agents, or other specified persons for providing information,
facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of a court order
.'' Once there is a nation-wide order it will not specify the provider
and thus, the providers believe they could become liable upon compliance
with the order. The intent of the current statutory language is to
protect providers who comply with court orders, which direct them to
assist law enforcement in obtaining the non-content information. The
bill removes the phrase ``the terms of'' so that the phrase reads ``in
accordance with a court order.'' This will keep the requirement of a
court order but protect the providers even when that order does not
specify the provider.
Current practice includes compliance with pen registers and trap and
trace orders by the service provider using its systems and technologies
to provide the government all non-content information ordered by the
order without the installation of an additional device by the government
to capture that order. It is intended that these alternative compliance
procedures should continue when the provider is willing and
technologically able to comply with the order by these means in an
efficient, complete and timely manner.
Additionally, this section clarifies that upon request, those being
served with the generic pen/trap order created under this section shall
receive written or electronic certification from the serving officer or
official stating that the assistance provided is related to the order.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 102. Seizure of Voice-Mail Messages Pursuant to Warrants

This section requires a court to issue an order authorizing law
enforcement to seize voice mail messages pursuant to a search warrant
upon a showing of probable cause. The Committee recognizes that voice
mail is a stored electronic communication and should be treated
accordingly. Thus, this section harmonizes all criminal provisions
dealing with obtained stored electronic communication--requiring a
warrant issued by a judge after establishing probable cause.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 103. Authorized Disclosure

This provision will allow law enforcement to share ``title III''
(Wiretap Statute) information with specified government agencies to
further intelligence or national security investigations. Under current
law, 18 U.S.C. 2517(1) allows any investigative or law enforcement
officer who obtains information under the Wiretap Statute to disclose
the information to the extent that the information assists a criminal
investigation to another investigative or law enforcement officer. The
current statutory language has hampered law enforcement in sharing
information or receiving information from other government agencies
outside of law enforcement that perform official duties that might
nevertheless relate to terrorist activities or the national security.
This section of the bill would amend the definition under 2510(7) of
``investigative or law enforcement officer'' to include any member of
Federal law enforcement, intelligence, national security, national
defense, protective, immigration personnel, or the President or Vice
President of the United States for the purposes only of 2517 when it
relates to foreign intelligence information as defined under title 50
U.S.C. 1801(e) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
As with current law, the disclosure or sharing of information must be
made to persons within these agencies who are engaged in the performance
of the official duties of the official making or receiving the
information.
The bill also limits the information to that which relates to foreign
intelligence information. This language narrows that which was proposed
by the Administration that would have authorized disclosure to ``any
officer or employee of the executive branch.''
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 104. Savings Provision

This section is a technical and conforming amendment that would add
chapter 206 (relating to pen registers/trap and trace orders) to section
2511(f) of the Wiretap Statute. Section 2511(f) provides that nothing in
chapter 119 (relating to the interception of communications), chapter
121 (relating to stored wire and electronic communications and
transactional records access), or section 705 of the Communications Act
of 1934, ``shall be deemed to affect the acquisition by the United
States Government of foreign intelligence information from international
or foreign communications, or foreign intelligence activities conducted
in accordance with otherwise applicable Federal law. . . .'' The bill
would include chapter 206 under that 2511(f).
This section also updates the language to include electronic
communications.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 105. Interception of Computer Trespasser Communications

Cyberattacks may be the work of terrorists or criminals. These
attacks come in many forms that cost companies and citizens millions of
dollars and endanger public safety. For instance, the denial-of-service
attacks, where the objective of the attack is to disable the computer
system, can shut down businesses or emergency responders or national
security centers. This type of attack causes the target site's servers
to run out of memory and become incapable of responding to the queries
of legitimate customers or users. The victims of these computer
trespasser's should be able to authorize law enforcement to intercept
the trespassers communications. Section 105 amends current law to
clarify that law enforcement may intercept such communications when
authorized by the victims, under limited circumstances.
Section 105(1) of the bill adds to the definitions under 18 U.S.C.
2510 the term: (1) ``protected computer'' and provides that the term has
the same meaning set forth in 1030 of title 18; and (2) the term
``computer trespasser'' means a person who is accessing a protected
computer without authorization and thus has no reasonable expectation of
privacy in any communication transmitted to, through, or from the
protected computer.
Section 105(2) of the bill amends current law to allow victims of
computer intrusions to authorize law enforcement to intercept the
communications of a computer trespasser, under limited circumstances.
The circumstances are: (1) the owner or operator of the protected
computer must authorize the interception of the trespasser's
communications; (2) the person who intercepts the communication must be
lawfully engaged in an investigation; (3) the person acting under color
of law has reasonable grounds to believe that the contents of the
computer trespasser's communication to be intercepted will be relevant
to the investigation; and (4) the investigator may only intercept
communications of the computer trespasser.
Section 105(3) would update the ``good faith reliance'' defense in
section 2520(d), so that the computer trespasser situation is also
covered. Current law provides that a communications provider that relies
in good faith on:

(1) a court warrant or order, a grand jury subpoena, or a statutory
authorization; (2) a request of an investigative or law enforcement
officer under section 2518(7) of this title; or (3) a good faith
determination that section 2511(3) of this title permitted the conduct
complained of; [has] a complete defense against civil or criminal action
brought under this chapter or any other law.''

Section 105(3) clarifies that communications providers assisting
law-enforcement under this section will continue to be covered by the
good faith reliance defense under 2320(d).
The Committee does not intend that section 105 (Interception of
Computer Trespasser Communications) apply to persons who access a
computer (as defined in 18 U.S.C. 1030 (e)(1)), protected computer (as
defined in 18 U.S.C. 1030 (e)(2)), computer system, or computer network,
for the purpose of testing the security and reliability of such
computer, protected computer, computer system, or computer network.
Furthermore, the Committee believes that critical infrastructures (as
defined in Executive Order 13010, 61 F.R. 37347, 42 U.S.C. 5195) should
undergo automated electronic testing of their internal and external
network assets, on a frequent and recurring basis.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 106. Technical Amendment

Title 18 U.S.C. Section 2518(3) provides four criteria upon which a
judge may enter an ex parte order authorizing the interception of wire,
oral, or electronic communications. Section 2518(3)(c) is missing a
coordinating conjunction. This section simply adds the coordinating
conjunction ``and'' to 18 U.S.C. 2518(3)(c).
Section 107. Scope of Subpoenas for Record of Electronic Communications

Terrorists and other criminals often use aliases in registering for
Internet and telephone services. This creates a problem for law
enforcement attempting to identify the suspects of terrorist acts or
criminal acts that often support the terrorists. While the government
currently can subpoena electronic communications or a remote computing
services provider for the name, address and length of service of a
suspect, this information does not help when the suspected terrorist or
criminal lies about his or her identity. Permitting investigators to
obtain credit card and other payment information by a subpoena, along
with subscriber information (already permitted to be obtained under
current law), will help law enforcement track a suspect and establish
his or her true identity.
This section would amend 18 U.S.C. 2703(c) to authorize a subpoena
for transactional records to include information regarding the form of
payment in order to assist law enforcement in determining the user's
identity.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 108. Nationwide Service of Search Warrants for
Electronic Evidence
Title 18 U.S.C. 2703(a) requires a search warrant to compel service
providers to disclose unopened e-mails. This section does not affect the
requirement for a search warrant, but rather attempts to address the
investigative delays caused by the cross-jurisdictional nature of the
Internet. Currently, Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 41 requires
that the ``warrant'' be obtained ``within the district'' where the
property is located. An investigator, for example, located in Boston who
is investigating a suspected terrorist in that city, might have to seek
a suspect's electronic e-mail from an Internet service provider (ISP)
account located in California. The investigator would then need to
coordinate with agents, prosecutors and judges in the district in
California where the ISP is located to obtain a warrant to search. These
time delays could be devastating to an investigation, especially where
additional criminal or terrorist acts are planned.
Section 108 amends 2703 to authorize the court with jurisdiction over
the investigation to issue the warrant directly, without requiring the
intervention of its counterpart in the district where the ISP is
located.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 109. Clarification of Scope

This section amends 2511(2) of title 18 to clarify that when a cable
company is providing the services of a telephone company or Internet
service provider, that cable company must comply with the same laws
governing the interception and disclosure of wire and electronic
communications that currently apply to all other telephone companies or
Internet service providers. The amendment does not affect the current
prohibition under 631(h) of the Communication Act concerning the
released records that reveal what a customer chooses to view, for
example what particular premium channels or ``pay per view'' shows the
customer selects.
Under current law, the Communications Act as amended (passed at a
time when cable companies provided only television viewing services on
cable lines) prohibits a cable operator, with certain exceptions, from
disclosing personally identifiable information concerning any subscriber
without prior written or electronic notice to the subscriber concerned.
At the same time, criminal laws governing the interception and
disclosure of wire and electronic communications permit the court to
order non-disclosure of the government interception.\2\
The section will end this perceived conflict in current law that has
placed cable companies in the awkward position of trying to follow
conflicting provisions of law.
\2\ See e.g.,18 U.S.C. 3123(d); 2703 and 2705

Section 110. Emergency Disclosure of Electronic
Communications to Protect Life and Limb
This section amends 18 U.S.C. 2702 to authorize electronic
communications service providers to disclose the communications (or
records relating to such communications) of their customers or
subscribers if the provider reasonably believes that an emergency
involving immediate danger of death or serious physical injury to any
person requires disclosure of the information without delay.
This section would also amend the law to allow communications
providers to disclose non-content information (such as the subscriber's
login records). Under current law, the communications provider is
expressly permitted to disclose content information but not expressly
permitted to provide non-content information. This change would cure
this problem and would permit the disclosure of the less-protected
information, parallel to the disclosure of the more protected
information.
Additionally, this section would ensure that providers of
communications remain covered under 2703(e), the no cause of action
provision, when assisting law enforcement with an investigation. Under
current law, there is a ``no cause of action against providers
disclosing information . . . in accordance with the terms of a court
order, warrant, subpoena, or certification under [chapter 121].'' This
section would add information disclosed under ``statutory
authorization,'' to cover providers that contact authorities in
emergency situations.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 111. Use as Evidence

This section extends the statutory exclusionary rule in 18 U.S.C.
2515 to electronic communications by amending the statutory suppression
of evidence rule under the 1968 Wiretap Statute providing that illegally
intercepted wire or oral communications cannot be used in court or in
agency hearings under section 2515. The extension covers both real-time
and stored communications. The sunset provision in section 162 would
sunset this section on December 31, 2003.
Section 112. Reports Concerning the Disclosure of the
Contents of Electronic Communications
This section amends 18 U.S.C. 2703, et. seq., which governs access to
stored wire and electronic communications to require the government to
compile and publish annual reports of data regarding the government's
acquisition of this type of information. The criminal wiretap and
pen/trap statutes already require reporting. The sunset provision in
section 162 would sunset this section on December 31, 2003.
The Committee recognizes that this bill imposes reporting
requirements on the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts that will
require the hiring of additional analysts. This Committee urges Congress
to appropriate sufficient funds for the Administrative Office of the
U.S. Courts to comply with the reporting requirements contained in this
bill.
Title I--Intelligence Gathering


Subtitle B--Foreign Intelligence Surveillance and Classified Information

Section 151. Period of Orders of Electronic Surveillance of
Non-United States Persons Under Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
This section amends 1805(e)(1) of title 50, (Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act (FISA)), to extend the FISA court authorized maximum
period for electronic surveillance of officers and employees of foreign
powers and of members of international terrorist cells from 90 days to a
year. This section also amends 1824(d) of title 50, to extend the FISA
court authorized maximum period for a physical search targeted against
officers and employees of foreign powers and members of international
terrorist cells from 45 days to 90 days.
Under current law, the government may go back to the FISA court after
the 90- or 45-day period to get an extension on the same basis as the
original order application. The Committee recognizes, however, that it
often takes longer than the established periods to get on the premises
or to conduct electronic surveillance and that the delay in reapplying
poses a threat to our national security.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 152. Multi-Point Authority

Section 1805(c)(2)(B) of title 50, permits the FISA court to order
third parties, like common carriers, custodians, landlords and others,
who are specified in the order, (specified persons) to provide
assistance and information to law enforcement authorities in the
installation of a wiretap or the collection of information related to a
foreign intelligence investigation.
Section 152 amends 1805(c)(2)(B) to insert language that permits the
FISA court to direct the order to ``other persons'' if the court finds
that the ``actions of the target of the application may have the effect
of thwarting the identification of a specified person,'' who would be
required to assist in the installation of any court-authorized
intercept. This amendment is intended to expand the existing authority
to allow for circumstances where the court finds that the actions of a
target may thwart the identification of a specified person in the order.
This is usually accomplished by the target moving his location. The move
necessitates the use of third parities other than those specified in the
original order to assist in installation of the listening device.
This amendment allows the FISA court to compel any such new necessary
parties to assist in the installation and to furnish all information,
facilities, or technical assistance necessary without specifically
naming such persons. Nevertheless, the target of the electronic
surveillance must still be identified or described in the order as under
existing law.
For example, international terrorists and foreign intelligence
officers are trained to thwart surveillance by changing hotels, cell
phones, Internet accounts, etc. just prior to important meetings or
communications. Under present law, each time this happens the government
must return to the FISA court for a new order just to change the name of
the third party needed to assist in the new installation. The amendment
permits the court to issue a generic order that can be presented to the
new carrier, landlord or custodian directing their assistance to assure
that the surveillance may be undertaken as soon as technically feasible.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 153. Foreign Intelligence Information

Under 50 U.S.C. 1804(a)(7)(B) and 50 U.S.C. 1823(a)(7)(B) a FISA
application requires certification, among other things, that ``the
purpose'' of surveillance or search is to obtain foreign intelligence
information. The certification for an order against any person who
knowingly engages in espionage or terrorism may only be made upon
written request of an official designated by the President. The Attorney
General must personally review the application.
Presently, a FISA certification request can only be used where
foreign intelligence gathering is the sole or primary purpose of the
investigation as interpreted by the courts. This requires law
enforcement to evaluate constantly the relative weight of criminal and
intelligence purposes when seeking to open a FISA investigation and
thereafter as it proceeds.
Section 153 amends 50 U.S.C. 1804(a)(7)(B) and 1823(a)(7)(B) to
require that certain officials (designated by the President) certify
that obtaining foreign intelligence information is ``a significant
purpose'' of the investigation.
This bill language represents a compromise between current law and
what the Administration had proposed.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 154. Foreign Intelligence Information Sharing

Currently, the Wiretap Statute (18 U.S.C. 2510 et. seq. ) limits
disclosure and dissemination of information obtained for law enforcement
purposes. Section 154 of the bill makes it lawful for foreign
intelligence information, as defined in FISA, that is obtained as a
result of a criminal investigation to be shared with specified
law-enforcement, intelligence, protective, immigration, or
national-defense personnel where they are performing official duties.
Under current law, it is impossible for law enforcement or criminal
investigators and the intelligence community to share foreign
intelligence information collected under a criminal wiretap without
seeking court authority. This limitation can adversely affect a criminal
or counter-terrorism investigation where time is of the essence in
preventing further deadly actions. This section makes it clear that
law-enforcement and the intelligence community may share foreign
intelligence information in the performance of their official duties
without seeking a subpoena or court authority.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 155. Pen Register and Trap and Trace Authority

Section 155 amends section 1842(c) of FISA (50 U.S.C. 1842(c)) (the
pen register and trap and trace provisions) to mirror similar provisions
currently exist in criminal law (18 U.S.C. 3121 et. seq. ). Currently,
the ``pen register and trap and trace'' provisions of FISA go beyond the
criminal law requirement of certification of relevance, and require that
the communication instrument (e.g., a telephone line) has been used to
contact a ``foreign power'' or agent of a foreign power. This is a
greater burden than exists in even a minor criminal investigation.
Section 155 clarifies that an application for pen register and trap
and trace authority under FISA will be the same as the pen register and
trap and trace authority defined in the criminal law. It will require
the attorney for the government to certify to the court that the
information sought is relevant to an ongoing FISA investigation. The
current statutory burden of having to show that the telephone line has
been, or is about to be used to contact a foreign power or terrorist is
eliminated to conform to the existing and less burdensome criminal
standards. The attorney for the government still must certify the
information sought is relevant to an ongoing FISA investigation which
continues to be directed at an agent of a foreign power.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 156. Business Records

The Administration had sought administrative subpoena authority
without having to go to court. Instead, section 156 amends title 50
U.S.C. 1861 by providing for an application to the FISA court for an
order directing the production of tangible items such as books, records,
papers, documents and other items upon certification to the court that
the records sought are relevant to an ongoing foreign intelligence
investigation. The amendment also provides a good faith defense for
persons producing items pursuant to this section which does not
constitute a waiver of any privilege in any other proceeding.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 157. Miscellaneous National Security Authorities

Section 2709 of title 18 permits the Director of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation to request, through a National Security Letter (NSL),
subscriber information and toll billing records of a wire or electronic
communication service provider. The request must certify (1) that the
information sought is relevant to an authorized foreign
counterintelligence investigation; and (2) there are specific and
articulable facts that the person or entity to whom the information
sought pertains is a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power as
defined in FISA. This requirement is more burdensome than the
corresponding criminal authorities, which require only a certification
of relevance. The additional requirement of documentation of specific
and articulable facts showing the person or entity is a foreign power or
an agent of a foreign power cause substantial delays in
counterintelligence and counterterrorism investigations. Such delays are
unacceptable as our law enforcement and intelligence community works to
thwart additional terrorist attacks that threaten the national security
of the United States and her citizens' lives and livelihoods.
Section 157 amends title 18 U.S.C. 2709 to mirror criminal subpoenas
and allow a NSL to be issued when the FBI certifies, the information
sought is ``relevant to an authorized foreign counterintelligence
investigation.'' This harmonizes this provision with existing criminal
law where an Assistant United States Attorney may issue a grand jury
subpoena for all such records in a criminal case.
The sunset provision in section 162 would sunset this section on
December 31, 2003.
Section 158. Proposed Legislation

Section 158 of the bill provides that no later than August 31, 2003,
the President shall propose legislation, with regard to the provisions
set to expire under section 162 of this Act, if the President judges it
to be necessary and expedient.
Section 159. Presidential Authority

Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1702) grants to the President the power to exercise certain
authorities relating to commerce with foreign nations upon his
determination that there exits an unusual and extraordinary threat to
the United States. Under this authority, the President may, among other
things, freeze certain foreign assets within the jurisdiction of the
United States. A separate law, the Trading With the Enemy Act,
authorizes the President to take title to enemy assets when Congress has
declared war.
Section 159 of this bill amends section 203 of the International
Emergency Economic Powers Act to provide the President with authority
similar to what he currently has under the Trading With the Enemy Act in
circumstances where there has been an armed attack on the United States,
or where Congress has enacted a law authorizing the President to use
armed force against a foreign country, foreign organization, or foreign
national. The proceeds of any foreign assets to which the President
takes title under this authority must be placed in a segregated account
can only be used in accordance with a statute authorizing the
expenditure of such proceeds.
Section 159 also makes a number of clarifying and technical changes
to section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, most
of which will not change the way that provision currently is
implemented.
Section 160. Clarification of No Technology Mandates.

Current law requires communications service providers to furnish
``all information, facilities, and technical assistance necessary to
accomplish . . .'' the execution of the court order (18 U.S.C. 3124(a)).
This Act is not intended to affect obligations under the Communications
Assistance for Law Enforcement Act\3\
, nor does the Act impose any additional technical obligation or
requirement on a provider of wire or electronic communication service or
other person to furnish facilities or technical assistance.
\3\47 U.S.C. 1001 et. seq.

Section 161. Civil Liability for Certain Unauthorized Disclosures

This section increases the civil liability for unlawful disclosures
of information obtained by wire or electronic intercepts, access to
electronically-stored communications, pen register and trap and trace,
and FISA intelligence. This section also provides administrative
discipline for intentional violations and affords procedures for actions
against the United States.
Section 162. Sunset

This section would sunset the provisions of this title (other than
section 109 and 159 relating to the Communications Act) on December 31,
2003.
Title II--Aliens Engaging in Terrorist Activity


Subtitle A--Detention and Removal of Aliens Engaging in Terrorist
Activity
Section 201: Changes in Classes of Aliens who Are Ineligible
for Admission and Deportable Due to Terrorist Activity
Under current law, unless otherwise specified, an alien is
inadmissible and deportable for engaging in terrorist activity only when
the alien has used explosives or firearms. The Act eliminates this
limitation. A terrorist can use any object--including a knife, a
box-cutter, or an airplane--in a terrorist act.
Under current law, there is no general prohibition against an alien
contributing funds or other material support to a terrorist
organization, while there is a prohibition against soliciting membership
in or funds from others for a terrorist organization. The Act provides
that an alien is inadmissible and deportable for contributing funds or
material support to, or soliciting funds for or membership in, an
organization that has been designated as a terrorist organization by the
Secretary of State, or for contributing to, or soliciting in or for, any
non-designated terrorist organization if the alien knows or reasonably
should know that the funds, material support or solicitation will
further terrorist activity.
Current immigration law does not define ``terrorist organization''
for purposes of making an alien inadmissible and deportable. The Act
defines such an organization to include 1) an organization so designated
by the Secretary of State (under a process provided for under current
law) and 2) any group of two of more individuals which commits terrorist
activities or plans or prepares to commit (including locating targets
for) terrorist activities. This latter category includes any group which
has a significant subgroup that carries out such activities.
The Act provides that an alien will not be admitted into the United
States if the alien is a representative of a political, social or other
similar group whose public endorsement of terrorism undermines the
effort of the U.S. to eliminate or reduce terrorism. Also inadmissable
will be an alien who has used his or her prominence to endorse or
espouse terrorism or to persuade others to support terrorism if this
would undermine the efforts of the U.S. to reduce or eliminate
terrorism, and an alien who is associated with a terrorist organization
and intends while in the U.S. to engage in activities that could
endanger the welfare, safety, or security of the U.S. These provisions
are similar to current law's ``foreign policy'' ground of
inadmissibility, barring entry to an alien whose entry or proposed
activities in the U.S. would have potentially serious adverse foreign
policy consequences for the U.S.
The Act makes deportable an alien who is a representative of a
terrorist organization so designated by the Secretary of State. It also
makes deportable a representative of a political, social or other
similar group who publicly endorses terrorism only if the endorsement
undermines the effort of the U.S. to eliminate or reduce terrorism and
is intended and likely to incite or produce imminent lawless action.
Also deportable is an alien who has used his or her prominence to
endorse terrorism or to persuade others to support terrorism only if
this will undermine the efforts of the U.S. to reduce or eliminate
terrorism and is intended and likely to incite or produce imminent
lawless action.
The intent of the bill is to make an alien inadmissible and
deportable who has provided any material support to an organization
designated as a ``foreign terrorist organizations'' by the Secretary of
State pursuant to 8 U.S.C. sec. 1189. However, with respect to terrorist
organizations which have not been so designated, and to organizations
prior to their designation, the provision of material support, the
soliciting of funds, and the soliciting for members is not a deportable
or inadmissible offense unless the alien knew or reasonably should have
known that the act would further terrorist activity. Thus, in such
cases, support given to non-designated organizations for purposes of
humanitarian aid is permitted. This presumes that the alien does not
provide material support for a so-called humanitarian ``front'' group of
a terrorist organization when the alien knows or reasonably should know
that the material support is in reality in furtherance of terrorist
activity.
Section 202. Changes in Designation of Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Current law provides a process whereby the Secretary of State can
designate an organization as a foreign terrorist organization. The Act
provides that either the Secretary or the Attorney General may recommend
an organization for designation, and the organization will be so
designated if the other concurs. In instances where either official
cannot gain the other's concurrence, the President shall decide on the
requested designation. The Act also clarifies that organizations can be
redesignated as terrorist organizations and that designations and
redesignations can be revoked.
Section 203. Mandatory Detention of Suspected Terrorists;
Habeas Corpus; Judicial Review
Under the current regulatory regime, the INS can detain an alien for
48 hours before making a decision as to charging the alien with a crime
or removable offense (except that in the event of emergency or other
extraordinary circumstance, an additional reasonable time is allowed).
The INS uses this time to establish an alien's true identity, to check
domestic and foreign databases for information about the alien, and to
liaise with law enforcement agencies.
The Act provides a mechanism whereby the Attorney General can certify
an alien as a suspected terrorist (or for espionage or certain other
offenses) and detain him for 7 days before charging. If no charges are
filed by the end of this period, the alien must be released. Otherwise,
the Attorney General shall maintain custody of the alien until the alien
is removed from the U.S. or found not to be inadmissible or deportable.
The Attorney General or Deputy Attorney General (with no power of
delegation) may certify an alien as a terrorist if they have reasonable
grounds to believe that the alien is a terrorist. Judicial review as to
certification or detention is limited to habeas corpus review in the
U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Such judicial review
shall include review of the merits of the decision to certify an alien
as a terrorist.
The alien shall be maintained in custody irrespective of any relief
from removal granted the alien, until the Attorney General determines
that the alien no longer warrants certification. However, if an alien
detained pursuant to this section was ordered removed as a terrorist (or
on the other grounds allowing certification) and has not been removed
within 90 days and is unlikely to be removed in the reasonably
foreseeable future, the alien may be detained for additional periods of
up to 6 months if the Attorney General demonstrates that release will
not protect the national security of the United States or ensure the
public's safety.
The Attorney General must submit a report to Congress on the use of
this section every 6 months.
Section 204. Changes in Conditions for Granting Asylum

The Act clarifies that even if the INS charges an alien for purposes
of removal or deportation with a non terrorist-based offense, if the
alien seeks asylum, the INS can seek to oppose its grant by providing
evidence that the alien is a terrorist.
Section 205. Multilateral Cooperation Against Terrorists

The Records of the State Department pertaining to the issuance of or
refusal to issue visas to enter the U.S. are confidential and can be
used only in the formulation and enforcement of U.S. law. The Act
provides that the government can provide such records to a foreign
government on a case-by-case basis for the purpose of preventing,
investigating, or punishing acts of terrorism.
Section 206. Requiring Sharing by the Federal Bureau of
Investigation of Certain Criminal Record Extracts with other Federal
Agencies in Order to Enhance Border Security
The Act provides that the Justice Department shall provide to the
State Department and the INS access to the criminal history record
information contained in the National Crime Information Center's
Interstate Identification Index, Wanted Persons File, and to any other
files maintained by the NCIC that may be mutually agreed upon by the
Justice Department and the official to be provided access, for purposes
of determining whether a visa applicant or an applicant for admission
has a criminal history record. Such access shall be provided by means of
extracts of the records for placement in the State Department's
automated visa lookout database or other appropriate database. The State
Department shall establish the conditions for the use of the information
in order to limit the redissemination of the information, to ensure that
it is used solely to determine whether to issue a visa, to ensure the
security, confidentiality and destruction of the information, and to
protect any privacy rights of the subjects of the information.
Section 207. Inadmissibility of Aliens Engaged in Money Laundering

The Act makes inadmissible any alien who the government knows or had
reason to believe is a money launderer. The Secretary of State shall
create a watchlist, to be checked before the issuance of a visa or
admission into the U.S., which identifies persons who are known or
suspected of money laundering.
Section 208. Program to Collect Information Relating to
Nonimmigrant Foreign Students and Other Exchange Program Participants
The Act amends the foreign student tracking system created by the
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996. The
Act advances the date by which the system must be fully operational and
provides that students who are nationals of countries that have
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism may be
assessed a higher fee than other foreign students. In addition, the Act
provides that the Attorney General shall provide to the Secretary of
State and the Director of the FBI the information collected by the
system.
Section 209. Protection of Northern Border

The Act authorizes the appropriation of funds necessary to triple the
number of Border Patrol personnel in each State along the northern
border and the number of INS inspectors at each port of entry along the
northern border. The Act also authorizes $50 million to the INS for
purposes of making improvements in technology for monitoring the
northern border.
Subtitle B--Preservation of Immigration Benefits for Victims of
Terrorism
It is certain that some aliens fell victim to the terrorist attacks
on the U.S. on September 11. This subtitle endeavors to modify the
immigration laws to provide humanitarian relief to these victims and
their family members.
Section 211. Special Immigrant Status

The Act provides permanent resident status through the special
immigrant program to an alien who was the beneficiary of a petition
filed (on or before September 11) to grant the alien permanent residence
as an employer-sponsored immigrant or of an application for labor
certification (filed on or before September 11), if the petition or
application was rendered null because of the disability of the
beneficiary or loss of employment of the beneficiary due to physical
damage to, or destruction of, the business of the petitioner or
applicant as a direct result of the terrorist attacks on September 11,
or because of the death of the petitioner or applicant as a direct
result of the terrorist attacks. Permanent residence would be granted to
an alien who was the spouse or child of an alien who was the beneficiary
of a petition filed on or before September 11 to grant the beneficiary
permanent residence as a family-sponsored immigrant (as long as the
spouse or child follows to join not later than September 11, 2003).
Permanent residence would be granted to the beneficiary of a petition
for a nonimmigrant visa as the spouse or the fiance AE1 (and their
children) of a U.S. citizen where the petitioning citizen died as a
direct result of the terrorist attack. The section also provides
permanent resident status to the grandparents of a child both of whose
parents died as a result of the terrorist attacks, if either of such
deceased parents was a citizen of the U.S. or a permanent resident.
Section 212. Extension of Filing or Reentry Deadlines

The Act provides that an alien who was legally in a nonimmigrant
status and was disabled as a direct result of the terrorist attacks on
September 11 (and his or her spouse and children) may remain lawfully in
the U.S. (and receive work authorization) until the later of the date
that his or her status normally terminates or September 11, 2002. Such
status is also provided to the nonimmigrant spouse and children of an
alien who died as a direct result of the terrorist attacks.
The Act provides that an alien who was lawfully present as a
nonimmigrant at the time of the terrorist attacks will be granted 60
additional days to file an application for extension or change of status
if the alien was prevented from so filing as a direct result of the
terrorist attacks. Also, an alien who was lawfully present as a
nonimmigrant at the time of the attacks but was then unable to timely
depart the U.S. as a direct result of the attacks will be considered to
have departed legally if doing so before November 11. An alien who was
in lawful nonimmigrant status at the time of the attacks (and his or her
spouse and children) but not in the U.S. at that time and was then
prevented from returning to the U.S. in order to file a timely
application for an extension of status as a direct result of the
terrorist attacks will be given 60 additional days to file an
application and will have his or her status extended 60 days beyond the
original due date of the application.
Under current law, winners of the fiscal year 2001 diversity visa
lottery must enter the U.S. or adjust status by September 30, 2001. The
Act provides that such an alien may enter the U.S. or adjust status
until April 1, 2002, if the alien was prevented from doing so by
September 30, 2001 as a direct result of the terrorist attacks. If the
visa quota for the 2001 diversity visa program has already been
exceeded, the alien shall be counted under the 2002 program. Also, if a
winner of the 2001 lottery died as a direct result of the terrorist
attacks, the spouse and children of the alien shall still be eligible
for permanent residence under the program. The ceiling placed on the
number of diversity immigrants shall not be exceeded in any case.
Under the Act, in the case of an alien who was issued an immigrant
visa that expires before December 31, 2001, if the alien was unable to
timely enter the U.S. as a direct result of the terrorist attacks, the
validity shall be extended until December 31.
Under the Act, in the case of an alien who was granted parole that
expired on or after September 11, if the alien was unable to enter the
U.S. prior to the expiration date as a direct result of the terrorist
attacks, the parole is extended an additional 90 days.
Under the Act, in the case of an alien granted voluntary departure
that expired between September 11 and October 11, 2001, voluntary
departure is extended an additional 30 days.
Section 213. Humanitarian Relief for Certain Surviving
Spouses and Children
Current law provides that an alien who was the spouse of a U.S.
citizen for at least 2 years before the citizen died shall remain
eligible for immigrant status as an immediate relative. This also
applies to the children of the alien. The Act provides that if the
citizen died as a direct result of the terrorist attacks, the 2 year
requirement is waived.
The Act provides that if an alien spouse, child, or unmarried adult
son or daughter had been the beneficiary of an immigrant visa petition
filed by a permanent resident who died as a direct result of the
terrorist attacks, the alien will still be eligible for permanent
residence. In addition, if an alien spouse, child, or unmarried adult
son or daughter of a permanent resident who died as a direct result of
the terrorist attacks was present in the U.S. on September 11 but had
not yet been petitioned for permanent residence, the alien can
self-petition for permanent residence.
The Act provides that an alien spouse or child of an alien who 1)
died as a direct result of the terrorist attacks and 2) was a permanent
resident (petitioned-for by an employer) or an applicant for adjustment
of status for an employment-based immigrant visa, may have his or her
application for adjustment adjudicated despite the death (if the
application was filed prior to the death).
Section 214. ``Age-Out'' Protection for Children

Under current law, certain visas are only available to an alien until
the alien's 21st birthday. The Act provides that an alien whose 21st
birthday occurs this September and who is a beneficiary for a petition
or application filed on or before September 11 shall be considered to
remain a child for 90 days after the alien's 21st birthday. For an alien
whose 21st birthday occurs after this September, (and who had a petition
for application filed on his or her behalf on or before September 11)
the alien shall be considered to remain a child for 45 days after the
alien's 21st birthday.
Section 215. Temporary Administrative Relief

The Act provides that temporary administrative relief may be provided
to an alien who was lawfully present on September 10, was on that date
the spouse, parent or child of someone who died or was disabled as a
direct result of the terrorist attacks, and is not otherwise entitled to
relief under any other provision of Subtitle B.
Section 216. Evidence of Death, Disability, or Loss of Employment

The Attorney General shall establish appropriate standards for
evidence demonstrating that a death, disability, or loss of employment
due to physical damage to, or destruction of, a business, occurred as a
direct result of the terrorist attacks on September 11. The Attorney
General is not required to promulgate regulations prior to implementing
Subtitle B.
Section 217. No Benefit to Terrorists or Family Members of Terrorists

No benefit under Subtitle B shall be provided to anyone culpable for
the terrorist attacks on September 11 or to any family member of such an
individual.
Section 218. Definitions

The term ``specified terrorist activity'' means any terrorist
activity conducted against the Government or the people of the U.S. on
September 11, 2001.
Title III--Criminal Justice


Subtitle A--Substantive Criminal Law

Section 301. Statute of Limitations for Prosecuting Terrorism Offenses

Current law provides that certain offenses, which are generally
associated with terrorist activity, are subject to a either a 5-year or
8-year statute of limitations (18 U.S.C. 3282 and 18 U.S.C. 3286). This
section amends current law to provide no statute of limitations exists
for certain of these crimes (the most serious) and a 15-year statute of
limitation for others.
Specifically, under this section, the prosecution may bring a case at
any time for any ``Federal terrorism offense,'' which must be shown to
be ``calculated to influence or affect the conduct of government by
intimidation or coercion or to retaliate against government conduct.''
The prosecution may bring a case at any time for any of the
underlying offenses listed in this section that are generally the most
serious crimes related to terrorism (without regard to the ``calculated
to influence'' element). The prosecution may bring a case within 15
years for any other crimes listed in this section that are typically
related to terrorist activities.
This provision applies to any crime committed before, on, or after
enactment of this section.
Section 302. Alternative Maximum Penalties for Terrorism Crimes

Under current law, penalties for certain offenses associated with
terrorist activity are capped at twenty-years maximum imprisonment (some
are capped at 10 years). This section changes current law to allow a
judge to sentence a terrorist to prison for any number of years, up to
life, for any offense that is defined as a ``Federal terrorism
offense.'' To prove a ``Federal terrorism offense,'' the prosecution
must prove both the elements of the underlying crime and that the crime
was calculated to influence or affect the conduct of government by
intimidation or coercion or to retaliate against government conduct.
This section does not impose a mandatory life sentence. It simply
gives the sentencing judge discretion to impose increased penalties by
the bill language ``may be sentenced to life imprisonment.''
Section 303. Penalties for Terrorist Conspiracies

Under current law, many, but not all, of the crimes that are
considered to be linked to terrorism include provisions to allow
prosecution for attempts or conspiracies to commit such offenses. This
section brings the remaining terrorists related crimes into conformity
with existing provisions of the law to ensure that any person who
attempts to commit or conspires to commit a ``Federal terrorism
offense'' (as defined in 18 U.S.C. 25(2)) or any crime related to
terrorism (included in section 309(2)) will be subject to the same
penalties as those that may be imposed upon one who actually commits
that offense, including the new enhanced penalties listed above (in
section 301).
This provision prohibits a person convicted of a conspiracy or
attempt to commit a crime from being sentenced to death.
This provision is consistent with current and long-standing drug laws
under title 21 of the U.S. Code.
Section 304. Terrorism Crimes as RICO Predicates

Terrorism, like traditional organized crime, is often characterized
by a continuing pattern of criminal activity. This provision gives
prosecutors the same tools to bring terrorists to justice as they have
for organized crime.
This provision would allow any ``Federal terrorism offense'' or any
of the most serious crimes related to terrorism to be prosecuted using
the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization provisions (title 18,
chapter 96) of the 1970 Organized Crime Control Act of 1970. The RICO
provisions in the bill do create new crimes. These provisions merely
enhance the civil and criminal consequences of certain crimes that have
been deemed RICO predicates by Congress and provide better investigative
and prosecutorial tools to identify and prove crimes.
RICO may currently be used against any person who invests in or
acquires an interest in, or conducts or participates in the affairs of
an enterprise which engages in or whose activities affect interstate or
foreign commerce through the collection of an unlawful debt or the
patterned commission of various State and Federal crimes. Violations of
law prosecuted under RICO are subject to fines, forfeitures, or
imprisonment for not more than 20 years or life (18 U.S.C. 1963),
depending on the penalties allowed under the predicate offenses. Anyone
injured by a RICO violation may recover treble damages, court costs, and
attorney fees under the civil RICO laws.
The pattern of activity element of RICO requires the commission of
two or more predicate offenses that are clearly related and suggest
either a continuity of criminal activity or the threat of such
continuity of criminal activity (18 U.S.C. 1961(5)). This provision
allows the prosecution to establish a pattern of ongoing activity
related to terrorism.
Section 305. Biological Weapons

Currently under title 18 U.S.C. 175, anyone who knowingly develops,
produces, stockpiles, transfers, acquires, retains, or possesses any
biological agent, toxin, or delivery system for use as a weapon or
knowingly assists a foreign state or organization to do so or attempts,
threatens, or conspires to do so, may be fined or imprisoned or both.
The terms ``biological agent,'' ``toxin'' and ``delivery system'' as
used in this section are defined in 18 U.S.C. 178.
This section changes the definition of what is considered to be
prohibited behavior ``for use as a weapon'' to include the development,
production, transfer, acquisition, retention or possession of any
biological agent, toxin, or delivery system other than for a
prophylactic, protective, or other peaceful purpose. This changes
current law by expanding the scope of the term for ``use as a weapon''
to include use of any biological materials or transfer of any such
materials where no legitimate purpose can be shown.
This section also creates a new offense punishable by a fine or up to
10 years in prison for knowingly possessing a biological agent or toxin
of any type or quantity that is not reasonably justified for any
peaceful purpose. This offense was created to deter persons from
possessing any biological agent or toxin or any quantity of a biological
agent that is not absolutely necessary for a legitimate purpose. This
provision is included to prevent terrorists from targeting facilities
that use biological agents or toxins in their business or from
stockpiling biological agents or toxins. This prohibition does not apply
to governmental activity authorized under the National Security Act of
1947.
This section also prohibits any alien from a country recognized by
the Secretary of State as supporting international terrorism from
possessing, receiving or transporting a biological agent or toxin. It
also prohibits possession, receipt or transportation of biological
agents or toxins by many of those who are forbidden to own firearms
under United States law. Penalties for violation of this section range
from a fine to 10 years imprisonment or both.
Section 306. Support of Terrorism Through Expert Advice or Assistance

Under title 18 U.S.C. 2339A, it is a crime to provide material
support for certain terrorist activities. This section expands the list
of terrorist related crimes for which assistance is prohibited. (see
section 309 below).
The definition of providing material support to terrorists in title
18 is expanded to include providing ``expert advice or assistance.''
This will only be a crime if it is provided ``knowing or intending that
[the expert advice or assistance] be used in preparation for, or in
carrying out,'' any ``Federal terrorism offense'' (as defined in 18
U.S.C. 25) or any of the crimes related to terrorism listed under
section 309(2).
Section 307. Prohibition Against Harboring

Under title 18 U.S.C. 792, to harbor or conceal an individual one
knows or has reason to believe has committed or is about to commit a
crime of espionage against the United States is a crime punishable by up
to 10 years in prison. This section amends the law to create a similar
(but not identical) prohibition against harboring someone who one knows
has committed or is about to commit any of the enumerated crimes
generally associated with terrorist activity. This section also provides
extraterritorial jurisdiction over any violation of this section.
Section 308. Post-Release Supervision of Terrorists

Currently, under title 18 U.S.C. 3583, the length of time for
post-release supervision is based on the severity of the crime. This
section changes current law to allow a person convicted of a ``Federal
terrorism offense'' to be under supervision for as long as the
sentencing judge determines is necessary up to life.
Section 309. Definitions

This section adds a new section to current law under title 18 to
define ``Federal terrorism offense.'' It uses the current definition of
a ``Federal crime of terrorism'' included in 18 U.S.C. 2332b(g)(5) and
expands it to include underlying crimes related to biological weapons;
possession, production or transfer of chemical weapons; harboring
terrorists; fraud, theft or extortion related to computers; disclosure
of identities of covert agents; assault on a flight crew member with a
dangerous weapon; endangering human life by carrying an explosive or
incendiary device on an aircraft; or homicide or attempted homicide
committed on an aircraft.
Under this section, a crime is only considered to be a ``Federal
terrorism offense'' if it can be proven to be ``calculated to influence
or affect the conduct of government by intimidation or coercion; or to
retaliate against government conduct.''
Additionally, any attempt or conspiracy to commit any violation of
this section is considered a ``Federal terrorism offense'' and therefore
will be subject to the same penalties.
This section also adds the definition of ``domestic terrorism'' to
title 18 U.S.C. 2331 which currently defines ``international
terrorism.'' This new definition is used in this legislation.
Section 310. Civil Damages

This section amends 2707(c) that allows for civil damages against
those who violate the provisions of 2703. Under current law, in no case
shall a person entitled to recover damages receive less than the sum of
$1,000. This section would increase that amount to $10,000.
Title III--Criminal Justice


Subtitle B--Criminal Procedure

Section 351. Single-Jurisdiction Search Warrants for Terrorism

Rule 41(a) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure currently
requires that a search warrant be obtained within the judicial district
where the property to be searched is located. The only exception is
where property or a person now in the district might leave before the
warrant is executed. This restriction often causes unnecessary delays
and burdens on law enforcement officers investigating terrorist
activities that have occurred across multiple judicial districts. These
delays can have serious adverse consequences on an ongoing terrorism
investigation.
Section 351 amends rule 41(a) to provide that in an investigation of
domestic or international terrorism a search warrant can be obtained in
any district court of the United States, or any United States Court of
Appeals, having jurisdiction over the offense being investigated. It
permits the prosecution to obtain a warrant from the judge in the
district where the investigation is being conducted, regardless of where
the property to be searched is located.
Section 352. DNA Identification of Terrorists

The DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C.
14135a(d)(1)) governs the collection of DNA samples from convicted
felons and includes a number of Federal crimes for which the DNA samples
are required to be collected. Present law, however, does not cover a
number of crimes that may be committed by terrorists. Currently,
offenses relating to murders on hijacked aircraft, to blowing up
buildings or to murder of U.S. nationals abroad are not qualifying
Federal offenses for purposes of DNA sample collection. This new section
extends DNA sample collection to all persons convicted of Federal
terrorism offenses (as defined in 18 U.S.C. 25).
Section 353. Grand Jury Matters

Rule 6(e)(3)(A) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure provides
for an exception to the otherwise prohibited disclosure of matters
occurring before the grand jury. This Act amends rule 6(e) to permit the
sharing of grand jury information that pertains to international or
domestic terrorism, or national security, to a limited group of
officials (including the President and Vice President) so long as they
are performing official duties. The government is required to apply to
the court in order to disclose the grand jury material. Permitting the
sharing of certain grand jury information with those in the intelligence
community will assist in the investigation of terrorist crimes and
protect the national security.
Section 354. Extraterritoriality

Chapter 113B of title 18 (18 U.S.C. 2331 et. seq. ) sets forth the
crimes of terrorism, including acts of terrorism across national
boundaries. Under current law, certain terrorism crimes can be
prosecuted by the United States regardless of where they are committed.
For example, section 2333b (terrorism transcending national boundaries)
and section 2332a (use of weapons of mass destruction). There are,
however, no explicit extraterritoriality provisions in other statutes
that may be violated by terrorists. This section of the bill clarifies
that extraterritorial Federal jurisdiction exists for any Federal
terrorism offense.
Section 355. Jurisdiction over crimes committed at the United
States facilities abroad.
Title 18 U.S.C. 7 entitled ``Special Maritime and Territorial
Jurisdiction of the United States defined'' is a critical means of
jurisdiction for Diplomatic Security agents. Certain statutes are
limited to the scope of 18 U.S.C. 7, such as 18 U.S.C. 114 (Maiming), 18
U.S.C. 1111 (Murder), 18 U.S.C. 1112 (Manslaughter), 18 U.S.C. 1113
(Attempt to commit Murder or Manslaughter), and 18 U.S.C.2243(a) (Sexual
Abuse of a minor). In the year 2000, extraterritoriality regarding U.S.
embassies and U.S. embassy housing overseas was the subject of differing
interpretations by judicial circuits.
Diplomatic Security agents have operated under the legal precedent of
United States v. Erdos, 474 F2d 157 (4th Cir., 1973), which held that an
Embassy was within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of
the United States. This precedent is now being challenged. This section
would make it clear that embassies and embassy housing of the United
States in foreign states are included in the special maritime and
territorial jurisdiction of the United States. This section does not
apply to members of the Armed Forces because they would already be
subject to the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the
United States under title 18 U.S.C. 3261(a).
Section 356. Special Agent authorities.

This section amends 37(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities
Act (22 U.S.C. 2709(a)), which sets forth the authorities of special
agents in the Diplomatic Security Service. It both clarifies and
enhances the scope of authorities of special agents in order that they
can better fulfill their responsibilities.
First, this provision places special agents on a par with other
Federal law enforcement officers by enabling them to obtain and execute
search and arrest warrants as well as obtain and serve subpoenas or
summonses issued under the authority of the United States. Under current
law, special agents may exercise these investigatory authorities only
for offenses involving passport or visa issuance. They cannot exercise
these essential authorities, for example, with respect to the protection
of foreign officials or the Secretary of State. Currently, a special
agent on protective detail who identifies an individual outside the
Secretary of State's residence who is the subject of a warrant for
planning the assassination of the Secretary of State cannot execute that
warrant.
Second, this section expands and clarifies the scope of special
agent's authority to arrest individuals without a warrant when a Federal
offense is committed in their presence, and to make arrests for felonies
if they have reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be
arrested has committed or is committing such felony. It also would
enable special agents to arrest individuals interfering in their
protective functions (see below) or without having to rely on local law
enforcement officials.
Third, this provision would subject an individual to a criminal
misdemeanor penalty who interferes with a special agent, or another
Federal law enforcement agent temporarily detailed in support of the
Diplomatic Service protective mission. This is similar to a provision
that pertains to interference with Secret Service agents or other
Federal law enforcement officers detailed to assist the Secret Service
in its protective mission (18 U.S.C. 3056(d)).
Title IV--Financial Infrastructure

Section 401. Laundering the Proceeds of Terrorism

This section amends title 18 U.S.C. 1956(c)(7)(D), which prohibits
conducting or attempting to conduct a financial transaction knowing that
the property involved represents the proceeds of a specified unlawful
activity, by adding a further predicate offense to the list of specified
unlawful activities in order to provide a more comprehensive coverage of
the crime of money-laundering related to terrorism. 18 U.S.C. 2339B,
which prohibits providing material support or resources to foreign
terrorist organizations, would be added to the list of crimes which
define the term ``specified unlawful activity.''
Section 402. Material Support for Terrorism

This section amends the definition of ``material support or
resources'' under title 18 U.S.C. 2339A, which currently is defined as
``currency or other financial securities, financial services, lodging,
training, safehouses, false documentation or identification,
communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances,
explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical assets, except
medicine or religious materials.'' This section would replace the term
``other financial securities'' with the phrase ``monetary instruments or
financial securities.'' This change would allow for a broader range of
monetary instruments to be included within the scope of ``material
support or resources.''
Section 403. Assets of Terrorist Organizations

This section would amend 18 U.S.C. 981 to expressly provide that any
property used to commit or facilitate the commission of, derived from,
or otherwise involved in a Federal crime of terrorism (as defined in 18
U.S.C. 2331) is subject to civil forfeiture provisions. Currently, only
the ``proceeds'' of a crime of terrorism are subject to civil forfeiture
provisions.
Section 404. Technical Clarification Relating to Provision of
Material Support to Terrorism
This section would clarify that the exceptions for food and
agricultural products to the nation's Trade Sanctions Programs provided
for in the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000
shall not limit the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 2339A or 2339B which
prohibit providing material support or resources to terrorists and
terrorist organizations. With this section, it is clear that anyone who
provides food and agricultural products in support of terrorist activity
will still be subject to criminal prosecution under sections 2339A and
2339B and will not be able to hide behind the exceptions to the Trade
Sanctions Program.
Section 405. Disclosure of Tax Information in terrorism and
nation security investigations
This section amends 26 U.S.C. 6103(i)(3) to permit the disclosure of
return information by the Internal Revenue Service to the extent
necessary to the head of any Federal law enforcement agency in order to
assist in the investigation of terrorist incidents, threats, or
activities. The disclosure may also be made upon the particularized
request of the head of a Federal law enforcement agency. The section
also provides that, upon the application of a person appointed by the
President and confirmed by the Senate, return information shall be open
to inspection by, or disclosure to, officers and employees of the
Department of Justice and the Department of Treasury engaged in the
collection or analysis of intelligence information concerning terrorist
organizations or activities. Such information may be disseminated to
other agencies only for use in analysis of and investigation into
terrorist activities.
Section 406. Extraterritorial Jurisdiction

Generally, 18 U.S.C. 1029 prohibits the production, use, or
trafficking of counterfeit access devices. Access devices are any card,
code, account number, pin number or other means of account access that
can be used to obtain money, goods, services, or any other thing of
value. This section would add a new paragraph that would make any person
outside the jurisdiction of the United States criminally liable for a
violation of 18 U.S.C. 1029 if the offense involves an access device
issued , owned, managed, or controlled by a financial institution within
the jurisdiction of the United States and the person transports,
delivers, conveys, or otherwise stores, or holds within the jurisdiction
of the United States, the proceeds of such offense or property derived
therefrom. Depending on the persons level of involvement, the maximum
penalty ranges from 10 to 20 years imprisonment.
Title V--Emergency Authorizations

Section 501. Office of Justice Programs

This section removes any caps or limitations available under the
Victim's of Crime Fund to address the needs of the victims of the
terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. This provision specifically
allows the funds allocated for responding to the needs of victims of
terrorism within the United States to be awarded to victim service
organizations, public agencies (Federal, State and local), and
non-governmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of
crime. This section makes changes to the public safety officer benefits
(PSOB) programs to provide for public safety officers disabled in the
September 11, 2001, terrorist acts and the rescue efforts associated
with these acts.
Section 502. Attorney General's Authority to Pay Rewards

This section specifies that any reward offered by the Attorney
General in connection with hijackings or terrorist acts shall not be
subject to spending limitations or count toward any aggregate spending
limitations.
Section 503. Limited Authority to Pay Overtime

Under the Department of Justice Appropriations Act for FY 2001,
overtime pay for INS agents was limited to $30,000. This section removes
the limitation on overtime pay that was included in DOJ Appropriations
Act for 2001 for border patrol and other INS agents.
Section 504. Department of State Reward Authority

This section amends the reward program operated by the Secretary of
State, which provides rewards for information that assists in the
prevention of acts of terrorism, narcotics trafficking, and other
criminal activities. In addition to the information the Secretary of
State is authorized to make rewards for, this section would authorize
the Secretary to offer rewards for information that leads to
``dismantling an organization'' or information regarding the
``identification or location of an individual holding a leadership
position in a terrorist organization.'' This section also amends the
Secretary of States rewards program to increase the maximum payment
allowed to $10 million or more if the Secretary personally determines
that an offer or payment is essential to the national security interests
of the United States.
Section 505: Authorization of Funds for DEA Police Training
in South and Central Asia
An amendment offered by Mr. Hyde, which was adopted by the Committee,
created a new Section 505 of the bill. Section 505 authorizes $5,000,000
for FY 2002 for regional antidrug training in the Republic of Turkey by
the Drug Enforcement Administration for police, as well as increased
precursor chemical control efforts in the South and Central Asia region.
One source of funding for the activities of the Taliban and Al Qaida
is drug trafficking in heroin. Most of the chemicals necessary for the
production of heroin come from South and Central Asia. Once the heroin
is produced, most of it is smuggled through Turkey for sale in Europe.
This section will provide assistance to train Turkish and South and
Central Asian law enforcement to combat drug trafficking at all stages
in the production and transportation of heroin.
Section 506: Public Safety Officer Benefits

Currently, payments are made to families of public safety officers
killed or officers disabled in the line of duty. This provision will
increase the authorized payment level from $100,000 to $250,000 for any
death or disability occurring on or after January 1, 2001.
Title VI--Dam Security

Section 601. Security of Reclamation Dams, Facilities, and Resources

Section 2805(a) of the Reclamation Recreation Management Act of 1992
(16 U.S.C. 460l 33(a)) provides that the Secretary of the Interior shall
promulgate such regulations as are necessary to ensure the protection
and well-being of the public with respect to the use of Reclamation
lands and ensure the protection of resource values. This section of the
bill provides that any person who violates any regulation promulgated by
the Secretary of the Interior under 16 U.S.C. 460l 33(a) shall be fined,
imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both. This section also provides
that the Secretary may authorize law enforcement personnel from the
Department of the Interior, other Federal agencies, or law enforcement
personnel of any State or local government to act as law enforcement
officers within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands. This will
ensure that an appropriate penalty will be attached to any violation of
regulations intended to protect the public safety on Reclamation lands
and that law enforcement officers will be available to enforce those
regulations.
Title VII--Miscellaneous

Section 701. Employment of Translators by the Federal Bureau
of Investigations
There is a great need to increase the number of translators available
to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in order to assist in the war on
terrorism. This section authorizes the Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation to expedite the employment of personnel as translators to
support counterterrorism investigations and operations. This section
also directs the FBI to establish such security requirements as are
necessary for these translators and to report to Congress regarding the
status of translators employed by the Department of Justice.
Section 702. Review of the Department of Justice

In the wake of several significant incidents of security lapses and
breach of regulations, there has arisen the need for independent
oversight of the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Oversight of the
Federal Bureau of Investigations is currently under the jurisdiction of
the Department of Justice Office of Professional Responsibility. This
section directs the Inspector General of the Department of Justice to
appoint a Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties,
and the Federal Bureau of Investigations who shall be responsible for
supervising independent oversight of the FBI until September 30, 2004.
This section also directs the Deputy Inspector to review all information
alleging abuses of civil rights, civil liberties, and racial and ethnic
profiling by employees of the Department of Justice, which could include
allegations of inappropriate profiling at the border.
Section 703. Feasability study on use of biometric identifier
scanning system with access to the FBI Integrated Automated Fingerprint
Identification System at overseas consular posts and points of entry to
the United States
Requires the Attorney General to conduct a study of the feasibility
of utilizing a biometric identifier (fingerprint) scanning system at
consular offices and points of entry into the United States to identify
aliens who may be wanted in connection with criminal or terrorist
investigations in the United States or abroad. A biometric fingerprint
scanning system is a sophisticated computer scanning technology that
analyzes a persons fingerprint and compares the measurement with a
verified sample digitally stored in the system. The accuracy of these
systems is claimed to be above 99.9%. The biometric identifier system
contemplated by this section would have access to the database of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation Integrated Automated Fingerprint
Identification System. The section requires that the Attorney General
shall submit a summary of the findings of the study to Congress within
90 days.
Section 704. Study of access

Requires the Federal Bureau of Investigation to study and report to
Congress, not later than December 31, 2002, on the feasibility of
providing to airlines access via computer to the names of passengers who
are suspected of terrorist activity by Federal officials. This section
authorizes to be appropriated for fiscal years 2002 through 2003 not
more than $250,000 to conduct this study and report to Congress.
Section 705. Enforcement of certain anti-terrorism judgments

Under current law, 18 U.S.C. 1604, a foreign state is immune from the
jurisdiction of the courts of the United States. There are general
exceptions to this law set forth in 18 U.S.C. 1605. One of those
exceptions, 18 U.S.C. 1605(a)(7), provides that a foreign state shall
not be immune from the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States
in cases where personal injury or death has occurred as a result of a
terrorist act. 18 U.S.C. 1610(f)(1)(A) allows any judgment in such a
case to be enforced against the property in the United States of foreign
state that would otherwise be immune, including embassy property.
However, 18 U.S.C. 1610(f)(3) allows the President to waive this
exception in the interests of national security. Section 705 would limit
the President's ability to waive the exception in 18 U.S.C.
1610(f)(1)(A). Under this section, the President's waiver authority
would not apply to assets of a foreign state in the United States that
have been used for any nondiplomatic purpose and assets that have been
sold to a third party (the proceeds from the sale of such assets would
be subject to seizure).
Title VIII--Private Security Officer Quality Assurance

Section 801. Short Title

This section is cited as the ``Private Security Officer Quality
Assurance Act of 2001''.
Section 802. Findings

Private security officers are much more prominent in society today
than years ago. Members of the public are increasingly likely to have
contact with these individuals and often mistake them for law
enforcement officers. It is important that private security officers are
qualified, well-trained individuals to supplement the work of sworn law
enforcement officers.
Section 803. Background Checks

An association of employers of private security officers may submit
fingerprints or other methods of identification to the Attorney General
for purposes of State licensing or certification. The Attorney General
may prescribe any necessary regulations related to security,
confidentiality, accuracy, use, dissemination of this information and
may impose such fees which may be necessary.
Section 804. Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that States should participate in the
background check system.
Section 805. Definitions

This section defines terms related to this title.


CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED

In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House
of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill, as
reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is
enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italics, existing
law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE

* * * * * * *

PART I--CRIMES

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 1--GENERAL PROVISIONS


Sec.

1. Repealed.

* * * * * * *


25. Federal terrorism offense defined.

* * * * * * *


7. Special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United
States defined
The term ``special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the
United States'', as used in this title, includes:
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *


(9)(A) With respect to offenses committed by or against a United
States national, as defined in section 1203(c) of this title--
(i) the premises of United States diplomatic, consular, military, or
other United States Government missions or entities in foreign states,
including the buildings, parts of buildings, and the land appurtenant or
ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used for purposes of those
missions or entities; and
(ii) residences in foreign states and the land appurtenant or
ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used for purposes of those
missions or entities or used by United States personnel assigned to
those missions or entities, except that this paragraph does not
supercede any treaty or international agreement in force on the date of
the enactment of this paragraph.
(B) This paragraph does not apply with respect to an offense
committed by a person described in section 3261(a).
* * * * * * *

25. Federal terrorism offense defined

As used in this title, the term ``Federal terrorism offense'' means
an offense that is--
(1) is calculated to influence or affect the conduct of government
by intimidation or coercion; or to retaliate against government conduct;
and
(2) is a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to violate-
section 32 (relating to destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities),
37 (relating to violence at international airports), 81 (relating to
arson within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction), 175, 175b
(relating to biological weapons), 229 (relating to chemical weapons),
351(a) (d) (relating to congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court
assassination and kidnaping), 791 (relating to harboring terrorists),
831 (relating to nuclear materials), 842(m) or (n) (relating to plastic
explosives), 844(f) or (i) (relating to arson and bombing of certain
property), 930(c), 956 (relating to conspiracy to injure property of a
foreign government), 1030(a)(1), 1030(a)(5)(A), or 1030(a)(7) (relating
to protection of computers), 1114 (relating to protection of officers
and employees of the United States), 1116 (relating to murder or
manslaughter of foreign officials, official guests, or internationally
protected persons), 1203 (relating to hostage taking), 1361 (relating to
injury of Government property or contracts), 1362 (relating to
destruction of communication lines, stations, or systems), 1363
(relating to injury to buildings or property within special maritime and
territorial jurisdiction of the United States), 1366 (relating to
destruction of an energy facility), 1751(a) (d) (relating to
Presidential and Presidential staff assassination and kidnaping), 1992,
2152 (relating to injury of fortifications, harbor defenses, or
defensive sea areas), 2155 (relating to destruction of national defense
materials, premises, or utilities), 2156 (relating to production of
defective national defense materials, premises, or utilities), 2280
(relating to violence against maritime navigation), 2281 (relating to
violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2332 (relating to certain
homicides and other violence against United States nationals occurring
outside of the United States), 2332a (relating to use of weapons of mass
destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism transcending national
boundaries), 2339A (relating to providing material support to
terrorists), 2339B (relating to providing material support to terrorist
organizations), or 2340A (relating to torture);
(3) section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or fuel)
of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284);
(4) section 601 (relating to disclosure of identities of covert
agents) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 421); 20or
(5) any of the following provisions of title 49: section 46502
(relating to aircraft piracy), the second sentence of section 46504
(relating to assault on a flight crew with a dangerous weapon), section
46505(b)(3), (relating to explosive or incendiary devices, or
endangerment of human life by means of weapons, on aircraft), section
46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is involved, or section 60123(b)
(relating to destruction of interstate gas or hazardous liquid pipeline
facility) of title 49.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 10--BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS


Sec.

175. Prohibitions with respect to biological weapons.

* * * * * * *


175b. Possession by restricted persons.

* * * * * * *


175. Prohibitions with respect to biological weapons

(a) * * *


(b) Additional Offense.--Whoever knowingly possesses any biological
agent, toxin, or delivery system of a type or in a quantity that, under
the circumstances, is not reasonably justified by a prophylactic,
protective, or other peaceful purpose, shall be fined under this title,
imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

(b) (c) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the section--

(1) the term ``for use as a weapon'' does not include includes the
development, production, transfer, acquisition, retention, or possession
of any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system for other than
prophylactic, protective, or other peaceful purposes. purposes, and

(2) the terms biological agent and toxin do not encompass any
biological agent or toxin that is in its naturally-occurring
environment, if the biological agent or toxin has not been cultivated,
collected, or otherwise extracted from its natural source.

* * * * * * *


175b. Possession by restricted persons

(a) No restricted person described in subsection (b) shall ship or
transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or possess in or affecting
commerce, any biological agent or toxin, or receive any biological agent
or toxin that has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign
commerce, if the biological agent or toxin is listed as a select agent
in subsection (j) of section 72.6 of title 42, Code of Federal
Regulations, pursuant to section 511(d)(1) of the Antiterrorism and
Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104 132), and is not
exempted under subsection (h) of such section 72.6, or Appendix A of
part 72 of such title; except that the term select agent does not
include any such biological agent or toxin that is in its
naturally-occurring environment, if the biological agent or toxin has
not been cultivated, collected, or otherwise extracted from its natural
source.
(b) As used in this section, the term ``restricted person'' means an
individual who--
(1) is under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a
term exceeding 1 year;
(2) has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by
imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year;
(3) is a fugitive from justice;

(4) is an unlawful user of any controlled substance (as defined in
section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
(5) is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the United States;

(6) has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has been committed
to any mental institution; or
(7) is an alien (other than an alien lawfully admitted for permanent
residence) who is a national of a country as to which the Secretary of
State, pursuant to section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979
(50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)), section 620A of chapter 1 of part M of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371), or section 40(d) of
chapter 3 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780(d)), has made a
determination that remains in effect that such country has repeatedly
provided support for acts of international terrorism.
(c) As used in this section, the term ``alien'' has the same meaning
as that term is given in section 1010(a)(3) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(3)), and the term ``lawfully''
admitted for permanent residence has the same meaning as that term is
given in section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8
U.S.C. 1101(a)(20)).
(d) Whoever knowingly violates this section shall be fined under this
title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, but the
prohibition contained in this section shall not apply with respect to
any duly authorized governmental activity under title V of the National
Security Act of 1947.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 37--ESPIONAGE AND CENSORSHIP


Sec.

791. Prohibition against harboring.

792. Harboring or concealing persons.

* * * * * * *


791. Prohibition against harboring

Whoever harbors or conceals any person who he knows has committed, or
is about to commit, an offense described in section 25(2) or this title
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years or
both. There is extraterritorial Federal jurisdiction over any violation
of this section or any conspiracy or attempt to violate this section. A
violation of this section or of such a conspiracy or attempt may be
prosecuted in any Federal judicial district in which the underlying
offense was committed, or in any other Federal judicial district as
provided by law.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 46--FORFEITURE

* * * * * * *

981. Civil forfeiture

(a)(1) The following property is subject to forfeiture to the United
States:
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *


(G) All assets, foreign or domestic--

(i) of any person, entity, or organization engaged in planning or
perpetrating any act of domestic terrorism or international terrorism
(as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or
residents of the United States, or their property, and all assets,
foreign or domestic, affording any person a source of influence over any
such entity or organization;
(ii) acquired or maintained by any person for the purpose of
supporting, planning, conducting, or concealing an act of domestic
terrorism or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331)
against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States,
or their property; or
(iii) derived from, involved in, or used or intended to be used to
commit any act of domestic terrorism or international terrorism (as
defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or
residents of the United States, or their property.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 47--FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS

* * * * * * *

1029. Fraud and related activity in connection with access devices

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *


(h) Any person who, outside the jurisdiction of the United States,
engages in any act that, if committed within the jurisdiction of the
United States, would constitute an offense under subsection (a) or (b)
of this section, shall be subject to the fines, penalties, imprisonment,
and forfeiture provided in this title if--
(1) the offense involves an access device issued, owned, managed, or
controlled by a financial institution, account issuer, credit card
system member, or other entity within the jurisdiction of the United
States; and
(2) the person transports, delivers, conveys, transfers to or
through, or otherwise stores, secrets, or holds within the jurisdiction
of the United States, any article used to assist in the commission of
the offense or the proceeds of such offense or property derived
therefrom.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 95--RACKETEERING

* * * * * * *

1956. Laundering of monetary instruments

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) As used in this section--

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(7) the term ``specified unlawful activity'' means--

(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(D) an offense under section 32 (relating to the destruction of
aircraft), section 37 (relating to violence at international airports),
section 115 (relating to influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a
Federal official by threatening or injuring a family member), section
152 (relating to concealment of assets; false oaths and claims;
bribery), section 215 (relating to commissions or gifts for procuring
loans), section 351 (relating to congressional or Cabinet officer
assassination), any of sections 500 through 503 (relating to certain
counterfeiting offenses), section 513 (relating to securities of States
and private entities), section 542 (relating to entry of goods by means
of false statements), section 545 (relating to smuggling goods into the
United States), section 549 (relating to removing goods from Customs
custody), section 641 (relating to public money, property, or records),
section 656 (relating to theft, embezzlement, or misapplication by bank
officer or employee), section 657 (relating to lending, credit, and
insurance institutions), section 658 (relating to property mortgaged or
pledged to farm credit agencies), section 666 (relating to theft or
bribery concerning programs receiving Federal funds), section 793, 794,
or 798 (relating to espionage), section 831 (relating to prohibited
transactions involving nuclear materials), section 844 (f) or (i)
(relating to destruction by explosives or fire of Government property or
property affecting interstate or foreign commerce), section 875
(relating to interstate communications), section 956 (relating to
conspiracy to kill, kidnap, maim, or injure certain property in a
foreign country), section 1005 (relating to fraudulent bank entries),
1006 (relating to fraudulent Federal credit institution entries), 1007
(relating to Federal Deposit Insurance transactions), 1014 (relating to
fraudulent loan or credit applications), 1032 (relating to concealment
of assets from conservator, receiver, or liquidating agent of financial
institution), section 1111 (relating to murder), section 1114 (relating
to murder of United States law enforcement officials), section 1116
(relating to murder of foreign officials, official guests, or
internationally protected persons), section 1201 (relating to
kidnapping), section 1203 (relating to hostage taking), section 1361
(relating to willful injury of Government property), section 1363
(relating to destruction of property within the special maritime and
territorial jurisdiction), section 1708 (theft from the mail), section
1751 (relating to Presidential assassination), section 2113 or 2114
(relating to bank and postal robbery and theft), section 2280 (relating
to violence against maritime navigation), section 2281 (relating to
violence against maritime fixed platforms), or section 2319 (relating to
copyright infringement), section 2320 (relating to trafficking in
counterfeit goods and services),, section 2332 (relating to terrorist
acts abroad against United States nationals), section 2332a (relating to
use of weapons of mass destruction), section 2332b (relating to
international terrorist acts transcending national boundaries), or
section 2339A or 2339B (relating to providing material support to
terrorists) of this title, section 46502 of title 49, United States
Code,, a felony violation of the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act
of 1988 (relating to precursor and essential chemicals), section 590 of
the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1590) (relating to aviation
smuggling), section 422 of the Controlled Substances Act (relating to
transportation of drug paraphernalia), section 38(c) (relating to
criminal violations) of the Arms Export Control Act, section 11
(relating to violations) of the Export Administration Act of 1979,
section 206 (relating to penalties) of the International Emergency
Economic Powers Act, section 16 (relating to offenses and punishment) of
the Trading with the Enemy Act, any felony violation of section 15 of
the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (relating to food stamp fraud) involving a
quantity of coupons having a value of not less than $5,000, any
violation of section 543(a)(1) of the Housing Act of 1949 (relating to
equity skimming), or any felony violation of the Foreign Corrupt
Practices Act; or
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 96--RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS

* * * * * * *

1961. Definitions

As used in this chapter--

(1) ``racketeering activity'' means (A) any act or threat involving
murder, kidnapping, gambling, arson, robbery, bribery, extortion,
dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in a controlled substance or
listed chemical (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances
Act), which is chargeable under State law and punishable by imprisonment
for more than one year; (B) any act which is indictable under any of the
following provisions of title 18, United States Code: Section 201
(relating to bribery), section 224 (relating to sports bribery),
sections 471, 472, and 473 (relating to counterfeiting), section 659
(relating to theft from interstate shipment) if the act indictable under
section 659 is felonious, section 664 (relating to embezzlement from
pension and welfare funds), sections 891 894 (relating to extortionate
credit transactions), section 1028 (relating to fraud and related
activity in connection with identification documents), section 1029
(relating to fraud and related activity in connection with access
devices), section 1084 (relating to the transmission of gambling
information), section 1341 (relating to mail fraud), section 1343
(relating to wire fraud), section 1344 (relating to financial
institution fraud), section 1425 (relating to the procurement of
citizenship or nationalization unlawfully), section 1426 (relating to
the reproduction of naturalization or citizenship papers), section 1427
(relating to the sale of naturalization or citizenship papers), sections
1461 1465 (relating to obscene matter), section 1503 (relating to
obstruction of justice), section 1510 (relating to obstruction of
criminal investigations), section 1511 (relating to the obstruction of
State or local law enforcement), section 1512 (relating to tampering
with a witness, victim, or an informant), section 1513 (relating to
retaliating against a witness, victim, or an informant), section 1542
(relating to false statement in application and use of passport),
section 1543 (relating to forgery or false use of passport), section
1544 (relating to misuse of passport), section 1546 (relating to fraud
and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents), sections 1581 1588
(relating to peonage and slavery), section 1951 (relating to
interference with commerce, robbery, or extortion), section 1952
(relating to racketeering), section 1953 (relating to interstate
transportation of wagering paraphernalia), section 1954 (relating to
unlawful welfare fund payments), section 1955 (relating to the
prohibition of illegal gambling businesses), section 1956 (relating to
the laundering of monetary instruments), section 1957 (relating to
engaging in monetary transactions in property derived from specified
unlawful activity), section 1958 (relating to use of interstate commerce
facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire), sections 2251, 2251A,
2252, and 2260 (relating to sexual exploitation of children), sections
2312 and 2313 (relating to interstate transportation of stolen motor
vehicles), sections 2314 and 2315 (relating to interstate transportation
of stolen property), section 2318 (relating to trafficking in
counterfeit labels for phonorecords, computer programs or computer
program documentation or packaging and copies of motion pictures or
other audiovisual works), section 2319 (relating to criminal
infringement of a copyright), section 2319A (relating to unauthorized
fixation of and trafficking in sound recordings and music videos of live
musical performances), section 2320 (relating to trafficking in goods or
services bearing counterfeit marks), section 2321 (relating to
trafficking in certain motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts), sections
2341 2346 (relating to trafficking in contraband cigarettes), sections
2421 24 (relating to white slave traffic), (C) any act which is
indictable under title 29, United States Code, section 186 (dealing with
restrictions on payments and loans to labor organizations) or section
501(c) (relating to embezzlement from union funds), (D) any offense
involving fraud connected with a case under title 11 (except a case
under section 157 of this title), fraud in the sale of securities, or
the felonious manufacture, importation, receiving, concealment, buying,
selling, or otherwise dealing in a controlled substance or listed
chemical (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act),
punishable under any law of the United States, (E) any act which is
indictable under the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, or
(F) any act which is indictable under the Immigration and Nationality
Act, section 274 (relating to bringing in and harboring certain aliens),
section 277 (relating to aiding or assisting certain aliens to enter the
United States), or section 278 (relating to importation of alien for
immoral purpose) if the act indictable under such section of such Act
was committed for the purpose of financial gain. financial gain, or (G)
any act that is a Federal terrorism offense or is indictable under any
of the following provisions of law: section 32 (relating to destruction
of aircraft or aircraft facilities), 37(a)(1) (relating to violence at
international airports), 175 (relating to biological weapons), 229
(relating to chemical weapons), 351(a) (d) (relating to congressional,
cabinet, and Supreme Court assassination and kidnaping), 831 (relating
to nuclear materials), 842(m) or (n) (relating to plastic explosives),
844(f) or (i) when it involves a bombing (relating to arson and bombing
of certain property), 930(c) when it involves an attack on a Federal
facility, 1114 when it involves murder (relating to protection of
officers and employees of the United States), 1116 when it involves
murder (relating to murder or manslaughter of foreign officials,
official guests, or internationally protected persons), 1203 (relating
to hostage taking), 1362 (relating to destruction of communication
lines, stations, or systems), 1366 (relating to destruction of an energy
facility), 1751(a) (d) (relating to Presidential and Presidential staff
assassination and kidnaping), 1992 (relating to trainwrecking), 2280
(relating to violence against maritime navigation), 2281 (relating to
violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2332a (relating to use of
weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism
transcending national boundaries), 2339A (relating to providing material
support to terrorists), 2339B (relating to providing material support to
terrorist organizations), or 2340A (relating to torture) of this title;
section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or fuel) of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284); 20or section 46502 (relating
to aircraft piracy) or 60123(b) (relating to destruction of interstate
gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facility) of title 49;
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 113B--TERRORISM

* * * * * * *


Sec.

2331. Definitions.

* * * * * * *


2332c. Attempts and conspiracies.

* * * * * * *


2338. Exclusive Federal jurisdiction.

* * * * * * *


2331. Definitions

As used in this chapter--

(1) the term ``international terrorism'' means activities that--

(A) * * *

(B) appear to be intended (or to have the effect)--

(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or
kidnapping (or any function thereof) by mass destruction, assassination,
or kidnapping (or threat thereof); and
* * * * * * *

(3) the term ``person'' means any individual or entity capable of
holding a legal or beneficial interest in property; and
(4) the term ``act of war'' means any act occurring in the course of--

(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(C) armed conflict between military forces of any origin. ; and


(5) the term ``domestic terrorism'' means activities that--

(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the
criminal laws of the United States or of any State; and
(B) appear to be intended (or to have the effect)--

(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;

(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or
coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government (or any function
thereof) by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping (or threat
thereof).

* * * * * * *

2332b. Acts of terrorism transcending national boundaries

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(g) Definitions.--As used in this section--

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(5) the term ``Federal crime of terrorism'' means an offense that--

(A) * * *

(B) is a violation of--

(i) section 32 (relating to destruction of aircraft or aircraft
facilities), 37 (relating to violence at international airports), 81
(relating to arson within special maritime and territorial
jurisdiction), 175 (relating to biological weapons), 351 (relating to
congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court assassination, kidnapping, and
assault), 831 (relating to nuclear materials), 842 (m) or (n) (relating
to plastic explosives), 844(e) (relating to certain bombings), 844 (f)
or (i) (relating to arson and bombing of certain property), 930(c), 956
(relating to conspiracy to injure property of a foreign government),
1114 (relating to protection of officers and employees of the United
States), 1116 (relating to murder or manslaughter of foreign officials,
official guests, or internationally protected persons), 1203 (relating
to hostage taking), 1361 (relating to injury of Government property or
contracts), 1362 (relating to destruction of communication lines,
stations, or systems), 1363 (relating to injury to buildings or property
within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United
States), 1366 (relating to destruction of an energy facility), 1751
(relating to Presidential and Presidential staff assassination,
kidnapping, and assault), 1992, 2152 (relating to injury of
fortifications, harbor defenses, or defensive sea areas), 2155 (relating
to destruction of national defense materials, premises, or utilities),
2156 (relating to production of defective national defense materials,
premises, or utilities), 2280 (relating to violence against maritime
navigation), 2281 (relating to violence against maritime fixed
platforms), 2332 (relating to certain homicides and other violence
against United States nationals occurring outside of the United States),
2332a (relating to use of weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (relating
to acts of terrorism transcending national boundaries), 2332c, 2339A
(relating to providing material support to terrorists), 2339B (relating
to providing material support to terrorist organizations), or 2340A
(relating to torture);
(ii) section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or
fuel) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284); or
(iii) section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) or section
60123(b) (relating to destruction of interstate gas or hazardous liquid
pipeline facility) of title 49 is a Federal terrorism offense.

2332c. Attempts and conspiracies

(a) Except as provided in subsection (c), any person who attempts or
conspires to commit any Federal terrorism offense shall be subject to
the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the commission
of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (c), any person who attempts or
conspires to commit any offense described in section 25(2) shall be
subject to the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the
commission of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy.
(c) A death penalty may not be imposed by operation of this section.


* * * * * * *

2338. Exclusive Federal jurisdiction

There is extraterritorial Federal jurisdiction over any Federal
terrorism offense and any offense under this chapter, in addition to any
extraterritorial jurisdiction that may exist under the law defining the
offense, if the person committing the offense or the victim of the
offense is a national of the United States (as defined in section 101 of
the Immigration and Nationality Act) or if the offense is directed at
the security or interests of the United States. The district courts of
the United States shall have exclusive jurisdiction over an action
brought under this chapter.
2339A. Providing material support to terrorists

(a) Offense.--Whoever, within the United States, provides material
support or resources or conceals or disguises the nature, location,
source, or ownership of material support or resources, knowing or
intending that they are to be used in preparation for, or in carrying
out, a violation of section 32, 37, 81, 175, 351, 831, 842 (m) or (n),
844 (f) or (i), 903(c), 956, 1114, 1116, 1203, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1366,
1751, 1992, 2155, 2156, 2280, 2281, 2332, 2332a, 2332b, 2332c, or 2340A
of this title or section 46502 of title 49 any Federal terrorism offense
or any offense described in section 25(2), or in preparation for, or in
carrying out, the concealment or an escape from the commission of any
such violation, offense, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not
more than 10 years, or both. A violation of this section may be
prosecuted in any Federal judicial district in which the underlying
offense was committed, or in any other Federal judicial district as
provided by law.
(b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``material support or
resources'' means currency or other financial securities or monetary
instruments or financial securities, financial services, lodging,
training, expert advice or assistance, safehouses, false documentation
or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal
substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical
assets, except medicine or religious materials.
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 119--WIRE AND ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS INTERCEPTION AND
INTERCEPTION OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONS

Sec.

2510. Definitions.

* * * * * * *

2515. Prohibition of use as evidence of intercepted wire or oral
communications.

2515. Prohibition of use as evidence of intercepted wire, oral, or
electronic communications.
* * * * * * *


2510. Definitions

As used in this chapter--

(1) ``wire communication'' means any aural transfer made in whole or
in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of
communications by the aid of wire, cable, or other like connection
between the point of origin and the point of reception (including the
use of such connection in a switching station) furnished or operated by
any person engaged in providing or operating such facilities for the
transmission of interstate or foreign communications or communications
affecting interstate or foreign commerce and such term includes any
electronic storage of such communication;
* * * * * * *

(7) ``Investigative or law enforcement officer'' means any officer
of the United States or of a State or political subdivision thereof, who
is empowered by law to conduct investigations of or to make arrests for
offenses enumerated in this chapter, and any attorney authorized by law
to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of such offenses , and
(for purposes only of section 2517 as it relates to foreign intelligence
information as that term is defined in section 101(e) of the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801(e))) any Federal
law enforcement, intelligence, national security, national defense,
protective, immigration personnel, or the President or Vice President of
the United States;
* * * * * * *

(14) ``electronic communications system'' means any wire, radio,
electromagnetic, photooptical or photoelectronic facilities for the
transmission of wire or electronic communications, and any computer
facilities or related electronic equipment for the electronic storage of
such communications;
* * * * * * *

(17) ``electronic storage'' means--

(A) * * *

(B) any storage of such communication by an electronic communication
service for purposes of backup protection of such communication; and
(18) ``aural transfer'' means a transfer containing the human voice
at any point between and including the point of origin and the point of
reception. ;

(19) ``protected computer'' has the meaning set forth in section
1030; and
(20) ``computer trespasser'' means a person who accesses a protected
computer without authorization and thus has no reasonable expectation of
privacy in any communication transmitted to, through, or from the
protected computer.

2511. Interception and disclosure of wire, oral, or electronic
communications prohibited
(1) * * *

(2)(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(f) Nothing contained in this chapter or chapter 121, or section 705
of the Communications Act of 1934, shall be deemed to affect the
acquisition by the United States Government of foreign intelligence
information from international or foreign communications, or foreign
intelligence activities conducted in accordance with otherwise
applicable Federal law involving a foreign electronic communications
system, utilizing a means other than electronic surveillance as defined
in section 101 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, and
procedures in this chapter or chapter 121 , chapter 121, or chapter 206
and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 shall be the
exclusive means by which electronic surveillance, as defined in section
101 of such Act, and the interception of domestic wire and oral wire,
oral, and electronic communications may be conducted.
* * * * * * *


(i) It shall not be unlawful under this chapter for a person acting
under color of law to intercept the wire or electronic communications of
a computer trespasser, if--
(i) the owner or operator of the protected computer authorizes the
interception of the computer trespasser's communications on the
protected computer;
(ii) the person acting under color of law is lawfully engaged in an
investigation;
(iii) the person acting under color of law has reasonable grounds to
believe that the contents of the computer trespasser's communications
will be relevant to the investigation; and
(iv) such interception does not acquire communications other than
those transmitted to or from the computer trespasser.
(j) With respect to a voluntary or obligatory disclosure of
information (other than information revealing customer cable viewing
activity) under this chapter, chapter 121, or chapter 206, subsections
(c)(2)(B) and (h) of section 631 of the Communications Act of 1934 do
not apply.

* * * * * * *

2515. Prohibition of use as evidence of intercepted wire or
oral wire, oral, or electronic communications
Whenever any wire or oral communication has been intercepted (a)
Except as provided in subsection (b), whenever any wire, oral, or
electronic communication has been intercepted, or any electronic
communication in electronic storage has been disclosed, no part of the
contents of such communication and no evidence derived therefrom may be
received in evidence in any trial, hearing, or other proceeding in or
before any court, grand jury, department, officer, agency, regulatory
body, legislative committee, or other authority of the United States, a
State, or a political subdivision thereof if the disclosure of that
information would be in violation of this chapter or chapter 121.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to the disclosure, before a grand
jury or in a criminal trial, hearing, or other criminal proceeding, of
the contents of a communication, or evidence derived therefrom, against
a person alleged to have intercepted, used, or disclosed the
communication in violation of this chapter, or chapter 121, or
participated in such violation.

* * * * * * *

2517. Authorization for disclosure and use of intercepted
wire, oral, or electronic communications
(1) Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means
authorized by this chapter or under the circumstances described in
section 2515(b), has obtained knowledge of the contents of any wire,
oral, or electronic communication, or evidence derived therefrom, may
disclose such contents to another investigative or law enforcement
officer to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper
performance of the official duties of the officer making or receiving
the disclosure.
(2) Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means
authorized by this chapter or under the circumstances described in
section 2515(b), has obtained knowledge of the contents of any wire,
oral, or electronic communication or evidence derived therefrom may use
such contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper
performance of his official duties.
* * * * * * *

2518. Procedure for interception of wire, oral, or electronic
communications
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) Upon such application the judge may enter an ex parte order, as
requested or as modified, authorizing or approving interception of wire,
oral, or electronic communications within the territorial jurisdiction
of the court in which the judge is sitting (and outside that
jurisdiction but within the United States in the case of a mobile
interception device authorized by a Federal court within such
jurisdiction), if the judge determines on the basis of the facts
submitted by the applicant that--
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) normal investigative procedures have been tried and have failed
or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or to be too
dangerous; and
* * * * * * *

(7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, any
investigative or law enforcement officer, specially designated by the
Attorney General, the Deputy Attorney General, the Associate Attorney
General, or by the principal prosecuting attorney of any State or
subdivision thereof acting pursuant to a statute of that State, who
reasonably determines that--
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

may intercept such wire, oral, or electronic communication if an
application for an order approving the interception is made in
accordance with this section within forty-eight hours after the
interception has occurred, or begins to occur. In the absence of an
order, such interception shall immediately terminate when the
communication sought is obtained or when the application for the order
is denied, whichever is earlier. In the event such application for
approval is denied, or in any other case where the interception is
terminated without an order having been issued, the contents of any
wire, oral, or electronic communication intercepted shall be treated as
having been obtained in violation of this chapter, and an inventory
shall be served as provided for in subsection (d) subsection (8)(d) of
this section on the person named in the application.
* * * * * * *

(10)(a) Any aggrieved person in any trial, hearing, or proceeding in
or before any court, department, officer, agency, regulatory body, or
other authority of the United States, a State, or a political
subdivision thereof, may move to suppress the contents of any wire or
oral , oral, or electronic communication intercepted pursuant to this
chapter, or evidence derived therefrom, on the grounds that--
(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(iii) the interception was not made in conformity with the order of
authorization or approval. ;
except that no suppression may be ordered under the circumstances
described in section 2515(b). Such motion shall be made before the
trial, hearing, or proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make
such motion or the person was not aware of the grounds of the motion. If
the motion is granted, the contents of the intercepted wire or oral ,
oral, or electronic communication, or evidence derived therefrom, shall
be treated as having been obtained in violation of this chapter. The
judge, upon the filing of such motion by the aggrieved person, may in
his discretion make available to the aggrieved person or his counsel for
inspection such portions of the intercepted communication or evidence
derived therefrom as the judge determines to be in the interests of
justice.
* * * * * * *

(c) The remedies and sanctions described in this chapter with respect
to the interception of electronic communications are the only judicial
remedies and sanctions for nonconstitutional violations of this chapter
involving such communications.
* * * * * * *

2520. Recovery of civil damages authorized

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Computation of Damages.--(1) * * *


(2) In an action under this section by a citizen or legal permanent
resident of the United States against the United States or any Federal
investigative or law enforcement officer (or against any State
investigative or law enforcement officer for disclosure or unlawful use
of information obtained from Federal investigative or law enforcement
officers), the court may assess as damages whichever is the greater of--
(A) the sum of actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
(B) statutory damages of whichever is the greater of $100 a day for
each day of violation or $10,000.

(2) (3) In any other action under this section, the court may assess
as damages whichever is the greater of--
(A) the sum of the actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
(B) statutory damages of whichever is the greater of $100 a day for
each day of violation or $10,000.
(d) Defense.--A good faith reliance on--

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) a good faith determination that section 2511(3) or 2511(2)(i) of
this title permitted the conduct complained of;
* * * * * * *


(f) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 2520(a).
(g) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(h) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 121--STORED WIRE AND ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS AND
TRANSACTIONAL RECORDS ACCESS

Sec.

2701. Unlawful access to stored communications.

2702. Disclosure of contents.

2703. Requirements for governmental access.


2702. Voluntary disclosure of customer communications or records.

2703. Required disclosure of customer communications or records.


* * * * * * *

2702. Disclosure of contents


2702. Voluntary disclosure of customer communications or records


(a) Prohibitions.--Except as provided in subsection (b)--

(1) * * *

(2) a person or entity providing remote computing service to the
public shall not knowingly divulge to any person or entity the contents
of any communication which is carried or maintained on that service--
(A) * * *

(B) solely for the purpose of providing storage or computer
processing services to such subscriber or customer, if the provider is
not authorized to access the contents of any such communications for
purposes of providing any services other than storage or computer
processing. ; and

(3) a provider of remote computing service or electronic
communication service to the public shall not knowingly divulge a record
or other information pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such
service (not including the contents of communications covered by
paragraph (1) or (2)) to any governmental entity.

(b) Exceptions.--A person or entity Exceptions for Disclosure of
Communications.-- A provider described in subsection (a) may divulge the
contents of a communication--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(6) to a law enforcement agency--

(A) if the contents--

(i) * * *

(ii) appear to pertain to the commission of a crime; or

(B) if required by section 227 of the Crime Control Act of 1990. ; or


(C) if the provider reasonably believes that an emergency involving
immediate danger of death or serious physical injury to any person
requires disclosure of the information without delay.
(c) Exceptions for Disclosure of Customer Records.--A provider
described in subsection (a) may divulge a record or other information
pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such service (not including
the contents of communications covered by subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2))--
(1) as otherwise authorized in section 2703;

(2) with the lawful consent of the customer or subscriber;

(3) as may be necessarily incident to the rendition of the service
or to the protection of the rights or property of the provider of that
service;
(4) to a governmental entity, if the provider reasonably believes
that an emergency involving immediate danger of death or serious
physical injury to any person justifies disclosure of the information;
or
(5) to any person other than a governmental entity.


* * * * * * *

2703. Requirements for governmental access


2703. Required disclosure of customer communications or records


(a) Contents of Electronic Contents of wire or electronic
Communications in Electronic Storage.--A governmental entity may require
the disclosure by a provider of electronic communication service of the
contents of an electronic contents of a wire or electronic
communication, that is in electronic storage in an electronic
communications system for one hundred and eighty days or less, only
pursuant to a warrant issued under the Federal Rules of Criminal
Procedure using the procedures described in the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure by a court with jurisdiction over the offense under
investigation or equivalent State warrant. A governmental entity may
require the disclosure by a provider of electronic communications
services of the contents of an electronic contents of a wire or
electronic communication that has been in electronic storage in an
electronic communications system for more than one hundred and eighty
days by the means available under subsection (b) of this section.
(b) Contents of Electronic Contents of wire or electronic
Communications in a Remote Computing Service.--(1) A governmental entity
may require a provider of remote computing service to disclose the
contents of any electronic any wire or electronic communication to which
this paragraph is made applicable by paragraph (2) of this subsection--
(A) without required notice to the subscriber or customer, if the
governmental entity obtains a warrant issued under the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure using the procedures described in the Federal Rules
of Criminal Procedure by a court with jurisdiction over the offense
under investigation or equivalent State warrant; or
* * * * * * *

(2) Paragraph (1) is applicable with respect to any electronic any
wire or electronic communication that is held or maintained on that
service--
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Records Concerning Electronic Communication Service or Remote
Computing Service.--(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a
provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service
may disclose a record or other information pertaining to a subscriber to
or customer of such service (not including the contents of
communications covered by subsection (a) or (b) of this section) to any
person other than a governmental entity.
(B) A provider of electronic communication service or remote
computing service shall disclose a record or other information
pertaining to a subscriber to or customer of such service (not including
the contents of communications covered by subsection (a) or (b) of this
section) to a governmental entity only when A governmental entity may
require a provider of electronic communication service or remote
computing service to disclose a record or other information pertaining
to a subscriber to or customer of such service (not including the
contents of communications) only when the governmental entity--
(i) obtains a warrant issued under the Federal Rules of Criminal
Procedure using the procedures described in the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure by a court with jurisdiction over the offense under
investigation or equivalent State warrant;
(ii) obtains a court order for such disclosure under subsection (d)
of this section;
(iii) has the consent of the subscriber or customer to such
disclosure; or
(iv) submits a formal written request relevant to a law enforcement
investigation concerning telemarketing fraud for the name, address, and
place of business of a subscriber or customer of such provider, which
subscriber or customer is engaged in telemarketing (as such term is
defined in section 2325 of this title). ; or

(v) seeks information pursuant to subparagraph (B).


(C) (B) A provider of electronic communication service or remote
computing service shall disclose to a governmental entity the name,
address, local and long distance telephone toll billing records,
telephone number or other subscriber number or identity, and length of
service of a entity the--

(i) name;

(ii) address;

(iii) local and long distance telephone connection records, or
records of session times and durations;
(iv) length of service (including start date) and types of service
utilized;
(v) telephone or instrument number or other subscriber number or
identity, including any temporarily assigned network address; and
(vi) means and source of payment (including any credit card or bank
account number);

of a subscriber to or customer of such service and the types of
services the subscriber or customer utilized, when the governmental
entity uses an administrative subpoena authorized by a Federal or State
statute or a Federal or State grand jury or trial subpoena or any means
available under subparagraph (B) (A).
* * * * * * *

(e) No Cause of Action Against a Provider Disclosing Information
Under This Chapter.--No cause of action shall lie in any court against
any provider of wire or electronic communication service, its officers,
employees, agents, or other specified persons for providing information,
facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of a court order,
warrant, subpoena, or certification certification, or statutory
authorization under this chapter.
* * * * * * *


(g) Reports Concerning the Disclosure of the Contents of Electronic
Communications.--
(1) By January 31 of each calendar year, the judge issuing or
denying an order, warrant, or subpoena, or the authority issuing or
denying a subpoena, under subsection (a) or (b) of this section during
the preceding calendar year shall report on each such order, warrant, or
subpoena to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts--
(A) the fact that the order, warrant, or subpoena was applied for;

(B) the kind of order, warrant, or subpoena applied for;

(C) the fact that the order, warrant, or subpoena was granted as
applied for, was modified, or was denied;
(D) the offense specified in the order, warrant, subpoena, or
application;
(E) the identity of the agency making the application; and

(F) the nature of the facilities from which or the place where the
contents of electronic communications were to be disclosed.
(2) In January of each year the Attorney General or an Assistant
Attorney General specially designated by the Attorney General shall
report to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts--
(A) the information required by subparagraphs (A) through (F) of
paragraph (1) of this subsection with respect to each application for an
order, warrant, or subpoena made during the preceding calendar year; and
(B) a general description of the disclosures made under each such
order, warrant, or subpoena, including--
(i) the approximate number of all communications disclosed and, of
those, the approximate number of incriminating communications disclosed;
(ii) the approximate number of other communications disclosed; and

(iii) the approximate number of persons whose communications were
disclosed.
(3) In June of each year, beginning in 2003, the Director of the
Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall transmit to the
Congress a full and complete report concerning the number of
applications for orders, warrants, or subpoenas authorizing or requiring
the disclosure of the contents of electronic communications pursuant to
subsections (a) and (b) of this section and the number of orders,
warrants, or subpoenas granted or denied pursuant to subsections (a) and
(b) of this section during the preceding calendar year. Such report
shall include a summary and analysis of the data required to be filed
with the Administrative Office by paragraphs (1) and (2) of this
subsection. The Director of the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts is authorized to issue binding regulations dealing with
the content and form of the reports required to be filed by paragraphs
(1) and (2) of this subsection.

* * * * * * *

2707. Civil action

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Damages.-- (1) The court may assess as damages in a civil action
under this section the sum of the actual damages suffered by the
plaintiff and any profits made by the violator as a result of the
violation, but in no case shall a person entitled to recover receive
less than the sum of $1,000 $10,000. If the violation is willful or
intentional, the court may assess punitive damages. In the case of a
successful action to enforce liability under this section, the court may
assess the costs of the action, together with reasonable attorney fees
determined by the court.

(2) In an action under this section by a citizen or legal permanent
resident of the United States against the United States or any Federal
investigative or law enforcement officer (or against any State
investigative or law enforcement officer for disclosure or unlawful use
of information obtained from Federal investigative or law enforcement
officers), the court may assess as damages whichever is the greater of--
(A) the sum of actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
(B) statutory damages of $10,000.

* * * * * * *

(f) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 2707(a).
(g) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(h) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

* * * * * * *

2709. Counterintelligence access to telephone toll and
transactional records
(a) * * *

(b) Required Certification.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, or his designee in a position not lower than Deputy
Assistant Director, may--
(1) request the name, address, length of service, and local and long
distance toll billing records , or electronic communication
transactional records of a person or entity if the Director (or his
designee in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director)
certifies in writing to the wire or electronic communication service
provider to which the request is made that--
(A) the name, address, length of service, and toll billing records
sought are relevant to an authorized foreign counterintelligence
investigation; and
(B) there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to
believe that the person or entity to whom the information sought
pertains is a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power as defined in
section 101 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50
U.S.C. 1801); and made that the name, address, length of service, and
toll billing records sought are relevant to an authorized foreign
counterintelligence investigation; and
(2) request the name, address, and length of service of a person or
entity if the Director (or his designee in a position not lower than
Deputy Assistant Director) certifies in writing to the wire or
electronic communication service provider to which the request is made
that--
(A) the information sought is relevant to an authorized foreign
counterintelligence investigation; and
(B) there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to
believe that communication facilities registered in the name of the
person or entity have been used, through the services of such provider,
in communication with--
(i) an individual who is engaging or has engaged in international
terrorism as defined in section 101(c) of the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act or clandestine intelligence activities that involve or
may involve a violation of the criminal statutes of the United States;
or
(ii) a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power under
circumstances giving reason to believe that the communication concerned
international terrorism as defined in section 101(c) of the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act or clandestine intelligence activities
that involve or may involve a violation of the criminal statutes of the
United States. made that the information sought is relevant to an
authorized foreign counterintelligence investigation.
* * * * * * *

2711. Definitions for chapter

As used in this chapter--

(1) the terms defined in section 2510 of this title have,
respectively, the definitions given such terms in that section; and
(2) the term ``remote computing service'' means the provision to the
public of computer storage or processing services by means of an
electronic communications system. ; and

(3) the term ``court of competent jurisdiction'' has the meaning
given that term in section 3127, and includes any Federal court within
that definition, without geographic limitation.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 203--ARREST AND COMMITMENT


Sec.

3041. Power of courts and magistrates.

* * * * * * *

3059A. Special rewards for information relating to certain
financial institution offenses.
3059B. General reward authority.


* * * * * * *

3059. Rewards and appropriations therefor

(a)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in
the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $25,000 as a reward
or rewards for the capture of anyone who is charged with violation of
criminal laws of the United States or any State or of the District of
Columbia, and an equal amount as a reward or rewards for information
leading to the arrest of any such person, to be apportioned and expended
in the discretion of, and upon such conditions as may be imposed by, the
Attorney General of the United States. Not more than $25,000 shall be
expended for information or capture of any one person.
(2) If any of the said persons shall be killed in resisting lawful
arrest, the Attorney General may pay any part of the reward money in his
discretion to the person or persons whom he shall adjudge to be entitled
thereto but no reward money shall be paid to any official or employee of
the Department of Justice of the United States.
(b) The Attorney General each year may spend not more than $10,000
for services or information looking toward the apprehension of narcotic
law violators who are fugitives from justice.
(c)(1) In special circumstances and in the Attorney General's sole
discretion, the Attorney General may make a payment of up to $10,000 to
a person who furnishes information unknown to the Government relating to
a possible prosecution under section 2326 which results in a conviction.
(2) A person is not eligible for a payment under paragraph (1) if--

(A) the person is a current or former officer or employee of a
Federal, State, or local government agency or instrumentality who
furnishes information discovered or gathered in the course of government
employment;
(B) the person knowingly participated in the offense;

(C) the information furnished by the person consists of an
allegation or transaction that has been disclosed to the public--
(i) in a criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding;

(ii) in a congressional, administrative, or General Accounting
Office report, hearing, audit, or investigation; or
(iii) by the news media, unless the person is the original source of
the information; or
(D) when, in the judgment of the Attorney General, it appears that a
person whose illegal activities are being prosecuted or investigated
could benefit from the award.
(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(C)(iii), the term ``original
source'' means a person who has direct and independent knowledge of the
information that is furnished and has voluntarily provided the
information to the Government prior to disclosure by the news media.
(4) Neither the failure of the Attorney General to authorize a
payment under paragraph (1) nor the amount authorized shall be subject
to judicial review.
3059A. Special rewards for information relating to certain
financial institution offenses
(a)(1) In special circumstances and in the Attorney General's sole
discretion, the Attorney General may make payments to persons who
furnish information unknown to the Government relating to a possible
prosecution under section 215, 225, 287, 656, 657, 1001, 1005, 1006,
1007, 1014, 1032, 1341, 1343, 1344, or 1517 of this title affecting a
depository institution insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation or any other agency or entity of the United States, or to a
possible prosecution for conspiracy to commit such an offense.
(2) The amount of a payment under paragraph (1) shall not exceed
$50,000 and shall be paid from the Financial Institution Information
Award Fund established under section 2569 of the Financial Institutions
Anti-Fraud Enforcement Act of 1990.
(b) A person is not eligible for a payment under subsection (a) if--

(1) the person is a current or former officer or employee of a
Federal or State government agency or instrumentality who furnishes
information discovered or gathered in the course of his government
employment;
(2) the furnished information consists of allegations or
transactions that have been disclosed to a member of the public in a
criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding, in a congressional,
administrative, or General Accounting Office report, hearing, audit or
investigation, from any other government source, or from the news media
unless the person is the original source of the information;
(3) the person is an institution-affiliated party (as defined in
section 3(u) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. 1813(u))
which withheld information during the course of any bank examination or
investigation authorized pursuant to section 10 of such Act (12 U.S.C.
1820) who such party owed a fiduciary duty to disclose;
(4) the person is a member of the immediate family of the individual
whose activities are the subject of the declaration or where, in the
discretion of the Attorney General, it appears the individual could
benefit from the award; or
(5) the person knowingly participated in the violation of the
section with respect to which the payment would be made.
(c) For the purposes of subsection (b)(2), the term ``original
source'' means a person who has direct and independent knowledge of the
information on which the allegations are based and has voluntarily
provided the information to the Government prior to the disclosure.
(d) Neither the failure of the Attorney General to authorize a
payment nor the amount authorized shall be subject to judicial review.
(e)(1) A person who--

(A) is discharged, demoted, suspended, threatened, harassed, or in
any other manner discriminated against in the terms and conditions of
employment by an employer because of lawful acts done by the person on
behalf of the person or others in furtherance of a prosecution under any
of the sections referred to in subsection (a) (including provision of
information relating to, investigation for, initiation of, testimony
for, or assistance in such a prosecution); and
(B) was not a knowing participant in the unlawful activity that is
the subject of such a prosecution,
may, in a civil action, obtain all relief necessary to make the person
whole.
(2) Relief under paragraph (1) shall include--

(A)(i) reinstatement with the same seniority status;

(ii) 2 times the amount of back pay plus interest; and

(iii) interest on the backpay,

that the plaintiff would have had but for the discrimination; and

(B) compensation for any special damages sustained as a result of
the discrimination, including litigation costs and reasonable attorney's
fees.
3059B. General reward authority

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General
may pay rewards and receive from any department or agency funds for the
payment of rewards under this section to any individual who assists the
Department of Justice in performing its functions.
(b) Not later than 30 days after authorizing a reward under this
section that exceeds $100,000, the Attorney General shall give notice to
the respective chairmen of the Committees on Appropriations and the
Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of
Representatives.
(c) A determination made by the Attorney General to authorize an
award under this section and the amount of any reward authorized shall
be final and conclusive, and not subject to judicial review.

3059. Rewards and appropriation therefor

(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Attorney General may
pay rewards in accordance with procedures and regulations established or
issued by the Attorney General.
(b) Limitations.-- The following limitations apply with respect to
awards under subsection (a):
(1) No such reward, other than in connection with a terrorism
offense or as otherwise specifically provided by law, shall exceed
$2,000,000.
(2) No such reward of $250,000 or more may be made or offered
without the personal approval of either the Attorney General or the
President.
(3) The Attorney General shall give written notice to the Chairmen
and ranking minority members of the Committees on Appropriations and the
Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives not later than
30 days after the approval of a reward under paragraph (2);
(4) Any executive agency or military department (as defined,
respectively, in sections 105 and 102 of title 5) may provide the
Attorney General with funds for the payment of rewards.
(5) Neither the failure to make or authorize such a reward nor the
amount of any such reward made or authorized shall be subject to
judicial review.
(c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``reward'' means a payment
pursuant to public advertisements for assistance to the Department of
Justice.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 204--REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND
ESPIONAGE
* * * * * * *

3072. Determination of entitlement; maximum amount;
Presidential approval; conclusiveness
The Attorney General shall determine whether an individual furnishing
information described in section 3071 is entitled to a reward and the
amount to be paid. A reward under this section may be in an amount not
to exceed $500,000. A reward of $100,000 or more may not be made without
the approval of the President or the Attorney General personally. A
determination made by the Attorney General or the President under this
chapter shall be final and conclusive, and no court shall have power or
jurisdiction to review it.
* * * * * * *

3075. Authorization for appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year
limitation, $5,000,000 for the purpose of this chapter.
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 206--PEN REGISTERS AND TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES


Sec.

3121. General prohibition on pen register and trap and trace
device use; exception.
* * * * * * *

3128. Civil action.


* * * * * * *

3121. General prohibition on pen register and trap and trace
device use; exception
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Limitation.--A government agency authorized to install and use a
pen register or trap and trace device under this chapter or under State
law shall use technology reasonably available to it that restricts the
recording or decoding of electronic or other impulses to the dialing ,
routing, addressing, and signaling information utilized in call
processing the processing and transmitting of wire and electronic
communications.
* * * * * * *

3123. Issuance of an order for a pen register or a trap and trace device

(a) In General.--Upon an application made under section 3122 of this
title, the court shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the
installation and use of a pen register or a trap and trace device within
the jurisdiction of the court if the court finds that the attorney for
the Government or the State law enforcement or investigative officer has
certified to the court that the information likely to be obtained by
such installation and use is relevant to an ongoing criminal
investigation.

(a) In General.--

(1) Upon an application made under section 3122(a)(1), the court
shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the installation and use of a
pen register or trap and trace device anywhere within the United States,
if the court finds that the attorney for the Government has certified to
the court that the information likely to be obtained by such
installation and use is relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation.
The order shall, upon service thereof, apply to any person or entity
providing wire or electronic communication service in the United States
whose assistance may facilitate the execution of the order. Whenever
such an order is served on any person or entity not specifically named
in the order, upon request of such person or entity, the attorney for
the Government or law enforcement or investigative officer that is
serving the order shall provide written or electronic certification that
the assistance of the person or entity being served is related to the
order.
(2) Upon an application made under section 3122(a)(2), the court
shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the installation and use of a
pen register or trap and trace device within the jurisdiction of the
court, if the court finds that the State law-enforcement or
investigative officer has certified to the court that the information
likely to be obtained by such installation and use is relevant to an
ongoing criminal investigation.

(b) Contents of Order.--An order issued under this section--

(1) shall specify--

(A) the identity, if known, of the person to whom is leased or in
whose name is listed the telephone line or other facility to which the
pen register or trap and trace device is to be attached or applied;
(B) the identity, if known, of the person who is the subject of the
criminal investigation;
(C) the number and, if known, physical location of the telephone
line to which the pen register or trap and trace device is to be
attached and, in the case of a trap and trace device, the geographic
limits of the trap and trace order; and

(C) the attributes of the communications to which the order applies,
including the number or other identifier and, if known, the location of
the telephone line or other facility to which the pen register or trap
and trace device is to be attached or applied, and, in the case of an
order authorizing installation and use of a trap and trace device under
subsection (a)(2), the geographic limits of the order; and

* * * * * * *

(d) Nondisclosure of Existence of Pen Register or a Trap and Trace
Device.--An order authorizing or approving the installation and use of a
pen register or a trap and trace device shall direct that--
(1) * * *

(2) the person owning or leasing the line or other facility to which
the pen register or a trap and trace device is attached, or who has been
ordered by the court or applied, or who is obligated by the order to
provide assistance to the applicant, not disclose the existence of the
pen register or trap and trace device or the existence of the
investigation to the listed subscriber, or to any other person, unless
or until otherwise ordered by the court.
* * * * * * *

3124. Assistance in installation and use of a pen register or
a trap and trace device
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(d) No Cause of Action Against a Provider Disclosing Information
Under This Chapter.--No cause of action shall lie in any court against
any provider of a wire or electronic communication service, its
officers, employees, agents, or other specified persons for providing
information, facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of a
court order under this chapter or request pursuant to section 3125 of
this title.
* * * * * * *

3127. Definitions for chapter

As used in this chapter--

(1) the terms ``wire communication'', ``electronic communication'',
and ``electronic communication service'' , and ``contents'' have the
meanings set forth for such terms in section 2510 of this title;
(2) the term ``court of competent jurisdiction'' means--

(A) a district court of the United States (including a magistrate of
such a court) or a United States Court of Appeals; or

(A) any district court of the United States (including a magistrate
judge of such a court) or any United States court of appeals having
jurisdiction over the offense being investigated; or

(B) a court of general criminal jurisdiction of a State authorized
by the law of that State to enter orders authorizing the use of a pen
register or a trap and trace device;
(3) the term ``pen register'' means a device or process which
records or decodes electronic or other impulses which identify the
numbers dialed or otherwise transmitted on the telephone line to which
such device or process is attached dialing, routing, addressing, or
signaling information transmitted by an instrument or facility from
which a wire or electronic communication is transmitted (but not
including the contents of such communication), but such term does not
include any device or process used by a provider or customer of a wire
or electronic communication service for billing, or recording as an
incident to billing, for communications services provided by such
provider or any device or process used by a provider or customer of a
wire communication service for cost accounting or other like purposes in
the ordinary course of its business;
(4) the term ``trap and trace device'' means a device or process
which captures the incoming electronic or other impulses which identify
the originating number of an instrument or device from which a wire or
electronic communication was transmitted; or other dialing, routing,
addressing, and signaling information reasonably likely to identify the
source of a wire or electronic communication (but not including the
contents of such communication);
* * * * * * *


3128. Civil action

(a) Cause of Action.--Except as provided in section 3124(d), any
person aggrieved by any violation of this chapter may in a civil action
recover from the person or entity which engaged in that violation such
relief as may be appropriate.
(b) Relief.--In any action under this section, appropriate relief
includes--
(1) such preliminary and other equitable or declaratory relief as
may be appropriate;
(2) damages under subsection (c) and punitive damages in appropriate
cases; and
(3) a reasonable attorney's fee and other litigation costs
reasonably incurred.
(c) Damages.--In any action under this section, the court may assess
as damages whichever is the greater of--
(1) the sum of the actual damages suffered by the plaintiff and any
profits made by the violator as a result of the violation; or
(2) statutory damages of $10,000.

(d) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
(e) Improper Disclosure Is Violation.--Any disclosure or use by an
investigative or law enforcement officer of information beyond the
extent permitted by section 2517 is a violation of this chapter for
purposes of section 3128(a).
(f) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
he or she shall report his or her conclusions and the reasons therefor
to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and
the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(g) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 213--LIMITATIONS


3281. Capital offenses.

* * * * * * *

3286. Extension of statute of limitation for certain terrorism
offenses.

3286. Terrorism offenses.


* * * * * * *

3286. Extension of statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses

Notwithstanding section 3282, no person shall be prosecuted, tried,
or punished for any non-capital offense involving a violation of section
32 (aircraft destruction), section 37 (airport violence), section 112
(assaults upon diplomats), section 351 (crimes against Congressmen or
Cabinet officers), section 1116 (crimes against diplomats), section 1203
(hostage taking), section 1361 (willful injury to government property),
section 1751 (crimes against the President), section 2280 (maritime
violence), section 2281 (maritime platform violence), section 2332
(terrorist acts abroad against United States nationals), section 2332a
(use of weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (acts of terrorism
transcending national boundaries), or section 2340A (torture) of this
title or section 46502, 46504, 46505, or 46506 of title 49, unless the
indictment is found or the information is instituted within 8 years
after the offense was committed.

3286. Terrorism offenses

(a) An indictment may be found or an information instituted at any
time without limitation for any Federal terrorism offense or any of the
following offenses:
(1) A violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to violate, section
32 (relating to destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities),
37(a)(1) (relating to violence at international airports), 175 (relating
to biological weapons), 229 (relating to chemical weapons), 351(a) (d)
(relating to congressional, cabinet, and Supreme Court assassination and
kidnaping), 791 (relating to harboring terrorists), 831 (relating to
nuclear materials), 844(f) or (i) when it relates to bombing (relating
to arson and bombing of certain property), 1114(1) (relating to
protection of officers and employees of the United States), 1116, if the
offense involves murder (relating to murder or manslaughter of foreign
officials, official guests, or internationally protected persons), 1203
(relating to hostage taking), 1751(a) (d) (relating to Presidential and
Presidential staff assassination and kidnaping), 2332(a)(1) (relating to
certain homicides and other violence against United States nationals
occurring outside of the United States), 2332a (relating to use of
weapons of mass destruction), 2332b (relating to acts of terrorism
transcending national boundaries) of this title.
(2) Section 236 (relating to sabotage of nuclear facilities or fuel)
of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284);
(3) Section 20601 (relating to disclosure of identities of covert
agents) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 421).
(4) 20Section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) of title 49.

(b) An indictment may be found or an information instituted within 15
years after the offense was committed for any of the following offenses:
(1) Section 175b (relating to biological weapons), 842(m) or (n)
(relating to plastic explosives), 930(c) if it involves murder (relating
to possessing a dangerous weapon in a Federal facility), 956 (relating
to conspiracy to injure property of a foreign government), 1030(a)(1),
1030(a)(5)(A), or 1030(a)(7) (relating to protection of computers), 1362
(relating to destruction of communication lines, stations, or systems),
1366 (relating to destruction of an energy facility), 1992 (relating to
trainwrecking), 2152 (relating to injury of fortifications, harbor
defenses, or defensive sea areas), 2155 (relating to destruction of
national defense materials, premises, or utilities), 2156 (relating to
production of defective national defense materials, premises, or
utilities), 2280 (relating to violence against maritime navigation),
2281 (relating to violence against maritime fixed platforms), 2339A
(relating to providing material support to terrorists), 2339B (relating
to providing material support to terrorist organizations), or 2340A
(relating to torture).
(2) Any of the following provisions of title 49: the second sentence
of section 46504 (relating to assault on a flight crew with a dangerous
weapon), section 46505(b)(3), (relating to explosive or incendiary
devices, or endangerment of human life by means of weapons, on
aircraft), section 46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is involved,
or section 60123(b) (relating to destruction of interstate gas or
hazardous liquid pipeline facility) of title 49.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 227--SENTENCES

SUBCHAPTER A--GENERAL PROVISIONS

* * * * * * *

3559. Sentencing classification of offenses

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *


(e) Authorized Terms of Imprisonment for Terrorism Crimes.--A person
convicted of any Federal terrorism offense may be sentenced to
imprisonment for any term of years or for life, notwithstanding any
maximum term of imprisonment specified in the law describing the
offense. The authorization of imprisonment under this subsection is
supplementary to, and does not limit, the availability of any other
penalty authorized by the law describing the offense, including the
death penalty, and does not limit the applicability of any mandatory
minimum term of imprisonment, including any mandatory life term,
provided by the law describing the offense.

* * * * * * *

SUBCHAPTER D--IMPRISONMENT

* * * * * * *

3583. Inclusion of a term of supervised release after imprisonment

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *


(j) Supervised Release Terms for Terrorism Offenses.--Notwithstanding
subsection (b), the authorized terms of supervised release for any
Federal terrorism offense are any term of years or life.

* * * * * * *




FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE ACT OF 1978

* * * * * * *


TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE I--ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES FOR FOREIGN
INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES
* * * * * * *

TITLE IV--PEN REGISTERS AND TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES FOR FOREIGN
INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES

401. Definitions.

* * * * * * *


Sec. 407. Penalties.

Sec. 408. Civil liability.


TITLE V--ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
PURPOSES
501. Definitions.

502. Access to certain business records for foreign intelligence
and international terrorism investigations.
503. Congressional oversight.


TITLE V--ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
PURPOSES
Sec.

501. Access to certain business records for foreign intelligence
and international terrorism investigations.
502. Congressional oversight.

* * * * * * *


TITLE I--ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES FOR FOREIGN
INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES
* * * * * * *

APPLICATION FOR AN ORDER

Sec. 104. (a) Each application for an order approving electronic
surveillance under this title shall be made by a Federal officer in
writing upon oath or affirmation to a judge having jurisdiction under
section 103. Each application shall require the approval of the Attorney
General based upon his finding that it satisfies the criteria and
requirements of such application as set forth in this title. It shall
include--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(7) a certification or certifications by the Assistant to the
President for National Security Affairs or an executive branch official
or officials designated by the President from among those executive
officers employed in the area of national security or defense and
appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate--
(A) * * *

(B) that the that a significant purpose of the surveillance is to
obtain foreign intelligence information;
* * * * * * *

ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER

Sec. 105. (a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) An order approving an electronic surveillance under this section
shall--
(1) * * *

(2) direct--

(A) * * *

(B) that, upon the request of the applicant, a specified
communication or other common carrier, landlord, custodian, or other
specified person , or, in circumstances where the Court finds that the
actions of the target of the electronic surveillance may have the effect
of thwarting the identification of a specified person, such other
persons, furnish the applicant forthwith all information, facilities, or
technical assistance necessary to accomplish the electronic surveillance
in such a manner as will protect its secrecy and produce a minimum of
interference with the services that such carrier, landlord, custodian,
or other person is providing that target of electronic surveillance;
* * * * * * *

(e)(1) An order issued under this section may approve an electronic
surveillance for the period necessary to achieve its purpose, or for
ninety days, whichever is less, except that an order under this section
shall approve an electronic surveillance targeted against a foreign
power, as defined in section 101(a), (1), (2), or (3), or an agent of a
foreign power, as defined in section 101(b)(1)(A), for the period
specified in the application or for one year, whichever is less.
* * * * * * *

CIVIL LIABILITY

Sec. 110. (a) Civil Action.--An aggrieved person, other than a
foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section 101
(a) or (b)(1)(A), respectively, who has been subjected to an electronic
surveillance or about whom information obtained by electronic
surveillance of such person has been disclosed or used in violation of
section 109 shall have a cause of action against any person or entity
who committed such violation and shall be entitled to recover--
(a) (1) actual damages, but not less than liquidated damages of
$1,000 $10,000 or $100 per day for each day of violation, whichever is
greater;
(b) (2) punitive damages; and

(c) (3) reasonable attorney's fees and other investigation and
litigation costs reasonably incurred.

(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report conclusions for the determination and the reasons
therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

* * * * * * *

TITLE III--PHYSICAL SEARCHES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES FOR
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES
* * * * * * *

APPLICATION FOR AN ORDER

Sec. 303. (a) Each application for an order approving a physical
search under this title shall be made by a Federal officer in writing
upon oath or affirmation to a judge of the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Court. Each application shall require the approval of the
Attorney General based upon the Attorney General's finding that it
satisfies the criteria and requirements for such application as set
forth in this title. Each application shall include--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(7) a certification or certifications by the Assistant to the
President for National Security Affairs or an executive branch official
or officials designated by the President from among those executive
branch officers employed in the area of national security or defense and
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate--
(A) * * *

(B) that the that a significant purpose of the search is to obtain
foreign intelligence information;
* * * * * * *

ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER

Sec. 304. (a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(d)(1) An order issued under this section may approve a physical
search for the period necessary to achieve its purpose, or for
forty-five 90 days, whichever is less, except that an order under this
section shall approve a physical search targeted against a foreign
power, as defined in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 101(a), or an
agent of a foreign power, as defined in section 101(b)(1)(A), for the
period specified in the application or for one year, whichever is less.
* * * * * * *

civil liability

Sec. 308. (a) Civil Action .--An aggrieved person, other than a
foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section 101
(a) or (b)(1)(A), respectively, of this Act, whose premises, property,
information, or material has been subjected to a physical search within
the United States or about whom information obtained by such a physical
search has been disclosed or used in violation of section 307 shall have
a cause of action against any person or entity who committed such
violation and shall be entitled to recover--
(1) actual damages, but not less than liquidated damages of $1,000
$10,000 or $100 per day for each day of violation, whichever is greater;
(2) punitive damages; and

(3) reasonable attorney's fees and other investigative and
litigation costs reasonably incurred.

(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report the conclusions for the determination and the
reasons therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

* * * * * * *

TITLE IV--PEN REGISTERS AND TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES FOR FOREIGN
INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES
* * * * * * *

PEN REGISTERS AND TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE AND
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS
Sec. 402. (a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Each application under this section shall require the approval of
the Attorney General, or a designated attorney for the Government, and
shall include--
(1) the identity of the Federal officer seeking to use the pen
register or trap and trace device covered by the application; and
(2) a certification by the applicant that the information likely to
be obtained from the telephone line to which the pen register or trap
and trace device is to be attached, or the communication instrument or
device to be covered by the pen register or trap and trace device is
relevant to an ongoing foreign intelligence or international terrorism
investigation being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
under guidelines approved by the Attorney General; and .
(3) information which demonstrates that there is reason to believe
that the telephone line to which the pen register or trap and trace
device is to be attached, or the communication instrument or device to
be covered by the pen register or trap and trace device, has been or is
about to be used in communication with--
(A) an individual who is engaging or has engaged in international
terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities that involve or may
involve a violation of the criminal laws of the United States; or
(B) a foreign power or agent of a foreign power under circumstances
giving reason to believe that the communication concerns or concerned
international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities that
involve or may involve a violation of the criminal laws of the United
States.
* * * * * * *


PENALTIES

Sec. 407. (a) Prohibited activities.--A person is guilty of an
offense if the person intentionally--
(1) installs or uses a pen register or trap and trace device under
color of law except as authorized by statute; or
(2) discloses or uses information obtained under color of law by
using a pen register or trap and trace device, knowing or having reason
to know that the information was obtained through using a pen register
or trap and trace device not authorized by statute.
(b) Defense.--It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection (a)
that the defendant was a law enforcement or investigative officer
engaged in the course of his official duties and the pen register or
trap and trace device was authorized by and conducted pursuant to a
search warrant or court order of a court of competent jurisdiction.
(c) Penalties.--An offense described in this section is punishable by
a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than five
years, or both.
(d) Federal Jurisdiction .--There is Federal jurisdiction over an
offense under this section if the person committing the offense was an
officer or employee of the United States at the time the offense was
committed.
CIVIL LIABILITY

Sec. 408. (a) Civil Action.--An aggrieved person, other than a
foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section
101(a) or (b)(1)(A), respectively, who has been subjected to a pen
register or trap and trace device or about whom information obtained by
a pen register or trap and trace device has been disclosed or used in
violation of section 407 shall have a cause of action against any person
or entity who committed such violation and shall be entitled to
recover--
(1) actual damages, but not less than liquidated damages of $10,000,
whichever is greater;
(2) punitive damages; and

(3) reasonable attorney's fees and other investigation and
litigation costs reasonably incurred.
(b) Limitation.--A civil action under this section may not be
commenced later than 2 years after the date upon which the claimant
first has a reasonable opportunity to discover the violation.
(c) Administrative Discipline.--If a court determines that the United
States or any agency or bureau thereof has violated any provision of
this section and the court finds that the circumstances surrounding the
violation raise questions of whether or not an officer or employee
thereof acted willfully or intentionally with respect to the violation,
the agency or bureau shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine
whether or not disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or
employee who was responsible for the violation. In such case, if the
head of the agency or bureau determines discipline is not appropriate,
the head shall report the conclusions for the determination and the
reasons therefor to the Deputy Inspector General for Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(d) Actions Against the United States.--Any action against the United
States shall be conducted under the procedures of the Federal Tort
Claims Act. Any award against the United States shall be deducted from
the budget of the appropriate agency or bureau employing or managing the
officer or employee who was responsible for the violation.

TITLE V--ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
PURPOSES
DEFINITIONS

Sec. 501. As used in this title:

(1) The terms ``foreign power'', ``agent of a foreign power'',
``foreign intelligence information'', ``international terrorism'', and
``Attorney General'' shall have the same meanings as in section 101 of
this Act.
(2) The term ``common carrier'' means any person or entity
transporting people or property by land, rail, water, or air for
compensation.
(3) The term ``physical storage facility'' means any business or
entity that provides space for the storage of goods or materials, or
services related to the storage of goods or materials, to the public or
any segment thereof.
(4) The term ``public accommodation facility'' means any inn, hotel,
motel, or other establishment that provides lodging to transient guests.
(5) The term ``vehicle rental facility'' means any person or entity
that provides vehicles for rent, lease, loan, or other similar use to
the public or any segment thereof.
ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE AND
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS
Sec. 502. (a) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or
a designee of the Director (whose rank shall be no lower than Assistant
Special Agent in Charge) may make an application for an order
authorizing a common carrier, public accommodation facility, physical
storage facility, or vehicle rental facility to release records in its
possession for an investigation to gather foreign intelligence
information or an investigation concerning international terrorism which
investigation is being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
under such guidelines as the Attorney General approves pursuant to
Executive Order No. 12333, or a successor order.
(b) Each application under this section--

(1) shall be made to--

(A) a judge of the court established by section 103(a) of this Act; or

(B) a United States Magistrate Judge under chapter 43 of title 28,
United States Code, who is publicly designated by the Chief Justice of
the United States to have the power to hear applications and grant
orders for the release of records under this section on behalf of a
judge of that court; and
(2) shall specify that--

(A) the records concerned are sought for an investigation described
in subsection (a); and
(B) there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to
believe that the person to whom the records pertain is a foreign power
or an agent of a foreign power.
(c)(1) Upon application made pursuant to this section, the judge
shall enter an ex parte order as requested, or as modified, approving
the release of records if the judge finds that the application satisfies
the requirements of this section.
(2) An order under this subsection shall not disclose that it is
issued for purposes of an investigation described in sub-section (a).
(d)(1) Any common carrier, public accommodation facility, physical
storage facility, or vehicle rental facility shall comply with an order
under subsection (c).
(2) No common carrier, public accommodation facility, physical
storage facility, or vehicle rental facility, or officer, employee, or
agent thereof, shall disclose to any person (other than those officers,
agents, or employees of such common carrier, public accommodation
facility, physical storage facility, or vehicle rental facility
necessary to fulfill the requirement to disclose information to the
Federal Bureau of Investigation under this section) that the Federal
Bureau of Investigation has sought or obtained records pursuant to an
order under this section.

ACCESS TO CERTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE AND
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS
Sec. 501. (a) In any investigation to gather foreign intelligence
information or an investigation concerning international terrorism, such
investigation being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
under such guidelines as the Attorney General may approve pursuant to
Executive Order No. 12333 (or a successor order), the Director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation or a designee of the Director (whose
rank shall be no lower than Assistant Special Agent in Charge) may make
an application for an order requiring the production of any tangible
things (including books, records, papers, documents, and other items)
that are relevant to the investigation.
(b) Each application under this section--

(1) shall be made to--

(A) a judge of the court established by section 103(a) of this Act; or

(B) a United States magistrate judge under chapter 43 of title 28,
United States Code, who is publicly designated by the Chief Justice of
the United States to have the power to hear applications and grant
orders for the release of records under this section on behalf of a
judge of that court; and
(2) shall specify that the records concerned are sought for an
investigation described in subsection (a).
(c)(1) Upon application made pursuant to this section, the judge
shall enter an ex parte order as requested requiring the production the
tangible things sought if the judge finds that the application satisfies
the requirements of this section.
(2) An order under this subsection shall not disclose that it is
issued for purposes of an investigation described in subsection (a).
(d) A person who, in good faith, produces tangible things under an
order issued pursuant to this section shall not be liable to any other
person for such production. Such production shall not be deemed to
constitute a waiver of any privilege in any other proceeding or context.

CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT

Sec. 503. 502. (a) On a semiannual basis, the Attorney General shall
fully inform the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House
of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the
Senate concerning all requests for records under this title.
* * * * * * *



SECTION 624 OF THE FAIR CREDIT REPORTING ACT

(Public Law 90 321)


624. Disclosures to FBI for counterintelligence purposes

(a) Identity of Financial Institutions.--Notwithstanding section 604
or any other provision of this title, a consumer reporting agency shall
furnish to the Federal Bureau of Investigation the names and addresses
of all financial institutions (as that term is defined in section 1101
of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978) at which a consumer
maintains or has maintained an account, to the extent that information
is in the files of the agency, when presented with a written request for
that information, signed by the Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, or the Director's designee, which certifies compliance
with this section. The Director or the Director's designee may make such
a certification only if the Director or the Director's designee has
determined in writing that--
(1) such information is necessary for the conduct of an authorized
foreign counterintelligence investigation; and
(2) there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to
believe that the consumer--
(A) is a foreign power (as defined in section 101 of the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978) or a person who is not a United
States person (as defined in such section 101) and is an official of a
foreign power; or
(B) is an agent of a foreign power and is engaging or has engaged in
an act of international terrorism (as that term is defined in section
101(c) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978) or
clandestine intelligence activities that involve or may involve a
violation of criminal statutes of the United States.
writing that such information is necessary for the conduct of an
authorized foreign counterintelligence investigation.

(b) Identifying Information.--Notwithstanding the provisions of
section 604 or any other provision of this title, a consumer reporting
agency shall furnish identifying information respecting a consumer,
limited to name, address, former addresses, places of employment, or
former places of employment, to the Federal Bureau of Investigation when
presented with a written request, signed by the Director or the
Director's designee, which certifies compliance with this subsection.
The Director or the Director's designee may make such a certification
only if the Director or the Director's designee has determined in
writing that--
(1) such information is necessary to the conduct of an authorized
counterintelligence investigation; and
(2) there is information giving reason to believe that the consumer
has been, or is about to be, in contact with a foreign power or an agent
of a foreign power (as defined in section 101 of the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978).
writing that such information is necessary for the conduct of an
authorized foreign counterintelligence investigation.
(c) Court Order for Disclosure of Consumer Reports.--Notwithstanding
section 604 or any other provision of this title, if requested in
writing by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, or a
designee of the Director, a court may issue an order ex parte directing
a consumer reporting agency to furnish a consumer report to the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, upon a showing in camera that--
(1) the consumer report is necessary for the conduct of an
authorized foreign counterintelligence investigation; and
(2) there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to
believe that the consumer whose consumer report is sought--
(A) is an agent of a foreign power, and

(B) is engaging or has engaged in an act of international terrorism
(as that term is defined in section 101(c) of the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act of 1978) or clandestine intelligence activities that
involve or may involve a violation of criminal statutes of the United
States.
camera that the consumer report is necessary for the conduct of an
authorized foreign counterintelligence investigation.
* * * * * * *



SECTION 203 OF THE INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY ECONOMIC POWERS ACT


GRANT OF AUTHORITIES

Sec. 203. (a)(1) At the times and to the extent specified in section
202, the President may, under such regulations as he may prescribe, by
means of instructions, licenses, or otherwise--
(A) investigate, regulate, or prohibit--

(i) * * *

(ii) transfers of credit or payments between, by, through, or to any
banking institution, to the extent that such transfers or payments
involve any interest of any foreign country or a national thereof, or
(iii) the importing or exporting of currency or securities; and


(iii) the importing or exporting of currency or securities,

by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States;

(B) investigate , block during the pendency of an investigation for
a period of not more than 90 days (which may be extended by an
additional 60 days if the President determines that such blocking is
necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act), regulate, direct and
compel, nullify, void, prevent or prohibit, any acquisition, holding,
withholding, use, transfer, withdrawal, transportation, importation or
exportation of, or dealing in, or exercising any right, power, or
privilege with respect to, or transactions involving, any property in
which any foreign country or a national thereof has any interest;
interest, by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States; and
by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States.

(C) when a statute has been enacted authorizing the use of force by
United States armed forces against a foreign country, foreign
organization, or foreign national, or when the United States has been
subject to an armed attack by a foreign country, foreign organization,
or foreign national, confiscate any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign country, foreign
organization, or foreign national against whom United States armed
forces may be used pursuant to such statute or, in the case of an armed
attack against the United States, that the President determines has
planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in such attack; and
(i) all right, title, and interest in any property so confiscated
shall vest when, as, and upon the terms directed by the President, in
such agency or person as the President may designate from time to time,
(ii) upon such terms and conditions as the President may prescribe,
such interest or property shall be held, used, administered, liquidated,
sold, or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the benefit of
the United States, except that the proceeds of any such liquidation or
sale, or any cash assets, shall be segregated from other United States
Government funds and shall be used only pursuant to a statute
authorizing the expenditure of such proceeds or assets, and
(iii) such designated agency or person may perform any and all acts
incident to the accomplishment or furtherance of these purposes.

* * * * * * *




IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT

* * * * * * *


TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE I--GENERAL

Sec. 101. Definitions.

* * * * * * *

Sec. 105. Liaison with internal security officers.


Sec. 105. Liaison with internal security officers and data exchange.

* * * * * * *


TITLE II--IMMIGRATION

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 4--INSPECTION, APPREHENSION, EXAMINATION, EXCLUSION, AND REMOVAL

* * * * * * *


Sec. 236A. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas
corpus; judicial review.

TITLE I--GENERAL

* * * * * * *

LIAISON WITH INTERNAL SECURITY OFFICERS AND DATA EXCHANGE

Sec. 105. (a) Liaison With Internal Security Officers.--The
Commissioner and the Administrator shall have authority to maintain
direct and continuous liaison with the Directors of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation and the Central Intelligence Agency and with other
internal security officers of the Government for the purpose of
obtaining and exchanging information for use in enforcing the provisions
of this Act in the interest of the internal security of the internal and
border security of the United States. The Commissioner and the
Administrator shall maintain direct and continuous liaison with each
other with a view to a coordinated, uniform, and efficient
administration of this Act, and all other immigration and nationality
laws.

(b) Criminal History Record Information.--The Attorney General and
the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall provide the
Secretary of State and the Commissioner access to the criminal history
record information contained in the National Crime Information Center's
Interstate Identification Index, Wanted Persons File, and to any other
files maintained by the National Crime Information Center that may be
mutually agreed upon by the Attorney General and the official to be
provided access, for the purpose of determining whether a visa applicant
or applicant for admission has a criminal history record indexed in any
such file. Such access shall be provided by means of extracts of the
records for placement in the Department of State's automated visa
lookout database or other appropriate database, and shall be provided
without any fee or charge. The Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation shall provide periodic updates of the extracts at
intervals mutually agreed upon by the Attorney General and the official
provided access. Upon receipt of such updated extracts, the receiving
official shall make corresponding updates to the official's databases
and destroy previously provided extracts. Such access to any extract
shall not be construed to entitle the Secretary of State to obtain the
full content of the corresponding automated criminal history record. To
obtain the full content of a criminal history record, the Secretary of
State shall submit the applicant's fingerprints and any appropriate
fingerprint processing fee authorized by law to the Criminal Justice
Information Services Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(c) Reconsideration.--The provision of the extracts described in
subsection (b) may be reconsidered by the Attorney General and the
receiving official upon the development and deployment of a more
cost-effective and efficient means of sharing the information.
(d) Regulations.--For purposes of administering this section, the
Secretary of State shall, prior to receiving access to National Crime
Information Center data, promulgate final regulations--
(1) to implement procedures for the taking of fingerprints; and

(2) to establish the conditions for the use of the information
received from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in order--
(A) to limit the redissemination of such information;

(B) to ensure that such information is used solely to determine
whether to issue a visa to an individual;
(C) to ensure the security, confidentiality, and destruction of such
information; and
(D) to protect any privacy rights of individuals who are subjects of
such information.

* * * * * * *

TITLE II--IMMIGRATION

CHAPTER 1-- SELECTION SYSTEM

* * * * * * *

ASYLUM

Sec. 208. (a) * * *

(b) Conditions for Granting Asylum.--

(1) * * *

(2) Exceptions.--

(A) In general.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to an alien if the
Attorney General determines that--
(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(v) the alien is inadmissible under described in subclause (I),
(II), (III), or (IV) of section 212(a)(3)(B)(i) or removable under
described in section 237(a)(4)(B) (relating to terrorist activity),
unless, in the case only of an alien inadmissible under described in
subclause (IV) of section 212(a)(3)(B)(i), the Attorney General
determines, in the Attorney General's discretion, that there are not
reasonable grounds for regarding the alien as a danger to the security
of the United States; or
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 2-- QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION OF ALIENS; TRAVEL CONTROL OF
CITIZENS AND ALIENS
* * * * * * *

GENERAL CLASSES OF ALIENS INELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE VISAS AND INELIGIBLE FOR
ADMISSION; WAIVERS OF INADMISSIBILITY
Sec. 212. (a) Classes of Aliens Ineligible for Visas or
Admission.--Except as otherwise provided in this Act, aliens who are
inadmissible under the following paragraphs are ineligible to receive
visas and ineligible to be admitted to the United States:
(1) * * *

(2) Criminal and related grounds.--

(A) * * *

* * * * * * *


(I) Money laundering.--Any alien--

(i) who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows, or has
reason to believe, has engaged, is engaging, or seeks to enter the
United States to engage, in an offense which is described in section
1956 of title 18, United States Code (relating to laundering of monetary
instruments); or
(ii) who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows is, or has
been, a knowing aider, abettor, assister, conspirator, or colluder with
others in an offense which is described in such section;
is inadmissible.


(3) Security and related grounds.--

(A) * * *

(B) Terrorist activities.--

(i) In general.--Any alien who--

(I) has engaged in a terrorist activity, ;

(II) a consular officer or the Attorney General knows, or has
reasonable ground to believe, is engaged in or is likely to engage after
entry in any terrorist activity (as defined in clause (iii)), ;
(III) has, under circumstances indicating an intention to cause
death or serious bodily harm, incited terrorist activity, ;
(IV) is a representative (as defined in clause (iv)) of a foreign
terrorist organization, as designated by the Secretary under section
219, which the alien knows or should have known is a terrorist
organization or

(IV) is a representative of--

(a) a foreign terrorist organization, as designated by the
Secretary of State under section 219; or
(b) a political, social, or other similar group whose public
endorsement of terrorist activity the Secretary of State has determined
undermines the efforts of the United States to reduce or eliminate
terrorist activities;

(V) is a member of a foreign terrorist organization, as designated
by the Secretary under section 219, ; or

(VI) has used the alien's prominence within a foreign state or the
United States to endorse or espouse terrorist activity, or to persuade
others to support terrorist activity or a terrorist organization, in a
way that the Secretary of State has determined undermines the efforts of
the United States to reduce or eliminate terrorist activities;

is inadmissible. An alien who is an officer, official,
representative, or spokesman of the Palestine Liberation Organization is
considered, for purposes of this Act, to be engaged in a terrorist
activity.
(ii) Terrorist activity defined.--As used in this Act, the term
``terrorist activity'' means any activity which is unlawful under the
laws of the place where it is committed (or which, if committed in the
United States, (or which, if it had been or were to be committed in the
United States, would be unlawful under the laws of the United States or
any State) and which involves any of the following:
(I) The highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance (including an
aircraft, vessel, or vehicle).
* * * * * * *

(V) The use of any--

(a) * * *

(b) explosive or firearm explosive, firearm, or other object (other
than for mere personal monetary gain),
with intent to endanger, directly or indirectly, the safety of one
or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property.
* * * * * * *

(iii) Engage in terrorist activity defined.--As used in this Act,
the term ``engage in terrorist activity'' means to commit, in an
individual capacity or as a member of an organization, an act of
terrorist activity or an act which the actor knows, or reasonably should
know, affords material support to any individual, organization, or
government in conducting a terrorist activity at any time, including any
of the following acts:
(I) The preparation or planning of a terrorist activity.

(II) The gathering of information on potential targets for
terrorist activity.
(III) The providing of any type of material support, including a
safe house, transportation, communications, funds, false documentation
or identification, weapons, explosives, or training, to any individual
the actor knows or has reason to believe has committed or plans to
commit a terrorist activity.
(IV) The soliciting of funds or other things of value for terrorist
activity or for any terrorist organization.
(V) The solicitation of any individual for membership in a
terrorist organization, terrorist government, or to engage in a
terrorist activity.

(iii) Engage in terrorist activity defined.--As used in this Act,
the term ``engage in terrorist activity'' means, in an individual
capacity or as a member of an organization--
(I) to commit a terrorist activity;

(II) to plan or prepare to commit a terrorist activity;

(III) to gather information on potential targets for a terrorist
activity;
(IV) to solicit funds or other things of value for--

(a) a terrorist activity;

(b) an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization
under section 219; or
(c) a terrorist organization described in clause (v)(II), but only
if the solicitor knows, or reasonably should know, that the solicitation
would further a terrorist activity;
(V) to solicit any individual--

(a) to engage in conduct otherwise described in this clause;

(b) for membership in a terrorist government;

(c) for membership in an organization designated as a foreign
terrorist organization under section 219; or
(d) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause
(v)(II), but only if the solicitor knows, or reasonably should know,
that the solicitation would further a terrorist activity; or
(VI) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should
know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation,
communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial
benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including
chemical, biological, and radiological weapons), explosives, or
training--
(a) for the commission of a terrorist activity;

(b) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should
know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity;
(c) to an organization designated as a foreign terrorist
organization under section 219; or
(d) to a terrorist organization described in clause (v)(II), but
only if the actor knows, or reasonably should know, that the act would
further a terrorist activity.
* * * * * * *

(v) Terrorist organization defined.--As used in this subparagraph,
the term ``terrorist organization'' means--
(I) an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization
under section 219; or
(II) with regard to a group that is not an organization described
in subclause (I), a group of 2 or more individuals, whether organized or
not, which engages in, or which has a significant subgroup which engages
in, the activities described in subclause (I), (II), or (III) of clause
(iii).
(vi) Special rule for material support.--Clause (iii)(VI)(b) shall
not be construed to include the affording of material support to an
individual who committed or planned to commit a terrorist activity, if
the alien establishes by clear and convincing evidence that such support
was afforded only after such individual permanently and publicly
renounced, rejected the use of, and had ceased to engage in, terrorist
activity.
* * * * * * *

(F) Endangerment.--Any alien who the Secretary of State, after
consultation with the Attorney General, or the Attorney General, after
consultation with the Secretary of State, determines has been associated
with a terrorist organization and intends while in the United States to
engage solely, principally, or incidentally in activities that could
endanger the welfare, safety, or security of the United States is
inadmissible.

* * * * * * *

DESIGNATION OF FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS

Sec . 219. (a) Designation.--

(1) In general.--The Secretary official specified under subsection
(d) is authorized to designate an organization as a foreign terrorist
organization in accordance with this subsection if the Secretary
official specified under subsection (d) finds that--
(A) * * *

(B) the organization engages in terrorist activity (as defined in
section 212(a)(3)(B)); 212(a)(3)(B)), engages in terrorism (as defined
in section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal
Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f(d)(2)), or retains the capability
and intent to engage in terrorist activity or to engage in terrorism (as
so defined); and
(C) the terrorist activity or terrorism of the organization
threatens the security of United States nationals or the national
security of the United States.
(2) Procedure.--

(A) Notice.--Seven days before making a designation under this
subsection, the Secretary shall, by classified communication--
(i) notify the Speaker and Minority Leader of the House of
Representatives, the President pro tempore, Majority Leader, and
Minority Leader of the Senate, and the members of the relevant
committees, in writing, of the intent to designate a foreign
organization under this subsection, together with the findings made
under paragraph (1) with respect to that organization, and the factual
basis therefor; and
(ii) seven days after such notification, publish the designation in
the Federal Register.

(A) Notice.--

(i) In general.--Seven days before a designation is made under this
subsection, the Secretary of State shall, by classified communication,
notify the Speaker and minority leader of the House of Representatives,
the President pro tempore, majority leader, and minority leader of the
Senate, the members of the relevant committees, and the Secretary of the
Treasury, in writing, of the intent to designate a foreign organization
under this subsection, together with the findings made under paragraph
(1) with respect to that organization, and the factual basis therefor.
(ii) Publication of designation.--The Secretary of State shall
publish the designation in the Federal Register seven days after
providing the notification under clause (i).

(B) Effect of designation.--

(i) For purposes of section 2339B of title 18, United States Code, a
designation under this subsection shall take effect upon publication
under subparagraph (A) (ii).
(ii) Any designation under this subsection shall cease to have
effect upon an Act of Congress disapproving such designation.
(C) Freezing of assets.--Upon notification under paragraph (2),
subparagraph (A)(i), the Secretary of the Treasury may require United
States financial institutions possessing or controlling any assets of
any foreign organization included in the notification to block all
financial transactions involving those assets until further directive
from either the Secretary of the Treasury, Act of Congress, or order of
court.
(3) Record.--

(A) In general.--In making a designation under this subsection, the
Secretary official specified under subsection (d) shall create an
administrative record.
(B) Classified information.--The Secretary official specified under
subsection (d) may consider classified information in making a
designation under this subsection. Classified information shall not be
subject to disclosure for such time as it remains classified, except
that such information may be disclosed to a court ex parte and in camera
for purposes of judicial review under subsection (c) (b).
(4) Period of designation.--

(A) * * *

(B) Redesignation.--The Secretary official specified under
subsection (d) may redesignate a foreign organization as a foreign
terrorist organization for an additional 2-year period at the end of the
2-year period referred to in subparagraph (A) (but not sooner than 60
days prior to the termination of such period) upon a finding that the
relevant circumstances described in paragraph (1) still exist. The
official specified under subsection (d) may also redesignate such
organization at the end of any 2-year redesignation period (but not
sooner than 60 days prior to the termination of such period) for an
additional 2-year period upon a finding that the relevant circumstances
described in paragraph (1) still exist. Any redesignation shall be
effective immediately following the end of the prior 2-year designation
or redesignation period unless a different effective date is provided in
such redesignation. The procedural requirements of paragraphs (2) and
(3) shall apply to a redesignation under this subparagraph.
* * * * * * *

(6) Revocation based on change in circumstances.--

(A) In general.--The Secretary official specified under subsection
(d) may revoke a designation made under paragraph (1) or a redesignation
made under paragraph (4)(B) if the Secretary official specified under
subsection (d) finds that--
(i) the circumstances that were the basis for the designation or
redesignation have changed in such a manner as to warrant revocation of
the designation; or
(ii) the national security of the United States warrants a
revocation of the designation.
(B) Procedure.--The procedural requirements of paragraphs (2)
through (4) and (3) shall apply to a revocation under this paragraph.

(C) Effective date.--Any revocation shall take effect on the date
specified in the revocation or upon publication in the Federal Register
if no effective date is specified.

(7) Effect of revocation.--The revocation of a designation under
paragraph (5) or (6) , or the revocation of a redesignation under
paragraph (6), shall not affect any action or proceeding based on
conduct committed prior to the effective date of such revocation.
(8) Use of designation in trial or hearing.--If a designation under
this subsection has become effective under paragraph (1)(B), (2)(B), or
if a redesignation under this subsection has become effective under
paragraph (4)(B) a defendant in a criminal action or an alien in a
removal proceeding shall not be permitted to raise any question
concerning the validity of the issuance of such designation or
redesignation as a defense or an objection at any trial or hearing.
* * * * * * *

(c) Definitions.--As used in this section--

(1) * * *

(2) the term ``national security'' means the national defense,
foreign relations, or economic interests of the United States; and
(3) the term ``relevant committees'' means the Committees on the
Judiciary, Intelligence, and Foreign Relations of the Senate and the
Committees on the Judiciary, Intelligence, and International Relations
of the House of Representatives; and .
(4) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State, in
consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Attorney
General.

(d) Implementation of Duties and Authorities.--

(1) By secretary or attorney general.--Except as otherwise provided
in this subsection, the duties under this section shall, and authorities
under this section may, be exercised by--
(A) the Secretary of State--

(i) after consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and with
the concurrence of the Attorney General; or
(ii) upon instruction by the President pursuant to paragraph (2); or

(B) the Attorney General--

(i) after consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and with
the concurrence of the Secretary of State; or
(ii) upon instruction by the President pursuant to paragraph (2).

(2) Concurrence.--The Secretary of State and the Attorney General
shall each seek the other's concurrence in accordance with paragraph
(1). In any case in which such concurrence is denied or withheld, the
official seeking the concurrence shall so notify the President and shall
request the President to make a determination as to how the issue shall
be resolved. Such notification and request of the President may not be
made before the earlier of--
(A) the date on which a denial of concurrence is received; or

(B) the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date the
concurrence was sought.
(3) Exception.--It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to
carry out the procedural requirements of paragraphs (2)(A) and (6)(B) of
subsection (a) in all cases, including cases in which a designation or
revocation is initiated by the Attorney General.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 3-- ISSUANCE OF ENTRY DOCUMENTS

* * * * * * *

APPLICATIONS FOR VISAS

Sec. 222. (a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(f) The records (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the records of
the Department of State and of diplomatic and consular offices of the
United States pertaining to the issuance or refusal of visas or permits
to enter the United States shall be considered confidential and shall be
used only for the formulation, amendment, administration, or enforcement
of the immigration, nationality, and other laws of the United States,
except that in the discretion of the Secretary of State certified copies
of such records may be made available to a court which certifies that
the information contained in such records is needed by the court in the
interest of the ends of justice in a case pending before the court.
United States.

(2) In the discretion of the Secretary of State, certified copies of
such records may be made available to a court which certifies that the
information contained in such records is needed by the court in the
interest of the ends of justice in a case pending before the court.
(3)(A) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Secretary of
State may provide copies of records of the Department of State and of
diplomatic and consular offices of the United States (including the
Department of State's automated visa lookout database) pertaining to the
issuance or refusal of visas or permits to enter the United States, or
information contained in such records, to foreign governments if the
Secretary determines that it is necessary and appropriate.
(B) Such records and information may be provided on a case-by-case
basis for the purpose of preventing, investigating, or punishing acts of
terrorism. General access to records and information may be provided
under an agreement to limit the use of such records and information to
the purposes described in the preceding sentence.
(C) The Secretary of State shall make any determination under this
paragraph in consultation with any Federal agency that compiled or
provided such records or information.
(D) To the extent possible, such records and information shall be
made available to foreign governments on a reciprocal basis.

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 4-- INSPECTION, APPREHENSION, EXAMINATION, EXCLUSION, AND
REMOVAL
* * * * * * *


MANDATORY DETENTION OF SUSPECTED TERRORISTS; HABEAS CORPUS; JUDICIAL
REVIEW
Sec. 236A. (a) Detention of Terrorist Aliens.--

(1) Custody.--The Attorney General shall take into custody any alien
who is certified under paragraph (3).
(2) Release.--Except as provided in paragraphs (5) and (6), the
Attorney General shall maintain custody of such an alien until the alien
is removed from the United States or found not to be inadmissible or
deportable, as the case may be. Except as provided in paragraph (6),
such custody shall be maintained irrespective of any relief from removal
for which the alien may be eligible, or any relief from removal granted
the alien, until the Attorney General determines that the alien is no
longer an alien who may be certified under paragraph (3).
(3) Certification.--The Attorney General may certify an alien under
this paragraph if the Attorney General has reasonable grounds to believe
that the alien--
(A) is described in section 212(a)(3)(A)(i), 212(a)(3)(A)(iii),
212(a)(3)(B), 237(a)(4)(A)(i), 237(a)(4)(A)(iii), or 237(a)(4)(B); or
(B) is engaged in any other activity that endangers the national
security of the United States.
(4) Nondelegation.--The Attorney General may delegate the authority
provided under paragraph (3) only to the Deputy Attorney General. The
Deputy Attorney General may not delegate such authority.
(5) Commencement of proceedings.--The Attorney General shall place
an alien detained under paragraph (1) in removal proceedings, or shall
charge the alien with a criminal offense, not later than 7 days after
the commencement of such detention. If the requirement of the preceding
sentence is not satisfied, the Attorney General shall release the alien.
(6) Limitation on indefinite detention.--An alien detained under
paragraph (1) who has been ordered removed based on one or more of the
grounds of inadmissibility or deportability referred to in paragraph
(3)(A), who has not been removed within the removal period specified
under section 241(a)(1)(A), and whose removal is unlikely in the
reasonably foreseeable future, may be detained for additional periods of
up to six months if the Attorney General demonstrates that the release
of the alien will not protect the national security of the United States
or adequately ensure the safety of the community or any person.
(b) Habeas Corpus and Judicial Review.--Judicial review of any action
or decision relating to this section (including judicial review of the
merits of a determination made under subsection (a)(3) or (a)(6)) is
available exclusively in habeas corpus proceedings initiated in the
United States District Court for the District of Columbia.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including section 2241 of
title 28, United States Code, except as provided in the preceding
sentence, no court shall have jurisdiction to review, by habeas corpus
petition or otherwise, any such action or decision.

* * * * * * *

Sec . 237. (a) Classes of Deportable Aliens.--Any alien (including
an alien crewman) in and admitted to the United States shall, upon the
order of the Attorney General, be removed if the alien is within one or
more of the following classes of deportable aliens:
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(4) Security and related grounds.--

(A) * * *

(B) Terrorist activities.--Any alien who has engaged, is engaged, or
at any time after admission engages in any terrorist activity (as
defined in section 212(a)(3)(B)(iii)) is deportable.

(B) Terrorist activities.--Any alien is deportable who--

(i) has engaged, is engaged, or at any time after admission engages
in terrorist activity (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B)(iii));
(ii) is a representative (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B)(iv)) of--

(I) a foreign terrorist organization, as designated by the
Secretary of State under section 219; or
(II) a political, social, or other similar group whose public
endorsement of terrorist activity--
(a) is intended and likely to incite or produce imminent lawless
action; and
(b) has been determined by the Secretary of State to undermine the
efforts of the United States to reduce or eliminate terrorist
activities; or
(iii) has used the alien's prominence within a foreign state or the
United States--
(I) to endorse, in a manner that is intended and likely to incite
or produce imminent lawless action and that has been determined by the
Secretary of State to undermine the efforts of the United States to
reduce or eliminate terrorist activities, terrorist activity; or
(II) to persuade others, in a manner that is intended and likely to
incite or produce imminent lawless action and that has been determined
by the Secretary of State to undermine the efforts of the United States
to reduce or eliminate terrorist activities, to support terrorist
activity or a terrorist organization (as defined in section
212(a)(3)(B)(v)).

* * * * * * *



SECTION 641 OF THE ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION REFORM AND IMMIGRANT
RESPONSIBILITY ACT OF 1996

SEC. 641. PROGRAM TO COLLECT INFORMATION RELATING TO
NONIMMIGRANT FOREIGN STUDENTS AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(e) Funding.--

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(4) Amount and use of fees.--

(A) Establishment of amount.--The Attorney General shall establish
the amount of the fee to be imposed on, and collected from, an alien
under paragraph (1). Except as provided in subsection (g)(2), the fee
imposed on any individual may not exceed $100. The amount of the fee
shall be based on the Attorney General's estimate of the cost per alien
of conducting the information collection program described in this
section, except that, in the case of an alien admitted under section
101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act as an au pair, camp
counselor, or participant in a summer work travel program, the fee shall
not exceed $40, except that, in the case of an alien admitted under
section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act as an au
pair, camp counselor, or participant in a summer work travel program,
the fee shall not exceed $35. In the case of an alien who is a national
of a country, the government of which the Secretary of State has
determined, for purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the Export Administration
Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), has repeatedly provided support
for acts of international terrorism, the Attorney General may impose on,
and collect from, the alien a fee that is greater than that imposed on
other aliens described in paragraph (3).
* * * * * * *

(f) Joint Report.--Not later than 4 years after the commencement of
the program established under subsection (a), Not later than 120 days
after the date of the enactment of the PATRIOT Act of 2001, the Attorney
General, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Education shall
jointly submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the
House of Representatives a report on the operations of the program and
the feasibility of expanding the program to cover the nationals of all
countries.
(g) Worldwide Applicability of the Program.--

(1) Expansion of program.--Not later than 12 months 120 days after
the submission of the report required by subsection (f), the Attorney
General, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary
of Education, shall commence expansion of the program to cover the
nationals of all countries.
* * * * * * *


(h) Data Exchange.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
Attorney General shall provide to the Secretary of State and the
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation the information
collected under subsection (a)(1).

(h) (i) Definitions.--As used in this section:

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *




FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE


* * * * * * *

III. INDICTMENT AND INFORMATION

Rule 6. The Grand Jury

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(e) Recording and Disclosure of Proceedings.

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) Exceptions.

(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(C) Disclosure otherwise prohibited by this rule of matters
occurring before the grand jury may also be made--
(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(iii) when the disclosure is made by an attorney for the government
to another federal grand jury; or
(iv) when permitted by a court at the request of an attorney for the
government, upon a showing that such matters may disclose a violation of
state criminal law, to an appropriate official of a state or subdivision
of a state for the purpose of enforcing such law. ; or
(v) when permitted by a court at the request of an attorney for the
government, upon a showing that the matters pertain to international or
domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of title 18, United
States Code) or national security, to any Federal law enforcement,
intelligence, national security, national defense, protective,
immigration personnel, or to the President or Vice President of the
United States, for the performance of official duties.
* * * * * * *

IX. SUPPLEMENTARY AND SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS

* * * * * * *

Rule 41. Search and Seizure

(a) Authority To Issue Warrant. Upon the request of a federal law
enforcement officer or an attorney for the government, a search warrant
authorized by this rule may be issued (1) by a federal magistrate judge,
or a state court of record within the federal district, for a search of
property or for a person within the district and (2) by a federal
magistrate judge for a search of property or for a person either within
or outside the district if the property or person is within the district
when the warrant is sought but might move outside the district before
the warrant is executed and (3) in an investigation of domestic
terrorism or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of
title 18, United States Code), by a Federal magistrate judge in any
district court of the United States (including a magistrate judge of
such court), or any United States Court of Appeals, having jurisdiction
over the offense being investigated, for a search of property or for a
person within or outside the district .
* * * * * * *



SECTION 3 OF THE DNA ANALYSIS BACKLOG ELIMINATION ACT OF 2000


SEC. 3. COLLECTION AND USE OF DNA IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION
FROM CERTAIN FEDERAL OFFENDERS.
(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(d) Qualifying Federal Offenses.--(1) The offenses that shall be
treated for purposes of this section as qualifying Federal offenses are
the following offenses under title 18, United States Code, as determined
by the Attorney General:
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(G) Any Federal terrorism offense (as defined in section 25 of title
18, United States Code).
(G) (H) Any attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the above
offenses.
* * * * * * *



STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 1956


TITLE I--BASIC AUTHORITIES GENERALLY

* * * * * * *

SEC. 36. DEPARTMENT OF STATE REWARDS PROGRAM.

(a) * * *

(b) Rewards Authorized.--In the sole discretion of the Secretary
(except as provided in subsection (c)(2)) and in consultation, as
appropriate, with the Attorney General, the Secretary may pay a reward
to any individual who furnishes information leading to--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(4) the arrest or conviction in any country of any individual aiding
or abetting in the commission of an act described in paragraph (1), (2),
or (3); or
(5) the prevention, frustration, or favorable resolution of an act
described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3). , including by dismantling an
organization in whole or significant part; or
(6) the identification or location of an individual who holds a
leadership position in a terrorist organization.
* * * * * * *

(d) Funding.--

(1) * * *

(2) Limitation.--No amount of funds may be appropriated under
paragraph (1) which, when added to the unobligated balance of amounts
previously appropriated to carry out this section, would cause such
amounts to exceed $15,000,000.
(3) Allocation of funds.--To the maximum extent practicable, funds
made available to carry out this section should be distributed equally
for the purpose of preventing acts of international terrorism and for
the purpose of preventing international narcotics trafficking.
(4) (2) Period of availability.--Amounts appropriated under
paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.
(e) Limitations and Certification.--

(1) Maximum amount.--No reward paid under this section may exceed
$5,000,000.

(1) Amount of award.--

(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no reward paid under
this section may exceed $10,000,000.
(B) The Secretary of State may authorize the payment of an award not
to exceed $25,000,000 if the Secretary determines that payment of an
award exceeding the amount under subparagraph (A) is important to the
national interest of the United States.

* * * * * * *

SPECIAL AGENTS

Sec. 37. (a) General Authority.--Under such regulations as the
Secretary of State may prescribe, special agents of the Department of
State and the Foreign Service may--
(1) * * *

(2) For the purpose of conducting such investigation--

(A) obtain and execute search and arrest warrants,

(B) make arrests without warrant for any offense concerning passport
or visa issuance or use of the special agent has reasonable grounds to
believe that the person has committed or is committing such offense, and
(C) obtain and serve subpoenas and summonses issued under the
authority of the United States;
(2) in the course of performing the functions set forth in
paragraphs (1) and (3), obtain and execute search and arrest warrants,
as well as obtain and serve subpoenas and summonses, issued under the
authority of the United States;
(3) protect and perform protective functions directly related to
maintaining the security and safety of--
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(F) an individual who has been designated by the President or
President-elect to serve as Secretary of State, prior to that
individual's appointment.
* * * * * * *

(5) arrest without warrant any person for a violation of section
111, 112, 351, 970, or 1028 , of title 18, United States Code--
(A) in the case of a felony violation, if the special agent has
reasonable grounds to believe that such person--
(i) has committed or is committing such violation; and

(ii) is in or is fleeing from the immediate area of such violation;
and
(B) in the case of a felony or misdemeanor violation, if the
violation is committed in the presence of the special agent.

(5) in the course of performing the functions set forth in
paragraphs (1) and (3), make arrests without warrant for any offense
against the United States committed in the presence of the special
agent, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States
if the special agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person
to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony.
* * * * * * *

(d) Interference With Agents.--Whoever knowingly and willfully
obstructs, resists, or interferes with a Federal law enforcement agent
engaged in the performance of the protective functions authorized by
this section shall be fined under title 18 or imprisoned not more than
one year, or both.
(e) Persons Under Protection of Special Agents.--Whoever engages in
any conduct--
(1) directed against an individual entitled to protection under this
section, and
(2) which would constitute a violation of section 112 or 878 of
title 18, United States Code, if such individual were a foreign
official, an official guest, or an internationally protected person,
shall be subject to the same penalties as are provided for such conduct
directed against an individual subject to protection under such section
of title 18.

* * * * * * *



INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986


* * * * * * *

Subtitle F--Procedure and Administration

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 61--INFORMATION AND RETURNS

* * * * * * *

Subchapter B--Miscellaneous Provisions

* * * * * * *

SEC. 6103. CONFIDENTIALITY AND DISCLOSURE OF RETURNS AND
RETURN INFORMATION.
(a) General Rule.--Returns and return information shall be
confidential, and except as authorized by this title--
(1) * * *

(2) no officer or employee of any State, any local law enforcement
agency receiving information under subsection (i)(7)(A), any local child
support enforcement agency, or any local agency administering a program
listed in subsection (l)(7)(D) who has or had access to returns or
return information under this section, and
* * * * * * *

(i) Disclosure to Federal Officers or Employees for Administration of
Federal Laws not Relating to Tax Administration.--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) Disclosure of return information to apprise appropriate
officials of criminal or terrorist activities or emergency
circumstances.--
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *


(C) Terrorist activities, etc.--

(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), the Secretary
may disclose in writing return information (other than taxpayer return
information) that may be related to a terrorist incident, threat, or
activity to the extent necessary to apprise the head of the appropriate
Federal law enforcement agency responsible for investigating or
responding to such terrorist incident, threat, or activity. The head of
the agency may disclose such return information to officers and
employees of such agency to the extent necessary to investigate or
respond to such terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
(ii) Disclosure to the department of justice.--Returns and taxpayer
return information may also be disclosed to the Attorney General under
clause (i) to the extent necessary for, and solely for use in preparing,
an application under paragraph (7)(D).
(iii) Taxpayer identity.--For purposes of this subparagraph, a
taxpayer's identity shall not be treated as taxpayer return information.
(iv) Termination.--No disclosure may be made under this subparagraph
after December 31, 2003.

(4) Use of certain disclosed returns and return information in
judicial or administrative proceedings.--
(A) Returns and taxpayer return information.--Except as provided in
subparagraph (C), any return or taxpayer return information obtained
under paragraph (1) or (7)(C) may be disclosed in any judicial or
administrative proceeding pertaining to enforcement of a specifically
designated Federal criminal statute or related civil forfeiture (not
involving tax administration) to which the United States or a Federal
agency is a party--
(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(B) Return information (other than taxpayer return
information).--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), any return
information (other than taxpayer return information) obtained under
paragraph (1), (2), or (3)(A) (3)(A) or (C), or (7) may be disclosed in
any judicial or administrative proceeding pertaining to enforcement of a
specifically designated Federal criminal statute or related civil
forfeiture (not involving tax administration) to which the United States
or a Federal agency is a party.
* * * * * * *

(6) Confidential informants; impairment of investigations.--The
Secretary shall not disclose any return or return information under
paragraph (1), (2), (3)(A) or(C) , (5), or (7) (7), or (8) if the
Secretary determines (and, in the case of a request for disclosure
pursuant to a court order described in paragraph (1)(B) or (5)(B),
certifies to the court) that such disclosure would identify a
confidential informant or seriously impair a civil or criminal tax
investigation.

(7) Disclosure upon request of information relating to terrorist
activities, etc.--
(A) Disclosure to law enforcement agencies.--

(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), upon receipt
by the Secretary of a written request which meets the requirements of
clause (iii), the Secretary may disclose return information (other than
taxpayer return information) to officers and employees of any Federal
law enforcement agency who are personally and directly engaged in the
response to or investigation of terrorist incidents, threats, or
activities.
(ii) Disclosure to state and local law enforcement agencies.--The
head of any Federal law enforcement agency may disclose return
information obtained under clause (i) to officers and employees of any
State or local law enforcement agency but only if such agency is part of
a team with the Federal law enforcement agency in such response or
investigation and such information is disclosed only to officers and
employees who are personally and directly engaged in such response or
investigation.
(iii) Requirements.--A request meets the requirements of this clause
if--
(I) the request is made by the head of any Federal law enforcement
agency (or his delegate) involved in the response to or investigation of
terrorist incidents, threats, or activities, and
(II) the request sets forth the specific reason or reasons why such
disclosure may be relevant to a terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
(iv) Limitation on use of information.--Information disclosed under
this subparagraph shall be solely for the use of the officers and
employees to whom such information is disclosed in such response or
investigation.
(B) Disclosure to intelligence agencies.--

(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), upon receipt
by the Secretary of a written request which meets the requirements of
clause (ii), the Secretary may disclose return information (other than
taxpayer return information) to those officers and employees of the
Department of Justice, the Department of the Treasury, and other Federal
intelligence agencies who are personally and directly engaged in the
collection or analysis of intelligence and counterintelligence
information or investigation concerning terrorists and terrorist
organizations and activities. For purposes of the preceding sentence,
the information disclosed under the preceding sentence shall be solely
for the use of such officers and employees in such investigation,
collection, or analysis.
(ii) Requirements.--A request meets the requirements of this
subparagraph if the request--
(I) is made by an individual described in clause (iii), and

(II) sets forth the specific reason or reasons why such disclosure
may be relevant to a terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
(iii) Requesting individuals.--An individual described in this
subparagraph is an individual--
(I) who is an officer or employee of the Department of Justice or
the Department of the Treasury who is appointed by the President with
the advice and consent of the Senate or who is the Director of the
United States Secret Service, and
(II) who is responsible for the collection and analysis of
intelligence and counterintelligence information concerning terrorists
and terrorist organizations and activities.
(iv) Taxpayer identity.--For purposes of this subparagraph, a
taxpayer's identity shall not be treated as taxpayer return information.
(C) Disclosure under ex parte orders.--

(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), any return or
return information with respect to any specified taxable period or
periods shall, pursuant to and upon the grant of an ex parte order by a
Federal district court judge or magistrate under clause (ii), be open
(but only to the extent necessary as provided in such order) to
inspection by, or disclosure to, officers and employees of any Federal
law enforcement agency or Federal intelligence agency who are personally
and directly engaged in any investigation, response to, or analysis of
intelligence and counterintelligence information concerning any
terrorist activity or threats. Return or return information opened
pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be solely for the use of such
officers and employees in the investigation, response, or analysis, and
in any judicial, administrative, or grand jury proceedings, pertaining
to any such terrorist activity or threat.
(ii) Application for order.--The Attorney General, the Deputy
Attorney General, the Associate Attorney General, any Assistant Attorney
General, or any United States attorney may authorize an application to a
Federal district court judge or magistrate for the order referred to in
clause (i). Upon such application, such judge or magistrate may grant
such order if he determines on the basis of the facts submitted by the
applicant that--
(I) there is reasonable cause to believe, based upon information
believed to be reliable, that the taxpayer whose return or return
information is to be disclosed may be connected to a terrorist activity
or threat,
(II) there is reasonable cause to believe that the return or return
information may be relevant to a matter relating to such terrorist
activity or threat, and
(III) the return or return information is sought exclusively for
use in a Federal investigation, analysis, or proceeding concerning
terrorist activity, terrorist threats, or terrorist organizations.
(D) Special rule for ex parte disclosure by the irs.--

(i) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), the Secretary
may authorize an application to a Federal district court judge or
magistrate for the order referred to in subparagraph (C)(i). Upon such
application, such judge or magistrate may grant such order if he
determines on the basis of the facts submitted by the applicant that the
requirements of subclauses (I) and (II) of subparagraph (C)(ii) are met.
(ii) Limitation on use of information.--Information disclosed under
clause (i)--
(I) may be disclosed only to the extent necessary to apprise the
head of the appropriate Federal law enforcement agency responsible for
investigating or responding to a terrorist incident, threat, or
activity, and
(II) shall be solely for use in a Federal investigation, analysis,
or proceeding concerning terrorist activity, terrorist threats, or
terrorist organizations.
The head of such Federal agency may disclose such information to
officers and employees of such agency to the extent necessary to
investigate or respond to such terrorist incident, threat, or activity.
(E) Termination.--No disclosure may be made under this paragraph
after December 31, 2003.

(7) (8) Comptroller general.--

(A) Returns available for inspection.--Except as provided in
subparagraph (C), upon written request by the Comptroller General of the
United States, returns and return information shall be open to
inspection by, or disclosure to, officers and employees of the General
Accounting Office for the purpose of, and to the extent necessary in,
making--
(i) * * *

* * * * * * *

(p) Procedure and Recordkeeping.--

(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) Records of inspection and disclosure.--

(A) System of recordkeeping.--Except as otherwise provided by this
paragraph, the Secretary shall maintain a permanent system of
standardized records or accountings of all requests for inspection or
disclosure of returns and return information (including the reasons for
and dates of such requests) and of returns and return information
inspected or disclosed under this section. Notwithstanding the
provisions of section 552a(c) of title 5, United States Code, the
Secretary shall not be required to maintain a record or accounting of
requests for inspection or disclosure of returns and return information,
or of returns and return information inspected or disclosed, under the
authority of subsections (c), (e), (f)(5), (h)(1), (3)(A), or (4),
(i)(4), or (7)(A)(ii) (8)(A)(ii) , (k)(1), (2), (6), (8), or (9) (l)(1),
(4)(B), (5), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), (16), or
(17) (m) or (n). The records or accountings required to be maintained
under this paragraph shall be available for examination by the Joint
Committee on Taxation or the Chief of Staff of such joint committee.
Such record or accounting shall also be available for examination by
such person or persons as may be, but only to the extent, authorized to
make such examination under section 552a(c)(3) of title 5, United States
Code.
* * * * * * *

(C) Public report on disclosures.--The Secretary shall, within 90
days after the close of each calendar year, furnish to the Joint
Committee on Taxation for disclosure to the public a report with respect
to the records or accountings described in subparagraph (A) which--
(i) provides with respect to each Federal agency, each agency, body,
or commission described in subsection (d), (i)(3)(B)(i) or (7)(A)(ii) or
(l)(6), and the General Accounting Office the number of--
(I) * * *

* * * * * * *

(4) Safeguards.--Any Federal agency described in subsection (h)(2),
(h)(5), (i)(1), (2), (3), or (5), (5), or (7), (j)(1), (2) or (5),
(k)(8), (l)(1), (2), (3), (5), (11), (13), (14), or (17) or (o)(1), the
General Accounting Office, the Congressional Budget Office, or any
agency, body, or commission described in subsection (d), (i)(3)(B)(i) or
(7)(A)(ii) or (l)(6), (7), (8), (9), (12), (15), or (16) or any other
person described in subsection (l)(16) shall, as a condition for
receiving returns or return information--
(A) * * *

* * * * * * *

(F) upon completion of use of such returns or return information--

(i) * * *

(ii) in the case of an agency described in subsections (h)(2),
(h)(5), (i)(1), (2), (3), or (5), (5) or (7), (j)(1), (2) or (5),
(k)(8), (l)(1), (2), (3), (5), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), or
(17) or (o)(1), the General Accounting Office, or the Congressional
Budget Office, either--
(I) * * *

* * * * * * *

(6) Audit of procedures and safeguards.--

(A) * * *

(B) Records of inspection and reports by the comptroller
general.--The Comptroller General shall--
(i) maintain a permanent system of standardized records and
accountings of returns and return information inspected by officers and
employees of the General Accounting Office under subsection
(i)(7)(A)(ii) (i)(8)(A)(ii) and shall, within 90 days after the close of
each calendar year, furnish to the Secretary a report with respect to,
or summary of, such records or accountings in such form and containing
such information as the Secretary may prescribe, and
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 75--CRIMES, OTHER OFFENSES, AND FORFEITURES

* * * * * * *

Subchapter A--Crimes

* * * * * * *

PART I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

* * * * * * *

SEC. 7213. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION.

(a) Returns and Return Information.--

(1) * * *

(2) State and other employees.--It shall be unlawful for any person
(not described in paragraph (1)) willfully to disclose to any person,
except as authorized in this title, any return or return information (as
defined in section 6103(b)) acquired by him or another person under
subsection (d), (i)(3)(B)(i) or (7)(A)(ii) , (l)(6), (7), (8), (9),
(10), or (12), (15), or (16) or (m)(2), (4), (5), (6), or (7) of section
6103. Any violation of this paragraph shall be a felony punishable by a
fine in any amount not exceeding $5,000, or imprisonment of not more
than 5 years, or both, together with the costs of prosecution.
* * * * * * *



OMNIBUS CONSOLIDATED AND EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT,
1999
(Public Law 105 277)


DIVISION A--OMNIBUS CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS

That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the several departments,
agencies, corporations and other organizational units of the Government
for the fiscal year 1999, and for other purposes, namely:
Sec. 101(a). * * *

* * * * * * *

(b) For programs, projects or activities in the Departments of
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1999, provided as follows, to be effective as if it
had been enacted into law as the regular appropriations Act:
AN ACT Making appropriations for the Departments of
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related agencies for
the fiscal year ending September 30, 1999, and for other purposes.
TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

* * * * * * *

GENERAL PROVISIONS--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

* * * * * * *

Sec. 112. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, during fiscal
year 1999, the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice
Programs of the Department of Justice--
(1) may make grants, or enter into cooperative agreements and
contracts, for the Office of Justice Programs and the component
organizations of that Office (including, notwithstanding any contrary
provision of law (unless the same should expressly refer to this
section), any organization that administers any program established in
title 1 of Public Law 2090 351) ; and
(2) shall have final authority over all functions, including any
grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts made, or entered into, for
the Office of Justice Programs and the component organizations of that
Office (including, notwithstanding any contrary provision of law (unless
the same should expressly refer to this section), any organization that
administers any program established in title 1 of Public Law 2090 351) .
* * * * * * *



DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2000
(Public Law 106 113)


TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

* * * * * * *

GENERAL PROVISIONS--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

* * * * * * *

Sec. 108. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for fiscal
year 2000, the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice
Programs of the Department of Justice--
(1) may make grants, or enter into cooperative agreements and
contracts, for the Office of Justice Programs and the component
organizations of that Office (including, notwithstanding any contrary
provision of law (unless the same should expressly refer to this
section), any organization that administers any program established in
title 1 of Public Law 2090 351) ; and
(2) shall have final authority over all functions, including any
grants, cooperative agreements and contracts made, or entered into, for
the Office of Justice Programs and the component organizations of that
Office (including, notwithstanding any contrary provision of law (unless
the same should expressly refer to this section), any organization that
administers any program established in title 1 of Public Law 2090 351) ,
except for grants made under the provisions of sections 201, 202, 301,
and 302 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as
amended; and sections 204(b)(3), 241(e)(1), 243(a)(1), 243(a)(14) and
287A(3) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974,
as amended.
* * * * * * *



SECTION 1404B OF THE VICTIMS OF CRIME ACT OF 1984


SEC. 1404B. COMPENSATION AND ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF
TERRORISM OR MASS VIOLENCE.
(a) * * *

(b) Victims of Terrorism Within the United States.--The Director may
make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for
eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs , to victim
service organizations, to public agencies (including Federal, State, or
local governments), and to non-governmental organizations that provide
assistance to victims of crime, to provide emergency relief, including
crisis response efforts, assistance, training, and technical assistance,
for the benefit of victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring
within the United States and may provide funding to United States
Attorney's Offices for use in coordination with State victim
compensation and assistance efforts in providing emergency relief.
* * * * * * *



SECTION 1 OF THE ACT OF SEPTEMBER 18, 2001

(Public Law 107 37)

AN ACT To provide for the expedited payment of certain
benefits for a public safety officer who was killed or suffered a
catastrophic injury as a direct and proximate result of a personal
injury sustained in the line of duty in connection with the terrorist
attacks of September 11, 2001.

SECTION 1. EXPEDITED PAYMENT FOR HEROIC PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS.

Notwithstanding the limitations of subsection (b) of section 1201 or
the provisions of subsections (c), (d), and (e) of such section or
section 1202 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets
Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796, 3796a), upon certification (containing
identification of all eligible payees of benefits under section 1201) by
a public agency that a public safety officer employed by such agency was
killed or suffered a catastrophic injury producing permanent and total
disability as a direct and proximate result of a personal injury
sustained in the line of duty as described in section 1201(a) 1201 of
such Act in connection with the rescue or recovery efforts related to
the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Director of the Bureau
of Justice Assistance shall authorize payment to qualified
beneficiaries, said payment to be made not later than 30 days after
receipt of such certification, benefits described under subpart 1 of
part L of such Act (42 U.S.C. 3796 et seq.).



CRIME CONTROL ACT OF 1990

(Public Law 101 647)

* * * * * * *

TITLE XXV--BANKING LAW ENFORCEMENT

* * * * * * *

Subtitle H--Actions Against Persons Committing Bank Fraud Crimes

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 1--DECLARATIONS PROVIDING NEW CLAIMS TO THE UNITED STATES

* * * * * * *

SEC. 2565. RIGHTS OF DECLARANTS; PARTICIPATION IN ACTIONS, AWARDS.

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(c) Criminal Conviction.--(1) When the United States obtains a
criminal conviction and the Attorney General determines that the
conviction was based in whole or in part on the information contained in
a valid declaration filed under section 2561, the declarant shall have
the right to receive not less than $5,000 and not more than $100,000,
any such award to be paid from the Financial Institution Information
Award Fund established under section 2569. the Attorney General may, in
the Attorney General's discretion, pay a reward to the declaring.
* * * * * * *

(e) Prohibition of Double Awards.--(1) No person shall receive both
an award under this section and a reward under either section 34 of the
Federal Deposit Insurance Act or section 3509A of title 18, United
States Code, for providing the same or substantially similar
information.
(2) When a person qualifies for both an award under this section and
a reward under either section 34 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or
section 3509A of title 18, United States Code, for providing the same or
substantially similar information, the person may notify the Attorney
General in writing of the person's election to seek an award under this
section or a reward under such other section.
* * * * * * *

SEC. 2569. FINANCIAL INSTITUTION INFORMATION AWARD FUND.

(a) Establishment.--There is established in the United States
Treasury a special fund to be known as the Financial Institution
Information Award Fund (referred to as the ``Fund'') which shall be
available to the Attorney General without fiscal year limitation to pay
awards to declarants pursuant to section 2565(c) and to pay special
rewards pursuant to section 3059A of title 18, United States Code.
(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be
appropriated to the Fund such funds as are necessary to maintain the
Fund at a level not to exceed $5,000,000.
* * * * * * *



DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2001

* * * * * * *

TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

* * * * * * *

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For expenses necessary for the administration and enforcement of the
laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and alien registration, as
follows:
ENFORCEMENT AND BORDER AFFAIRS

For salaries and expenses for the Border Patrol program, the
detention and deportation program, the intelligence program, the
investigations program, and the inspections program, including not to
exceed $50,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential
character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted
for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; purchase for
police-type use (not to exceed 3,165 passenger motor vehicles, of which
2,211 are for replacement only), without regard to the general purchase
price limitation for the current fiscal year, and hire of passenger
motor vehicles; acquisition, lease, maintenance and operation of
aircraft; research related to immigration enforcement; for protecting
and maintaining the integrity of the borders of the United States
including, without limitation, equipping, maintaining, and making
improvements to the infrastructure; and for the care and housing of
Federal detainees held in the joint Immigration and Naturalization
Service and United States Marshals Service's Buffalo Detention Facility,
$2,547,057,000; of which not to exceed $10,000,000 shall be available
for costs associated with the training program for basic officer
training, and $5,000,000 is for payments or advances arising out of
contractual or reimbursable agreements with State and local law
enforcement agencies while engaged in cooperative activities related to
immigration; of which not to exceed $5,000,000 is to fund or reimburse
other Federal agencies for the costs associated with the care,
maintenance, and repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens: Provided ,
That none of the funds available to the Immigration and Naturalization
Service shall be available to pay any employee overtime pay in an amount
in excess of $30,000 during the calendar year beginning January 1, 2001:
Provided further , That uniforms may be purchased without regard to the
general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year: Provided
further , That, in addition to reimbursable full-time equivalent
workyears available to the Immigration and Naturalization Service, not
to exceed 19,783 positions and 19,191 full-time equivalent workyears
shall be supported from the funds appropriated under this heading in
this Act for the Immigration and Naturalization Service: Provided
further , That none of the funds provided in this or any other Act shall
be used for the continued operation of the San Clemente and Temecula
checkpoints unless the checkpoints are open and traffic is being checked
on a continuous 24-hour basis.
CITIZENSHIP AND BENEFITS, IMMIGRATION SUPPORT AND PROGRAM DIRECTION

For all programs of the Immigration and Naturalization Service not
included under the heading ``Enforcement and Border Affairs'',
$578,819,000, of which not to exceed $400,000 for research shall remain
available until expended: Provided , That not to exceed $5,000 shall be
available for official reception and representation expenses: Provided
further , That the Attorney General may transfer any funds appropriated
under this heading and the heading ``Enforcement and Border Affairs''
between said appropriations notwithstanding any percentage transfer
limitations imposed under this appropriation Act and may direct such
fees as are collected by the Immigration and Naturalization Service to
the activities funded under this heading and the heading ``Enforcement
and Border Affairs'' for performance of the functions for which the fees
legally may be expended: Provided further , That not to exceed 40
permanent positions and 40 full-time equivalent workyears and $4,300,000
shall be expended for the Offices of Legislative Affairs and Public
Affairs: Provided further , That the latter two aforementioned offices
shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of
personnel on either a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis, or any
other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel
or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis: Provided further ,
That the number of positions filled through non-career appointment at
the Immigration and Naturalization Service, for which funding is
provided in this Act or is otherwise made available to the Immigration
and Naturalization Service, shall not exceed four permanent positions
and four full-time equivalent workyears: Provided further , That none of
the funds available to the Immigration and Naturalization Service shall
be used to pay any employee overtime pay in an amount in excess of
$30,000 during the calendar year beginning January 1, 2001: Provided
further , That funds may be used, without limitation, for equipping,
maintaining, and making improvements to the infrastructure and the
purchase of vehicles for police-type use within the limits of the
Enforcement and Border Affairs appropriation: Provided further , That,
in addition to reimbursable full-time equivalent workyears available to
the Immigration and Naturalization Service, not to exceed 3,100
positions and 3,150 full-time equivalent workyears shall be supported
from the funds appropriated under this heading in this Act for the
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Provided further , That,
notwithstanding any other provision of law, during fiscal year 2001, the
Attorney General is authorized and directed to impose disciplinary
action, including termination of employment, pursuant to policies and
procedures applicable to employees of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, for any employee of the Immigration and Naturalization
Service who violates policies and procedures set forth by the Department
of Justice relative to the granting of citizenship or who willfully
deceives the Congress or department leadership on any matter.
* * * * * * *



SECTION 1201 OF THE OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1986


PAYMENTS

Sec. 1201. (a) In any case in which the Bureau of Justice Assistance
(hereinafter in this part referred to as the ``Bureau'') determines,
under regulations issued pursuant to this part, that a public safety
officer has died as the direct and proximate result of a personal injury
sustained in the line of duty, the Bureau shall pay a benefit of
$100,000 $200,000 , adjusted in accordance with subsection (h), as
follows:
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *



SECTION 2805 OF THE RECLAMATION RECREATION MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1992


SEC. 2805. MANAGEMENT OF RECLAMATION LANDS.

(a) Administration.--(1) * * *

* * * * * * *


(3) Any person who violates any such regulation which is issued
pursuant to this Act shall be fined under title 18, United States Code,
imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both. Any person charged with a
violation of such regulation may be tried and sentenced by any United
States magistrate judge designated for that purpose by the court by
which such judge was appointed, in the same manner and subject to the
same conditions and limitations as provided for in section 3401 of title
18, United States Code.
(4) The Secretary may--

(A) authorize law enforcement personnel from the Department of the
Interior to act as law enforcement officers to maintain law and order
and protect persons and property within a Reclamation project or on
Reclamation lands;
(B) authorize law enforcement personnel of any other Federal agency
that has law enforcement authority, with the exception of the Department
of Defense, or law enforcement personnel of any State or local
government, including Indian tribes, when deemed economical and in the
public interest, and with the concurrence of that agency or that State
or local government, to act as law enforcement officers within a
Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands with such enforcement powers
as may be so assigned them by the Secretary to carry out the regulations
promulgated under paragraph (2);
(C) cooperate with any State or local government, including Indian
tribes, in the enforcement of the laws or ordinances of that State or
local government; and
(D) provide reimbursement to a State or local government, including
Indian tribes, for expenditures incurred in connection with activities
under subparagraph (B).
(5) Officers or employees designated or authorized by the Secretary
under paragraph (4) are authorized to--
(A) carry firearms within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation
lands and make arrests without warrants for any offense against the
United States committed in their presence, or for any felony cognizable
under the laws of the United States if they have reasonable grounds to
believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing
such a felony, and if such arrests occur within a Reclamation project or
on Reclamation lands or the person to be arrested is fleeing therefrom
to avoid arrest;
(B) execute within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands any
warrant or other process issued by a court or officer of competent
jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of any Federal law or
regulation issued pursuant to law for an offense committed within a
Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands; and
(C) conduct investigations within a Reclamation project or on
Reclamation lands of offenses against the United States committed within
a Reclamation project or on Reclamation lands, if the Federal law
enforcement agency having investigative jurisdiction over the offense
committed declines to investigate the offense or concurs with such
investigation.
(6)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, a law
enforcement officer of any State or local government, including Indian
tribes, designated to act as a law enforcement officer under paragraph
(4) shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to
the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including those
relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, employment
discrimination, leave, unemployment compensation, and Federal benefits.
(B) For purposes of chapter 171 of title 28, United States Code,
popularly known as the Federal Tort Claims Act, a law enforcement
officer of any State or local government, including Indian tribes,
shall, when acting as a designated law enforcement officer under
paragraph (4) and while under Federal supervision and control, and only
when carrying out Federal law enforcement responsibilities, be
considered a Federal employee.
(C) For purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5, United
States Code, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work
injuries, a law enforcement officer of any State or local government,
including Indian tribes, shall, when acting as a designated law
enforcement officer under paragraph (4) and while under Federal
supervision and control, and only when carrying out Federal law
enforcement responsibilities, be deemed a civil service employee of the
United States within the meaning of the term ``employee'' as defined in
section 8101 of title 5, and the provisions of that subchapter shall
apply. Benefits under this subchapter shall be reduced by the amount of
any entitlement to State or local workers' compensation benefits arising
out of the same injury or death.
(7) Nothing in paragraphs (3) through (9) shall be construed or
applied to limit or restrict the investigative jurisdiction of any
Federal law enforcement agency, or to affect any existing right of a
State or local government, including Indian tribes, to exercise civil
and criminal jurisdiction within a Reclamation project or on Reclamation
lands.
(8) For the purposes of this subsection, the term ``law enforcement
personnel'' means employees of a Federal, State, or local government
agency, including an Indian tribal agency, who have successfully
completed law enforcement training approved by the Secretary and are
authorized to carry firearms, make arrests, and execute service of
process to enforce criminal laws of their employing jurisdiction.
(9) The law enforcement authorities provided for in this subsection
may be exercised only pursuant to rules and regulations promulgated by
the Secretary and approved by the Attorney General.

* * * * * * *



TITLE 28, UNITED STATES CODE


* * * * * * *

PART IV--JURISDICTION AND VENUE

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 87--DISTRICT COURTS; VENUE

* * * * * * *

1391. Venue generally

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(f) A civil action against a foreign state as defined in section
1603(a) of this title may be brought--
(1) * * *

* * * * * * *

(3) in any judicial district in which the agency or instrumentality
is licensed to do business or is doing business, if the action is
brought against an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as
defined in section 1603(b) 1603(b)(1) of this title; or
* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 97--JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITIES OF FOREIGN STATES

* * * * * * *

1603. Definitions

For purposes of this chapter--

(a) * * *

(b) An ``agency or instrumentality of a foreign state'' means any
entity-- (b) An ``agency or instrumentality of a foreign state'' means--
(1) any entity--

(1) (A) which is a separate legal person, corporate or otherwise,
and
(2) (B) which is an organ of a foreign state or political
subdivision thereof, or a majority of whose shares or other ownership
interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof,
and
(3) (C) which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States
as defined in section 1332 (c) and (d) of this title, nor created under
the laws of any third country. ; and
(2) for purposes of sections 1605(a)(7) and 1610(a)(7) and (f), any
entity as defined under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1), and
subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) shall not apply.
* * * * * * *

1610. Exceptions to the immunity from attachment or execution

(a) * * *

* * * * * * *

(f)(1)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including but
not limited to section 208(f) of the Foreign Missions Act (22 U.S.C.
4308(f)), and except as provided in subparagraph (B), any property with
respect to which financial transactions are prohibited or regulated
pursuant to section 5(b) of the Trading with the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C.
App. 5(b)), section 620(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22
U.S.C. 2370(a)), sections 202 and 203 of the International Emergency
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1702), or any other proclamation,
order, regulation, or license issued pursuant thereto, shall be subject
to execution or attachment in aid of execution of any judgment relating
to a claim for which a foreign state (including any agency or
instrumentality or such state) (including any agency or instrumentality
of such state), except to the extent of any punitive damages awarded
claiming such property is not immune under section 605(a)(7).
* * * * * * *

(C) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, moneys due from or
payable by the United States (including any agency or instrumentality
thereof) to any state against which a judgment is pending under section
1605(a)(7) shall be subject to attachment and execution with respect to
that judgment, in like manner and to the same extent as if the United
States were a private person, except to the extent of any punitive
damages awarded.
* * * * * * *

(3) Waiver.--The President may waive any provision of paragraph (1)
in the interest of national security.

(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), upon determining on an
asset-by-asset basis that a waiver is necessary in the national security
interest, the President may waive this subsection in connection with
(and prior to the enforcement of) any judicial order directing
attachment in aid of execution or execution against any property subject
to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna
Convention on Consular Relations.
(B) A waiver under this paragraph shall not apply to--

(i) if property subject to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations has been used
for any nondiplomatic purpose (including use as rental property), the
proceeds of such use; or
(ii) if any asset subject to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is sold or
otherwise transferred for value to a third party, the proceeds of such
sale or transfer.
(C) In this paragraph, the term ``property subject to the Vienna
Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular
Relations'' and the term ``asset subject to the Vienna Convention on
Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations''
mean any property or asset, respectively, the attachment in aid of
execution or execution of which would result in a violation of an
obligation of the United States under the Vienna Convention on
Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, as
the case may be.
(4) For purposes of this subsection, all assets of any agency or
instrumentality of a foreign state shall be treated as assets of that
foreign state.
* * * * * * *



COMMITTEE JURISDICTION LETTERS

[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]

MARKUP TRANSCRIPT

BUSINESS MEETING

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 2001

House of Representatives,

Committee on the Judiciary,

Washington, DC.

The Committee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:00 p.m., in Room 2141,
Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr.
[Chairman of the Committee] presiding.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Committee will be in order. As the first
order of business today, I would like to welcome two Members appointed
to the Judiciary Committee last night.
First, I would like to welcome back Ed Bryant to the Committee after
a leave of absence. Our distinguished colleague has represented the
Seventh District of Tennessee since 1994, and we are glad to have him
back in our ranks. Mr. Bryant will rank after Mr. Goodlatte.
I would also like to welcome to the Committee Mike Pence. Mr. Pence
is a freshman who represents the Second District of Indiana, and we are
very glad to have you both on the Committee as we consider this
important legislation before us today.
Mr. Conyers. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Michigan.

Mr. Conyers. May we join in that, saying welcome to our two
colleagues.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Absolutely.

Now, pursuant to notice, I call up the bill H.R. 2975, the Patriot
Act of 2001, for purposes of markup and move as favorable recommendation
to the House. Without objection, the bill will be considered as read and
open for amendment by title, except that a manager's amendment offered
by the Chairman and Ranking Minority Member may be considered at any
point during the consideration of this bill.
[The bill, H.R. 2975, follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Let me say that this is a little bit
different than the procedure that we have utilized in the past. The
entire bill is open for amendment, but I believe that for purposes of
better order and better debate, if we did it title by title, we could
concentrate on the issues presented in each title. Hearing the
unpleasant noise of bells in my right ear, let me now recess the
Committee until after the second vote.
Let me say that it is the Chair's intention to continue this markup
through the classified briefing that is being held across the street
beginning at 4:00 o'clock, because it is important that the Committee
report this bill out today, and it is also the Chair's intention to keep
the Committee in session until we have a final vote on reporting the
bill out. The Committee is now recessed until after the second vote.
[Recess.]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Committee will be in order. The Chair
notes the presence of a working quorum, and when the Committee recessed
the bill had been called up and unanimous consent had been granted to
consider the bill by title. In order to speed things up, I would like to
limit opening statements to Mr. Conyers and myself. Without objection,
all Members' opening statements may be included in the record at this
point.
The Chair will now recognize himself for an opening statement.

On September 11th, not only our Nation but our entire way of life was
attacked. From the moment that the first plane smashed into the North
Twin Tower, our lives were changed forever. The sordid acts of the 19
men and the elaborate network of organizations that support their cause
have opened our eyes to the clear and present danger that threatens our
great country. Now that our blinders have been removed, the question is
how we will act to help prevent future attacks.
Today we meet with one purpose in mind, to provide law enforcement
with important additional tools to help prevent this sort of catastrophe
from ever happening on U.S. soil again. A true patriot is one who loves,
supports and defends his or her country. In the days and weeks following
this horrific act, it has become clear to the world that the United
States is a nation of patriots who through the selfless act of the New
York firefighters and rescue workers, the heroism of the passengers on
Flight 93, the charitable donations of our citizens' blood and money and
the proud display of our most enduring symbol of freedom, the American
flag. The united efforts of this country are reflected in the bipartisan
efforts of this bill, which I was pleased to introduce with the Ranking
Member, Mr. Conyers, along with the cosponsorship of 18 bipartisan
Members of this Committee.
The bill represents the essence of compromise. The left is not
completely happy with this bill, and neither is the right, but certainly
does not represent the Justice Department's wish list. I think it means
we have got it just about right. We are considering this legislation
today because the rules of war on terrorism are vastly different than
the wars this country has fought in the past. We are uncertain who the
enemy is. We are uncertain where the enemy is. We are more uncertain
than ever before about the next move of the enemy. Because of this
uncertainty, we have had to change the way we think about the safety and
security of our country and its people. We must develop new weapons for
the protection against this new kind of war.
It is important that this new approach to safety and security that is
required us to take action today. The bipartisan legislation we are
considering today will give law enforcement new weapons to fight a new
kind of war. Terrorists have weapons that law enforcement cannot protect
against right now. Technology has made extraordinary advances, but those
advances in the wrong hand have made us more vulnerable to attack.
Attorney General Ashcroft testified before the Judiciary Committee
that, quote, we are today sending our troops into the modern field of
battle with antique weapons, unquote. Indeed, it cannot be denied that
law enforcement tools created decades ago were crafted for rotary
telephones, not e-mail, the Internet, mobile communications and
voicemail. Thus, the Patriot Act modernizes surveillance capabilities by
ensuring that pen register and trap and trace court orders apply to new
technologies such as the Internet and can be executed in multiple
jurisdictions anywhere in the United States.
Criminal provisions dealing with stored electronic communications
will be updated to allow law enforcement to seize stored voicemail
messages in the same way they can seize a taped answering machine
message. Additionally under this bill the court may authorize a pen
register or trap-trace order that follows the person from cell phone to
cell phone, rather than requiring law enforcement to return to court
every time the person switches cell phones.
The bill, consistent with our constitutional system of government,
still requires a judge to approve wiretap search warrants and registers
and trap-trace devices. The Patriot Act also toughens our substantive
criminal law statutes in order to treat crimes of terrorism with the
same level of importance as the most serious crimes in our country, and
it expands the definition of support of terrorism for which a person
could be prosecuted to include providing expert advice to terrorists or
harboring terrorists or concealing a suspected terrorist.
Of equal importance, the bill will not do anything to take away the
freedoms of innocent citizens. Of course, we all recognize that the
fourth amendment to the Constitution prevents the government from
conducting unreasonable searches and seizures, and that is why the
Patriot Act will not change the United States's Constitution or the
rights guaranteed to citizens of this country under the Bill of Rights.
Of course, the first civil right of every American is to be free of
domestic terrorism, and this bill ensures that right by strengthening
our Nation's law enforcement for the protection of all Americans and to
ensure domestic tranquility.
We have produced the means to address many of the shortcomings of
current law, and to improve our law enforcement ability to eradicate
terrorism from our borders while preserving the civil liberties of our
citizens.
I would like to thank both my staff and the minority staff for their
extensive work and collaboration in drafting this legislation.
I am also grateful for the cooperation of the Bush Administration,
particularly for making Justice Department officials available to brief
Members of this Committee at almost any time and place.
I urge the Members of this Committee to support this delicate
compromise legislation and the important purpose it will serve in
fighting terrorism in this country and abroad.
I believe there is an unquestionable need for this bill. In fact, I
am convinced our homeland security depends upon it.
At this time, I yield to the gentleman from Michigan for whatever
comments he cares to make.
Mr. Conyers. Thank you, Chairman Sensenbrenner, and our thanks to the
16 Members on the Democratic side for having invited us to work with you
in crafting this bill. In my tenure on the Committee, I have not
experienced the degree of cooperation between the majority and minority
that has been displayed over the last 2 weeks on a bill as complex and
as possibly contentious as this. There is still work to be done, but we
are off to a good start.
I also advance my thanks to you for preserving regular order on this
matter. It is well known that many prefer that the Administration
proposal be taken directly to the floor, but I believe that in the
national interest order is preserved, and we reach a better result by
taking the additional time required to go through this Committee and by
getting some of the bothersome details as correct as we can.
There is no doubt we are subject to conflicting instincts and
inclinations on this bill. Protecting civil liberties and fighting
terrorism in the wake of a national tragedy is not an easy thing to do.
My friends in law enforcement tell me that they can be trusted not to
abuse the sweeping new powers that they have requested, and I love to
believe my friends in law enforcement. I wish that I could be confident
that that would occur, but history has proven otherwise, regardless of
what political party might have been in charge.
During the Civil War Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas
corpus. In the wake of World War I, we experienced the Pommer raids when
thousands of immigrants were wrongfully detained, beaten and deported.
World War II brought about the shameful internship of Japanese American
citizens. The Korean War led to the era of McCarthyism, guilt by
association, and the Vietnamese War resulted in the FBI digging into the
personal lives of those opposed to the Administration policy.
There have also been anguish, sometimes strident cries, for a rush to
judgment. Let us get this out fast. Now, Chairman Sensenbrenner and I
have both sought to expedite this process as much as possible. At the
same time, the Founding Fathers did not intend the Congress to be a
passive part of government, especially in times of crisis when the Bill
of Rights may be threatened. So as much as I want to help John Ashcroft
do his job as effectively as possible, it would be irresponsible to give
him a blank check.
On the other hand, my many friends in the civil liberties community
tell me that there is no need to broaden the wiretap and surveillance
laws. After much consideration, I have come to the conclusion that it is
appropriate to update our laws to reflect 21st century reality. In the
age of disposable cell phones, it makes sense to authorize multi-point
wiretaps. I am sympathetic to the Attorney General when he complains we
have given him more tools to fight organized crime than terrorism, but
with these new powers must come accountability, additional
accountability. This is why I insisted on extending the statutory
exclusionary rule, increasing penalties for violating our surveillance
laws and creating a new office in the Department of Justice to oversee
civil liberties abuses.
We also insisted the legislation be written in a manner that does not
treat immigrants as our enemies. Diversity, after all, is our great
strength, not our weakness, and each day every immigrant who has reached
our shores is still entitled to dignity, respect and at least due
process. That is why indefinite detention without evidence or court
review has no place in our legal system.
What we come to in closing is the old question, is this a perfect
bill? Well, but it does represent a marked improvement over the
Administration's initial proposal. As a matter of fact, I am having a
side by side of the original Ashcroft proposals with the bill that is
now before us at this moment. Among other things, I am hoping we can
tighten the bill to safeguard innocent Americans from being subject to
CIA snooping. It is imperative that as we hold this markup and move on
to the floor, we continue to work together in good faith and to seek
common ground. Our Nation deserves no less, and I am grateful to all of
the Members of this Committee and our staffs for the work that they have
done thus far.
[The prepared statement of Mr. Issa follows:]


Prepared Statement of the Honorable Darrell Issa, a
Representative in Congress From the State of California
Thank you, Mr. Chairman and Ranking Member Conyers, for expediting
the markup of H.R. 2975, ``The PATRIOT Act of 2001,'' to the full
Judiciary Committee. I also want to thank the Judiciary Committee Staff
for their time and expertise in working with the Justice Department, the
President and individual Members of the Judiciary Committee in putting
together this bill. H.R. 2975 will give the Justice Department the
pertinent tools to investigate, apprehend and prosecute the perpetrators
of terrorism, while at the same time preserving the civil liberties of
all Americans.
As our nation recovers from the terrifying attacks on September 11th,
it is apparent that the FBI, CIA and the INS were not sufficiently
coordinated and currently do not have sufficient access to shared
information in order to prevent future attacks. Immediate remedies are
needed to apprehend the terrorists that planned these heinous acts and
those that are plotting for the future. The Judiciary Committee has an
opportunity to approve a bill that will give additional surveillance
measures and greater abilities to prosecute terrorists to the Justice
Department so they may better combat terrorism. But thoughtful
consideration is needed in order to avoid the latent abuse of our rights
as U.S. citizens by our own government.
The Justice Department has asked this Congress for many of the
provisions included in this bill, and I am certain that the Judiciary
Committee will be asked to provide additional tools to intelligence
agencies in the future as terrorism reveals itself in different forms.
The success resulting from this bill should not be measured by how many
terrorists we apprehend, but in terms of the number of lives saved by
our deliberate action today.
I thank the Chairman for scheduling this markup today of H.R. 2975
and urge my colleagues to support final passage of this bill.


Chairman Sensenbrenner. I thank the gentleman from Michigan.

Are there amendments? Gentleman from Illinois.

Mr. Hyde. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, I have a number of them. The number----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Please turn your mike on.

The Clerk. I have several amendments.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. Title I is open to amendment at any
point. Is the gentleman from Illinois' amendment to title I--okay. This
is a title III amendment. Are there any amendments to title I?
Mr. Boucher. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman from Virginia.

Mr. Boucher. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R.----

Mr. Boucher. I ask unanimous consent, Mr. Chairman, that the
amendment be considered as read.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Well, let us have the Clerk pass some of them
out.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975, offered by Messrs. Boucher,
Goodlatte and Cannon. Insert at the end of title I the following:
Section----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read. The gentleman from Virginia is recognized for 5
minutes.
[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Mr. Boucher. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. It is my pleasure to
join with our colleagues Messrs. Goodlatte and Cannon, in offering this
amendment. It would merely ensure that nothing in the act imposes a
mandate on communications service providers to redesign or modify their
equipment, their facilities, their services, their features of system
configuration in order to comply with the mandates of this act. The
Department of Justice has indicated that it does not intend that any
such burden be placed on communications service providers. The amendment
merely reflects that intent and would prevent any provision from being
interpreted as imposing such a mandate.
Mr. Chairman, I----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Boucher. --think this is noncontroversial, and I would be pleased
to yield to the gentleman.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. I thank the gentleman for yielding. This is a
constructive provision to the bill and it says the bill will not impose
any technological obligation on any provider of wire electronic
communications service. That is not the intent of the bill, and I think
that this clarifies this.
Mr. Conyers. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Boucher. I would be pleased to yield.

Mr. Conyers. I would like the gentleman from Virginia to know that I
think this is a constructive addition to the bill.
Mr. Boucher. I thank the Chairman and the Ranking Member and I would
be----
Mr. Goodlatte. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Boucher. I would be pleased to yield.

Mr. Goodlatte. I think this is a constructive addition to the bill.
As you know, there have been a great many concerns regarding previous
laws that have been passed, particularly COLEA, that have imposed
inordinate burdens on the telecommunications industry. Sometimes those
things are necessary and appropriate, sometimes not, but simply to do it
without understanding what the costs are and so on is not the way to go.
We have done that before, and we run into a lot of difficulties as a
result. So this amendment is a good one, and I appreciate the Chairman
accepting it.
Mr. Boucher. I thank the gentleman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on adoption of the amendment
of the gentleman from Virginia, Mr. Boucher. Those in favor will signify
by saying aye. Opposed, no. The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it
and the amendment is agreed to.
Are there further amendments to title I?

Mr. Goodlatte. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The other gentleman from Virginia, Mr.
Goodlatte.
Mr. Goodlatte. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Goodlatte. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment at the desk which,
based upon conversations with you and with Chairman Smith, I do not
intend to offer, but I want to reach an understanding with the Chair as
to how he intends to approach this problem. The amendment deals with the
issue of defining what is content when you move pen register and trap
and trace legislation on to the Internet. As you know, when you use
those devices to capture outgoing e-mails, incoming e-mails, movement
around the Internet to different Web sites and so on, you can secure a
great deal more information than you get in the equivalent when you do
something on the telephone, where basically all you get is the telephone
number made or the telephone number received.
I am referring to things like the subject headers on e-mails, like
the second and third and below level URLs, which are the indications of,
once you visit a Web site, what exactly you are looking at on the Web
site. If someone were able to follow somebody as they surfed the
Internet and saw every single page they looked at, they could write
quite a convincing dossier about that individual without ever having
obtained any court approval to obtain that level of information.
We have attempted to work on language. We do have language that we
have shown to other Members of the Committee that we have not yet
reached agreement on, but it would be very helpful if there were report
language included within that made clear that this legislation does not
include content and gave some definition of what that content is.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Goodlatte. I would yield.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman states what the intent of the
legislation is precisely, and that is that the pen register and trap and
trace provisions are not to get into content of these types of
electronic communications but merely where they have come from and where
they go to. We will work on getting appropriate report language in the
Committee report and further work with the gentleman as well as with the
Justice Department as this legislation moves through the process just to
make sure that there is not an expansive definition of content.
Ms. Lofgren. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Goodlatte. Yes, I would yield to the gentlelady from California.

Ms. Lofgren. Just briefly. I thank the gentleman for yielding. I am
glad that this is going to be addressed in the report. I think it is
worth stating also that in the discussions that we had at a staff level,
and Members as well, with the Justice Department and the White House,
they made it very clear that they agreed with this, and this is not an
argument. It is just a clarification, and I think that is important for
the public to know, and I thank the gentleman for yielding.
Mr. Goodlatte. The gentlewoman is correct. I am happy to yield to the
gentleman from Texas, the Chairman of the Subcommittee.
Mr. Smith. Thank you, Mr. Goodlatte. I do appreciate your consulting
with me earlier about your amendments and the intent behind those
amendments, and I just want to make clear that while I think report
language is acceptable, I want to make sure that the report language
does not in any way indicate that we are rolling back current law. I
think you agree with that.
Mr. Goodlatte. I do agree with that. We have no intention of rolling
back current law. We simply want to make clear that when the law says
you cannot get content without getting a court order, that that will
apply to content on the Internet. We need to define that, because it is
different than content when it comes to telephone calls.
Mr. Boucher. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Goodlatte. I will yield to the gentleman from Virginia.

Mr. Boucher. I thank the gentleman very much for bringing this
concern before the Committee today. I share the concern the gentleman
has announced that the message line on e-mail and the Web pages within a
given Web site should not be accessible to law enforcement simply
through the very minimal standards that attach to the use of a pen
registered device, and I think the gentleman has raised a very important
concern, and I want to thank Chairman Sensenbrenner for agreeing to work
with us as we address this concern between now and the time this measure
reaches the floor.
Mr. Goodlatte. I thank the Chairman also and yield back my time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Are there amendments to title I?

The gentlewoman from California, Ms. Waters.

Ms. Waters. I have an amendment at the desk and I move to----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975, offered by Ms. Waters, Page 13,
Line 23 in paren section 108, strike ``without geographic limitation''
and insert ``in any district in which significant activities related to
the terrorism may have occurred.''.
Page 91, Line 2, section 351, insert significant before activities.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

Ms. Waters. Mr. Chairman?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Let me make the observation before
recognizing the gentlewoman that an amendment to section 351 is not in
order, because that is the title III. Does the gentlewoman wish to
modify her amendment to delete that part of it?
Ms. Waters. Well, I thought, Mr. Chairman, that that part of it would
be consistent with the Page 13, Line 23, section 108. I think if you did
not amend both of them, you would have conflicting sections.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the gentlewoman from
California will be granted unanimous consent to amend both titles on
this amendment. Hearing none, so ordered, and the gentlewoman is
recognized for 5 minutes.
Ms. Waters. Thank you very much. There are two provisions of H.R.
2975 that deal with nationwide service of search warrants. Section 108
of title I applies to electronic evidence and section 351 of title III
deals with warrants and criminal procedure. As written, both sections
would allow the government to apply for search warrants in any
jurisdiction throughout the United States. This greatly expanded
jurisdiction is not limited by requirement that there be a connection
between the court and the place where the crime occurred. It would
encourage the government to engage in forum shopping, applying for
search warrants to judges that it knows will not give close scrutiny to
the applications. It would also mean that the government can apply to
courts and jurisdictions far from where the actual search occurs so that
it becomes very difficult, if not impossible, for the person being
searched to challenge the search.
I understand the government's interest in nationwide searches as a
way to deal with the increasing use of electronic information. At the
same time, we must be careful not to allow too much opportunity for
forum shopping. My amendment would strike a balance between those two
competing interests by requiring that warrants be issued in districts in
which significant activities related to the terrorism may have occurred.
The amendment would limit the ability of the government to forum shop,
while still accommodating the government's need to obtain warrants
quickly.
This is a minor but important technical change to H.R. 2975. I would
urge your support of the amendment. I would think that my colleagues
would not want significant activities to have occurred in California and
the government go and shop to get a search warrant in Mississippi. It
just doesn't make good sense. I would ask for an aye vote.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Will the gentlewoman yield back the balance
of her time?
Ms. Waters. I yield back the balance of my time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I recognize myself for 5 minutes in
opposition to the amendment. The current law creates unnecessary delays
and burdens for the government in the investigation of terrorist
activities and networks that span a number of districts, and should the
amendment of the gentlewoman from California be adopted, there can be
terrorist activity in a certain part of the country, a search warrant
can be issued, and at the speed of light an e-mail can be sent to
another part of the country and the government would then have to go
into court and get another search warrant in order to execute it. This
could allow valuable evidence to slip through the fingers of the
government, and a single nationwide search warrant would not allow that
to happen. I believe that limiting search warrant applications in
terrorism cases only to districts where there is significant terrorism
activity will not solve the problem of unnecessary delays and burdens,
since terrorism knows no boundaries and would not limit itself to any
particular point in the country.
I would furthermore point out that one of the essential parts of the
compromise that this bill represents is the 2-year sunset provision. If
there are abuses such as those of the concern of the gentlewoman from
California, this Committee will have an ample opportunity to review
those abuses at the time there is legislation introduced to extend the
sunset provision to some future date.
So for all of these reasons, I would urge the Committee to reject the
amendment and yield back the balance of my time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Watt. Mr. Chairman, may I make a parliamentary inquiry?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman will state his parliamentary
inquiry.
Mr. Watt. Some of us are confused about which bill we are marking up,
what we are using as the markup vehicle, because this----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. It is the printed H.R. 2975, and unanimous
consent was granted to consider this bill by title. So amendments to
title I are in order at this time.
Mr. Watt. Is it this bill?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I believe so.

Mr. Watt. Because this--the amendments don't seem to correspond with
this bill. I guess that is what is raising the--people seem to be
working off of some--something other----
Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Watt. Who am I yielding to?

Mr. Delahunt. Mr. Delahunt of Massachusetts.

Mr. Watt. Mr. Delahunt, yes.

Mr. Delahunt. I think the amendment really refers to--no. I am
speaking to page 13. It should be page 14, line 2.
Mr. Watt. Well, not if you were using the other--some other draft
that we received yesterday, I think is what everybody seems to be
amending.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Well, I think we know where this
amendment--this particular amendment fits in. Let me ask those who are
planning to offer amendments to make sure that the page and line numbers
are properly stated on the amendment so that everybody knows where it
fits in in the bill.
Mr. Nadler. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Watt. I will yield to the gentleman if he allows me to.

Mr. Nadler. Mr. Chairman, I think there is a copy entitled H.R.
``blank'' to Sensenbrenner and Mr. Conyers, which is not the--with an
October 2nd date on it, and I think that is what we are using--most of
us are using to--for the purposes of amendment.
Ms. Waters. If the gentleman will yield, I think that----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I am informed by my counsel that before there
is a printed version, the legislative counsel was instructed to draft
the sections in the Xerox version; and after the printed version
appeared on the scene, the alleged counsel was instructed to draft to
that. So I guess it depends upon how early the amendments were drafted.
Without objection, the page and line numbers are conformed on the
gentlewoman from California's amendment to the printed version of the
bill, and again the Chair would reiterate his request that those who are
planning on offering amendments later on in the process make the page
and line numbers refer to the printed version of today rather than the
Xeroxed version of yesterday.
Mr. Berman. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
California, Mr. Berman, seek recognition?
Mr. Berman. I move to strike the last----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Well, there presently is the Waters amendment
that is pending.
Mr. Berman. It is just--it is to strike the last word in order to----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Berman. The summary of 108 put out by the staff says that the
court with the jurisdiction over the investigation, is the court to
issue the warrant directly. That of course doesn't appear in the
language in section 108, and I am wondering if staff can clarify if that
is true, because if that is true then it wouldn't be forum shopping,
because that would be the court that would have the ability to issue the
warrant.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. I believe that section 101 defines court of
competent jurisdiction, and 108 references back to that.
Mr. Berman. All right. So that in 101----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield? The clarification
of that will be in the manager's amendment that will be offered at the
end of title I.
Mr. Berman. So that--you are telling me that on 108, to get this sort
of national search warrant, you have to go to the court which has
jurisdiction over the--where the investigation is----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The court with jurisdiction over the offense
under investigation.
Mr. Berman. So at----

Ms. Waters. Or.

Mr. Berman. Or what? I yield to the gentlelady from California for
the ``or.''.
Ms. Waters. Or the United States Court of Appeals having jurisdiction
over the offense being investigated or----
Mr. Berman. I can't hear you. Tell us what line you are reading.

Ms. Waters. All right. We are trying to find the right bill that we
are working from. The section that you are referring to, Congressman
Berman, states in a District Court of United States, including a
magistrate----
Mr. Berman. Could you just tell us the page you are reading from?

Ms. Waters. On page 7, line 14.

Mr. Berman. The court of competent jurisdiction. Okay.

Ms. Waters. In a District Court of the United States, including a
magistrate judge of such a court or any United States Court of Appeals
having jurisdiction over the offense being investigated or.
Mr. Berman. Well, then, all right. That is very different language
than the summary, which talks about it----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Berman. All right. But that is the--in other words, the ``or''
doesn't refer to other jurisdictions. The ``or'' refers to----
Ms. Waters. What does it refer to?

Mr. Berman. A pen register. In other words--right.

Ms. Waters. What does ``or'' refer to, somebody?

Mr. Berman. Here are the different courts of competent jurisdiction.
For a pen register----
Mr. Frank. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Berman. Yeah. The question really is, is what comes after the
``or'' in the original----
Mr. Frank. If the gentleman would yield, the ``or'' is in the
original statute. That then would be picking up most of the original
statute. So somebody would have to go to the code, but the ``or'' would
refer to whatever is in the existing statute the way that is written.
Mr. Berman. I mean, if the intention here is to limit the ability to
grant this national warrant to the place where the district----
Ms. Waters. Significant activity.

Mr. Berman. --or the Court of Appeals has jurisdiction over the
offense being investigated, then it is--it does deal with the issue of
the forum shopping, and the concern that causes this amendment to rise.
Is it the intention in proposing this to have that be the place where
they have to go?
Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentleman yield?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman would yield, this restricts
forum shopping. The ``or'' is existing statute. The new language for the
nationwide search warrant is the court of competent jurisdiction in the
district or, in the case of Court of Appeals, in the circuit where the
offense being investigated has arisen.
Ms. Waters. Go ahead.

Mr. Delahunt. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired.

Mr. Delahunt. Mr. Chairman?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose, the gentleman from
Massachusetts?
Mr. Delahunt. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Delahunt. I just want to be clear, because I think that the
gentlelady has a point, and if I may, I am going to try to summarize
what I think her concern is in terms of the forum shopping, but,
however, the intention--and maybe it is not adequately expressed in the
Committee bill in terms of the--as she describes it, forum shopping. I
think it is the intention of the Committee and the legislative intent
here is the court of jurisdiction where the offense is committed would
be the court where the application for the nationwide search warrant
would be applied for.
Ms. Waters. That is right.

Mr. Delahunt. If I am correct, I believe it is the position of the
Chair that that is consistent with his understanding of the Committee's
proposal and that it would be taken care of. The language would be taken
care of in a manager's amendment.
Ms. Waters. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Delahunt. I will yield to the gentlelady.

Ms. Waters. First of all, let us make it very clear, even though I
don't like the idea of being able to get these search warrants attached
to the person and, you know, all over the United States, et cetera, or
all over wherever. This amendment is simply trying to say that you must
get the search warrant in the jurisdiction where the significant
activity took place. Now, you can take that search warrant and go all
over the United States with it, but you have to get it in the correct
jurisdiction, and I don't think there is any language in this bill that
ties it down. This allows for forum shopping where you could get the
search warrant any place, and the person who would want to contest it
may have to travel a long distance to contest it. I mean, I just think
that we can perfect the language----
Mr. Delahunt. I think it is the intention here that the government is
seeking to stay in one place, if you will, where the offense allegedly
occurred rather than doing exactly what you are saying, traveling all
over the country because of the speed with which these terrorist groups
now operate. So, in other words, if an offense was committed in Los
Angeles, that the Federal District Court in Los Angeles would provide
the venue for an application for a search warrant.
Ms. Waters. Right.

Mr. Delahunt. That search warrant, once approved, could be executed
in New York or Boston or anywhere. Is that what the gentlelady----
Ms. Waters. That is absolutely true. That is exactly what we are
trying to do. If you are suggesting that that is what the bill intends
to do and if you are suggesting for the Chair that they will clean it up
in the manager's amendment, then the job is done.
Mr. Delahunt. I ask the Chair if that----

Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Delahunt. I will yield to the gentleman, but first the gentleman
from California, Mr. Berman.
Mr. Berman. I think the Chairman, by his representation, made it
clear that it is--you go to the court--the District Court or the Court
of Appeals which has jurisdiction over the offense being investigated.
That is where you have to go. Because I think the two issues you have
raised,
Ms. Waters, are both right. The notion of forum shopping and then the
question of the attack. But as I understand it practically speaking, you
attack a search warrant in the context of a trial where the evidence is
seized in that search and you are still able to do that wherever that
trial takes place. So there you don't have to go back to the original
court which issued the search warrant. You go to the court where the
prosecution is underway and you seek to throw out the evidence gathered
in the search warrant, and you can attack the validity of the search
warrant at that time. So I think in a way both of your concerns are
quite legitimate, but both are answered by the definition of the court
of competent jurisdiction.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired.

The gentleman from Massachusetts.

Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman, and let me further respond to the legitimate
concerns----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentleman from Massachusetts seek
his own time?
Mr. Frank. Yes, I do.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Frank. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. The gentleman asked what came
after the ``or.'' I think one of the things we are going to need to do
is keep the relevant volumes of the code on, because what comes after
the ``or'' is what is already in the code. It isn't amended. And the
fear I think was, well, ``or'' what? And here is what the ``or what.''
the ``or'' actually--what we are amending is the Federal jurisdiction.
The ``or'' is the State jurisdiction and here is what comes after the
``or.'' it is 3127(2)(B). The ``or'' is a court of general criminal
jurisdiction of a State authorized by the law of that State to enter
orders authorizing the use of a pen register, et cetera. And that is not
being amended.
So that is the answer. We are amending in here the Federal
jurisdiction, and we are leaving the current statute with regard to
State jurisdiction unchanged.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman will yield.

Mr. Frank. Yes.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. We are drafting an addition to the manager's
amendment that I think hits this point. It is presently being Xeroxed
off, so I would like to ask the forbearance of the Committee. Perhaps if
the gentlewoman would withdraw her amendment without prejudice to
reoffering it if she doesn't like what is in the manager's amendment.
Ms. Waters. I have no problems with that, Mr. Chairman. Okay.

Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman--I am sorry. I will yield to the gentlewoman.

Ms. Waters. If what you are suggesting to me is that we both
understand what we are trying to do and that you are not opposed to
it--I am certainly not trying to do anything other than get it in the
proper jurisdiction of significant activity--then I have no problems
with withdrawing it and having you work on it and clean it up.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn, at least
temporarily. Are there further amendments?
Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman, I just wanted to finish. I would hope we
would have volumes of the code on, because there will be other dangling
prepositions that----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Will the staff bring volumes of the code and
a thesaurus on dangling prepositions?
Are there further amendments?

Mr. Schiff. Would the Chairman yield on that last point?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from California.

Mr. Schiff. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized

for----

Mr. Schiff. The only precaution that I would offer in the redrafting,
to address the gentlelady's concerns, is that while we all have the
events of September 11th very much in mind, that may not be the
archetype investigation. There may not always be a clear court of
jurisdiction over the offense. There may be in fact many courts of
jurisdiction. If, for example, you are investigating a conspiracy to
commit a terrorist act which has not yet taken place, the conspiracy is
an offense but you cannot necessarily say that a conspiracy between
terrorists operating in Canada, in Boston, in New York and in Dallas has
a nexus in only one jurisdiction. And so we don't want to draft the
language to preclude law enforcement going to an appropriate court and
getting jurisdiction going after the genesis of a terrorist case.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman will yield, I think the
gentleman has correctly stated what is in this bill, is that it could be
any court where there is terrorist activity. An offense can occur in
many jurisdictions, but if it is running investigations.
Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Schiff. Yes.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
California.
Mr. Scott. Sometimes we make a differentiation between venue and
jurisdiction. The court can have jurisdiction but it may not be the
right venue. Some of these crimes are not multijurisdictional. Most of
it is in one place, and what the gentlelady from California is saying,
that if you are going to pick a judge, you ought to have the
judge--ought to have some connection to the crime, that you couldn't
have one judge in Oklahoma issuing all the search warrants for the
country. If the crime has been committed in California, you ought to go
to a California judge. If it has been done in California, New York,
Illinois, you can go to any of the judges and they can issue all the
warrants for the case. But the judge ought to have some connection to
the crime.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman would yield, I think the
change to the manager's amendment addresses these concerns. If we can go
on to something else and then come back to this when everybody sees what
the language that is being proposed will do, I think we can expedite the
business of the Committee.
Are there further amendments?

Ms. Waters. Would the gentleman yield? Will you yield, please, sir,
before you move off of this point?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Well, the time belongs to the gentleman from
Virginia.
Ms. Waters. Who has the time?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Excuse me. The gentleman from Massachusetts,
Mr. Frank, has the time.
Mr. Frank. I have an amendment, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Massachusetts has an
amendment at the desk. The Clerk will report the amendment.
Mr. Frank. There is a pencilled change in the one that--have you got
the one with the pencil change that says title I?
The Clerk. No, sir.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment will be
designated as an amendment to title I. It was drafted as an amendment to
various statutory sections, all of which are in the Criminal Code.
Mr. Frank. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered. The Clerk will
report the amendment.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975----

Mr. Frank. I would ask that it be considered as read, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered. And the
gentleman from Massachusetts is recognized for 5 minutes.
[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman, we have had some conversations about this
and it is a subject I have talked about considerably. We will be in this
bill enhancing surveillance authority. People are nervous about that. I
am a supporter of enhanced surveillance authority properly used. Indeed,
much of this bill is going to be an effort to give authority and then
have safeguards to prevent abuses. I was struck this morning at a
hearing in the Financial Services Committee when the Secretary of
Treasury was asked what he thought about a money laundering bill
sponsored by Mr. LaFalce and Senator Kerry. He said I am for it as soon
as you put in the right due process provisions, and I think that is what
we are trying to appropriately do here.
What this amendment does is to build on existing statutes, which give
a remedy to an individual who has been the subject of surveillance and
then has had that information inappropriately leaked. Obviously that
information is to be used in intelligence. It is to be used in criminal
proceedings. The statute authorizes uses. My amendment would not change
or diminish in any way the authorized uses.
The current statute, as it has been pointed out by the Justice
Department, also does allow you to sue if some of your information is
released but not others. We gather information in various ways. There
has also been some ambiguity indeed about whether or not someone whom
that information has been appropriately released; i.e., outside the
statutory scheme, can sue the government. Most of the courts have said
yes. It has to do with an interpretation of the word ``entity.'' I think
we want to clear that up. We also want to make it explicit that
inappropriate disclosure is a violation, not a criminal violation here
but a civil violation.
Mr. Frank. So what the amendment does is as follows: First, it says
that wherever we gather information, whether it is pen register, trace
and trap or wiretap or whatever, wiretap under one statute, wiretap
under FISA, if information gained during the surveillance is
inappropriately released, if it winds up on the White House desk and
somebody leaks it, if J. Edgar Hoover tells bad stories about you, then
you have a right to go in under the Federal Tort Claims Act as the
aggrieved party and sue. If you can prove your case--and the statute has
a minimum of statutory damages. It has been 1,000. This would raise it
to 10,000, not a huge amount, but enough to make sure that it is
worthwhile.
It also then says that if someone goes in and wins the lawsuit
against the government, because surveilled information has been
inappropriately leaked, the head of that bureau or agency either must
initiate disciplinary proceedings against the leaker or explain in
writing to the newly created Assistant Inspector General for Civil
Liberties why that wasn't done. There is no perfect way, but I am trying
to increase the negative incentive for this kind of leaking. We have had
situations in the past--and by the way, when we think about it, that is
what most people are afraid of was surveillance. In fact, if you are
surveilled and nothing criminal comes out or nothing that leads you to
law enforcement difficulty and the information is then appropriately
totally kept secret, you are probably not going to be too upset.
The problem comes when the human beings, often politically motivated
by either party who are in charge, will in some cases use this and will
use embarrassing information. Embarrassing information was released
about Martin Luther King.
Let me say, Mr. Chairman, if there is in fact anybody who could be
totally surveilled and not be embarrassed by some of the information
released, that person has my sympathy. That kind of is a dull life to
live. I would think any of us would not want to say, hey, nothing about
me could ever be released to my embarrassment. This is a way I think to
reassure people about the surveillance. It is not perfect, but it does
build on a basic scheme.
I yield to the Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. We are prepared to accept this amendment. I
think the gentleman's points are very well taken, and maybe there ought
to be quantified damages for embarrassment due to these leaks.
Mr. Conyers. I thank the gentleman for the yielding and I would not
want to disparage those who may be more virtuous than some of us on the
Committee. But are lawyers compensated for this proposal, Mr. Frank?
Mr. Frank. Yes, if you win. Also the damages, the 10,000 is a
statutory minimum, if in fact you can show under the Federal Tort Claims
Act, you can show other damages. Remember, under the Federal Tort Claims
Act, punitive damages are not allowed because by definition, the Federal
Government is never bad. But actual damages, if you were otherwise hurt,
those would be allowed under the Federal Tort Claims Act.
Mr. Nadler. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired. Question is
on the floor. Gentleman from New York, Mr. Nadler is recognized for 5
minutes.
Mr. Nadler. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I am glad to hear that this
amendment is being accepted. I just have a question about it, Mr. Frank.
You say in the first line of the amendment and actually under the
section, ``by a citizen or long term permanent citizen.'' what does long
term mean?
Mr. Frank. It is supposed to be legal. I would ask unanimous consent
that somebody misinterpreted LPR, ``legal permanent resident,'' not
``long term.''.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is so
modified.
Mr. Nadler. One other modification. I think you mean that the
parentheses in that same section should be, ``or against any State
investigative or law enforcement officer,'' and the parentheses should
be closed there.
Mr. Frank. Yes. I ask unanimous consent to correct my parentheses.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the second modification is
agreed to. The question is on----
Ms. Lofgren. Mr. Chairman, I have a question. I would move to strike
the last word.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from New
York, Mr. Nadler.
Mr. Nadler. I yield.

Ms. Lofgren . The question is this. If you are a permanent resident
of the United States and you are identified in the media as the
perpetrator of a violent terrorist act and you decide to sue under the
statute--you believe it has been leaked--is there a procedure under the
Federal Tort Claims Act that mirrors that which exists under the
criminal law where the--if the defense involved disclosure of national
security information, that that procedure could be done in camera?
Mr. Frank. If the gentleman from New York would yield. I assume that
would be information that was gathered under FISA and still be covered
by FISA. I would make that explicit.
Ms. Lofgren. In the amendment it says it shall be governed under the
Federal Tort Claims Act--the procedures will all be under the Federal
Tort Claims Act.
Mr. Frank. I apologize. It was certainly my intention that anything
gathered under FISA would be covered by all of the FISA rules. And I
would ask unanimous consent that when we got to corrective changes, that
we make that change.
Ms. Lofgren. Thank you very much, and I yield back.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the amendment offered by
the gentleman from Massachusetts, Mr. Frank. Those in favor will signify
by saying aye. Opposed no. The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it
and the amendment is agreed to.
Are there further amendments? The gentleman from California, Mr. Berman.

Mr. Berman. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment, which is at the
desk--I have several. This one is to make consistent the standards for
disclosure of foreign intelligence information.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Berman, to make
consistent the standards for disclosure of foreign intelligence
information. A----
Mr. Berman. I ask unanimous consent.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. If we can wait until the amendments are
distributed.
The Clerk. --of the bill on page 10. On line 1, insert the following
after parens--quotation, information, end quote, inside parentheses as
defined in 50 U.S.----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read and open for amendment at any point. The gentleman
from California is recognized for 5 minutes.
[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Mr. Berman. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. First, I do want to say how much
I appreciate the efforts you and the Ranking Member and the Committee
staff have made since this proposal first came over from the Justice
Department and since the Committee hearing last week to make this a
piece of legislation that I believe will be supported by most, if not
all, both sides of the aisle. I am cosponsor of the bill and I intend to
vote for it. But I do think there are still some issues that need to be
fixed and this is one of them.
Very appropriately, the Justice Department has asked for the ability
to allow information discovered in the context of a criminal
investigation, whether it is a--through a grand jury testimony in a
proceeding, whether it is through a regular criminal investigation,
whether it is through an electronic wiretap or electronic surveillance
or whether it is tax information to be shared where you are dealing with
foreign intelligence information, to share that with the agencies
involved in gathering, disseminating and acting on foreign intelligence
information.
There is--particularly now and perhaps before, there is a compelling
case for allowing that kind of information sharing. The proposal that
was originally submitted I think was--in several respects was too loose.
It allowed information sharing with any government employee and without
any limits as to the purpose. The version now before us has made some
significant changes. If it is grand jury information that is going to be
shared, this has to be done through a court order. I don't think one
needs a court order in the context of either the regular criminal
investigation or in the context of the sharing of tax information. But I
do think the bill is deficient in that where you are going with a Title
III wiretap and information sharing under that electronic surveillance
that the court that supervised and made the decision to grant permission
for the electronic surveillance should be considered before the
information is shared.
So one part of this amendment requires the court to intervene in that
process. The second effort is to try and put some greater limit on the
people who can get this foreign intelligence information. And we have
taken language that was used by the Ways and Means Committee in limiting
who can see this. The legislation now before us by virtue of the
Chairman and the Ranking Member's efforts limits this information to
people in the Department of Defense, the CIA, the Department of State,
other protected agencies, including the Secret Service. I think that is
the basic group of agencies that are allowed to see this, to people in
their official performance of their official duties.
I agree with the limitation on the agencies, but I believe the
limitation to people in the performance of their official duties is very
vague and unclear and at least in theory could allow huge numbers of
people in those agencies who have no business seeing this foreign
intelligence information, allow them to get this information even though
there is no relevance to anything that they are particularly doing. And
I have substituted some different language used on the tax information
that would limit the information from a grand jury, from a court ordered
electronic surveillance or for a general criminal investigation. I
understand there are concerns about that language, and perhaps we can
have a colloquy on that.
The other two amendments I understand are acceptable to Chairman
Sensenbrenner. One defines foreign intelligence information in the
fashion in which it is defined in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Act, FISA. It picks up that definition and with respect to all of these
floor information sharing provisions. And finally, it removes the
provision under criminal investigations for notwithstanding any other
provision of law which negates the obligations and limitations both for
grand jury information sharing and electronic--court ordered electronic
surveillance information sharing.
So we have tried to put all of these into one amendment and I am
prepared to make--when I get a sense from the Chairman of his reaction
to this amendment, I am prepared to seek unanimous consent to scale back
this amendment.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired. The Chair
will recognize himself for 5 minutes and not take all of the time. I
believe that the material on the gentleman's amendment, line 1 of
section 103 and on page 23, lines 23 and 24 of section 154, is very
meritorious, and I would hope that that would be split out of the rest
of the amendment and be adopted.
The material on line 3 of section 103, at the end of section 103, the
material that is added on page 24, line 4 and on page 92, line 3, I
think needs a little bit more work, and I would pledge to work with the
gentleman from California between now and the time this bill comes to
the floor or in conference Committee to be able to attempt to fine-tune
these items. I think the gentleman is going in the right direction.
Three of the points I think were across the goal line and the other
ones I think we are getting there.
Mr. Berman. In that case, Mr. Chairman, with the understanding that
we don't have any kind of agreement on this issue, I still would like to
understand why it is not appropriate to seek a court order from the
court that allowed the electronic surveillance for purposes of title III
criminal investigations before you shared. Understanding that is
something we will have to discuss further and accepting very much your
indication of the willingness to try and more clearly limit the number
of people in these agencies who will get this foreign intelligence
information and that we will work on language between now and the Rules
Committee, I would ask unanimous consent to----
Mr. Conyers. Would the gentleman yield? Is it your intention, Mr.
Berman, to modify your amendment here and move on with that part that
might win the approval of the majority of the Committee or to shove the
entire matter to work on it under the Sensenbrenner promise?
Mr. Berman. I don't want to test what part would win the majority of
the Committee. And therefore I was going to take the guidance from the
Chairman and simply scale back my amendment to include the--tying the
definition under FISA and the removal of the language, notwithstanding
any other provision of law, and leave the amendment with those
provisions in and strike the other provisions and work out the
limitation on people who get the information between now and the Rules
Committee.
Mr. Conyers. I hold my high compliment and praise for you until that
takes place.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Just so that we are clear on what is agreed
to and what is on the table for further discussion, without objection,
the amendment is modified to include the language in section 103 on page
10, line 1. The language in section 154 of the bill on page 23, lines 23
and 24 and the rest of what is in the amendment will be deleted. Under
that understanding, without objection, the amendment is so modified. The
question is asked----
Ms. Lofgren. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentlewoman from California.

Ms. Lofgren. I do have a concern and perhaps it could be alleviated
through the discussion and reflection in the Committee report. But
taking a look at the limitations in the immigration area where people
would be responding to terrorist incidents, threats or activities,
generally that is not a task of the Immigration Service. I can foresee,
although a completely made-up hypothetical, let us say that we through
intelligence sources find out that a particular country has--there has
been birth record fraud and that was found through FISA means. But the
promulgator of the student visa regulations needs to have an
understanding of what is occurring in order to draft these regulations
so that the fraud from that particular country is--gets, say, for
example, special scrutiny or biometrics or something of that nature. I
just think that--I agree with the gentleman's desire to limit this to
people whose business it is to know about it, but I am fearful that the
language in here may be too restrictive. And I am wondering if we
could--I don't mind doing it today, but between now and the floor, work
through and invite the Justice Department as well to come up with some
further----
Mr. Berman. Will the gentlelady yield?

Ms. Lofgren. Yes.

Mr. Berman. That is exactly the point I think the Chairman perhaps
was making and, based on his recognition that the present bill doesn't
adequately limit the number of people and that perhaps my proposal
limits it too much, we are going to try and find an acceptable middle
ground here.
Ms. Lofgren. But we are going to vote on this right now?

Mr. Berman. No. I have withdrawn that part from the amendment.

Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentlelady yield?

Ms. Lofgren. I will yield.

Mr. Delahunt. I suggest maybe that Mr. Berman and the Chair and
appropriate staffs could work out language which would provide for
special designations in terms of the officials who would have--would be
privy to this particular information. I am sure there are ways to work
it out, and I am confident.
Mr. Berman. I do think that is one way to skin this cat. You
authorize each agency to develop a list of people appropriate or
positions appropriate to receive this information.
Ms. Lofgren. I thank the Chairman, and I think I had misunderstood
which was coming in and which was going out, and I yield back.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the Berman amendment, as
modified. Those in favor will signify by saying aye. Opposed, no. The
ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it, and the amendment as modified
is agreed to.
Are there further amendments? Gentleman from Michigan.

Mr. Conyers. Might I strike the last word only to remind the Chair
and the membership that at 4:00 o'clock we had a briefing classified
with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the State Department and the Defense
Department, and a number of Members have indicated that they thought it
in their interest to attend such a meeting. I offer this reluctantly
because we are going at a nice clip, but at the same time we are under
a--I don't think that these members of the executive branch have
summoned us through our leadership to the floor for a secret briefing
for nothing, and I think that it may be more appropriate that we retire
with the agreement and understanding that we will return as soon as that
briefing is over.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Chair announced at the beginning of this
markup at 2:00 o'clock that it is important for preserving the
jurisdiction of this Committee that this Committee report this bill out
today so that the Committee report can be filed no later than Monday. It
is the intention of the leadership to bring this bill up on the floor
next week. We have a number of amendments that are left to be debated. I
do not wish to keep Members of the Committee here until late at night.
At the time this markup was scheduled, the secret briefing had not
been noticed. That happened earlier today. With all due respect, all of
us have got conflicts on our time, and I believe that it is important
that this Committee continue on with its markup.
Mr. Conyers. May I point out, Mr. Chairman, that it was our
leadership that scheduled the secret meeting. It wasn't the Committee,
and I am sure that they had under contemplation that this Committee
would be meeting at this time. That was also scheduled. So would it be
too much to observe that the leadership apparently had taken that into
consideration?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman will yield, I don't believe
that they did that, and the leadership has told me that we have to get
this bill out today. This is particularly important, since I understand
the mysterious terrorism bill might be on the full Senate floor
tomorrow.
Mr. Chabot. Would the gentleman yield?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I yield to the gentleman from Ohio.

Mr. Chabot. I share some of the concerns with the gentleman from
Michigan and could we perhaps hold votes or roll votes until after the
hearing is over. That might be some middle ground that might make some
sense.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentlelady from Texas.

Ms. Jackson Lee. Mr. Chairman, I can't thank you enough for the
persistence you have given to this bill and the bipartisan negotiations
that have taken place. I would only suggest that a meeting called of
this level warrants the full participation of the Members here, whether
there can be a compromise that Members are able to go over for 30
minutes from 4:00 to 4:30 to hear whatever the presentations are----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the Committee is recessed
until 4:30. And again, we are going to finish this bill tonight.
Mr. Conyers. May I thank the Chair for his indulgence.

[recess.]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I ask that a dragnet be set out into both
conference rooms and ask the Members to return and so as not to
prejudice anybody, it is my intention while people are coming back from
the briefing to take up the two noncontroversial bills and dispose of
them and then go back to the terrorism bill.
We will now return to the antiterrorism bill. When the Committee
recessed, title I was considered as read and open for amendment at any
point.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Massachusetts, Mr. Delahunt, seek recognition?
Mr. Delahunt. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975, offered by Mr. Delahunt.

Mr. Delahunt. I ask unanimous consent that it be considered as read.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered.

The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

Mr. Delahunt. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I intend to withdraw this
amendment in recognition of the effort in terms of the consensus that
has been developed between yourself and the Ranking Member and Members
of the Committee to report out a bill that reflects a thoughtful
consensus. Before I describe the amendment, however, which as I said I
won't press, but I think it is important to raise a concern that I have
and I know that others share.
Let me commend you, Mr. Chairman, and the Ranking Member for having
followed regular order. We have had time to deliberate, to review, to
assimilate and analyze, and as a result, we have a vastly improved
product that was presented to us 2 weeks ago. I think this happens to be
a very good moment in the history of this particular Committee and a
good moment for the Nation, because clearly this is a far superior
product than what was initially presented.
The amendment would modify section 153 of the bill to retain the
current primary purpose standard for initial applications for electronic
surveillance and physical search orders under FISA, the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act. But it would permit extensions of those
orders to meet the lower significant purpose standard currently in--or
in the bill that is before us now.
The FISA statute sets up a special judicial regime for considering
surveillance and search recourse in the foreign intelligence context.
Current law requires the Attorney General or certain other high
officials to certify that the purpose of the wiretap or search is to
obtain foreign intelligence information.
Now, this requirement has been interpreted by a court decision to
mean that foreign intelligence gathering must be the primary purpose of
the application, although that phrase does not occur in the statute. The
proponents of the weaker significant purpose standard argue that the
change is needed to enable Federal authorities to share foreign
intelligence information with criminal investigators in complex
terrorism cases without having to go back and get a so-called title III
order, which has different standards, and it is reflective of what
occurs in a traditional criminal investigation by Federal law
enforcement agencies.
Now, civil liberties advocates argue, and appropriately so, that the
weakest standard will enable the Federal authorities to obtain a FISA
order where foreign intelligence gathering is not their real purpose,
thus invading the probable cause requirements under title III. This
amendment is an attempt to strike a balance, and I would hope that
Members of the Committee would consider it as the legislation moves
forward between those two competing concerns.
It would help allay fears of abuse by requiring that the initial
application meet the current threshold, the primary purpose standard.
But once the FISA court has made the determination that the applicants
are engaged in legitimate bona fide intelligence gathering evidence, the
amendment would remove the current disincentive to information sharing
by authorizing the certifying authorities to meet the low standard that
is embraced in this bill.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired.

Mr. Delahunt. Would you give me some additional time, max?

Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Massachusetts.

Mr. Frank. I yield to my colleague from Massachusetts.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Massachusetts is
recognized for 5 minutes and yields to the other gentleman from
Massachusetts.
Mr. Delahunt. I thank the gentleman from Massachusetts. As I was
saying, under current law an application to extend wiretap or search
authority must meet the same standard as in the original application,
yet the reality is, is that as terrorism investigations evolve and
expand, the intelligence gathering purpose can become increasingly
intertwined with ongoing criminal investigations, and it does create a
risk a vital foreign intelligence gathering effort that has been
properly authorized initially under FISA will be unable to continue
because it no longer meets the purpose test that is required to be
certified.
By minimizing that risk, this amendment would facilitate legitimate
information sharing, and it would do so without creating a risk that
criminal wiretaps and searches will be undertaken without a proper
showing of probable cause.
Finally, it is my opinion that the amendment will increase the
likelihood that section 153 will be upheld under the fourth amendment. I
have reviewed the Justice Department's constitutional analysis of the
significant purpose standard, and while it is well crafted, I think it
fails. The bill fails constitutional muster. The bill is being taken up
during a national emergency, when arguably judicial deference is at its
highest point. No one can predict what the court will do months or years
from now, and I think we would be wise to write a provision that has a
greater chance of withstanding security.
With that, I understand that maybe one of my colleagues wishes to
speak on the amendment, but otherwise I yield back to the gentleman, my
friend from Massachusetts.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentleman from Massachusetts wish to
withdraw his amendment?
Mr. Frank. Well, first, Mr. Chairman, I think I have said all I want
to say on this subject. So I yield back.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Can we auction time? Going once.

Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Frank. Well, I will take back my time if the gentleman from
Virginia doesn't have an objection.
Mr. Scott. Thank you. This is an important amendment, because without
it, it would allow the foreign intelligence standard to be used for an
initial investigation, when in fact the primary purpose is the criminal
investigation, and you are doing this without the probable cause. In
fact, the FISA standard, which is intelligence gathering, can be used,
as the gentleman from Massachusetts said, as an excuse to evade the
probable cause standard.
So the standard is--I mean, there is no standard. You basically are
profiling to determine who is going to be investigated. Now, remember
this is not just terrorism that we are investigating. You could have
routine criminal investigations going on without a probable cause that a
crime has been committed. You are just intelligence gathering. The
gentleman from Massachusetts, by his amendment, would suggest at least
the beginning of this thing ought to be, if it is primarily a criminal
investigation, ought to be a criminal investigation with a criminal
investigation standard. If you are going to evade that standard, the
primary purpose ought to have been at least the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act standard for a foreign intelligence investigation.
I would hope that the amendment would be adopted or at least the
language or spirit of it be incorporated later on. I yield back.
Mr. Delahunt. Mr. Chairman.

Mr. Frank. I would yield to my friend from Massachusetts.

Mr. Delahunt. At this time, Mr. Chairman, I move to withdraw my
amendment.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn.

The gentleman from Virginia, Mr. Scott. Do you have an amendment?

Mr. Scott. I have an amendment, Mr. Chairman. It is SEC 152.001.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will first find the correct
amendment and then report it.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Scott: Page 23, line
14, strike the second comma and insert ``only for such periods of time
when the target's presence at the location of the place where the
electronic surveillance is to be conducted has been ascertained by the
applicant and when the electronic surveillance is conducted on the
target.''.
[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Virginia is recognized for
5 minutes in support of his amendment.
Mr. Scott. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Mr. Chairman, this amendment
would clarify that when you have this roving wiretap being conducted
under FISA, that you have to ascertain that the target is actually at
the place where the tap is being conducted and actually the one using
the phone. As is otherwise, the tapping apparatus should not be turned
on, or if it is on, it should be turned off as clear--as soon as it is
clear the target is not using the phone.
Now, the standard under FISA is less than the criminal side standard,
in that you only have to show relevance to a foreign intelligence
gathering information investigation rather than showing probable cause.
When you have this roving wiretap, any phone that the target may be
using can be bugged. So the phones of innocent citizens such as the
next-door neighbor or other acquaintances of the target may be tapped as
soon as it is ascertained that the person may be using that phone. We
want to make sure that the target is the only one being listened in to,
not the privacy of the next-door neighbor or others.
In fact, even pay phones will be tapped under this process, and
people unrelated to the investigation who don't even know the target
shouldn't have their private conversations listened in on.
In fact, under FISA, you are not necessarily doing terrorism. It is
any foreign intelligence information gathering, and if this is not
adopted, anybody using the corner pay phone might have their innocent
conversations involving their health care, their psychiatric or marital
problems or financial problems listened in on if we do not ascertain
that it is the target using the phone, not some other innocent party.
It is my understanding, Mr. Chairman, that this is what we have been
told they are trying to do, and we just want that in the statute so
people will be comfortable that if they use the corner pay phone that
some foreign--and agent of a foreign government might also use, that
their private conversations are still private.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman yields back.

The gentleman from Tennessee, Mr. Bryant.

The gentleman from Texas, Mr. Smith.

Mr. Smith. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I oppose the amendment.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Smith. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Very briefly, I am going to ask
my colleagues to oppose the amendment. Current minimization requirements
for FISA wiretaps are classified, and Mr. Scott's amendment adversely
affects current law with respect to the FISA wiretaps. And in effect, as
we have seen with many of the amendments today, unfortunately this
amendment would roll back current law.
The Attorney General guidelines to the extent that they can be
discussed in an unclassified meeting already require the government to
verify that the agent of the foreign power is using the facility in
question before they can intercept that facility, and, Mr. Chairman, if
I could suggest that we work with Mr. Scott about his desire to draft
legislative language dealing with the ascertainment issue between now
and the floor, and if you will consider withdrawing the amendment, I
know that you and I will work in good faith with him.
If the amendment is not withdrawn, I would urge my colleagues to
oppose the amendment. Once again, we should not roll back existing law.
Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Smith. I will be happy to yield to the gentleman from Virginia,
Mr. Scott.
Mr. Scott. I would ask the gentleman whether or not these FISA
intelligence gathering taps can be done on people who are not involved
in terrorism?
Mr. Smith. Mr. Scott, to reclaim my time, I don't know that that can
be guaranteed. Quite frankly, that gets into classified information I
will be glad to discuss with you, but I know that that is the intent.
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Scott. I will yield to the gentleman from California----

Mr. Smith. Excuse me. The gentleman from North Carolina, or to the
gentleman from California? Mr. Berman, yes.
Mr. Berman. Well, my understanding, just from preparing for this
markup, is that a FISA wiretap is directed against a foreign power or
the agent of a foreign power where there is--they have satisfied the
FISA court that there is relevant information on a foreign intelligence
matter. It is not just simply focused on terrorism. It can be focused on
espionage or any other foreign intelligence information. That is an
existing law.
Mr. Smith. That is my understanding, Mr. Berman. If that is the
question.
Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield? Again?

Mr. Smith. I will yield to Mr. Scott, yes.

Mr. Scott. I would ask whether or not this information gathering can
be gathering information on things that aren't even crimes? It could be
the political situation back at home of the foreign agent. That would be
intelligence gathering. Can you get a wiretap for that kind of thing?
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Smith. To my understanding, that is what FISA is all about. That
is correct.
Mr. Berman. FISA has a definition of foreign intelligence
information. We have in fact just adopted that definition on the
information sharing amendment. If you would give me a moment, I can read
it to you, but it covers--I mean, it covers matters within that
definition on different kinds of foreign operations.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Will the gentleman from Texas yield? I do
have the foreign intelligence information definition.
Mr. Smith. Okay. I will be happy to yield to the Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The FISA act says, quote, foreign
intelligence information means information that relates to and if
concerning the United States person is necessary to the ability of the
United States to protect against, A, actual or potential attack or other
grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, B,
sabotage or international terrorism by a foreign power or an agent of a
foreign power or, C, clandestine intelligence activities by an
intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a
foreign power, or information with respect to a foreign power or foreign
territory that relates to and if concerning the United States person is
necessary to the national defense or the security of the United States
and the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States, unquote.
Mr. Watt. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Smith. I will be happy to yield to the gentleman from North
Carolina.
Mr. Watt. I am concerned that you are inquiring about the wrong
thing. I thought Mr. Scott's concern was not so much what FISA covers,
what the roving wiretap would cover, but who it would cover. Is it
limited solely to agents of a foreign government, and if so, then you
would--wouldn't there have to be some ascertainment that that agent of
the foreign government was using the phone rather than--and wouldn't it
be cut off if somebody other than the agent of the foreign government
were using the phone?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired.

Mr. Watt. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose the gentleman from North
Carolina----
Mr. Watt. I move to strike the last word----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Watt. --and I will yield to Mr. Smith or Mr. Berman to perhaps
answer the question.
Mr. Smith. Mr. Watt, let me try to respond briefly to your point, and
I think you did accurately describe Mr. Scott's concern. We are advised
by the Department of Justice and I am a little constrained in what I can
say, quite frankly, at their advice, but we are advised by the
Department of Justice that their ability to impede the actions of
terrorists would be constrained under the language in Mr. Scott's
amendment.
Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentleman from Texas yield?

Mr. Smith. Just a minute. And that is why I offered a while ago to
sit down with Mr. Scott and with the Department of Justice between now
and the floor to see if we couldn't satisfy their concerns, but I am
afraid to some extent some of these concerns by the Department of
Justice simply cannot be discussed in open court.
Mr. Delahunt. Does the gentleman yield?

Mr. Watt. I will yield to the gentleman Mr. Berman and then to Mr.
Delahunt.
Mr. Berman. The one concern--I have no idea exactly what the
classified guidelines are regarding what happens. It is limited to an
agent not of a foreign government but of a foreign power, which can
include a government. It can also include a foreign terrorist
organization. I have no idea what the classified guidelines say, but the
one question I have about the gentleman's amendment is it looks to me
like this amendment would limit--might limit what is now given to them
under existing law rather than simply--in other words, the amendment is
dealing with the multipoint authority and the roving wiretap, but it
looks to me like the language applies whether it is a roving wiretap or
it is a traditional wiretap, and I just feel uncomfortable voting to
restrict existing law without understanding--I would like to make sure
that we are not doing that.
Mr. Watt. I yield to Mr. Delahunt.

Mr. Delahunt. I have before me a copy of the FISA act, and the object
of a surveillance must be either a foreign power, which can include a
foreign government or component thereof, whether or not recognized by
the United States, a variety of other enumerated groups, including a
group engaged in international terrorism or activities in preparation
thereof, as well as an agent of a foreign power which can be any person
other than the United States person, and activities have to be----
Mr. Watt. You are answering the wrong question. The question is can
you monitor the phone conversations either with a roving wiretap or with
a nonroving wiretap of somebody who is not the agent of a foreign power
or a government. It doesn't help me to know what a foreign power or
government is defined as. This limits it to that person and to the
target, and that may be already the case.
Mr. Schiff. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Delahunt. Just give me a moment. There is in the application for
the surveillance, the wiretap under FISA, the need or the necessity in
the application to outline so-called minimization procedures, and those,
however, are classified.
Mr. Watt. Mr. Schiff.

Mr. Schiff. Thank you. I think as I read this, the amendment does not
go beyond or limit existing law. Rather, it limits the new multipoint
authority proposed in the bill, because under current law a court can
order identified parties to assist in the installation of these
wiretaps. The multipoint authority says where they are trying to thwart
an investigation the court can order that specified persons or other
such persons also have to assist and then law enforcement has the
discretion to go to these other persons and say that they are bound by
this order.
So I think that it limits the additional power in the bill. The
question I think raises whether it places too great a limitation,
because I think what is really at stake in the proposed amendment is the
difficulty of knowing when to turn on and when to turn off the wiretap,
and that involves----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time of the gentleman from North Carolina
has expired. For what purpose the gentleman from Alabama, Mr. Bachus,
seek recognition?
Mr. Bachus. Move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Bachus. Let me say this. The conversation we are having I think
goes even beyond this amendment, and I think it answers the question of
the gentleman from North Carolina about how far the government can go in
the surveillance, and that really the answer to the question is the
Constitution gives the President the right to conduct foreign affairs,
and every President since George Washington has exercised its duty to
defend and protect our country.
Now, there have been people since our country began, since the first
President, have questioned this constitutional right. There have been a
lots said about it, but there--and some people don't like that, quite
frankly. They don't think that ought to be the law, but the law is that
the President has the authority to conduct foreign affairs and to
protect and defend the country from all foreign powers, agents,
operative, terrorists.
Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. And let me further say that under this power, and it is
well established, they have the right to electronic surveillance. They
have the right to conduct domestic covert searches, and they can do this
without judicial authority. I mean, they don't----
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. They don't have to have judicial approval for this. And
they cannot--not only can they have surveillance of a foreign agent, but
they can also have surveillance of a U.S. citizen suspected of giving
aid or comfort to an enemy.
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. And one thing about these amendments and one thing about
anything in this bill that limits the ability of the President to do
this is are we tying his hands of a constitutional right and really a
duty and an obligation, not only a constitutional right but a duty and
an obligation of the President to take these actions to defend the
country? And if we had any doubt about whether he ought to have that
right, it ought to have been resolved on September the 11th.
Mr. Scott. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. I will yield.

Mr. Scott. Thank you. The problem is--if it was confined to foreign
affairs, it wouldn't be a problem. What the problem is, is that you are
using this as your criminal law, because you are going back and forth,
and interrelationship between FISA and the criminal wiretap is the
thing, and we just--and the gentleman from Massachusetts' amendment
pointed out that you have eliminated the primary purpose, and so the
primary purpose in these wiretaps could be a criminal investigation, and
that is why we are trying to get some----
Mr. Bachus. What I am saying, as long as any part of that
surveillance, any part of that search is related to the conducting of
foreign affairs; i.e., defending the country, protecting our national
interests----
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. To conduct that surveillance, and a lot of what I think
the President is requesting and the Administration is requesting this
body to do, well, they already have the power to do.
Mr. Schiff. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Bachus. But I think we ought to support it as opposed to restrict
it. But this is very basic. It is a constitutional----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
Alabama.
Mr. Schiff. Mr. Chairman?

Mr. Bachus. To conduct foreign affairs.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
California, Mr. Berman, seek recognition?
Mr. Berman. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Berman. There is this funny other part of the Constitution about
unreasonable searches and seizures, but--which does constrain----
Mr. Bachus. If the gentleman will yield for that. That applies to
U.S. citizens and to some----
Mr. Berman. First of all, we have to clarify a couple of things. You
can be a U.S. citizen and be an agent of a foreign power and be subject
to a FISA search surveillance order. Secondly, your notion that there
has to be no judicial intervention, I don't know where you are getting
that from. Even if it is from gathering from U.S. persons or--who are
agents of foreign powers, in the United States my understanding is you
have to go either to a court, a regular court of jurisdiction if it is a
criminal investigation or to the FISA court if it is a foreign
intelligence matter and get judicial approval. That is in the law. So I
thought I----
Mr. Bachus. We have created that court, but prior to that court's
existence----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
California.
Mr. Berman. So I just want to make those two points, but there are
two different issues. Mr. Delahunt was raising the issue of the purpose.
Now Mr. Scott is raising the issue in the context of the expansion of
authority for the roving wiretap.
Mr. Scott. Who else you can listen in to under the excuse of going
after the target?
Mr. Berman. But that is an issue--I mean, I think there is an answer
to that issue. I just am not smart enough to know it, but I think that
is an issue under existing authority and under this new authority, and
my guess is, there is a--it is dealt with--I mean, I know the FISA law
very specifically talks about this, but then I think there is--I yield
to the gentleman from California who seems to actually know something
about this law.
Mr. Schiff. I thank the gentleman for yielding. Under existing law if
you think someone who is an agent of a foreign power is going to be
using a certain electronic communication, you can go to third parties to
get assistance to do a wiretap on that line, and if you think they are
going to move from one line to the other, you can go back to court and
get authority to go to another line. You don't have to make the showing
that is requested in this amendment that they are only going to be there
for the time, et cetera, which you only may be able to ascertain by
listening in on the line. I am not sure how you will know in advance
necessarily when they will be using that line.
Under the bill, I think the Sensenbrenner-Conyers bill, which has
been narrowed from the Attorney General's proposal, the bill says that
where a significant purpose is this foreign intelligence purpose and
where there is--the court finds that the action of the target may have
the effect of thwarting identification because they are going from line
to line to line, where you have met those standards, you can get an
order that doesn't specify just simply one custodian that you can go to
for the wiretap but gives you the flexibility to move quickly, because
when we are talking about an era where, as the Chairman refers to, uses
disposable cell phones, they may only use that line for one
conversation, and if you have to wait to ascertain that they are using
that line out of a very legitimate concern that maybe someone else is
using that line, the conversation may be there and gone before you have
actually established the ability to do the intercept.
Mr. Berman. Can I just reclaim my time? Just to take what you said,
if the guy is in a hotel, under this new authority that this bill would
provide you don't have to just name the custodian of the phone lines at
the hotel, because if he is going to go to another hotel the next night
you can use that warrant, that order, to get the unnamed hotel that he
ends up at on the next night to also enforce that order.
Mr. Scott. But can you also listen in to next night's guest at the
last hotel?
Mr. Berman. My guess is you can't, but that is a guess. You know he
has checked out. You can't be purposely listening to other people, but
this is true whether it is a stationary wiretap or a roving wiretap. In
other words, these are good questions, but they are about existing law,
as well as about the new authority under the law. That is my only point.
Ms. Waters. Mr. Chairman?

Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Massachusetts--Mr. Frank, I think you have already been recognized,
haven't you?
Mr. Frank. No. That was on Mr. Delahunt's amendment.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. Then the gentleman is recognized for 5
minutes.
Mr. Frank. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I ask to strike the requisite
number of words to raise a question because I am not fully aware. This
is an example of I think a problem many of us have in terms of the bill.
Thanks to the collaboration of the Chairman and the Ranking Minority
Member, the bill has been focused, and I find myself in this instance
and in many others in agreement with the way it is conceptualized; that
is, yes, clearly given the evolution of communications, wiretap
authority should catch up with the mobility of communications.
The question I have here, as elsewhere, is have we done the best job
of executing that agreed upon concept? The point that the gentleman from
Virginia is raising is this, and I think he is not here objecting to the
notion of the multiple wiretapping. What he is saying is that does,
however--once you have gone from the one phone in one place to multiple
phones, you have increased law enforcement's ability to catch up with
the people you are surveilling, which is good, but you have also widened
the net so that innocent people might get swept up in it. And that is
the response to the gentleman from Alabama.
The gentleman from Virginia's concern is precisely American citizens
or others whose conversations may be overheard because we now have this
broader authority. And so the question is how do we do the best we can?
We will never get it to perfection, so that you get the legitimate
target of the surveillance listened to on this phone and that phone but
not other people, and this--one of the things--I have been looking at it
here and it does talk about the minimization procedures, and I would
yield if anyone--I know my friend in the law enforcement--the experience
of my friend. What are the minimization procedures? I would yield to the
gentleman from Massachusetts.
Mr. Delahunt. Well, again they are different under the so-called FISA
act but they exist. Let us presume that in the hypothetical--in a
hypothetical situation where it is the target, it is not a roving
wiretap but it is a phone, they still have to comply, the government
does, with minimization procedures. For example, if the son or daughter
gets on the phone and the conversation is overheard, then there will be,
even though it is not the same as in a typical criminal investigation,
minimization requirements.
Mr. Frank. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Delahunt. Yes.

Mr. Frank. Minimization procedure is what we might call in a more
technical word hanging up. I mean, I guess----
Mr. Delahunt. Exactly.

Mr. Frank. Let me ask my friend from Virginia----

Mr. Schiff. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Frank. Yes, I will.

Mr. Schiff. I just want to clarify. It is not necessarily correct
that minimization means hanging up. Depending whether or not it is FISA
or criminal procedure, the procedure may actually mean leaving on the
machine but not----
Mr. Frank. Not listening.

Mr. Schiff. Not listening or----

Mr. Frank. I have heard that. I know they are going to be tough. But
it is a tough issue that we understand. But here is my question to the
gentleman from Virginia and this may be alleviated. If in fact finding
out that the target is there and ascertainment of the target, if those
are conditions precedent, then I think there is a problem. The question
is--I mean, if you require that before they can do this they have to
know this with some degree of assuredness, that can be a problem. If in
fact they can be told to try but if they find out that it wasn't the
target, et cetera, then immediately they have to bring in the
minimization procedures, then I think it is less of a problem.
So the question is, do they have to have--how clear do they have to
be about this beforehand, or does this mean that once they have done
some of this wiretapping, if in fact it turns out they don't meet these
conditions, then they immediately have to get into the minimization. I
yield to the gentleman from Virginia.
Mr. Scott. The intent is that if you have put a bug on a pay phone to
track down a named target, that you don't listen in on everybody----
Mr. Frank. Well, I think the gentleman has answered the question. It
makes me feel better about the amendment; that is, it is not his
intention to prevent putting the bug on the pay phone. It is the
requirement that very strict minimization procedures be followed on any
of these phones that are tapped or other communications, as soon as it
becomes clear that it is not the right target. Is that--I would yield to
the gentleman.
Mr. Scott. That is the point. Mr. Chairman, the gentleman from Texas
has indicated a willingness to work on this, and I am willing to
withdraw the amendment with that understanding. I prolonged the
discussion for the purpose of venting what the various concerns were.
Mr. Frank. I hope this is the model that is--on a lot of these we
have conceptual agreement and a lot of work may be done to make sure we
have it right.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn. Are there further
amendments to title I.
If not, the Chairman offers a manager's amendment on behalf of
himself and the gentleman from Michigan, and the Clerk will report the
amendment.
The Clerk. Technical amendment offered by Mr. Sensenbrenner and Mr.
Conyers.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read.
[The amendments follow:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Chair will recognize himself briefly to
explain the amendment.
First, there are technical corrections which changes two numbers.
Second, it includes provisions in that unanimously agreed to and
amendments by the gentleman from Illinois, Mr. Hyde, and the gentleman
from California, Mr. Berman, as previously agreed to.
The Chair yields back the balance of his time.

The question is on----

Ms. Lofgren. Mr. Chairman, we don't even have a copy of this yet.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Michigan, do you have a
statement? The gentleman from Michigan is recognized for 5 minutes.
Mr. Conyers. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. With reference to the manager's
amendment, I want to begin by thanking you for including a number of
Members' suggestions from our side that are involved in the manager's
amendment, and I think that argues for wide support on the Committee for
it.
First, we contain language requested by the gentleman from
California, Mr. Berman, which would provide the Department of Justice
with the authority to designate terrorist organizations concurrently
with the Secretary of State to safeguard against wrongful designation.
The Secretary and Attorney General would have mutual veto power over
designations.
The second item I would bring to your attention would incorporate an
amendment suggested by the gentlelady from California, Ms. Waters, which
would help prevent forum shopping by law enforcement by ensuring that
nationwide warrants are brought in a court with jurisdiction over the
subject matter of the investigation relative to the amendment that she
proposed earlier.
Third, we contain in the manager's provision a useful clarification
that provides Internet service providers written certification when they
are issued roving wiretap orders.
Finally, we contain authorizations for additional law enforcement
funding, as well as the study of biometric identification at border
checkpoints requested by the gentleman from Illinois, former Chairman
Hyde.
I think those are important provisions that would make this a
palatable manager's amendment for most of the Committee Members.
Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentleman yield back his time?

Mr. Conyers. Yes, sir.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose the gentleman from
Massachusetts?
Mr. Frank. To strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Frank. I want to speak in support of this amendment. I want to
thank the Chairman and the Ranking Minority Member for working so well
together constructively, both substantively and procedurally, and I
think if we--and I realize not everybody is going to be for this bill
and there are going to be differences and there are some amendments I
would like to see, but if you go back to where we were a few weeks ago
when we got the package and some people were expecting it done very
rapidly, I think the procedure and the substance both held up very well,
and as a Member of the minority, I want to particularly express what I
think many of us on our side feel towards our Ranking Member.
This is a very difficult issue. It is a particularly difficult issue
for him in a lot of ways, and his role in this has really been a model
of responsibility, and even those who still have some disagreements on
it I think now are much more on point, I think join me in expressing
their very deep admiration for the leadership he has shown along with
you, Mr. Chairman.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman yields back his time.

Mr. Berman. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from California, Mr. Berman.

Mr. Berman. Yes, Mr. Chairman. I--perhaps this is just an inquiry--I
want to speak to one section in title I, but it is just to strike the
last word and make a point.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Berman. I would like to turn the Committee's attention to section
105 relating to computer trespassers and ask if the Chairman might with
his staff take a look at this provision between now and the time this
bill goes to the floor. The bill allows the government under this
provision at the request of Internet service providers--this deals with
the computer trespassers and cyber attacks, and there are some very
important provisions in here, but I think it is drafted in a fashion
that is too open-ended because it doesn't limit the intercepts that law
enforcement can undertake at the request of an Internet service provider
or other owner of a protected computer. It doesn't limit the intercepts
to the user's--the authorized user's communications to or through the
protected commuter in the course of an attack or a hacking.
This bill, I hope inadvertently--by the way it is drafted, this
provision seems to allow a nonjudicially supervised tap of the home
telephone of the unauthorized computer user, allows to read the e-mails
of that unauthorized computer user or monitor their Web surfing. And by
including the wire as well as the electronic communications, it makes it
pretty clear that this allows telephone taps of somebody who happens to
be a cyber attacker. I support the intercepting of the cyber attacker's
communications through the unprotected computer, but the notion that in
this situation and only in this situation we are going to let the owner
of the unprotected computer get law enforcement to wiretap that person's
phone without ever going to court I think is a terrible overreach.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Berman. I will be happy to.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I think the gentleman makes a good point. We
will take a look at it between now and going to the floor.
Mr. Conyers. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Berman. Be happy to.

Mr. Conyers. I want to commend him for raising this, because it is an
important thing that I know you and your staff have been working on and
that we might be able to get some of the rough edges off of it, and I
will join the Chairman in that undertaking.
Mr. Berman. I appreciate that, and with that I yield back the balance
of my time, except I want to thank you for including one of my
amendments in your manager's amendment.
Mr. Weiner. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Virginia, Mr. Scott, seek recognition?
Mr. Scott. Strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman, I have two questions, one on the amendment
involving the jurisdiction over the offense being investigated. The
jurisdiction and venue are sometimes used interchangeably. Is it the
legislative intent, Mr. Chairman, that the word ``jurisdiction'' would
include venue? I mean, you could have an armed robbery at a
location--Federal location in Virginia. You could try it in California
if the defendant didn't object. You have jurisdiction, but that wouldn't
be the venue, and my question is whether jurisdiction includes the idea
of venue in addition to just subject matter jurisdiction.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. What was the question?

Mr. Scott. On your amendment it says jurisdiction over the offense
being investigated, whether the----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Texas I believe has the
answer.
Mr. Scott. Whether the term ``jurisdiction'' would include venue as
well as jurisdiction, because if you are investigating an armed robbery
at Fort Monroe in Virginia, you could actually try it in California if
the defendant didn't object. You have subject matter jurisdiction, but I
think the idea is that you are trying to find a judge in the venue where
the offense is being investigated and whether the legislative intent of
the word ``jurisdiction'' includes venue. And I will yield to the
gentleman from Texas.
Mr. Smith. Thank you, Mr. Scott. I will try to provide an answer to
you. First of all, I am looking at the language under definitions C-1,
court of competent jurisdiction, A, where it says any District Court in
the United States, including the Magistrate Court or any United States
Court of Appeals having jurisdiction over the offense being
investigated. That is a narrowing of the definition of venue just to the
jurisdiction of the offense, and so in other words venue is not as broad
as I think you may think it is.
Mr. Scott. Well, let me ask it specifically. If the offense is at
Fort Monroe in Virginia, can a California judge issue a search warrant,
because they would have jurisdiction but not venue?
Mr. Smith. Right, if the gentleman would yield, I think in most cases
the answer is no but it depends on where it is investigated. If it
happens to be investigated in California, yes, but that is not likely. I
think it is typically going to be the place where the offense occurred
or close to it.
Mr. Scott. Well, maybe if I just ask that someone look at that issue
to make sure the words are--mean what they appear to mean.
Mr. Smith. I assume the words mean what they say, but if not, we will
take a look at it and discuss it between now and the floor.
Mr. Scott. Reclaiming my time, Mr. Chairman, I would ask either you
or the Ranking Member on the--or Mr. Berman or on the Berman amendment
where you are talking about designation of foreign terrorist
organizations. I am seeing this for the first time. If you are
designated, do you ever have an opportunity to be heard, and how does
that work?
Mr. Berman. That is a very good question. My colleague from New York
seems to be clear with the--no, he is just raising his. All right. He is
gesturing. It is not a judicial or quasi-judicial process. It is an
executive branch function where you put the organization on the list,
and then this is the law we passed in 1996 and a whole lot of things
happen when you are on that list. The manager's amendment, that portion
of it that involves this, right now the Secretary of State has the sole
power to do it. This would give the Secretary of State the power under
existing definitions. It doesn't change any of the definitions. It
doesn't change any of the definitions, but it allows--it says the
Attorney General has to concur, and if he refuses--and then gives the
Attorney General to name options and gives the Secretary of State the
obligation to concur, and if there is no concurrence it forces the
decision to the White House and to the President.
But I do have--I do have an answer now to--there is a process. Once
the organization is placed on the list, not later than 30--an
organization not later than 30 days after the publication of that
designation, an organization designated as a foreign terrorist
organization may seek judicial review of the designation in the U.S.
Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. And the----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Time of the gentleman has expired.

Is the preference of the Committee to stay here until 2:00 o'clock in
the morning or not?
This is a manager's amendment, which presumably was agreed to. For
what purpose does the gentleman from New York seek recognition?
Mr. Nadler. Mr. Chairman, I just want to clarify the point of this
amendment. As I understand it, I would like Mr. Berman to--just to tell
me if I am understanding this correctly. As I understand it, the point
of this amendment is to narrow the existing law. It doesn't change the
method of designation at all, except to say that whereas the Secretary
of State designates a foreign terrorist organization now under current
law, he could only do it under future law if he also got the agreement
of the Attorney General, the theory being that the Secretary of State
may do it more on a political level, given foreign policy
considerations. The Attorney General's concurrence hopefully will be
based more on some legal considerations.
So this doesn't change the process other than by saying that you need
two people's concurrence, whereas under current law only one person can
do it. So it in effect makes it a little harder to designate--I don't
know about harder, but it makes it--it gives a little check on it, a
little check that we don't have now.
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Nadler. Yes.

Mr. Berman. That is one effect. The other effect, though, I have to
tell you is part of why I introduced the amendment. In some cases the
Secretary of State for all kinds of sophisticated diplomatic reasons
will decide not to name an organization which meets the definition as a
foreign terrorist organization, and your reasons are compelling or
perhaps they are because the desk officer for the particular country
where that organization is based says that will screw up some commercial
deal that we are having with that country, and so I wanted the Attorney
General to be empowered to name organizations, and then if the Secretary
of State refuses to concur with that, let the President decide whether
the--that organization--whether the diplomatic reasons not to name that
organization are so compelling that the Attorney General's request
should be denied. So it both narrows in one sense and broadens in
another sense.
Mr. Nadler. Reclaiming my time, I think it is a very good amendment,
because essentially what it does is make it a little more based on legal
criterion rather than on political or commercial criterion which may
hold too much sway now. So I commend the gentleman and I support the
amendment.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Georgia seek recognition?
Mr. Barr. To strike the last word just for purposes of clarifying.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Barr. It is my understanding, Mr. Chairman, that the intent of
that portion of your manager's amendment that relates to section 351 is
intended to ensure conformity with other similar provisions regarding
the obtaining of search warrants, and it is not the intent of the
Chairman to broaden beyond the language in the draft bill the courts
that could issue the search warrants?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman will yield, the answer to
the question is yes.
Mr. Barr. I think then, reclaiming my time, Mr. Chairman, the only
thing I would urge is when we come up with a final draft here to--I
think grammatically that could be made absolutely clear, which is not
the case in the current language, but I appreciate the gentleman's
recognition to that fact. I think it just was--it is lacking a couple of
commas.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from New
York, Mr. Weiner, seek recognition?
Mr. Weiner. For the purpose of just asking--to strike the last.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Weiner. I note in the Berman portion of the manager's amendment
the reference to section 202, 8 U.S.C., is that notions and groups that
will be targeted by this added enforcement ability, and I just want to
clarify, because it was a question that came up when the President spoke
to Congress. He listed many organizations, and he left out Hamas and
Hezbollah. When he issued an executive order freezing assets, he listed
organizations that would be frozen, left out Hamas and Hezbollah, two
organizations, the only two I know of, that have actually engaged in
terrorist activity since September 11th, including yesterday. And I just
want to make sure that my understanding is correct, that despite the
President taking that position, this bill includes all of the
organizations that were included in the immigration law as of 1996 that
include Hamas and Hezbollah. Is that your understanding, Mr. Berman?
Mr. Berman. This amendment doesn't affect any organizations that have
been put on the list. Both of those organizations are on the list.
Mr. Weiner. Then Mr. Chairman, it is your understanding that the
entire bill refers to that same universe of organizations that were
delineated in 1996?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. If they are on the list, this bill applies to
those that are on the list.
Mr. Weiner. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentlelady from
California, Ms. Waters, seek recognition?
Ms. Waters. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. I have an amendment
that--it is an easy amendment, and----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the manager's amendment,
which is pending.
Ms. Waters. Yes. I have an amendment to the manager's amendment.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment to the
manager's amendment.
The Clerk. Amendment to the manager's amendment to H.R. 2975 offered
by Ms. Waters. Insert in line 7 after the period the following: It shall
be unlawful for any memorandum of understanding between law enforcement
agencies to provide that there is no requirement to report any drug
trafficking activities.
[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Ms. Waters. Mr. Chairman----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentlelady is recognized for 5 minutes.

Ms. Waters. Mr. Chairman and Members, this amendment is prompted
based on information that I learned about memorandums of understanding
between the Justice Department and the CIA as it related to their
involvement with the Contras. During the time that our Administration
was supporting the Contras in the Nicaragua, where there was a war going
on between the Contras and the Sandinistas, it is well known now that
our intelligence agencies turned a blind eye toward drug trafficking,
and they had an actual memorandum of understanding that they did not
have to report drug trafficking.
The reason for that was the Contras were trafficking drugs as one way
of paying for their war activities, but what we discovered during that
conflict was both the Sandinistas and the Contras were trafficking in
drugs, and everybody turned a blind eye.
We are dealing now with Afghanistan, where we know the Taliban, for
example, is dealing in poppies and trafficking in drugs. I also suspect
that the opposition may also start to do that if they are not already
doing it. And since you have an amendment in this amendment that would
put some money in for the DEA agency supposedly to deal with training in
antidrug information, I want to make sure that never again will our
government have a memorandum of understanding that our CIA or the DEA or
the DIA or anybody else does not have to report drug trafficking when
they encounter it and when they experience it and when they see it.
I would ask for an aye vote.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I recognize myself in opposition to the
amendment. First of all, this is a question of oversight that this
Committee should be doing. It should not be statutory.
But secondly, I don't know if the gentlewoman from California heard
about the speech that British Prime Minister Blair gave yesterday to the
Labor Party Annual Conference somewhere in the United Kingdom. I watched
part of it on CNN, and one of the things the Prime Minister Blair said
is that 90 percent of the heroin that is sold on the streets of Great
Britain is furnished by Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda organization, and the
Brits who are buying heroin on the street are helping Osama bin Laden's
terrorist activity.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Now what the gentlewoman's amendment says is
that there can't be a memorandum of understanding between law
enforcement agencies to deal with this question. And not only is the
heroin that the----
Ms. Waters. That is not true, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I have the floor. This is what the Prime
Minister of Great Britain had to say to his party's annual conference.
And he said--and I saw it on TV and others could have seen it on
TV--that anybody who bought heroin in Great Britain had a good chance of
helping finance what the bin Laden organization was doing. What the
gentlewoman's amendment does is hamstring the ability of law enforcement
to be able to enter into memorandums of understanding to deal with this
issue.
Ms. Waters. Will the gentleman yield? Because he is misrepresenting
what my amendment does.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. No, I will not yield. I could have got the
amendment on a point of order on nongermaneness.
I would urge the Members to vote against the amendment and yield back
the balance of my time.
Ms. Waters. Mr. Chairman, that is patently unfair. You have
misrepresented what my amendment does.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Michigan, for what purpose
do you----
Mr. Conyers. To strike the requisite number----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Conyers. Mr. Chairman, gentlelady from California and Members of
the Committee, my comment, without going to the efficacy of the Waters'
amendment is that a manager's amendment is purportedly agreed to by the
Committee. And if we are to open it up to many very excellent proposals
that could be offered, we have just voided the whole reason for having a
manager's amendment.
The reason I make this point now is that we currently have asked
staffs to begin preparing a second manager's amendment to expedite the
process which we will vent through to all of the Members that, where
there is concurrence, we can move ahead more quickly. And that is the
purpose.
So my request, before I yield to the gentlelady, is that we begin by
withdrawing this amendment; and if there is some appropriate other place
in our procedure to deal with it, we ought to do it. But I would urge
the Members not to assume that there is some reason to reopen the
manager's amendment. Because I concede quickly that there are many other
modifications that we could make, but the whole idea is to get this
package through so we can get to other amendments.
Ms. Waters. Will you give me some time?

Mr. Conyers. So if the gentlelady--I thought she wanted me to yield.
Well, then, I yield.
Ms. Waters. Mr. Conyers, I could withdraw it, but I refuse to do it
until it is clarified, until my amendment is defined and understood.
There is no way of misunderstanding what this amendment does. This
amendment simply says that you cannot have law enforcement agencies
agreeing that they are not going to report drug trafficking. Now the
Chairman misrepresented what this amendment does. I will not withdraw
it----
Mr. Nadler. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Conyers. I will let the gentlelady finish her statement.

Ms. Waters. I will not withdraw it as long as the Chairman is
misrepresenting what it is. This is designed to do exactly what the
Prime Minister and others were talking about. This business of going in
and taking sides and allowing the side that you are supporting to deal
in drugs and turning your head must stop. We have discovered that this
is what was done with the Contras, and we should not allow it to be done
under any circumstances.
Mr. Conyers. I thank the gentlelady for making clear the terms under
which she would require a withdrawal, and I urge the Chairman to proffer
the necessary statement that would allow us to withdraw this so that we
could move forward.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman yield? So proffered.

Mr. Conyers. With pleasure.

Ms. Waters. I am sorry. I didn't hear you.

Mr. Conyers. It was directed to the Chairman.

Ms. Waters. Did he say something?

Mr. Conyers. Not yet--he did----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I said, so proffered.

Mr. Conyers. --in interpretation, he apologized profusely for his
misunderstanding and total misinterpretation of this one-sentence
amendment.
Ms. Waters. I accept the stingy apology.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn.

The question is on the manager's amendment. Those in favor will
signify by saying aye. Opposed, no.
The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it. The manager's amendment
is agreed to.
Are there further amendments to title I? If not, title I is closed.

Title II, labeled Aliens Engaging in Terrorist Activity, is now
considered as read and open for amendment at any point pursuant to the
unanimous consent agreement.
Are there amendments to title II?

The gentleman from Illinois, Mr. Hyde.

Mr. Hyde. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The clerk will report the amendment. I
believe this is Hyde 104 relating to money laundering--110 relating to
money laundering.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Hyde.

At the----

Mr. Hyde. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that further reading
of the reading be dispensed with.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Hyde. Mr. Chairman, the practice of money laundering has long
been used by drug dealers, rogue governments and other criminals to hide
their ill-gotten assets and to finance their illegal activities.
International terrorists like those who high-jacked four airliners and
attacked the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11 engaged
in money laundering to finance their organizations and carry out their
terrorist acts.
Money laundering is prevalent in countries with weak or
underdeveloped banking systems such as those in the Caribbean, Latin
America, Asia and Africa. Mr. Ballenger, a Member of our House,
initially brought these issues to light after his travels to Latin
America and has worked diligently in finding ways to fight money
laundering.
This amendment is a cumulative effort of Mr. Ballenger, Mr. Tom
Lantos, the Ranking Member of the International Relations Committee, and
myself. The purpose of this amendment is very simple. It is to provide
consular officers of the United States with specific authority to deny a
U.S. Visa to individuals who are known to be or suspected of engaging in
money laundering. It is intended to make it more difficult for those who
engage in money laundering to gain legal entrance into the United States
and to gain access to U.S. Financial institutions. It is modeled after
the authority of consular offices to deny entry to drug traffickers.
The Secretary of State, after consultation with the Attorney General,
the Secretary of the Treasury and the Director of Central Intelligence,
will develop a money laundering watch list from which the consular
office may check prior to issuing a visa.
I respectfully request the Committee adopt----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Will the gentleman yield?

Mr. Hyde. I am happy to yield.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I believe this amendment is very constructive
and am prepared to accept it and urge the Committee to adopt it.
Mr. Frank. Would the gentleman yield?

I also agree to the amendment being a worthy one. But I just wanted
to note the gentleman from California and I spent the morning in a
hearing of the Financial Services Committee on the whole subject of
money laundering; and it was represented by Secretary of the Treasury
O'Neil and then some law enforcement people, including from the Treasury
and the FBI and Justice, that money laundering--I admit that the
gentleman from Alabama was there and presided over the hearing--and it
reminded me there is an important piece of this that hasn't yet really
come forward.
I gather we as the Judiciary Committee have the main part of the
jurisdiction. The gentleman from Illinois has made a good step forward.
But I would hope, Mr. Chairman, that--I gather the Administration is
just in the process of sending up its bill; and I would just inquire,
because the fact that that was left out kind of raised some questions,
where are we? If the gentleman from Illinois would yield.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman from Illinois yield to
me?
Mr. Hyde. I yield.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. This amendment is drafted specifically as an
amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act so as to avoid a
sequential referral to the Financial Services Committee. I believe there
has to be a separate anti-money laundering bill which I think most of us
will support here, but that is not in the jurisdiction of our Committee
but in the jurisdiction----
Mr. Frank. If the gentleman from Illinois would yield again. What
they tell me is some of the way the Administration is drafting it, we
may have jurisdiction. So I would hope that maybe pretty soon we would
sit with the people at Financial Services and work out a plan. They said
they would talk about amending title XVIII.
I thought, as the gentleman from Wisconsin did, that it wouldn't be
the jurisdiction here. But apparently there was some sense from the
Financial Services that it might come here.
I would note that it should be something we should moving on quickly.

Mr. Hyde. Sheila Jackson Lee, would you like to be recognized?

Ms. Jackson Lee. Mr. Chairman--and two Mr. Chairmans sitting next to
each other--frankly, I think the present state of immigration laws of
which this particular amendment is amending doesn't specifically have
language prohibiting a person from entering the country if they are
laundering money. But it is clear that the financing of terrorism is a
key concern, both in terms of the investigation and in terms of
prohibiting further terrorism.
I would only say that I want us to be very concerned about broadening
the criteria for inadmissibility. But I believe that this particular
prohibition in light of what we are trying to do is reasonable and it
may provide an incentive. The word may go out, if you are money
laundering, don't come here, which will be helpful to us. So I would
support this amendment.
I know that you and Mr. Lantos have worked on it, and I support it.
My only caveat is that we are cautioned for broadening the basis of
inadmissibility as it may impact immigrants who are coming here on
nothing but legal terms.
I yield to the gentlelady from California.

Ms. Lofgren. Strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Recognize the gentlewoman for 5 minutes.

Ms. Lofgren. I think clearly, under the current act, the consular
officer or the Attorney General has the ability to exclude individuals
who engage in money laundering activities anyhow. So I don't mind being
duplicative in this amendment. I plan to vote for it.
But what I am particularly concerned about and the reason why I
wanted to mention this is the state of the technology to actually
implement this plan, which is a good one, along with some of the other
things we are doing, is simply not there in many of the consular offices
as well as the immigration service. I am, therefore, particularly glad
that this amendment is before us and highlighting once again the need to
put in technology tools to make sure that what we pass actually works.
And I yield back.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the----

Mr. Bachus. Mr. Chairman----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose is Mr. Bachus seeking
recognition?
Mr. Bachus. Mr. Chairman, I am going to support this amendment.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Bachus. Thank you. I do think--one of the things that we in our
money laundering hearings that we have had in Financial Services is that
there needs to be better coordination between the agencies and between
our immigration agencies and our law enforcement agencies. I think this
is consistent with what we have seen is necessary. I do. I think maybe
the Financial Services Committee will look at it. But I do not
believe--I think they will obviously look at it because it does deal
with some sections that they also exercise jurisdiction over, but I
can't speak for them. But I would think that it is consistent with what
we are doing.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman yield back?

Question is--gentleman from Virginia, Mr. Scott.

Mr. Scott. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Scott. I ask whether or not someone whose name is put on this
list ever has an opportunity to be heard to suggest that the one who is
money laundering is actually somebody with the same name and it is not
them. Do they have an opportunity to be heard to get off the list?
Mr. Hyde. Yes. The answer is yes. If you are wrongfully included on
any list, I should think that you could go to where the list originates
and plead your case, because--and if they kept you on, you would have a
cause for litigation. So I think these are practically worked out.
There is judicial review, I am advised, of a removal order. So there
is judicial review.
Mr. Frank. Gentleman would yield to me?

Mr. Scott. Gentleman from Massachusetts.

Mr. Frank. I can support this amendment. But part of the problem is
on removal there would be judicial review. But if we are talking about
denial of a visa, American consuls who are being asked to grant a visa
are, as far as I know, the only officials of the American government who
make an absolutely and completely totally unreviewable decision. A
consul's decision to say no to a visa to someone who is not an American,
to someone who is overseas--the ambassador cannot technically and
legally overrule them. Those of us who have intervened have been told
that, and it is simply not paper. So in removal, it is true.
As I said, I still support the amendment, but it is one thing I hope
this Committee will address. I tried to raise it before. But we ought to
be clear. The decision of an American consular officer to deny a visa is
absolutely unreviewable by any other official or judicial or executive
branch official.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
Virginia.
Mr. Scott. Yield back.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Question is on the Hyde amendment. Those in
favor will signify by saying aye. Opposed, no.
The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it, and the amendment is
agreed to.
Further amendments to title II?

Gentleman from New York, Mr. Nadler.

Mr. Nadler. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The clerk will report the amendment.

Mr. Nadler. The amendment offered by Nadler and Jackson Lee.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Which amendment specifically?

Mr. Nadler. Page 52, strike line 15.

The Clerk. Amendment offered by Mr. Nadler and Ms. Jackson Lee to
H.R. 2975.
On page 52, strike line 15 and all that----

Mr. Nadler. Mr. Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to waive the
reading of the amendment.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered.

[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from New York is recognized for
5 minutes subject to the gentleman from Pennsylvania's reservation.
Mr. Nadler. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

This amendment, which I am offering along with the gentlewoman from
Texas, the gentleman from California and the gentlewoman from
California, Ms. Lofgren, is very simple. As currently drafted the bill
would allow the government to communicate with a foreign government with
respect--with the country of origin of an applicant for
asylum--political asylum in this country for the purpose of obtaining
information about whether the asylum applicant perhaps is really a
terrorist or terrorist agent. And it is perfectly fine.
Unfortunately, the provision has been drafted so broadly that
legitimate applicants for political asylum who are in fact fleeing
persecution in a foreign country could be rewarded for their yearning to
be free in the United States by having Uncle Sam in effect inform on
them to the secret police of the foreign country, possibly resulting in
their families back home getting murdered by the foreign government
secret police.
This power was not sought by the Department of Justice. It wasn't
even in the Attorney General's bill. Giving it to the government without
drafting it properly so that we don't endanger the lives of the families
of applicants for political asylum would be an outrageous abuse of our
laws and of our belief that people are entitled to seek freedom for
themselves and their families on our shores.
How many times have political dissidents been punished by
totalitarian regimes by being separated for life from their families or
by finding out that a parent is in the gulag or perhaps murdered? We do
not want to place our government on the side of these terrible practices
by telling a murderous foreign government whom to murder.
I don't think that is the intent of this bill. But, unfortunately, it
could be the effect of this provision if it is not amended.
What this amendment proposes is straightforward. The amendment would
limit the information that our government could give to a foreign
government while seeking information from that government so as to bar
the foreign government from figuring out which of its citizens is
seeking asylum in the United States. The U.S. Government is--would be
perfectly free to seek and obtain information from foreign governments
to properly identify potential terrorist threats, but it must not, in so
doing, reveal information that would enable that foreign government to
figure out which of its citizens are subject to seeking political asylum
here. We must not reveal, in effect, to the secret police of a foreign
government who is defecting--who is defecting from that tyranny and
seeking political asylum here.
This amendment would leave the government free to obtain whatever
information it needed to determine the bona fides of the asylum
application, to decide whether there is a genuine freedom seeker or
perhaps a terrorist or foreign agent. But, in so doing, the amendment
would protect the genuine, sincere asylum seeker from being identified
to the secret police or some nasty foreign government and him--not him,
but his family left behind suffering the consequences. I would hope--it
is simply protection that I would hope everyone would agree to.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Pennsylvania insist upon
his point of order?
Mr. Gekas. We do not.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Pennsylvania seek
recognition?
Mr. Gekas. I do. I thank the Chair.

We oppose the amendment and ask the Members to vote no. The current
language in the bill effectively removes a bar on the disclosure of
information that the alien is a terrorist. In other words, what this
language does in the bill, which now the gentleman from New York wants
to change, is to allow our government to disclose that the alien is or
is a potential terrorist. The gentleman's amendment puts back the bar
and prevents our government from disclosing that the alien is a
terrorist. We oppose the amendment.
Mr. Nadler. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Gekas. Yeah.

Mr. Nadler. I don't think you are reading the amendment correctly.
The amendment says, information contained in or pertaining to an asylum
application, records pertaining to any credible feared determination
conducted pursuant to section so and so and records pertaining to any
reasonable feared determination are confidential and shall not be
disclosed without the written consent of the applicant. But section 2 of
the amendment says, the requirement of confidentiality set forth in
paragraph 1 does not prohibit the Attorney General from requesting or
receiving information from other governments as parts of an
investigation to determine whether an alien is described in section 2,
et cetera, of this act provided the Attorney General does not disclose
to an unauthorized person, A, the fact that the alien is an applicant
for asylum or, B, information, including but not limited to specific
facts sufficient to give rise to an inference that the applicant has
applied for asylum or similar relief.
In other words, it allows the government to get whatever information
it requires. It simply says you cannot tell a foreign government
information that would lead the foreign government to conclude that so
and so is requesting political asylum in the United States.
I don't know to whom you are talking about disclosing. If our
government concludes that an applicant for asylum is a terrorist, it
simply excludes him. We don't want to disclose this to the foreign
government, which presumably knows it. What we don't want to disclose to
the foreign government is who is seeking asylum. If the foreign
government is sending a terrorist here, they know it. All that is
necessary for our government to do is to determine whether he is a
terrorist or not.
The amendment specifically says they can get whatever information
they need to make that determination. If our government determines that
an asylum applicant is a terrorist, foreign agent or whatever, they
simply say, no, you can't come into this country.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield to the gentleman
from Pennsylvania?
Mr. Gekas. I yield to the lady from Texas.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I will wait to strike the last word.

Mr. Gekas. Well, let the lady proceed, and I will set my own time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. You already have your time.

Mr. Gekas. I will ask somebody to yield time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentlewoman from Texas seek recognition?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I thank the gentleman very much.

I would like to ask my colleagues to consider this amendment and
determine that we are not putting a bar or block in the midst of
information that may be exchanged on the grounds that an individual is a
terrorist. The issue of this particular amendment is to avoid the
broadness of interfering or putting in jeopardy an innocent asylum
seeker.
I think the interesting point that was made is that the Attorney
General himself did not ask for this information or did not ask for this
provision. We do not at this point know under what conditions a number
of the perpetrators, the 19 perpetrators, came into this country. So we
don't have a basis as to whether or not you could attribute that they
were here on the seeking of asylum. Therefore, we are leaping to any
conclusions that we would be helping to thwart terrorism by providing
this broad depth of giving information, therefore jeopardizing lives not
only of the seeker but of the family members as well.
I think the exception in the section allows for exchange of
information if information is either found out or if someone is so
designated as a terrorist, section 2 on page 53. What we are simply
trying to do is to limit the transfer of information that would be
detrimental to an innocent asylum seeker.
I again emphasize to my colleagues that the immigration section is a
very delicate section because it draws a lot of attention. Let us
immediately close our doors, let us immediately attribute terrorism to
all of those who are under the immigration laws, and I suggest that that
should not be the case. Immigration does not equate to terrorism, and
the only thing we are trying to do is to eliminate the unwiseness of
sharing this information that would be detrimental to innocent
individuals warranting asylum and warranting the protection of this
country. I would ask my colleagues to support this amendment offered by
Mr. Nadler and several others of my colleagues and myself.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Virginia, Mr. Goodlatte, seek recognition?
Mr. Goodlatte. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Goodlatte. I am pleased to yield to the gentleman from
Pennsylvania.
Mr. Gekas. I thank the gentleman for yielding.

I stand on the first statement that I made, in effect that this
amendment calls for the prohibition of disclosure by the Attorney
General to any unauthorized person in the language of the amendment
itself, the fact that the alien is an applicant for asylum. That goes
against--directly against the language in the bill which does authorize
the government in its discretion to disclose the fact that the alien is
an applicant for asylum. And from what we have gleaned in determining
this language, it does not do harm to the relatives or the other
rationale that the gentleman gave for his amendment. So I ask----
Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentleman yield for a question? What would be
the purpose of the provision in the bill to disclose to a foreign
government that an individual had applied for an asylum? In your
original statement, you mention terrorism. I don't see where there is
any nexus at all between the information that an individual has applied
for asylum and terrorism. Explain that, if you would.
Mr. Goodlatte. I yield further to the gentleman from Pennsylvania.

Mr. Gekas. This would permit the government or our side to--knowing
this is a potential terrorist or for other reasons that it would not be
appropriate to grant asylum to disclose that information.
Mr. Berman. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Gekas. Let us do a triple yield.

Mr. Conyers. Would the gentleman yield to me?

It could be that the government would want the applicant's family
bumped off. That is the only reason I can think of.
Mr. Berman. Would you yield further?

Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Berman. This has no constraint whatsoever on the ability of our
government to get information about the asylum seeker. The Nadler
amendment makes no constraint. It just says, don't--when you are going,
don't tell unauthorized people he is seeking asylum. Try and get
information. When they say why do you want the information, say maybe
because we want to put him on the watch list. Because we want to indict
him. Because we are concerned. We heard that he might be a terrorist,
and we want to know about it. Don't tell that person--don't tell the
unauthorized person, meaning the foreign government, that this person
who is fleeing from that government is seeking asylum because then that
government in certain situations might well go to family or close
friends of that person who are in the country and do harm to them.
That is all he says, is don't tell him that he is seeking asylum. It
doesn't constrain what we can get. It only limits quite narrowly what we
can tell the foreign government.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Gekas. Double yield.

Mr. Nadler. I just don't understand one thing. The government--yes,
Mr. Gekas is correct. The amendment would say that the government can't
disclose the information that so and so is seeking political asylum. My
question is, who has business to know that? The government knows it is
seeking political asylum. The government has to decide whether to grant
it. The government has to find out if his political asylum claim is
valid, if he is a terrorist or narcotics seller or whatever. It has to
gather information. It doesn't have to give anybody information.
Mr. Goodlatte. Reclaim my time to give the gentleman from
Pennsylvania an opportunity to respond.
Mr. Gekas. I am confused by the assertions that are being made here.
The main language in our bill prohibits the granting--the information
from--bars the asking of this information or giving this information.
Excuse me. Here we go.

Your amendment, does it not say that the Attorney General does
not--shall not disclose to any unauthorized person the fact that an
alien is an applicant for asylum?
Mr. Nadler. Yes. But it also says he can ask anybody for information
he needs to determine if the guy is a terrorist or should get asylum or
anything else.
Mr. Gekas. Why is it important to you then to force the Attorney
General not to disclose the fact that the alien is an applicant for
asylum?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time of the gentleman from Virginia, who
has been very blissfully silent, to the appreciation of everybody, has
expired.
The gentleman from Massachusetts, Mr. Frank.

Mr. Frank. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Frank. I would implore my friend from Pennsylvania to look at
this. I don't think he has a problem with this amendment.
Let me put it this way. We have a policy part in this government
known as ``don't ask, don't tell'', which I don't like. What the
gentleman from New York is now proposing is a different policy. It is,
``ask, don't tell''.
We have an asylum process. The gentleman from Pennsylvania says,
well, you have got to be able to tell the person deciding on the asylum
whether he is a terrorist or not. That is not affected by the amendment.
It is, after all, the American government--we are talking about a
potential asylee who is in America or somewhere where he has access to
the American government. All this amendment says is that the American
government may ask of that host government or any other government in
the world, do you know anything bad about this person? Do you know
anything that I should know about him? All the amendment says in that
process, do not disclose to other people, presumably the host government
where the person is fleeing, that he is trying to get asylum here.
No one who is empowered to make the decision on whether or not the
person is eligible for asylum is denied any of the necessary information
by this amendment. This amendment doesn't say that the Justice
Department can't talk to Treasury, et cetera, et cetera. The
decisionmaker about whether or not the individual gets asylum in the
U.S. Is not in any way constrained from information here.
All this amendment says is--I realize it is worded in a complex way,
but all it says is, get whatever information you need about this
individual from any source anywhere, but please don't--don't give away
the fact that he or she is an applicant for asylum. Because in case the
person isn't a terrorist and we do grant them asylum, you may not want
to tip that government off.
It does not prevent the United States government decisionmakers from
getting one iota of the information they need to turn down the asylum.
All it says is, in the process of gathering information from foreign
governments from anybody you want to, go ahead and find out if this
person should be turned down and make the decision. Just don't tell the
government that might have an animus against that person where he still
might have family that he has applied for asylum.
Mr. Gekas. Doesn't it come down to a policy decision as to whether we
owe the foreign government the----
Mr. Frank. That is the policy decision. And here is the question----

Mr. Gekas. It is inherent in the main act.

Mr. Frank. First of all, be very clear, this does not affect the
information we get to decide whether or not the person is a terrorist.
So the gentleman says, do we owe it to the government? Well, it depends
on which government. Do we owe the government of Iraq anything or the
government of Iran?
Mr. Gekas. That is what the Attorney General has to decide.

Mr. Frank. What we are saying is, as a matter of policy, if someone
is applying for asylum, we do not think you should give that away. If in
fact the person turns out to be eligible for asylum--after all, this
comes at an early point before we know--and the gentleman believes and
we all have worked--if someone applies for the asylum procedure, they
ask, as they are entitled to under this amendment, whether or not there
is anything bad. Nothing bad comes forward, and we grant the person
asylum.
Wouldn't it have been a good idea to have told his host government in
advance that he was applying for the asylum? If he is turned down for
asylum, then there is no problem. But the question is, pending the
application, pending the decision, should we put that person or people
close to him or her at risk by disclosing to the host government the
individual has applied for asylum?
I would yield.

Mr. Gekas. I am bound a little bit by the thrust of the
Administration's offer here on the proposed bill that the Attorney
General should have----
Mr. Frank. Let me say that I think binding yourself to somebody
else's thrust is not always a good idea. I mean, the point is, I
understand the Administration asked that----
Mr. Gekas. They didn't ask for it.

Mr. Frank. The point is this----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
Massachusetts, and he has our undivided attention.
Mr. Frank. The gentleman from Pennsylvania would say--and we are
working with the Administration, but it is not a good idea to say that
until the Administration signs off on something we can't accept it. My
guess is I don't think they anticipated this. They were, I think,
interested in making sure they got all the information they needed. I
don't believe that this Administration feels that it is important for
them to be able to tell a host government from which someone is applying
for asylum that that person is applying for asylum.
I yield to the gentleman from New York.

Mr. Nadler. A number of years ago----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Texas seek recognition?
Mr. Smith. I move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman--and I will be very brief. To me, the biggest
problem with this amendment--and I am looking at the words under section
(E)(2) that provide the Attorney General does not disclose to any
unauthorized person that the alien is an applicant for asylum. The
problem here is there are going to be many foreign countries who, unless
you tell them that the individual has applied for asylum, are simply not
going to be willing to give us the information the Attorney General
needs as to whether the individual who has applied is a terrorist or has
terrorist connections or not.
The reason for that is that many foreign countries have very strict
privacy codes, and they would be prohibited from giving us that
information. So the whole rationale is to allow the foreign countries to
have us a reason to give us the information that we need, and that is a
major flaw in this amendment.
I yield back the balance of my time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Virginia, Mr. Scott, seek recognition?
Mr. Scott. Move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Scott. I yield to the gentlelady from Texas.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I thank the gentleman from Virginia.

There are two major points here--probably several major points. First
of all, Barney had ask and tell. This is fishers of men and women. This
is throwing a vast net to get every single person that is applying for
asylum. And so the--and that is what the bill does as presently written.
At the same time, in contrast, where we are trying to go, which is to
give law enforcement additional tools, it gives the Attorney General no
enhanced investigatory tools. The Attorney General can get all of the
information that he or she desires in the present--without this
particular expansion. But what it does do is the sacredness that we hold
to asylum seekers in general, which is that they are coming here out of
a--both impression and reality of oppression and the need for safety, we
are now throwing this vast net to say that you have the option of doing
this for every single asylum seeker. We don't even have a criteria.
What we are suggesting is that that is too broad, and you do nothing
to enhance the investigation that we are attempting to do which is to
find terrorists and bring them to justice. Find terrorists and bring
them to justice. So I am not sure, Mr. Gekas, and I would be willing to
yield, what we get out of this particular amendment. Who is to say that
any foreign country is going to want to give you information for someone
who is seeking asylum or is going to be advantaged to you in your
investigation?
What we are trying to do here, as I understand it, is give tools to
be able to weed out terrorists and to prevent terrorists' acts. I cannot
see where this might do so in jeopardizing those innocent individuals,
vast numbers of individuals and their families who may be seeking
asylum.
My time----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman from Virginia.

Mr. Scott. I yield to the gentleman from Pennsylvania.

Mr. Gekas. All I am trying to do here is to give the benefit of the
doubt to the Attorney General where this Nadler amendment prevents him
from disclosing that the alien is an applicant for asylum. I am giving
the Attorney General the benefit of the doubt to make that judgment in
his discretion. That is what I am upholding here, and that is why I
asked the Members to vote no on this amendment.
Mr. Scott. I yield to the gentleman from New York.

Mr. Nadler. Thank you.

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee, certain things ought to be
protected. In the 1960's, Simas Kudirka, a Lithuanian seaman, defected
from the Soviet Union in the port of New York or Boston; and because of
rather shameful actions by our government, he was handed back to the
Soviet Union. And I think he died in the gulag, as a result of which a
future Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, said we would never do that
again.
What this amendment attempts to do is very analogous to that
situation. You cannot always trust every future Attorney General or
Deputy Attorney General or consul to make the right decision. What this
says is, get whatever information you need to make the decisions with
respect to political asylum, but don't tell the Soviet Union, don't tell
the Ayatollahs who from their country is seeking to defect to the United
States so they can arrange the murder or torture of his relatives. That
doesn't make sense.
We have--the United States Government has to make the decision, is
this a real, sincere, bona fide applicant for asylum to whom we will
grant asylum or is this someone we don't trust, to whom we won't grant
asylum? If we make that decision, we will go back. But we shouldn't
tell.
This amendment inhibiting in any way the ability of the Secretary of
State or whoever to get whatever information he needs, all we are saying
is you can't tell the secret police of that foreign government that so
and so is applying for political asylum, just as we should not have--not
only return, we should never have informed the Soviet Union who was
applying for a political asylum so that their relatives went to the
gulag.
Ms. Lofgren. Would the gentleman yield for a question?

Mr. Gekas. The only question I ask, are there no circumstances under
which the Attorney General should give the information that you would
bar?
Mr. Nadler. The problem is this. No, there aren't; and I will tell
you why. If someone is seeking to move to the United States from England
and we want to ask England if this guy is a terrorist, he is not going
to be applying for political asylum. He is going to be applying for
regular immigration.
Mr. Bachus. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman's time has expired.

Mr. Bachus. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman from Alabama, Mr. Bachus.

Mr. Bachus. Mr. Chairman, where did 205(B) come from? I mean, it
hasn't been in any earlier drafts. I don't know if anybody has asked
that question.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman from Alabama yield?

Mr. Bachus. I don't know if this was something the Administration
requested.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentleman will yield, the
Administration did not request 205(B).
Mr. Bachus. What I am suggesting, we can take care of the whole
problem by striking 205(B).
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the Nadler amendment.
Before----
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs the gentleman from Alabama.

Mr. Bachus. I will yield.

Ms. Jackson Lee. Your question, is what we were trying to answer?
And, as I said, I think our point is here we want to give the kind of
investigatory needs that the Attorney General has. But let me refer you
to 8 CFR 208.6. The Attorney General has those powers if he or she needs
them--emergency powers and that can be utilized. So my colleagues,
without them asking for it----
Mr. Nadler. Would the gentlelady yield?

Mr. Bachus. I am just going to suggest striking 205(B). Anybody
opposed to striking 205(B)?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentleman want to offer that as an
amendment to this amendment?
Mr. Bachus. I offer that as an amendment to this amendment.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I would accept it as----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment to the
amendment is agreed to. So now the amendment is striking section 205(B).
The question is on the Nadler amendment as modified by the Bachus
modification. Those in favor will signify by saying aye. Those opposed,
no.
The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it, and the amendment as
modified is agreed to.
Further amendments to title II? The Chair, on behalf of himself and
Mr. Conyers, now offers a manager's amendment; and the clerk will report
the amendment.
The Clerk. Manager's amendment to H.R. 2975.

Mr. Conyers. Mr. Chairman, I ask that the amendment be considered as
read.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read.
[The amendments follow:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Chair will yield to the gentleman from
Michigan to discuss what is in the manager's amendment.
Mr. Conyers. Ladies and gentlemen of the Committee, I want to thank
the Chairman, both our staffs and you for considering seven additional
proposals that will shorten our work for this evening considerably.
The first consideration in the second manager's amendment has been a
provision worked out between ourselves and the Department of Justice to
craft an amendment to the bill's extra-territoriality provision to
ensure that it contains safeguards passed by this Committee last year.
So we continue these provisions into the present legislation.
Second is the amendment that deals with survivor benefits for public
safety officers, which is increased from $100,000 per family to $250,000
per family is included.
Third, the Keller amendment, which would study the feasibility of
sharing law enforcement information about terrorists with airlines, is
included therein.
Fourth, the gentleman from Georgia Mr. Barr's amendment limits
decisionmaking to high-ranking Department of Justice officials for the
purpose of ensuring public accountability.
Number five, another Barr amendment, which is entitled Public Safety
Officers Quality Assurance Provision, which enhances the ability of
private security companies to conduct background checks on prospective
employees, this has already passed the Committee and the House
unanimously in previous Congresses.
Six, the Cannon of Utah provision entitled Justice for Victims of
Terrorism, which would enhance the ability of victims of terrorism to
collect money from states that sponsor terrorism. This provision also
passed the Committee and the House unanimously last year.
Finally, the Nadler-Jackson Lee amendment on indefinite detention,
which would require the Attorney General to demonstrate every 6 months
that a person being detained after removal proceedings are completed is
being detained to protect the national security of the United States or
the safety of our communities.
This, ladies and gentlemen, contains the essential seven provisions
in the second manager's amendment; and I implore your considered
support.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Reclaiming my time, let me say that is as a
result of a bipartisan effort that has been worked out by the staffs on
both sides. One of the purposes of this is to shorten the time that we
are all here, and I would urge the Members to speedily adopt this
amendment and yield back the balance of my time.
For what purpose does the gentleman from Virginia seek recognition?

Mr. Scott. Move to strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman, I would like to ask Mr. Cannon, on his
amendment involving terrorist judgments, is that similar to the bill we
had allowing victims to sue foreign governments in the United States and
get a judgment last year?
Mr. Cannon. I think what the gentleman is referring to is the bill we
passed out of this Committee last year, and I believe this is virtually
identical to that bill.
Mr. Scott. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. Chairman, to save time, I would just announce that if a separate
vote were taken, I would oppose this particular amendment. And yield
back the balance of my time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. The question is on the----

Ms. Jackson Lee. Mr. Chairman----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentlewoman from
Texas seeks recognition?
Ms. Jackson Lee. To make an inquiry as well.

First of all, to Mr. Cannon, I believe this is an initiative that is
impacting some constituents in my district. This will allow that if
there is an action that you have against or a judgment that you may have
received in a foreign country, you get to enforce it here or a foreign
country?
Mr. Cannon. This bill allows you to enforce it here against assets
that are frozen by the United States.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Against assets that----

Mr. Cannon. Have been frozen by the United States.

Ms. Jackson Lee. You have access as a United States citizen for an
injury caused by a foreign government in a foreign land? You have access
to assets here in the United States?
Mr. Cannon. That are assets frozen of the terrorist state which are
not currently available for execution.
Ms. Jackson Lee. And so if you have been injured by that terrorist
state and have a judgment or a proceeding in our courts, you have access
to those assets?
Mr. Cannon. That is correct.

[The prepared statement of Mr. Cannon follows:]


Prepared Statement of the Honorable Chris Cannon, a
Representative in Congress From the State of Utah
Mr. Chairman,

Let me first thank you and the ranking member for all your hard work
on the legislation before us. The Sensenbrenner-Conyers ``PATRIOT Act''
is the product of much bi-partisan discussion and compromise over the
last two weeks, and I am pleased to be an original co-sponsor.
However, one important change in the law to fight terrorism and
compensate its victims was not included.
I am offering an amendment today to allow access to the frozen assets
of terrorist sponsor states for American victims of international
terrorism who obtain judgments against those terrorist sponsor states.
This Committee and Congress have passed virtually identical
legislation three times that would allow Americans who are victims of
terrorist acts to sue the state-sponsors of terrorism for compensation
from their frozen assets. Most recently in the 106th Congress we passed
this legislation, then known as H.R. 3485 by Rep. McCollum, on voice
vote in June of 2000. The legislation passed the House floor on
suspension of the rules in July, 2000. I would be happy to provide a
more lengthy legislative history of this provision to any Members who
are interested.
Congress has repeatedly stated its intent that victims of terrorist
activities should be compensated from the blocked assets of terrorist
sponsoring states. However, despite that intent, a few lower-level
bureaucrats at the State Department have refused to release these funds
to victims' families even after they have been awarded compensation.
Under current law, Americans who have been victimized by
state-subsidized terrorism and are eligible to enforce court judgments
against the assets of a terrorist state have had to essentially hire
lobbyists and write special legislation to receive their awarded funds.
Some victims have gotten compensated. Many have not.

That is bad policy. American victims deserve better.

Now we are faced with the specter of thousands of family members
whose loved ones died in the September 11th attacks being unable to get
just compensation. Congress must act again to fix this situation
permanently.
Under My Amendment:

(1) American victims of state-sponsored international terrorism will
all have equal access to the courts and to blocked assets. A small but
important token of justice. Nobody will be entitled to mandatory
payments--the President's discretion is preserved. On an asset by asset
basis the President can continue to hold certain assets from judgment if
necessary for national security or diplomatic purposes.

(2) We impose immediate financial costs on states that sponsor
terrorism. Freezing assets for 20 years and giving them back to
terrorist states does not impose such costs. At present, terrorism is a
cheap way to pursue war against Americans. Unless the US finds ways to
make it more costly, terrorists (and states which sponsor terrorism)
have no economic incentive to stop. By imposing a direct and immediate
cost, this amendment represents one effective financial tool against
terrorists and also helps their victims.

(3) Terrorist sponsor states will no longer be able to use their
diplomatic and intelligence agencies and state owned enterprises to
support terrorists with financial impunity. Currently, terrorism
sponsoring states use their wholly owned and controlled agencies and
instrumentalities to raise, launder and distribute funds to terrorist
cells, sometimes even within the US! Ironically, these agencies and
instrumentalities can claim ``foreign sovereign immunity'' against
victims and US courts because of their relationship with the terrorist
sponsoring states. By exposing these agencies and instrumentalities to
liability, the US can further increase the cost of sponsoring terrorism
and go after the sources of funding for these organizations and cells.

Let me say in closing, the United States will most certainly make the
terrorists responsible for the attacks of September 11th pay for their
acts.
By passing our amendment, we will also make states that sponsor
terrorists pay a financial price for their actions--and that price will
be paid to their victims.
I yield back my time.



Ms. Jackson Lee. Let me thank you very much. And let me finally
conclude by thanking the bipartisan effort for helping us to eliminate
the indefinite suspension, which was something that none of us would
want to support.
I yield back.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the second manager's
amendment. Those in favor will signify by saying aye. Opposed, no.
The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it, and the amendment is
agreed to.
Further amendments to title II? The gentlewoman from California, Ms.
Lofgren.
Ms. Lofgren. I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The clerk will report the amendment.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Ms. Lofgren.

Ms. Lofgren. I ask unanimous consent that the amendment be considered
as read.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentlewoman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Ms. Lofgren. Mr. Chairman, although this is hard work for us all, I
think we have achieved a lot, not only today but in the last week. And I
want to thank not only Mr. Conyers but yourself for the leadership that
you have shown in putting a team together to work through these very
difficult issues.
I also wanted to take a moment to thank the staffs, both the majority
and the minority staff, as well as the Justice Department and White
House and others. I think they have worked so hard and really done a
good job, and I just wanted to take a chance to thank them and
appreciate them.
This bill does make some changes that we are prepared to make. I am a
cosponsor of the bill. And part of the fail-safe, if you will, is that
we have put sunset provisions in title I. Now that doesn't mean that we
are going to let these provisions go away, but it is going to force the
Congress to review how it is worked and to see if there are problems and
to fix the problems if we discover them. I think all of us feel good
about that mechanism to make us really look at this if something turns
out in a way that is unanticipated. We don't need a sunset clause in
order to do that, but I think it is probably useful to make us do it.
And, therefore, this amendment would put the same sunset clause on title
II as was in place in title I with the exception of 206, which is the
protection of the northern border provisions that obviously doesn't need
the same kind of review.
I hope we can adopt this so it will help us with the discipline we
will need to review this section of the act along with the others,
although, as I discussed with some Members, we don't have to have this
adopted in order to review this in 2 years time.
I will not proceed further. I think it is a simple amendment, and I
yield back the balance of my time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Chair will recognize himself in
opposition to the amendment.
I believe that there is an essential difference between the sunset
that is contained in title I, which largely involves electronic
surveillance and all that we have talked about during our debate on
title I, and the changes in title II relative to the immigration status
of persons who are affiliated with terrorist organizations.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The sunset title I allows the Congress and
this Committee and our counterpart in the other body specifically to
review whether Federal agencies have complied with the law and whether
they have had appropriate disciplinary action for rogue agents that may
have strayed from the guarantees contained in the Constitution, in the
laws; and I think that it is important that there be a review outside
the Justice Department on whether the Justice Department has fulfilled
the mandates under the law.
With aliens who are allegedly or are suspected to be affiliated with
terrorist organizations, there really isn't a review that we can do on
that, and they aren't going to change their inclination and what type of
terroristic acts they plan on committing in the United States at the
stroke of 12:00 on December 31th in the year 2003. So I believe that
there is justification for having these changes made permanent, because
as the President has said, we are in this for the long haul.
Terrorism is not going to go away. We are not dealing with the
behavior, or alleged misbehavior, of employees and agents at the Federal
Government. Here, we are dealing with who is admissible to the country,
who can stay in the country, and if they are affiliated with terrorist
organizations. I don't think we want them here, and we should not allow
the clock to run out on that.
So I would urge the Members of the Committee to reject this
amendment, even though it is very well intentioned, and I yield back the
balance of my time.
The question is on the Lofgren amendment. Those in favor will say aye.

Opposed, no.

The noes appear to have it. The noes have it. The Lofgren amendment
is not agreed to.
Are there further amendments?

The gentleman from New York, Mr. Weiner.

Mr. Weiner. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I have an amendment at the desk.

[The amendment follows:]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
[Graphic Image Not Available]
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

A point of order is reserved by the gentleman from Texas, Mr. Smith.

The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, there are two--Weiner 01.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Weiner 01, and the clerks will distribute
Weiner 01.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Weiner. At the end
of subtitle A of title----
Mr. Weiner. I ask that it be considered as read, Mr. Chairman.

The Clerk. --insert the following and amend the----

Mr. Weiner. Mr. Chairman, I move the amendment be considered as read.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, so ordered. And the
gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes, subject to the reservation of the
gentleman from Texas.
Mr. Weiner. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. Chairman, we had a real problem in this country with the student
exchange visitor system that we have. Between 1999 and 2000, the State
Department issued more than 3,300--almost 3,400 student visas from
countries that are on the U.S. terrorism watch list, and we have seen
the results of the fact that we have no way of knowing where many of
those--where many of those students are, what movement they have had
within or without the country, any change of academic status that they
might have had, any disciplinary action that might have been against
them, any crimes that they might have committed while here in the United
States.
In 1996, this Congress tried to get a handle on this by creating a
system, the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System, to track
this information. It has been implemented at a woefully slow rate of
speed; and unfortunately, on September 11th, we saw that the gaps in the
system exist. Hani Hanjour, believed to be one of the hijackers on the
flight that hit the Pentagon, was in the country on a student visa that
allowed him to study English at Holy Names College in Oakland,
California.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Weiner. Certainly I will, sir.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. This amendment is a winner, and I would urge
the Committee to adopt it and would urge the gentleman from Texas to
withdraw his reservation. If he makes a point of order, it will be
overruled.
Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, I just withdrew my point of order.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Point of order is withdrawn.

Mr. Weiner. Well, Weiner can spot a winner, so he yields back the
balance of his time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentlewoman from
California seek recognition?
Ms. Lofgren. To strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentlewoman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Ms. Lofgren. On the amendment that--for Mr. Weiner, we--as we all
know, we have a provision in this, and Mr. Weiner has referenced, in
current law that has not been implemented. It has gotten extensions.
There is no way we would ever extend it again, but I also think we
need to draw the attention of the appropriators of this issue, because
part of the problem on this implementation is that there hasn't been
financing to implement it. And I am not opposed to fee-driven
implementation, but I have no idea whether that is actually adequate to
implement it.
So I just wanted to raise that issue and to see whether we couldn't
get some action from the Appropriations--to the appropriator for this
purpose, which is enormously important. I yield back the balance of my
time.
Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose----

Mr. Frank. Strike the last word.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman, we work long hours and sometimes our
attention is bad, and I apologize, but I would like to go back to the
amendment of the gentleman from New York because I have read it and I do
have some questions about it.
It says, ``In the case of an alien who is a national of a country,
the government of which'' . . . ``has repeatedly provided support for
acts of international terrorism, the Attorney General may impose on, and
collect from, the alien a fee greater than imposed other aliens.''.
I apologize if we raised this before, but what if--if there is no
nexus between the alien, the student and the policies of the government,
are we impugning every student from a particular country?
So I would yield to the gentleman from New York.

Mr. Weiner. I think what my amendment seeks to acknowledge is that
there is heightened attention paid to students that come here from
places like Iran, whether we think that is a good thing or bad
thing--and I think it is a good thing--that added attention and added
reporting requirements that might be necessary and added enforcement
activities warrant having higher fees coming from the----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Weiner. I will.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. I note that the gentleman from New York's
amendment is permissive. It says the Attorney General may impose a
higher fee. That means that if you have a student from Afghanistan who
is anti-Taliban, the Attorney General can impose a lower fee, but if you
have a pro-Taliban student, the Attorney General can sock it to him.
Mr. Frank. Mr. Chairman, I must say I think I probably would have
voted against this if I hadn't not been paying attention, which is
partly my fault--mostly my fault; but I would hope that at least we
would make a record of what the Chairman had said and that it would be
in the report that there is no automatic imputation of the sins of the
government to the student and that----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman will further yield?

Mr. Frank. Let me finish.

--in that absence, some showing that there was some predisposition
that we wouldn't be doing that.
Now I would yield.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The staff is directed to have the report so
state, should this amendment be adopted.
Mr. Frank. I thought it was already adopted.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. No.

Mr. Weiner. You really weren't paying attention, were you, Barney?

Mr. Frank. I thought that you had adopted it. Well, then, I take most
of what I said back that was procedural, nothing substantive, and
even--I would speak against it, the problem of penalizing the student,
that this is discretionary.
It may well be, but when we are talking about students who are coming
from governments that are pretty unattractive governments and requiring
the student to speak out against it, it could be a problem.
I understand, looking at visas and looking at why people come here,
but literally what this does is it gives discretion to the Attorney
General to visit the sins of the government on the students.
I know we say it may cost a little more money, but obviously we are
not doing this because of the fiscal impact, and I think it has an
unfortunate effect. Many of these students are being twice victimized.
They are being victimized by living in the country----
Mr. Weiner. Would the gentleman yield? In fact, I would say to the
gentleman that it was partially a fiscal analysis on figuring out a way
to pay for the fact that I think the program should be accelerated, and
that is the basis of what the amendment does. And what we are seeking to
do is exactly what the Chairman said, offer as a possibility of the way
to fund this, to say that, look, if you had added expenses tracking down
countries because of the nation that they came from, which is a
reasonable thing, that the Attorney General has the ability----
Mr. Frank. But here is the problem with that, and that is, the cost
is incurred--when you are checking on a student, what if you find out
that this is not a student who is a problem. They still have incurred
the cost, and if the rationale is cost recovery, then an innocent
student could be the occasion for cost recovery, because you have got to
look at them.
It seems to me we are singling out individuals from countries because
they are bad countries, and I wish we would stick to the bad countries.
If the individual shouldn't be let in, that is a visa issue; but if the
individual passes muster and he is not in money laundering and these
other things, I really don't see any reason why we should single him or
her out for a higher fee. Then when you say we are telling the FBI----
Ms. Lofgren. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Frank. I would yield.

Ms. Lofgren. I can understand the--Mr. Weiner's rationale that if
there is additional scrutiny, you need to pay for it, but as I am
listening to this debate, singling out student visas, what about B-1
visas? What about J visas?
I think we should work on this between now and the floor to make sure
that we have got a system that works. And I yield back.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on the Weiner amendment.
Those in favor will signify by saying aye.
Opposed, no.

The noes appear to have it.

Mr. Weiner. I ask for a recorded vote, reluctantly.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. A recorded vote is requested.

Mr. Frank. You are going to have to pay the stenographer's fee for
this recorded vote.
Mr. Cannon. Would the Chairman consider another oral vote so we can
have more clarity?
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. Without objection, the previous vote is
vitiated.
Hearing none, so ordered.

Mr. Frank. I reserve the right to object, Mr. Chairman. Let us have
the record vote.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. We will have a record vote if the gentleman
from Massachusetts insists. Those in favor will as your names are called
answer aye. Those opposed will vote no.
The question is on adoption of the Weiner amendment, and the Clerk
will call the roll.
The Clerk. Mr. Hyde.

Mr. Hyde. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Hyde votes aye.

Mr. Gekas?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Coble.

Mr. Coble. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Coble votes aye.

Mr. Smith.

Mr. Smith. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Smith votes aye.

Mr. Gallegly?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Goodlatte?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Bryant.

Mr. Bryant. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Bryant votes aye.

Mr. Chabot?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Barr.

Mr. Barr. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Barr votes aye.

Mr. Jenkins.

Mr. Jenkins. Yes.

The Clerk. Mr. Jenkins votes aye.

Mr. Cannon.

Mr. Cannon. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Cannon votes aye.

Mr. Graham?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Bachus.

Mr. Bachus. Pass.

The Clerk. Mr. Bachus passes.

Mr. Hostettler.

Mr. Hostettler. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Hostettler votes aye.

Mr. Green.

Mr. Green. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Green votes aye.

Mr. Keller.

Mr. Keller. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Keller votes aye.

Mr. Issa.

Mr. Issa. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Issa votes aye.

Ms. Hart.

Ms. Hart. Aye.

The Clerk. Ms. Hart votes ayes.

Mr. Flake.

Mr. Flake. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Flake votes aye.

Mr. Pence.

Mr. Pence. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Pence votes aye.

Mr. Conyers.

Mr. Conyers. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Conyers votes no.

Mr. Frank.

Mr. Frank. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Frank votes no.

Mr. Berman.

Mr. Berman. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Berman votes no.

Mr. Boucher?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Nadler.

Mr. Nadler. Pass.

The Clerk. Mr. Nadler passes.

Mr. Scott.

Mr. Scott. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Scott votes no.

Mr. Watt.

Mr. Watt. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Watt votes no.

Ms. Lofgren.

Ms. Lofgren. Aye.

The Clerk. Ms. Lofgren votes aye.

Ms. Jackson Lee? Ms. Jackson Lee?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Ms. Waters.

Ms. Waters. No.

The Clerk. Ms. Waters votes no.

Mr. Meehan.

Mr. Meehan. No.

The Clerk. Mr. Meehan votes no.

Mr. Delahunt?

[No response.]

The Clerk. Mr. Wexler.

Mr. Wexler. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Wexler votes aye.

Ms. Baldwin.

Ms. Baldwin. No.

The Clerk. Ms. Baldwin votes no.

Mr. Weiner.

Mr. Weiner. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Weiner votes aye.

Mr. Schiff.

Mr. Schiff. Pass.

The Clerk. Mr. Schiff passes.

Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Are there additional Members who wish to
record or change their votes?
The gentleman from California?

Mr. Gallegly. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Gallegly, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Ohio.

Mr. Chabot. Aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Virginia.

Mr. Goodlatte. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Goodlatte, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from New York.

Mr. Nadler. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Nadler, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from California, Mr. Schiff.

Mr. Schiff. Aye, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Mr. Schiff was that an aye?

Mr. Schiff. Yes.

The Clerk. Mr. Schiff, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Further Members--the gentleman from Tennessee.

Mr. Jenkins. Am I recorded?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Is the House Member from Tennessee, Mr.
Jenkins, recorded?
The Clerk. I don't have Mr. Jenkins recorded.

Mr. Jenkins. Yes.

The Clerk. Aye. Mr. Jenkins, aye.

Mr. Bachus. Aye.

The Clerk. Mr. Bachus, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Ms. Jackson Lee?

Ms. Jackson Lee. Aye.

The Clerk. Ms. Jackson Lee, aye.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Are all Members recorded correctly? If so,
the Clerk will report.
The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, there are 25 ayes and 8 nays.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is agreed to.

Further amendments to title II?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I have an amendment at the desk.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment, and
could the gentlewoman designate which of her many amendments she is
offering now?
Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you. I am not sure how to designate, but it
deals with the Federal courts and the ability to file in Federal courts.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the amendment.

Ms. Jackson Lee. Judicial review.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. If the gentlewoman from Texas can inform the
Clerk what the number in the top left-hand corner is, the Clerk will be
able to correctly report her amendment.
Ms. Jackson Lee. 003.

The Clerk. Thank you.

Mr. Chairman, I don't have 003.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. None of the clerks have amendment 003. Would
the gentlewoman from Texas like to try again with another amendment?
Ms. Jackson Lee. No. I am going to wait until they find it.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. Further amendments to title II? Are
there further amendments to title II? If not, title II is closed.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Mr. Chairman, there are further amendments to title
II.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Well, nobody offered amendments to title II.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I cannot--I am trying to get the Clerk--I have a
number of them there. What am I supposed to do?
I can read them out and they can find them. 007.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentlewoman yield? Do you have a
copy of your amendment?
Ms. Jackson Lee. I would be happy to yield, and I have copies here
for them to review if they would desire to do so.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk does not have 003. I offered to
allow the gentlewoman from Texas to----
Ms. Jackson Lee. 007.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. Without objection, the closure of title
II will be vitiated.
For what purpose does the gentlewoman from Texas seek recognition?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I have an amendment 007. I have a number of
amendments.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report Ms. Jackson Lee's 007.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I thank the Chairman.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Ms. Jackson Lee of Texas.

In section 206(3) of the bill, strike ``making''----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read, and the gentlewoman from Texas will be recognized
for 5 minutes.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I hope I will not take the
full 5 minutes.
This is an important step that this legislation has taken, and that
is to recognize the importance of strengthening the law enforcement
responsibilities, as well as the law enforcement tools at the Canadian
border.
Certainly we have been friends of both our----

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Would the gentlewoman yield?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I would be happy to yield.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. We are prepared to accept this amendment.

Mr. Conyers. Would the gentlewoman yield?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I will be happy to yield.

Mr. Conyers. We feel this is a very important amendment, and we would
accept it.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Well, I thank you very much, and if I could just
conclude, I thank the both the Chairman and the Ranking Member.
This is to give more detail and more direction to the kind of
technology and the kind of coordination that should go on between Canada
and the United States, between the Canadian police, the Federal Bureau
of Investigation and the kind of technology that should be used. And I
thank the gentleman for accepting it, and I yield back my time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Okay. The question is on Jackson Lee 007.
Those in favor will signify by saying aye.
Those opposed, no.

The ayes appear to have it. The ayes have it and the amendment is
agreed to.
Ms. Jackson Lee. I have another amendment, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Are there further amendments to title II?

Ms. Jackson Lee. 003.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the Clerk have 003?

The Clerk. No, Mr. Chairman. We don't have 003.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk does not have 003.

I am informed that the Democratic photocopier is broke because it has
blown a fuse, burnt too many amendments.
Would you like to use ours?

Okay. Mr. Conyers will be writing them out in longhand.

Without 003, does the gentlewoman from Texas have another amendment?

Ms. Jackson Lee. Yes, 174

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the Clerk have 174?

The Clerk. Yes, sir.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report amendment 174.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered from--offered by Ms.
Jackson Lee of Texas. ``at the end of subtitle A of title II of the
bill, insert the following: Section'' blank, ``Study on Targeting
Individuals for''----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read and the gentlewoman from Texas is recognized for 5
minutes.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman.

This has been a trying couple of weeks for all of us who have tried
to balance the respect for diversity, the respect for the recognition of
the contributions that immigrants who come from all parts of the world
make to the United States.
The President has been uniquely forthright in indicating that this
effort and tragedy is not an attack on the Islamic faith. It is not an
attack on Muslims. It is not an attack on people of certain parts of the
world.
As we ensure that our borders are safe and as we ensure that our
communities are safe, I believe it is extremely important for us to turn
words into action to ensure that there is no special emphasis on those
of a particular heritage in terms of being stopped at places where there
is enhanced security.
This is a simple request for there to be a study at the point of
inspections under section 235 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and
to determine whether there is targeting based on race ethnicity or
gender because of suspicion that the individual may be inadmissible
under our Immigration and Nationality Act and to provide a report. This
is to give credence to the comments being made by our President.
We all know that there have been terrible incidents that don't relate
particularly to targeting, but we do know that there have been stoppings
and that we found that individuals have been completely innocent. We
want to give the tools to the Attorney General to be able to enforce the
tools that he has or to enforce against those who are involved in
terrorist activities, but we also want to protect the innocent; and I
would ask my colleagues to support this amendment.
[The prepared statement of Ms. Jackson Lee follows:]


Prepared Statement of the Honorable Sheila Jackson Lee, a
Representative in Congress From the State of Texas
While we in the Congress want to eliminate all forms of terrorism,
and give law enforcement officers the appropriate tools to accomplish
this goal, it is vitally necessary that it be done in a fair, thoughtful
and equitable manner without violating the basic tenants of our
democratic principles; which are freedom, due process, and civil rights.
It is imperative that we eliminate as well as prevent all forms of
targeting by law enforcement officers along the border and throughout
the United States that could solely be based on race, ethnic origin,
gender, or sexual orientation. Therefore, it is imperative that the
Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice conduct a study
for the collection and reporting of nationwide data on traffic stops
along the borders and throughout the United States.
Last April, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Border Patrol
Agents may not consider an individual's ``Hispanic appearance'' as a
fact deciding whether to stop motorists for questions near the
U.S.-Mexico border. The Court held that, ``Stops based on race or ethnic
appearance send the underlying message to all our citizens that those
who are not white are judged by the color of their skin alone . . . that
they are in effect assumed to be potential criminals first and
individuals second.'' While the Court has spoken, it is time that the
Congress get involved in this issue.


Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentlewoman yield back?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I yield back at this time, yes.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Michigan, Mr. Conyers, seek recognition?
Mr. Conyers. I rise in reluctant opposition.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Conyers. I will explain why.

First of all, we have a racial profiling bill that the gentlelady is
a--she is a very strong supporter of, and we are in negotiations that
have begun in the Department of Justice that are ongoing, and we are in
the process of coming up with a much larger bill.
My recommendation to my friend in Texas is that we include the
particularities of immigration and profiling, which is a very important
part of our racial profiling bill--include this and then accompanying
examination of it, because all of this has been, I think, pretty well
documented. But we can go into it with greater particularity, because
doing it this way could give way to several different kinds of
examinations on other levels.
The bill that we are all on--almost all of the Members, many of the
Members in the Committee--has successfully passed the entire House in
one session. It passed the Committee twice last year.
So it is for these reasons that we want to keep all this together.
And I would urge that we either withdraw this amendment with the
appreciation----
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Conyers. --that we would incorporate it into our larger study or
that we would--if it is not withdrawn, that we would probably have to
oppose it.
And I yield to my friend.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I thank the gentleman.

The gentleman knows the great respect I have for him. Let me raise my
concerns as to why I propose this amendment at this time, and that is,
of course, not to be caught up in the moment of what we are trying to
do. But this bill is moving with all due and deliberate speed to be on
the floor of the House next week.
My concern is--and I would be delighted to work with the gentleman.
My concern is that as we implement this legislation, as it is passed, as
the President signs it, will we have difficulty in the enhanced
inspections and security processes at the border; and at the border,
will we then have a troubling circumstance of--while we are attempting
to thwart terroristic activities and those who would come into our
country on the basis of terroristic activities, would we also be
hampering the innocent?
I would be happy to work with the gentleman in any compromise that we
have in terms of how the bill that I so enthusiastically support. Would
we be able to move that quickly now for a markup or a hearing in the
very near future?
Mr. Conyers. Well, let me agree with the gentlelady that these are
important considerations in a bill that is moving quite rapidly; and I
would point out that we are now creating within this bill a Deputy
Attorney General for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties to really get on
top of this. So I don't think that we are going to lose any of the
support, especially for a study.
I think we can go beyond that in the present bill that is moving with
such rapidity.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield just for a moment?

Is there a possibility to have report language or some comment about
the unfair targeting of----
Mr. Conyers. Absolutely. No question about it.

Ms. Jackson Lee. And let me add, then, if language precisely could be
written that has report language in it, or is in the report language
frankly, that emphasizes this problem that I see coming, and if we can
work together with this language in the larger bill, I would be happy to
withdraw it at this time.
Mr. Conyers. Can I ask the gentlelady to join with me in drawing up
the language?
Ms. Jackson Lee. I yield back to the gentleman. It is his time.

Mr. Conyers. Well, does the gentlelady withdraw her amendment?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I will withdraw the amendment, working with you on
the report language.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn.

Further amendments to title----

Ms. Jackson Lee. 003, has that been found? Thank you very much.

[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the long-lost 003.

Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

The Clerk. ``amendment to H.R. 2975, offered by Ms. Jackson Lee of
Texas. In section 236A(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as
proposed to be inserted by section 203 of the bill, strike `in the
United States District Court for the District of Columbia' and insert
`initiated in any district court of the United States.'''
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendment is
considered as read. The gentlewoman from Texas is recognized for 5
minutes.
Ms. Jackson Lee. I do recognize, Mr. Chairman, that the rights of
legal aliens and, of course, undocumented individuals are different from
those of American citizens, but I would offer to say that this is a
simplistic and not detrimental amendment, and that is to allow the
appeal of a person's detention in any district court in the United
States.
I make note that restricting this review to the District Court of the
District of Columbia would be rendering the review almost meaningless to
those who may need it and who are in different parts of the country. If
a detainee is a resident of my home State of Texas, for instance, we
would be in fact ensuring that previously retained counsel, witnesses in
that person's defense, their family, other resources which might be
available to the person close to home would have no possibility of
participating in the proceedings.
We do realize that this legislation will capture or incorporate the
guilty, and it will also help the innocent, meaning those who are
innocent of terroristic activities. They may have other violations, but
they certainly would not be defined as terrorists. To take them away
from their jurisdictions in their particular State diminishes their
ability to present a defense; and do we actually believe that it is
possible to respect the concerns of due process for this person if we
have allowed for a review, no matter how great the scope, limited to a
particular court, thereby limiting the resources that they have to
present their case?
I would ask my colleagues to view this as a technical change allowing
the courts of other areas to review these cases. It is atypical to find
much diversion in immigration case law, and if there is a question that
the Ninth Circuit would be different from the D.C. Circuit and the Fifth
Circuit, I think that there is a consistency under the laws; and I would
ask that the amendment be accepted.
[The prepared statement of Ms. Jackson Lee follows:]


Prepared Statement of the Honorable Sheila Jackson Lee, a
Representative in Congress From the State of Texas
Mr. Chairman, my amendment would strike the portion of section 203
that limits judicial review of detention decisions to the U.S. District
Court in the District of Columbia. Instead, my amendment would permit
review in any district court.
It is my concern, Mr. Chairman, that by restricting this review to
the District Court in the District of Columbia we would be rendering the
review almost meaningless to those who need it most. If a detainee is a
resident of my home state of Texas, for instance, we would in fact be
ensuring that previously retained counsel, witnesses in his defense,
family, and other resources which might be made available to him closer
to home, would have no possibility of participating in the proceedings.
Do we actually believe that it is possible to respect the concerns
for due process for this person if we have allowed for a review, no
matter how great the scope, which by its technical structure does not
allow for appropriate access to every available resource? This endangers
our most cherished constitutional protections for judicial review in an
entirely unreasonable way.
The provision of section 203 that limits review to the District Court
of the District of Columbia so minimizes the potential to affect change
on the alien's behalf that it the virtually eliminates the protections
afforded by review, and should therefore be amended as I have proposed.


Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentlewoman yield back?

Mr. Smith. I am trying to find out where you are amending the bill.

Ms. Jackson Lee. It is 48, line 15 in the bill.

Thank you.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentlewoman yield back?

Ms. Jackson Lee. I assume that I have to yield back. I can't reserve
my time.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. No, you can't.

Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. For what purpose does the gentleman from
Texas, Mr. Smith, seek recognition?
Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, I oppose the amendment.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, first of all, let me say that the Chairman
of the Immigration Subcommittee, Mr. Gekas, has left for a long-standing
commitment and will be gone for another 15 minutes or so; and in his
absence, he has asked me to fill in for him, which I am happy to do.
Mr. Chairman, actually the reason to oppose this amendment is
provided by the author of the amendment in one of the last statements
that she just made, where she expressed concern about, quote, ``much
diversity in immigration case law.''.
Under the base bill, mandating exclusive jurisdiction for judicial
review of any action or decision to detain a suspected terrorist under
proposed section 236A of the INA will lead to consistent application of
the law. That is why we need to oppose this amendment. We don't want to
make it inconsistent, as the gentlewoman mentioned a while ago.
There is no procedural value to a district court decision, and
therefore no district court judge is required to follow the decision of
any other district court judge. While there is no Presidential value to
a decision of a judge of the D.C. District Court, decisions of the D.C.
District Court are binding on all D.C. District Court judges. The
circuit court decision, unless reviewed by the Supreme Court, is the law
with respect to this provision.
While other circuit court decisions are binding on the district
courts within their jurisdiction, allowing venue in any district court,
as this amendment would do, could result in 11 different rules for
application review of section 236A from the 11 different circuit courts.
Venue in the District Court for the District of Columbia is
consistent with other mandatory venue provisions in the act. The act
provides that judicial review of determinations under the expedited
removal provisions and implementation of the expedited removal provision
is available only in the D.C. District Court. Most importantly, the
decision of the judge after a hearing before the alien terrorist removal
court may only be appealed to the D.C. District Court.
So, Mr. Chairman, again the reason to oppose the amendment is because
it would allow for so many inconsistent rulings and determinations of
immigration law; and I, like the gentleman from Texas, would like to
avoid that diversity in immigration case law.
So I urge my colleagues to oppose the amendment and vote for the
consistent application of the law as is found in the underlying bill.
Mr. Hyde. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Smith. I will be more than happy to yield to the gentleman from
Illinois.
Mr. Hyde. I just would like to remind the Committee that in the 1964
Voting Rights Act we had quite a battle over the requirement by the
drafters and the perpetrators of the bill requiring that any litigation
be brought in the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia.
I felt that was an imposition. If you had a litigation to correct
circumstances having to do with the voting rights act in Greenville,
South Carolina, or Memphis, Tennessee, there was a U.S. District Court
nearby perfectly qualified to hear that case, but no you had to get on
the Greyhound bus and come to Washington and file it in the district
court here.
So the notion that you have one court to file these types of
litigation in is not new. It has been around at least----
Mr. Frank. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Hyde. --in the Voting Rights Act.

Mr. Smith. I thank the gentleman from Illinois for his comments, and
now I will be happy to yield to the gentleman from Massachusetts.
Mr. Frank. The gentleman from Illinois didn't finish his sentence.
Has he changed his mind on that position that he wants opposed? Is that
the punch line?
Mr. Hyde. I am not comfortable with forcing people into a particular
court.
Mr. Frank. So the gentleman will vote for the amendment?

Mr. Hyde. I think we have a court system that is spread out over the
country to accommodate the people.
On the other hand, there is something to be said for consistency in a
particularly technical area of the law, and they are talking about
immigration; but I frankly come down on the side of supporting the
amendment and deploring the rigidity of the Voting Rights Act requiring
you to go to that court.
Mr. Barr. Would the gentleman yield?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from Texas.

Mr. Barr. Would the gentleman yield?

Mr. Smith. I will be happy to yield to the gentleman from Georgia,
Mr. Barr.
Mr. Barr. Thank you. I just wanted to associate myself with the
remarks of the distinguished former Chairman and current Chairman of the
International Relations Committee in support of this amendment.
Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The question is on----

Mr. Conyers. Mr. Chairman?

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Michigan Mr. Conyers.

Mr. Conyers. Mr. Chairman, as one of the people that was around when
the original Voter Rights Act was enacted, maybe not the only person but
one of the people, I think our former Chairman, his memory has--he was
getting ready to come on board, but at any rate, I want to express the
concerns articulated by the gentlemen from Illinois and Georgia that
there is merit in reconsidering this proposal. I would not like at this
hour for anything untoward to happen to this idea, and I would implore
the gentlelady from Texas to withdraw this so that we can all examine
this without it having met some untimely demise at this hour at night,
and I assure you we will give it our considered and concerned
examination, because it may not have gotten this in the consideration of
57 other amendments to this bill and I would yield to her now if it is
her inclination.
Ms. Jackson Lee. First of all, let me thank the Ranking Member,
because he above all has a great history, and let me thank both Mr. Barr
and Mr. Hyde. I would imagine there may be others that appreciate the
position that the particular individual is put in, but if I might
qualify the distinction on the Voter Rights Act, though, I don't want to
discourage my supporters. This probably has even more weight because
these individuals are detained, and so they are not even able to get on
the Greyhound bus and get to the D.C. Courts.
This is troubling for me, Mr. Conyers. This is I think an important
change in this legislation, and I would be interested as to whether
there is a procedure or a new way to determine what our support is on
this legislation, on this particular amendment, because I don't want to
lose the opportunity to have it in, and I don't want to jeopardize it,
as you have mentioned, and the Chairman is being very kind in his
indulging us on this.
Mr. Conyers. It is a legitimate concern on your part. So I will
assure you that I will vote for it and we will dispose of this amendment
tonight.
Mr. Delahunt. Would the gentleman from Michigan yield?

Mr. Conyers. With pleasure.

Mr. Delahunt. I think probably we should just go and have a vote on
it at this point in time, but I can't just let the remarks of the
gentleman from Texas go without a response in terms of consistency.
Well, presumably the substantive law is not be inconsistent throughout
the entire United States. The standards hopefully are the same. I mean,
when you talk about inconsistency, if I could ask my friend from Texas
what he means specifically, I would be interested in an answer.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The time belongs to the gentleman from
Michigan.
Mr. Conyers. Well, I have no further comments. I will yield to the
gentleman.
Mr. Berman. I just hope that if we are going to have a rollcall vote,
we know it is going to be a rollcall vote that prevails in favor of the
amendment, because otherwise I would take the gentleman from Michigan's
suggestion that in the spirit of the way a number of things have been
worked out up to tonight and which I anticipate can be worked out
between now and the time this bill comes to the floor, we--a record vote
losing an important issue like this could be more damaging than the
gentleman from Michigan suggested.
Ms. Jackson Lee. Would the gentleman yield? I don't know whose time
it is.
Mr. Conyers. Of course.

Ms. Jackson Lee. This is a very important issue, as several are to
me. And obviously I do not--I do hear from Mr. Hyde and Mr. Barr, and I
thank them. I am not hearing from a number of other Members. But I would
say this to my colleagues on the other side of the aisle. This is an
issue that would warrant bipartisanship. This is an issue simply that
gives access to courts who have done it before.
If there are no further Members on the other side willing to indicate
by their public acknowledgment that they would vote for this, it is of
such value and importance to me that I will at this time withdraw it so
that we can be sure that it is in the language of the bill. That is more
important to me than to----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn.

Ms. Jackson Lee. --jeopardize this not passing.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The amendment is withdrawn. You don't need
unanimous consent for the author to withdraw an amendment.
For what purpose does the gentleman from Massachusetts----

Mr. Frank. To strike the last word, Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. Frank. I want to express my appreciation to the gentleman from
Texas. It is clear this is an issue about which there is legitimate
division, and I just wanted to urge the gentleman from Texas--I know we
want to do this--to work with the Chairman and the Ranking Member. There
are potential compromises. Forcing people to come to Washington imposes
some hardships on them. There could be some alleviation. There are
questions of counsel. There are questions of compensation. I think this
is something that could be worked out and perhaps even wind up with some
beneficial approach that would compensate people for this, because I
just want to say I appreciate what the gentleman did, and many of us who
intend ultimately to support the bill at this stage want to express this
is not the last we hear of this and think there is room for some kinds
of compromise that will preserve the legal requirements that we are
trying to get at but alleviate the hardships that would be caused.
Mr. Watt. Would the gentleman yield just briefly?

Mr. Frank. Yes, I will yield to my friend from North Carolina.

Mr. Watt. In the process of doing that, I would like to point out
that there was a very strong basis for doing what was done under the
Voting Rights Act at the time it was done, because to have judges
deciding voting rights issues sitting on district courts in the South at
that time was just not a practical thing to do.
Mr. Frank. As I said, I think we will take note that this is a very
important issue and it is one of the ones that I hope we will be able to
work out before we come to the floor next week.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Further amendments to title II?

Ms. Jackson Lee. Yes, Mr. Chairman. I have an amendment at the desk,
Line 961.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report Jackson Lee 961.

The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, I don't have 961.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk does not have 961. Are there
further amendments----
Ms. Jackson Lee. Mr. Chairman, I would be happy to have it Xeroxed. I
am not sure--all of our amendments were in. They were in. We would like
to have the opportunity to have----
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will look again to see if Jackson
Lee 961 is in the pile of any of the three of you up there.
The Clerk. Mr. Chairman, there is an amendment here 961, with no name.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentlewoman from Texas wish to claim
maternity to no-name 961?
Ms. Jackson Lee. It is the Jackson Lee amendment, thank you. Yes,
thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report the newly found
amendment.
The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Ms. Jackson Lee. Add at
the end the following: Title, blank, hate crimes section, prohibition of
certain acts of violence. Section 245 of title 18, United States Code,
as amended.
Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, I reserve a point of order.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. Point of order is reserved. Without
objection, the amendment will be considered as read, and the gentlewoman
from Texas, Ms. Jackson Lee, will be recognized for 5 minutes, subject
to the reservation of the point of order.
[The amendment follows:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]







[Graphic Image Not Available]

Ms. Jackson Lee. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. I would ask that
my entire statement be put in the record.
[The prepared statement of Ms. Jackson Lee follows:]


Prepared Statement of the Honorable Sheila Jackson Lee, a
Representative in Congress From the State of Texas
Mr. Chairman:

I offer this amendment to establish enhanced penalties for persons
who commit acts of violence against other persons because of the actual
or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, gender, sexual
orientation, or disability of any person.
Under my amendment, a perpetrator who willfully commits a crime
motivated by hate shall be imprisoned a minimum of 10 years or fined, or
both; or imprisoned up to life and fined, or both, if the crime results
in death, kidnapping, or aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt of any
of these crimes.
Hate crimes are not new; they have been around for as long as
civilizations have existed.
Today, we know that hate crimes still exist and that they are not
like any other type of crime. They are committed only because the victim
is different from the victimizer.
On September 11, 2001, United States citizens were brutally
terrorized in New York City and Washington, D.C. But the effects rippled
across our entire nation and beyond. Thousands of lives perished as a
result of these unthinkable terrorist acts allegedly carried out by
members of the extremist Islamic group led by Osama bin Laden.
The backlash of these attacks has put American against American.
Murders and attacks against citizens resembling Middle Easterners have
occurred. Innocent people died because they looked like the Islamic
extremists allegedly responsible for the September 11th tragedies.
The FBI and Justice Department were investigating 40 alleged hate
crimes across the country involving reported attacks on citizens and
religious institutions.
In Mesa, Arizona, Balbir Singh Sodhi, a Sikh Indian immigrant, was
shot to death because he was dark-skinned, bearded, and wore a turban.
Frank Silva Roque executed shootings at two Mesa gas stations, one of
which Sodhi owned, and a house Roque had sold to an Afghan couple.
Roque, who allegedly killed Sodhi as part of a multiple-incident
shooting rampage, was charged with first-degree murder, three counts of
drive-by shooting, three counts of attempted first-degree murder, and
three counts of endangerment.
According to police reports, Roque pulled up to a Chevron station on
the afternoon of September 15 and fired at Sodhi. Roque then headed to a
Mobile station 10 miles away, where he fired several shots at the back
of a Lebanese-American clerk but missed.
In the third incident, police believe Roque drove to a home he once
owned and fired at the front door. One victim, who is of Afghan descent,
was about to open the front door to leave when he heard the shots.
Sergeant Mike Goulet said the police were not classifying the
shootings as hate crimes.
However, Special Assistant County Attorney Barnett Lotstein is
alleging the motive behind these heinous crimes is hate. Arizona does
not have a hate-crimes criminal charge per se, but the law does allow
the court to consider the motivation as an aggravating factor in
sentencing. It could make the difference between a 25-year to life
sentence and life in prison without parole.
Because Sikh attire bears a superficial resemblance to bin Laden's,
attackers in the United States have targeted Sikh men as well as Muslims
and Arabs in an apparent racial and religious backlash since the
attacks. Male Sikhs, who are neither Arab nor Muslim, wear untrimmed
beards and turbans that cover their uncut hair as a vestige of the
centuries of battles they fought against Muslim conquerors of the
Punjab, a region now divided between India and Pakistan.
In Dallas, police have been investigating the death of Waqar Hasan, a
46-year old Pakistani Muslim. In Irving, a mosque was covered in
bullets. In Denton, a mosque was firebombed.
Personal attacks based on religion and appearances represent the kind
of oppression that Americans have opposed all around the world.
This isn't the first time hate motivated crimes have taken the lives
of innocent people. When are we going to act? Are we going to continue
to sit around and pray that it'll go away? Or are we just waiting until
someone we love is taken away from us by an act of hate?
Now, more than ever, we need legislation to punish crimes motivated
by hate against ethnicity, religion, and gender. These crimes cannot be
tolerated. It is our responsibility as elected lawmakers to ensure that
our citizens are able to live their lives without fear of how they look,
who they worship, and who they love. Many Sikhs fear attacks by their
neighbors, stay in their homes, only go out in groups, and try not to
travel after dark. We must ensure that we feel safe where we are.
The strength of our country lies in the differences of its citizens.
We must work together to make stronger anti-hate crime laws in order to
preserve our values of freedom and tolerance.


Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection.

Ms. Jackson Lee. I will speak to the intent of this particular
legislation, and I want to recognize that there is an existing hate
crimes initiative that is going through this House. I am disappointed
that we have not had an opportunity to have hearings in this session or
to have a markup.
Mr. Chairman, there is no order in this room.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentlewoman from Texas is correct. The
Committee will be in order. That includes the staff. The gentlewoman may
proceed.
Ms. Jackson Lee. We are facing some enormous cliffs to climb starting
from September 11th, 2001. We have to in our heart find the values that
we cherish of a quality and democracy, respect for the individual, and
at the same time have the strength of character to respond to the
tragedy and the devastation that happened to our fellow Americans and
many others.
This legislation is to ensure that we hold true to our values. It is
legislation to acknowledge a Sikh Indian in Mesa, Arizona, an immigrant,
shot to death because he was dark skinned, bearded, and wore a turban.
The individual who executed the shootings at two Mesa gas stations, one
of which the deceased owned and a house that the perpetrator had sold to
an Afghan couple. The individual who killed Mr. Saw as part of a
multiple incident shooting rampage was charged with first degree murder,
three counts of drive-by shooting, three counts of attempted first
degree murder and three counts of endangerment, but he made the point
that he was happy to have shot them and that clearly he would have done
it again.
He fired several shots at a Lebanese American Clerk but missed. He
was clearly on a rampage. He was clearly acting out of hate. He was
clearly seeking to intimidate a large group of individuals.
I think this terrorist bill would be that much more enhanced if we
added legislation that would condemn any acts of individuals that would
believe that they could be in place of law enforcement and go about our
community shooting and maiming those who did not look like them, whether
they wore a turban, whether they did prayer 6 days a week, whether they
dressed in the full regalia of the many Muslim women or they covered
their faces. I think it is important that a statement about hate crimes
be included in this legislation.
What it does is it says Americans will not be intimidated to become
like the perpetrators. We will not be hateful. We will not undermine our
values. We will not be frightened into undermining our values. What we
will do is that we will stand for what is right, and that is prevent the
heinous acts against innocent individuals. The acts on September 11th
were heinous. They were outrageous. We must Sikh and bring to justice
the terrorists. We must respond. But we also must deal a blow to those
who would hatefully go about injuring the innocent.
With that, I yield back my time and ask my colleagues to support this
amendment.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Does the gentleman from Texas insist upon his
point of order?
Mr. Smith. Mr. Chairman, on the way to insisting on my point of order
let me also make the point that no noncitizen outside the United States
has the constitutional right to free speech, but I do press my point of
order simply because the amendment does not meet the fundamental purpose
test and, more specifically, this is title II dealing with immigration.
The amendment deals with criminal law, particularly hate crime, and so I
do insist on my point of order.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. For the reasons stated the point of order is
sustained.
Are there further amendments to title II? If not, title II is closed.

Title III, entitled Criminal Justice, is now open for amendment. Are
there amendments to title III? For what purpose does the gentleman from
Virginia seek recognition?
Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman, I have an amendment at the desk Scott 021.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report Scott 021.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Scott. In the matter
proposed to be added to section 3559 of title 18, United States Code by
section 302, strike ``federal terrorism offense'' and insert ``offense
listed in section 3286.''
Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The gentleman from Virginia is recognized for
5 minutes.
Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman, I would like to handle en bloc this
amendment and the amendment designated Scott No. 4, en bloc. They are
very similar.
Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Clerk will report Scott 4.

The Clerk. Amendment to H.R. 2975 offered by Mr. Scott. In the matter
proposed to be added to section 3583 of title 18, United States Code by
section 308, strike ``Federal terrorism offense'' and insert ``offense
listed in Section 3286.''
Chairman Sensenbrenner. Without objection, the amendments will be
considered en bloc. Hearing none, so ordered and the gentleman from
Virginia is recognized for 5 minutes.
[The amendments follow:]








[Graphic Image Not Available]

[Graphic Image Not Available]
Mr. Scott. Mr. Chairman, this amendment would limit the application
of these sections to the same types of crime to which we limited RICO
and total removal of statute of limitations. Under section 302, in
several courtrooms of terrorism for which the maximum penalty is now
only 5 years would suddenly be subject to a life sentence even though
they do not involve any threat to human safety and only involve
relatively minor property damage or sometimes not at all. They are
offenses which clearly are not the kinds of offenses that we think of
when we talk about antiterrorism offenses, and so on both sections we
want to strike ``Federal terrorism offense,'' which includes some fairly
minor offenses and use the same language we used in other sections to
restrict this to actual terrorism offenses.
I yield back.

Chairman Sensenbrenner. The Chair recognizes himself in opposition to
the amendments en bloc. Section 302 allows a judge to impose a life
sentence only if th