4000bce - 399
400 - 1399
1400 - 1499
1500 - 1599
1600 - 1699
1700 - 1799
1800 - 1899
1900 - 1999
WASHINGTON, December 27, 1941.(1)
MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY OF STATE:
1. I think every effort should be made to get religious freedom into this document. I believe Litvinoff can be induced to agree to this.
2. I think the language on page 2, paragraph 1 is difficult for the Russians.(4) Some such language as this might handle it:
"Each government pledges itself to employ its full resources against those Axis forces of conquest with which it is at war. Each government pledges itself to continue such employment until these forces have been finally defeated."
I have been trying to think of a way to obviate the necessity of two different documents.(5)
3. I believe the list of countries in paragraph 1 should include all of the nations at war, including the South American Republics. It seems to me a distinct advantage to have as long a list of small countries as possible in this Declaration.
4. I believe that China and the U.S.S.R. should be lifted from an alphabetical listing and included as are the United States and the British Empire on the theory that they are fighting in their own countries
I have a feeling the U.S.S.R. would not be pleased to see their name following some of the countries which are realistically making a minor contribution.
5. I presume it is up to the British to decide whether or not India should be included, but I don't understand why they don't include it. Perhaps you could prod them a little.
6. I feel that the Free French should not be included in this document.
I am anxious that the most careful thought be given to the language in this Declaration, which will supplement the Atlantic statement, particularly in reference to the real purposes for which we fight.
As soon as you and Halifax have reached a meeting of minds on a Joint Declaration, I think we should have a prompt conference between yourself, Halifax, the Prime Minister and me.(6)
(5) The other document under reference is the draft agreement for a Supreme War Council December 19, 6 p m., ante, p. 40. In response to this expression of the President's wishes, the Department of State immediately prepared a new document combining both proposals. Hull took this "amalgamated draft" to the White House meeting at 6 p. m. (ante p. 124), but since it was then decided to proceed with the Joint declaration of Allied unity by itself, there was no further consideration of the "amalgamated draft". The text of this draft is printed in Foreign Relations, 1942, vol. I, p. 16. Back
(6) For the discussion with Halifax, which took place later the same afternoon, see Foreign Relations, 1942, vol. I, p. 15. Immediately after this discussion Hull and Halifax went to the White House for the meeting with Roosevelt and Churchill, ante, p. 124. For a memorandum by Welles of a related conversation with Halifax on the morning of December 27, see Foreign Relations, 1941 vol. II, p. 201. Back
Foreign Relations of the United States
The Conferences at Washington, 1941-1942 and Casablanca, 1943
Washington, DC : Government Printing Office, 1968